PDC+++ Module 4 Class 2. Resources

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How can we make optimum use of resources?

We could say that the key to the sustainability of any society (or indeed any design) is simply to make optimum use of resources - so this is a very important subject to clarify for ourselves as designers. In this class we will explore how often, instead of using rational criteria for appropriateness when choosing resources (materials, fuels or technologies), like energy trade-off, we tend to use subjective & superficial criteria, like appearance, fashion & emotional attachments. This class is about how we can learn to make wiser judgements & choices in these matters.

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PDC+++ Module 4 Class 2. Resources

  1. 1. + PDC Module 4 of the PDC+++ + + Energy & EcoTechnology We dedicate this Module to the Mother & Father of Integral Permaculture: Dana Class Meadows & Howard Odum, two original pioneers who helped humanity make M4.2 great strides in understanding systemicResources thinking, in all four quadrants. We could say that the key to the sustainability of any society (or indeed any design) is simply to make optimum use of resources - so this is a very important subject to clarify for ourselves as designers. In this class we will explore how often, instead of using rational criteria for appropriateness when choosing resources (materials, fuels or technologies), like energy trade-off, we tend to use subjective & superficial criteria, like appearance, fashion & emotional attachments. This class is about how we can learn to make wiser judgements & choices in these matters.
  2. 2. M4.2 How can we make optimum use of resources? Hierarchies of resources Invisible resources 8rs and Emergy Resources culture
  3. 3. Weve already met this "Scale of Resources" 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our junk & established that the general direction of by modest use, 1) INCREASE Cut-&-come-again salads, Evolution seems to information, creativity be Up this way 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly- managed marine and forestry resources very useful ... 5) POLLUTE if used pesticides, but not so simple nuclear, oil, scorn, contempt ...
  4. 4. COMMON HERITAGEEnergies coming into our Forests, water, soils, air, seeds … 0) cause pollution if NOTsystem – used, all our junk CLASSIFICATION - For analysis of USE - RESULTS PEOPLE workSun, wind, rain, people … 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity ENERGY ACCOUNTING = living components KEY in sustainable design And technology 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view,Some are needed to good climate …keep the system RESOURCES Useful Reserves 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if RESOURCES Too much = pollution not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes trade 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly- managed marine and forestry Surplus = YIELD conserve Use 4 y 5 only resources to create infrastructure 5) POLLUTE if used pesticides, nuclear, oil, scorn, contempt ... Managing resources - regulate all uses to create a sustainable harvest
  5. 5. Destructo-Culture Cup of Tea resources consume pollution This is what we attempt to re-design in general
  6. 6. Perma-Cultural Cup of Tea Sustainability at small scale ... as in big scale ... means that a system creates or stores more energy in its life than what is needed to create & maintain it resourceappropiate prosumerstechnology pollution other resources Perma-Cultural Planet
  7. 7. In General when we design for more sustainability we attempt to avoid or transform LINEAR systems the Principle of Cycling also EnergyMiniMax reminds us of this to more CYCLICAL & the MultiFuncion one
  8. 8. an Examplevery Cyclical, ofMultiFunctioning
  9. 9. water water 0) cause pollution if NOT used waste grains BEER waste used grains feed not digestible desechos 0) cause pollution if NOT used = pollution (methane) (basura)0) cause pollution if NOT used more wasteeg. of a conventional semi-industrial process
  10. 10. waste > water FISH more produce + more employment water waste grains agaeBEER digestor granos usados GAS substrato waste BREA PIGS D SETAS used feed substrate sustainable semi-industrial process
  11. 11. Energies coming into oursystem – 0) cause pollution if NOT used, all our junkSun, wind, rain, people … 1) INCREASE by modest use, Cut-&-come-again salads, information, creativity living components & technology 2) UNAFFECTED by use Returned water (hydroplant),well managed ecosystems, a view, good climate … RESOURCES Useful Reserves 3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if RESOURCES not used waste water, crop failure, fish-escapes 4) REDUCED by use natural forests, coal, oil, poorly- managed marine and forestry Use 4 y 5 only resources to create 5) POLLUTE if used pesticides, infrastructure nuclear, oil, scorn, contempt ...
