DERBENT – the Southern Gate to Dagestan Ancient City More than 5000 Years Old.
Coat of Arms of Derbent
Panorama of the City
<ul><li>The oldest town in Dagestan is Derbent which is more than 5000 years old according to recent excavations done by t...
<ul><li>In ancient  times there lay a famous Caspian tract – the only road from the steppes of South East Europe to the Ne...
The name of the city goes back to the VI century and has the Persian Origin which means “The knot of the gates”.  Accordin...
<ul><li>For many centuries it has been the border fortress of the states of the Near and Middle East in their fight agains...
<ul><li>The Rulers of the Eastern Countries tried to fight with them most of their raids into the steppes  failed. They we...
The North and South walls went  deep into the sea and high into the mountains. The distance between the walls was 450 mete...
It has been rehabilitated recently and there are usually a lot of tourists there.
 
The Plan of  the Fortress
The Main Entrance to the Fortress
The Gate to the Fortress
The Western Gate.  Ancient Masonry.
The Western Wall  and the Gate
The Western Wall
The Eastern Wall
The Eastern Wall and the  Eastern Tower
The Eastern Tower
The Ruins of the Khan’s Palace
 
 
 
The Khan’s Office
 
The Water Spring
Khan’s Water Reservoir
Extra Water Reservoir
The Inner Yard of the Fortress
 
The Guardroom
Ancient Grave Inscriptions
Ancient Anchors
The Stone Anchors
The Stony  Millstone
Khan’s Dungeon
The Ruins of the Persian Baths
The Steps (X century) and the Loophole.
A Restaurant Near the Fortress
<ul><li>Nowadays it the second largest city in Dagestan and the southernmost city in the Russian Federation. It is economi...
The Gate to the City
The Central Street
The Square
Lenin Square
Monument to the Victims  of World War II
Armenian Temple
 
The Building  of the Railway Station
The Old City Wall
The Yard of the  Dzhuma Mosque
 
Entrance to the Mosque
 
The Century Old Paine Trees in the Yard of the Mosque.
The Old City
The Old Mosque
Kirkhlyar Cemetery.  VIII Century.
The Local Carpet Market
The Caspian Sea
The City Beach
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Derbent

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Derbent

  1. 1. DERBENT – the Southern Gate to Dagestan Ancient City More than 5000 Years Old.
  2. 2. Coat of Arms of Derbent
  3. 3. Panorama of the City
  4. 4. <ul><li>The oldest town in Dagestan is Derbent which is more than 5000 years old according to recent excavations done by the European and Dagestani archeologists. The city is situated on the western coast of the Caspian Sea in the place where the mountains come close to the coast leaving a narrow stripe of a seaside valley three kilometers wide. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>In ancient times there lay a famous Caspian tract – the only road from the steppes of South East Europe to the Near East. Namely in this place the most important strategic point there appeared the first settlement many centuries ago. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The name of the city goes back to the VI century and has the Persian Origin which means “The knot of the gates”. According to the Greek historians it was known in Europe in antique period as Caspian or Albanian Gates.
  7. 7. <ul><li>For many centuries it has been the border fortress of the states of the Near and Middle East in their fight against the nomad tribes from South east Europe the Scythians, the Sarmats, the Alans, the Huns, the Avars, the Khazars, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Rulers of the Eastern Countries tried to fight with them most of their raids into the steppes failed. They were looking for ways to prevent the nomads’ invasions and decided to build in this narrowest place a fortress, the construction of which began in the VI century A.D. The citadel was situated on a hill near the mountains and the walls. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The North and South walls went deep into the sea and high into the mountains. The distance between the walls was 450 meters. So in this way they had managed to make a reliable obstacle on the nomads’ way. The fortress got the name Narynkala.
  10. 10. It has been rehabilitated recently and there are usually a lot of tourists there.
  11. 12. The Plan of the Fortress
  12. 13. The Main Entrance to the Fortress
  13. 14. The Gate to the Fortress
  14. 15. The Western Gate. Ancient Masonry.
  15. 16. The Western Wall and the Gate
  16. 17. The Western Wall
  17. 18. The Eastern Wall
  18. 19. The Eastern Wall and the Eastern Tower
  19. 20. The Eastern Tower
  20. 21. The Ruins of the Khan’s Palace
  21. 25. The Khan’s Office
  22. 27. The Water Spring
  23. 28. Khan’s Water Reservoir
  24. 29. Extra Water Reservoir
  25. 30. The Inner Yard of the Fortress
  26. 32. The Guardroom
  27. 33. Ancient Grave Inscriptions
  28. 34. Ancient Anchors
  29. 35. The Stone Anchors
  30. 36. The Stony Millstone
  31. 37. Khan’s Dungeon
  32. 38. The Ruins of the Persian Baths
  33. 39. The Steps (X century) and the Loophole.
  34. 40. A Restaurant Near the Fortress
  35. 41. <ul><li>Nowadays it the second largest city in Dagestan and the southernmost city in the Russian Federation. It is economic and cultural centre of Southern Dagestan. </li></ul><ul><li>It is one of the main centers of viticulture, wine-making and canning </li></ul><ul><li>in the republic. There is a fruit-canning combine, a winery, an electric equipment plant there. Derbent is one of the carpet making centers in Dagestan. Here are situated the carpet-weaving mills whose wares are well known in Britain. </li></ul>
  36. 42. The Gate to the City
  37. 43. The Central Street
  38. 44. The Square
  39. 45. Lenin Square
  40. 46. Monument to the Victims of World War II
  41. 47. Armenian Temple
  42. 49. The Building of the Railway Station
  43. 50. The Old City Wall
  44. 51. The Yard of the Dzhuma Mosque
  45. 53. Entrance to the Mosque
  46. 55. The Century Old Paine Trees in the Yard of the Mosque.
  47. 56. The Old City
  48. 57. The Old Mosque
  49. 58. Kirkhlyar Cemetery. VIII Century.
  50. 59. The Local Carpet Market
  51. 60. The Caspian Sea
  52. 61. The City Beach

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