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Orekhovo Zuyevo

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Towns of early Russia

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Orekhovo Zuyevo

  1. 1. Orekhovo Zuevo Mikhail Nokhov Gymnasium # 1 Khasavyurt
  2. 2. <ul><li>Orekhovo-Zuevo is an industrial city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located 85 km east of Moscow at 55°49′N 38°59′E. It is situated in a forested area on the Klyazma River (a tributary of the Oka River). The city was created in 1917 when three villages Orekhovo, Zuevo and Nikol'skoe were merged, hence its name. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The first facts about Orekhovo-Zuevo date back to 1209. The place was mentioned in Moscow Chronicles as the place called &quot;Volochok&quot; where the battle between Valdimir's prince Yuri and Ryazan's prince Izyaslav took place. The name &quot;Volochok&quot; (or as it was later called &quot;Zuev Volochok&quot;) is derived from the slavic word for a place where wooden ships were carried by land from one river to the other. In this place in particular, the ships were usually moved by land between rivers Klyazma and Nerskaya. </li></ul><ul><li>The villages Orekhovo and Zuevo were mentioned in the cronicle a few more times in the Middle Ages. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>In 1797 serf peasant Savva Morozov opened his first silk factory in Zuyevo. Later he shifted from silk to wool. In 1823 profits from his business allowed him to get out of serfdom. In 1830 he moved his factories to the other bank of Klyazma river to the place that was later named Nikol'skoe. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>At the end of 19-th and the beginning of 20th centuries, Orekhovo-Zuevo was the third largest textile city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg. </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>In 1885, the Morozov's textile factories in Orekhovo-Zuevo were the place of the first and largest Russian strike. This strike is known as Morozovskaya Stachka. It started on January 7, 1885 and lasted for several weeks. The impact of this strike on the revolutionary movement in Russia was tremendous. </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>Orekhovo-Zuevo was formed as one city in 1917 just months before the communist revolt in Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>For almost two centuries, Orekhovo-Zuevo was mostly a textile industry oriented city. It in fact grew up around Savva Morozov's textile production. Cotton production in Orekhovo-Zuevo made the city the third largest industrial center in Russia at the turn of the XX-th century. After the communist revolt of 1917, Morozov's textile mills were nationalized. </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>During the Soviet era they were known as &quot;Orekhovo-Zuevskiy Khlopchato-Bumazhnyy Kombinat&quot; (Orekhovo-Zuevo Cotton Center). The textile production existed only until the 1990s, when after the collapse of the Soviet Union Russian textile industry died due to economic difficulties, inability to compete with cheaper and better imported textiles, and poor management. Eventually, almost all production was shut down, and the factory halls were turned into market areas and trading centers </li></ul>
  9. 14. City Administration
  10. 15. Railway Station
  11. 16. Monument to the Victims of World war II
  12. 17. Christmas Cathedral
  13. 18. New Trading Centre
  14. 19. Karl Libknekht Street
  15. 20. New Sporting Complex
  16. 21. Sports Palace
  17. 22. Fountains in Central Square

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