  12. 12. Another important type of "Resource Scale" we DEDUCE by doing a PMI Analysis of Elements of MATERIALSideal to use in each different Series of Circumstances > M4.2 Materials
  13. 13. serves GOOD DESIGN REAL human needs íntegrates ALL this- biological makes- emotional very good use of- spiritual RESOURCE S - materials keeps in mind global & - technologies long-term - energy COSTS - conservation - environment - economy
  14. 14. & normally we dont consider this under "Scale of Resources" ... ... But it is: Who Has More? & How does the System self-organize in order to conserve inequalities? A CENTRAL subject for Integral Designers, which we will continue > M4.2 Stealing developing in this course Resources >> VITAL
  15. 15. All "Resource Scales" operate in all quadrants People Things& the SCALEthat determinesWHO* hasmore ACCESSto resources... is so rootedbecause itoperates wherewe LEASTexpect it Systems & Culture Technologies
  16. 16. a Social Model (RC) owning class isolated BYbut INSIDE each OPRESSIONSgroup there is (which are combinations ofalso tension classism PATTERNS) racism ISOLATION is the pattern we perceive sexism working class adultism/ageism
  17. 17. eg.adultismsexism Externalracism Oppressionclassism (institutions & people... who limit & batter us from outside) LOTS OF PRESSURE!! Internalized Oppression (patterns that limit & batter us from the inside)
  18. 18. a pattern that repeats at various scales “the first world” “the third world” GLOBAL
  19. 19. If you want to SEE oppression, you only need to follow the FLOW of RESOURCES
  20. 20. a pattern that repeats at various scales “owning class” “working class” REGIONAL
  21. 21. & it seems like we all participate in this equilibrium People Things>> prejudices arethe crux of theoperative system thatcontrols all this:our(subconscious)ideas of whoDESERVESmore Systems & Culture... & LESS Technologies
  22. 22. if you want to SEEa pattern that repeats at various scales oppression, just follow the FLOW of RESOURCES also LOOK for SYMMETRYDONT stay in what (if cycles complete)seems reasonable 10%at first impressions INDIVIDUAL
  23. 23. He who allows oppression shares the crime. & the whole comes-Desiderius Erasmus with self-regulation systems > toward liberation but we BLOCK their functioning repressing the expression of emotions that we So Intelligence + call negative education are key resources
  24. 24. How do we design for INCLUSION & CO- OPERATION? (& why the idea of "fair shares" isnt all that useful) The 7 Fs of Peoples Needs Food Fuel Fibre Fodder Fertilizer Farmacy & Fun
  25. 25. And definitly THIS escale also exists That When I mean to do something and really workgoberns IF to get it, I did it!!! Im gonna make ityou get to I will make it!make good I can do it! use of I will try to do itresources How can I do it? I wanna do it! and ¿What I cant do it goberns it? I wont do it And so important are INVISIBLE resources
  26. 26. M4.2 How can we make optimum use of resources? Hierarchy of resources Invisible resources 8rs and Emergy Resources culture
  27. 27. Creativity, intelligence, ideas, wisdom, knowledge...all are Invisible Resources that we will re- visit in more detail in class 4.8 (Social Capital) Here we want to focus on the Integral Approach to invisible resources
  28. 28. We have technologies that foster intelligence(= The ability to give fresh and effective answers to changing circumstances) And we can design with them People Things Systems & Culture Technologies
  29. 29. PRACTICAL tools to enhance collective intelligence, reduce inefficiency, support group development, etc.Things
  30. 30. PRACTICAL tools to enhance collective intelligence, reduce inefficiency, support groupThe 6 Thinking development, etc. Hats The 7 Criteria for Original Resources Collective Intelligence from Noubel (self-organized groups, emergent issues...)
  31. 31. PRACTICAL and coherent tools to enhance individual intelligence,reduce irrationality, support personal development, etc. People
  32. 32. PRACTICAL and coherent tools to enhance individual intelligence,reduce irrationality, support personal development, etc. ecoescucha.net People
  33. 33. A systemic understanding of our “blind spots” and usual communication problems: good maps or models that dont blame and give practical and feasible answers + the hardware that facilitate communication.Systems &Technologies
  34. 34. A systemic understanding of our “blind spots” and usual communication problems: good maps or models that dont blame and give practical and feasible answers + the hardware that facilitate the communication.Systems &Technologies eg. Phases in the formation of communities and professional groups (Scott Peck and others)
  35. 35. Culture There is no need to “re-invent the wheel”:“Local Agenda 21” is still The conversation of the century join in!
  36. 36. M4.2 How can we make optimum use of resources? Hierarchy of resources Invisible resources 8rs and Emergy Resources culture
