Important Facts about Diego Full name: Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez Born: June 6, 1599 in Seville, Spain Death: August 6, 1660 (age 61) in Madrid, Spain Parents: Juan Rodriguez de Silva and Jerónima Velázquez. He was the first child of Juan and Jeronima.
Historical Period <ul><li>Diego Velazquez lived during the 16 th and 17 th century. Spain became the most powerful country in Europe and the Americas because Spain explored and conquered the world seas. The Thirty Years War and The Civil War was all happening at this time. </li></ul>
Pictorial Movement <ul><li>Baroque Period </li></ul><ul><li>was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided that the arts should communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement. The aristocracy also saw the dramatic style of Baroque architecture and art as a means of impressing visitors and expressing triumphant power and control. </li></ul>
Las Meninas (1656, English: The Maids of Honour )
Las Meninas <ul><li>Las Meninas is one of Diego famous paintings because you believe the subject of the painting is Margaret Theresa, the eldest daughter of the new Queen. However, when you start to look at the painting, the subject becomes unclear. Is it the royal daughter, or perhaps the painter himself? The answer may lie in the image on the back wall, depicting the King and Queen. Is this image a mirror, in which case the King and Queen are standing where the spectator stands? </li></ul>
More Information <ul><li>Las Meninas is painted with dark and grey colors. </li></ul><ul><li>The lighting in the picture is mostly on Margaret. Diego in more in the shadows. </li></ul><ul><li>The theme of the painting is unclear because you don’t know who the subject is about. </li></ul><ul><li>The elements are bodies and lifelike. There are no circles or other geometric shapes. </li></ul>
Diego Margaret The Queen and King Spectators ? ? ? ? ? ? Who is the subject?
La Rendición de Breda (1634-1635, English: The Surrender of Breda )
La Rendición de Breda <ul><li>was inspired by Velázquez's first visit to Italy, in which he accompanied Ambrogio Spinola, who conquered the Dutch city of Breda a few years prior. This masterwork depicts a transfer of the key to the city from the Dutch to the Spanish army during the Siege of Breda. It is considered one of the best of Velazquez paintings. </li></ul>
More On La Rendición de Breda <ul><li>The theme of the art work shows two men talking. </li></ul><ul><li>The painting looks three-dimensional and is representational. </li></ul><ul><li>The colors are bright and lively looking. </li></ul>
Facts! <ul><li>In 1618, Velázquez married Juana Pacheco. </li></ul><ul><li>He had two daughters, one died in infancy. </li></ul><ul><li>July 31 he was stricken with fever. Feeling his end approaching, he signed his will, appointing as his sole executor his wife He died on August 6, 1660. He was buried in the Fuensalida vault of the church of San Juan Bautista, and within eight days his wife, Juana, was buried beside him. Unfortunately, this church was destroyed by the French in 1811, so his place of interment is now unknown. </li></ul>