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Howard T. Odum studied in great detail the energy flows & interactions in complex life systems, creating a simple pattern-language that serves as a powerful model for understanding how ecosystems work, in useful detail.
This model includes visible as well as invisible components of a system, & is so holistic that human economy as well as minerals & weather processes can be accounted for.
He also proposed a new & provocative law of thermodynamics that includes Life.
In this class we will explore the basics of this work and explore how it is an essential base of Integral Permaculture.