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Elizabeth Taylor


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Elizabeth Taylor

  1. 1. ElizabethElizabeth TaylorTaylor 1932-20111932-2011 In Memory ofIn Memory of the Greatthe Great ActressActress
  2. 2.  Today we tell about the filmToday we tell about the film star Elizabeth Taylor. Shestar Elizabeth Taylor. She made over sixty films duringmade over sixty films during her long career in Hollywood.her long career in Hollywood. She was famous for herShe was famous for her striking beauty, violet eyesstriking beauty, violet eyes and shining black hair.and shining black hair. Taylor was equally known forTaylor was equally known for her complex private life andher complex private life and eight marriages. Beginning ineight marriages. Beginning in the nineteen eighties, she alsothe nineteen eighties, she also raised millions of dollars toraised millions of dollars to support AIDS AIDS research.  CLEOPATRA: “Without you,CLEOPATRA: “Without you, Antony, this is not a world IAntony, this is not a world I want to live in, much lesswant to live in, much less conquer. Because for me,conquer. Because for me, there would be no lovethere would be no love anywhere. Do you want me toanywhere. Do you want me to die with you? I will. Or do youdie with you? I will. Or do you want me to live with you?want me to live with you? Whatever you choose.”Whatever you choose.” 
  3. 3.  That was ElizabethThat was Elizabeth Taylor playing theTaylor playing the queen of Egypt in thequeen of Egypt in the nineteen sixty-threenineteen sixty-three movie “Cleopatra.” Shemovie “Cleopatra.” She earned over oneearned over one million dollars for hermillion dollars for her work in this movie. Atwork in this movie. At the time, this was thethe time, this was the most money ever paidmost money ever paid to an actor for a singleto an actor for a single film. It was also one offilm. It was also one of the most costly moviesthe most costly movies ever made. “Cleopatra”ever made. “Cleopatra” was a larger-than-lifewas a larger-than-life movie for a larger-movie for a larger- than-life actress.than-life actress.
  4. 4.  Elizabeth Rosemund TaylorElizabeth Rosemund Taylor was born in nineteen thirty-was born in nineteen thirty- two to American parents livingtwo to American parents living in London. Her father Francisin London. Her father Francis was an art dealer. Her motherwas an art dealer. Her mother Sara had worked as a stageSara had worked as a stage actress before her marriage.actress before her marriage. The Taylors left England inThe Taylors left England in nineteen thirty-nine andnineteen thirty-nine and moved to southern California.moved to southern California. Elizabeth’s beauty soon caughtElizabeth’s beauty soon caught the attention of movie studiothe attention of movie studio officials.officials.  She made her first movie,She made her first movie, “There’s One Born Every“There’s One Born Every Minute,” at the age of ten. ThisMinute,” at the age of ten. This was followed a year later bywas followed a year later by “Lassie Come Home.” But it“Lassie Come Home.” But it was the nineteen forty-fourwas the nineteen forty-four film, “National Velvet” thatfilm, “National Velvet” that made her a star.made her a star.
  5. 5.  Twelve-year-old Elizabeth TaylorTwelve-year-old Elizabeth Taylor starred as Velvet Brown, a girl livingstarred as Velvet Brown, a girl living in a village in England. She saves ain a village in England. She saves a horse and trains him for an importanthorse and trains him for an important race, which she wins.race, which she wins.  During the nineteen forties ElizabethDuring the nineteen forties Elizabeth Taylor played many roles in moviesTaylor played many roles in movies about families. Not all child actors inabout families. Not all child actors in Hollywood were successful laterHollywood were successful later playing adult roles. But Taylor easilyplaying adult roles. But Taylor easily went from playing children to playingwent from playing children to playing teenagers and adults. In nineteenteenagers and adults. In nineteen fifty, she played the bride in thefifty, she played the bride in the popular film “Father of the Bride.”popular film “Father of the Bride.”  That was also the year of her firstThat was also the year of her first marriage, to the wealthy businessmanmarriage, to the wealthy businessman Conrad “Nicky” Hilton. But theirConrad “Nicky” Hilton. But their marriage ended in divorce the nextmarriage ended in divorce the next year. Speaking after her first divorce,year. Speaking after her first divorce, Taylor reportedly said that she hadTaylor reportedly said that she had been able to fit in the clothing of abeen able to fit in the clothing of a sexy woman since she was fourteensexy woman since she was fourteen years old. She said her troublesyears old. She said her troubles started because she had a woman’sstarted because she had a woman’s body and a child’s emotions.body and a child’s emotions.