  37. 37. 2º law of thermodynamics NicholasDana Meadows Inspired Georgescu-Roegen The de-growth movement
  38. 38. • The snail constructs its shell by adding everincreasing spirals• Then it abruptly stops• Just one additional spiral would make the shell16 x bigger• This would overload the snail
  39. 39. 8 Rs from the de-growth movement Re-evaluateCould there be a natural succession Re-distributehere? Re-conceptualizeRestructure Re-conceptualize Re-localize Restructure Re-distribute Re-evaluate Recycle Re-localize Reuse Reduce Reduce Reuse Normally we hear these ones Recycle
  40. 40. We are not in “flatland” For any given reality there are quadrants, levels, lines, states... We have to take this into account if we want to design the Transition in an effective way
  41. 41. Re-cycle What are we doing with our wastes? Quite easy to implement, there are no need of great changes in our lifestyles, values or worldview
  42. 42. Reuse What else could we do with this? Some changes are needed, maybe wehave to learn some new skills :-) More pro-activity needed
  43. 43. ReduceDo we really need this? Here we start tochallenge ourselves on what are our real needs, lifestyle, etc... Its the first “re-conceptualization”: it requires facing our addiction
  44. 44. RelocalizeFrom where are our resources taken?
  45. 45. Re-evaluate What is “We” paradigm All species inquality of life? the planet “Me” paradigm My family, my tribe, my country
  46. 46. Re-structure On which kind of resources do we depend? Our whole economic system is built around continuous growth- less resource use >> less employmentIt is structural changes that seem to lead inchanging values & world-views
  47. 47. Re-conceptualize What are our visions & values?Leavers Takers
  48. 48. Re-distribute What, how, where, to whom ... ? We cantknow what the re-distribution ofresourceswould look like ... in a sustainable planet
  49. 49. M4.2 How can we make optimum use of resources? Hierarchy of resources Invisible resources 8rs and Emergy Resources culture
  50. 50. The Story of Jean & Ida Pain A good exampleof living anotherResource Culture& Why is this system not better known? & also of how our > M4.2 Jean culture rejects great Pain innovation
  51. 51. Another Kind of Garden, by Ida and Jean Pain First published in 1973, fifth edition by 1979 o• Heated water to 60 C• at a rate of 4litres/min• for washing and heating• distilled methane to run• an electricity generator• cooking elements Motivation of Design:• & power their truck Concerned with the devastation of the 1964• produced 100% of their home Mediterranean forest by fire & wanting to reverse Aim: "to enable aenergy needs family of extremely the dehumification of modest means first to soils caused by get by and then live agriculture normally in the forest"
  52. 52. This was the basic set-up, all quite low- tech:
  53. 53. forest This is how it workedcleared of brushwood (fire prevention) water home heat food cooking shredded wood transport biogas garden compost electricity (no watering needed) 5 days of work, shredding 50t of brushwood >> enough for the whole years household needs
  54. 54. 0) cause pollution if NOT used - waste materials can be used for the biodigestor parts + the machinery can all be re-cycled from waste parts re-used 1) INCREASE by modest use - their garden production, the materials soil quality improves year by year, but mainly the garden information & creativity + collective intelligence (no information 2) UNAFFECTED by use watering)"a well managed ecosystem" is a good description of a forest harvested in this way: no treesare cut, only lower branches & the more rapidly regenerating shrub layer (cleared not cut) forest3) DISAPPEAR/ DEGRADE if cleared of brushwoodnot used - arguably, some of the materials from the wood (fire prevention)(composting conserves nutrients),but mainly the heat & methane by- product of fermentation 4) REDUCED by use the petrol used + the materials of their house, machines, etc. which are of this type (metals, etc.), IF brought new 5) POLLUTE if usedall industrially-built machinery, car, etc., IF brought new +50gallons of petrol used to transport & shred materials < how much petrol?
  55. 55. • Contemporaries of Bill Mollison • they developed an ingenious working system, & published, but ... • it never achieved much notoriety – why? Maybe... What are the • didnt speak Englishinner quadrant • lived in a rural setting parts of this • not attached to a university story? • people of modest means • Jean didnt have the personality to also be an outreach person • & if Ida had, she could not have used it
  56. 56. Invisible Resources are the criticalfactor for our future survival & prosperity as a culture, as a society A Resource Culture will VALUE & cherish pioneers & innovators like the good soil of a culture that they are
  57. 57. M4.2 How can we make optimum use of resources? Hierarchy of resources Invisible resources 8rs and Emergy Resources culture

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