  6. 6.  Elizabeth Taylor would quicklyElizabeth Taylor would quickly become as famous for her privatebecome as famous for her private life as she was for her actinglife as she was for her acting career. The media often wrotecareer. The media often wrote about her many marriages andabout her many marriages and love affairs. In nineteen fifty-twolove affairs. In nineteen fifty-two she married the British actorshe married the British actor Michael Wilding, with whom sheMichael Wilding, with whom she had two sons.had two sons.  Five years later they divorced, andFive years later they divorced, and she married the film producershe married the film producer Mike Todd. The couple had oneMike Todd. The couple had one daughter, Liza. Mike Todd died indaughter, Liza. Mike Todd died in nineteen fifty-eight in a planenineteen fifty-eight in a plane crash. One of his close friendscrash. One of his close friends was the singer Eddie Fisher. Hewas the singer Eddie Fisher. He was married to a good friend ofwas married to a good friend of Elizabeth Taylor, the popularElizabeth Taylor, the popular actress Debbie Reynolds. Eddieactress Debbie Reynolds. Eddie Fisher left his wife in order toFisher left his wife in order to marry Elizabeth Taylor. Manymarry Elizabeth Taylor. Many people were shocked and angeredpeople were shocked and angered by this this behavior.
  7. 7.  Elizabeth Taylor once said thatElizabeth Taylor once said that during the first part of her career,during the first part of her career, she did not make a huge effort as anshe did not make a huge effort as an actress. She said this changed inactress. She said this changed in nineteen fifty-one with the movie “Anineteen fifty-one with the movie “A Place in the Sun.” It tells a tragicPlace in the Sun.” It tells a tragic story about a young man and hisstory about a young man and his relationship with two women. Hererelationship with two women. Here is a famous scene with her co-star,is a famous scene with her co-star, Montgomery Clift.Montgomery Clift.  GEORGE: “I am the happiest personGEORGE: “I am the happiest person in the world.”in the world.”  ANGELA: “The second happiest.”ANGELA: “The second happiest.”  GEORGE: “Oh, Angela, if I couldGEORGE: “Oh, Angela, if I could only tell you how much I love you, ifonly tell you how much I love you, if I could only tell you all.”I could only tell you all.”  ANGELA: “Tell Mama, tell MamaANGELA: “Tell Mama, tell Mama all.”all.”  Critics praised Elizabeth Taylor forCritics praised Elizabeth Taylor for the depth she brought to this movie.the depth she brought to this movie. She expressed both innocence andShe expressed both innocence and intense sensuality. She began tointense sensuality. She began to receive wide praise for her fine andreceive wide praise for her fine and expressive acting. And, she began toexpressive acting. And, she began to receive richer, more interestingreceive richer, more interesting roles.roles.
  8. 8.  One of these was in the movie “Giant”One of these was in the movie “Giant” with Rock Hudson and James Dean. Itwith Rock Hudson and James Dean. It tells the story of a wealthy cattletells the story of a wealthy cattle rancher in Texas and his family.rancher in Texas and his family.  JETT: “I guess you’re about the bestJETT: “I guess you’re about the best looking gal we’ve seen around here inlooking gal we’ve seen around here in a long time, I think. Prettiest I thinka long time, I think. Prettiest I think I’ve seen down here.”I’ve seen down here.”  LESLIE: “Why thank you, Jett. That’s aLESLIE: “Why thank you, Jett. That’s a very nice compliment. And I’m goingvery nice compliment. And I’m going to tell my husband I’ve met with yourto tell my husband I’ve met with your approval.”approval.”  The movie was a big success. JamesThe movie was a big success. James Dean did not live to see the movieDean did not live to see the movie completed. He died in a car accident incompleted. He died in a car accident in nineteen fifty-five before the movienineteen fifty-five before the movie was released the next year. Elizabethwas released the next year. Elizabeth Taylor received Academy AwardTaylor received Academy Award nominations for several films shenominations for several films she made starting in the late nineteenmade starting in the late nineteen fifties. The first was for the nineteenfifties. The first was for the nineteen fifty-seven movie “Raintree County.”fifty-seven movie “Raintree County.”
  9. 9.  The next year she starred in a filmThe next year she starred in a film version of the Tennessee Williamsversion of the Tennessee Williams play, “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.” Sheplay, “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.” She plays a beautiful wife who is havingplays a beautiful wife who is having marriage troubles. Her alcoholicmarriage troubles. Her alcoholic husband is played by Paul Newman.husband is played by Paul Newman. Many critics consider this one ofMany critics consider this one of her best movies.her best movies.  MAGGIE: “Oh Brick! How long doesMAGGIE: “Oh Brick! How long does this have to go on, thisthis have to go on, this punishment? Haven’t I served mypunishment? Haven’t I served my term? Can’t I apply for a pardon?”term? Can’t I apply for a pardon?”  BRICK: “Lately, that finishingBRICK: “Lately, that finishing school voice of yours sounds likeschool voice of yours sounds like you was running upstairs to tellyou was running upstairs to tell someone the house is on fire.”someone the house is on fire.”  MAGGIE: “Is it any wonder? YouMAGGIE: “Is it any wonder? You know what I feel like? I feel all theknow what I feel like? I feel all the time like a cat on a hot tin roof.”time like a cat on a hot tin roof.”  BRICK: “Then jump off the roof,BRICK: “Then jump off the roof, Maggie, jump off it. Now cats jumpMaggie, jump off it. Now cats jump off roofs and they land roofs and they land uninjured. Do it. Jump.”Do it. Jump.”  MAGGIE: “Jump where! IntoMAGGIE: “Jump where! Into what?”what?”
  10. 10.  Taylor’s third Academy AwardTaylor’s third Academy Award nomination was for anothernomination was for another movie based on a Tennesseemovie based on a Tennessee Williams play called “SuddenlyWilliams play called “Suddenly Last Summer.”Last Summer.”  In nineteen sixty, it was her turnIn nineteen sixty, it was her turn to win. She received her firstto win. She received her first Academy Award for her work inAcademy Award for her work in “Butterfield 8”. Her second“Butterfield 8”. Her second Academy Award for acting cameAcademy Award for acting came six years later for her role insix years later for her role in “Who’s Afraid of Virginia“Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” She starred in thisWoolf?” She starred in this movie opposite her husband atmovie opposite her husband at the time, the Welsh actorthe time, the Welsh actor Richard Burton.Richard Burton.  MARTHA: “In fact, he was sortMARTHA: “In fact, he was sort of a flop. A great big, fat flop.”of a flop. A great big, fat flop.”  GEORGE: “Stop it, Martha.”GEORGE: “Stop it, Martha.”  MARTHA: “I hope that was anMARTHA: “I hope that was an empty bottle, George. You can’tempty bottle, George. You can’t afford to waste good liquor. Notafford to waste good liquor. Not on your salary. Not on anon your salary. Not on an associate professor’s salary.”associate professor’s salary.”
  11. 11.  The movie was based on aThe movie was based on a play by Edward Albee. Forplay by Edward Albee. For this role, Elizabeth Taylorthis role, Elizabeth Taylor gained a great deal of weightgained a great deal of weight in order to look the part ofin order to look the part of the aging wife of a collegethe aging wife of a college professor. “Who’s Afraid ofprofessor. “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” receivedVirginia Woolf?” received great praise. But it wasgreat praise. But it was Taylor’s first movie withTaylor’s first movie with Burton that had madeBurton that had made history.history.  ““Cleopatra” received a greatCleopatra” received a great deal of attention for bringingdeal of attention for bringing together Elizabeth Taylortogether Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. Bothand Richard Burton. Both stars were married to otherstars were married to other people at the time. But theypeople at the time. But they began a widely publicizedbegan a widely publicized love affair while filming thelove affair while filming the
  12. 12.  Burton and Taylor wouldBurton and Taylor would eventually marry andeventually marry and divorce each other twice.divorce each other twice. They made many moviesThey made many movies together and led a life oftogether and led a life of extreme fame and wealth.extreme fame and wealth.  Taylor later said sheTaylor later said she remained madly in loveremained madly in love with Burton for his entirewith Burton for his entire life. She said she wouldlife. She said she would have married him a thirdhave married him a third time had he not diedtime had he not died unexpectedly in nineteenunexpectedly in nineteen eighty-four.eighty-four.  Elizabeth Taylor’s last twoElizabeth Taylor’s last two marriages also ended inmarriages also ended in divorce. She was married todivorce. She was married to Senator John Warner ofSenator John Warner of Virginia and, later, to aVirginia and, later, to a builder named Larrybuilder named Larry FortenskyFortensky..
  13. 13.  Throughout her life, ElizabethThroughout her life, Elizabeth Taylor faced many healthTaylor faced many health problems. She nearly diedproblems. She nearly died twice of pneumonia. She hadtwice of pneumonia. She had back, hip, heart and weightback, hip, heart and weight problems. In the nineteenproblems. In the nineteen eighties, she battled drug andeighties, she battled drug and alcohol abuse. She entered aalcohol abuse. She entered a medical center for treatmentmedical center for treatment and was very open with theand was very open with the public about her struggles.public about her struggles.  She spent much of her timeShe spent much of her time working on her charity andworking on her charity and business projects. She gavebusiness projects. She gave her name to several hugelyher name to several hugely successful perfumes.successful perfumes.  In nineteen eighty-five, sheIn nineteen eighty-five, she helped create amFAR, thehelped create amFAR, the American Foundation forAmerican Foundation for AIDS Research. She did thisAIDS Research. She did this during a period when manyduring a period when many people believed those infectedpeople believed those infected with the disease were immoralwith the disease were immoral and few recognized its dangerand few recognized its danger
  14. 14.  Reports say she helped raiseReports say she helped raise over a hundred millionover a hundred million dollars for AIDS researchdollars for AIDS research and patients. In nineteenand patients. In nineteen ninety-one she started theninety-one she started the Elizabeth Taylor AIDSElizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation. TheFoundation. The organization helps peopleorganization helps people around the world who arearound the world who are living with with AIDS.  Elizabeth Taylor died ofElizabeth Taylor died of heart failure in twoheart failure in two thousand eleven at the agethousand eleven at the age of seventy-nine. AIDSof seventy-nine. AIDS researcher Mathilde Krimresearcher Mathilde Krim told USA Today that thetold USA Today that the actress was always knownactress was always known for her beauty, success andfor her beauty, success and jewelry. But she saidjewelry. But she said Elizabeth Taylor was also aElizabeth Taylor was also a woman of extremewoman of extreme intelligence, independence,intelligence, independence, courage and a deep concerncourage and a deep concern for others.for others.