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PDC+++ Module 3 Class 3 Vital Cycles

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PDC+++ Module 3 Class 3 Vital Cycles

  1. 1. M3.3 pdc+++ <ul><li>Gaia, the great living organism that is Earth, can be understood as a whole made out of millions of vital cycles that interrelate, each one continuously transforming & cycling the elements essential for Life (like oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, etc.) in order for these to be usable in their optimal form for each organism that needs them. </li></ul><ul><li>It is our great ignorance of these & other life cycles, & of their vital importance for the equilibrium of the whole system, that has brought us to making great design </li></ul><ul><li>errors, as humanity & as individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>In this class we get up to date with an essential aspect of the functioning of our home, the Living Planet & we get familiar with the most fundamental blocks that support the whole of Life. </li></ul>of the an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles PDC + + +
  2. 2. wangari maathai Kenia , 1 apr il 194 0 - 25 sept ember 2011 &quot;African women in general need to know that it's OK for them to be the way they are - to see the way they are as a strength, and to be liberated from fear and from silence&quot; &quot;Until you dig a hole, you plant a tree, you water it and make it survive, you haven't done a thing. You are just talking.&quot;
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  5. 5. Life always produces the conditions conducive to Life <ul><li>There is no central control unit in the system, that orchestrates every part's behavior; </li></ul><ul><li>by being </li></ul><ul><li>fully themselves , fully alert & fully responsive to changes in their environment, </li></ul><ul><li>the system's components become interconnected to actually form that system, in an emergent process </li></ul>Janine Benyus cycle
  6. 6. &quot;Everything Gardens&quot; Self regulates toward maximum fertility & sustainability Apply Self-regulation and accept feedback Observe & Interact Use & Respond Creatively to Change
  7. 7. Systems & SubSystems Elements InterConnexions Purpose your respiratory system your digestive system your circulatory system heart arteries veins capillaries etc. your body: the whole self-regulates to keep you alive M2.1 flows of information rules, laws, protocols, guides feedback (+ y - )
  8. 8. <ul><li>it is something very rooted in the 'Taker' cultures (it could be said it is precisely for this that we are Takers) </li></ul><ul><li>essentially ... the fear of death is the fear of letting cycles complete </li></ul><ul><li>but ... if we block vital cycles, the system gets sick , it de-regulates </li></ul><ul><li>all vital cycles include the death of something </li></ul><ul><li>even though it might 'only' be in our perception </li></ul><ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul>Particularly, we ignore the 'Kali' aspect of the Mother Goddess, including now in Her 'reclaiming' cycle
  9. 9. Conferencia de Monedas Complementarias, Brihuega 2-4 marzo 2007 Is a powerful Yoruba Goddess, who governs the Winds of Change. She is the Primordial Mother of Chaos OYA! Oya is the Spirit of the Wind, the thunder, lightning, tornados ... Oya brings sudden & drastic change ... she DOES WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE, Oya keeps us from stagnating A common anthropological characteristic of every advanced mammalian species that survives and thrives is the fierce behavior of the adult female when she senses a threat to her cubs. Our relative complacency while 17,000 children on our planet starve to death every day -- one every five seconds -- indicates a lack of positive intention, on the part of our species, literally to survive. Marianne Williamson
  10. 10. Conferencia de Monedas Complementarias, Brihuega 2-4 marzo 2007 the demonization process Oya is ... protector of children, of childbirth, of the market, (governs the justice of the market) Medusa ¡Oya! cycle
  11. 11. The 'Pagan Wheel of the Year' & the story of the God & Goddess honors life and death equally M5 > Designing with Myths We are very well trained to avoid, flush away, disinfect, thoroughly kill ... ... the very same base of the abundance of nature - the other half of the cycles of nature that are often considered 'dirty' or 'deprived': the &quot;dark side&quot; of Gaia
  12. 12. Maggot Debridement Therapy a badly infected heel Terapia Larval saves her life (but it is very difficult to find doctors willing to do this )
  13. 13. USE this process non-selectively! (not just when 'convenient') Conflict Resolution dogma what is &quot;conflict&quot;? gossipist /therapist M1.6 Perception Is Not Reality your story my story cycle THINK Reflexionar ACT Observe Design Hypothesis Prediction Experiment
  14. 14. Honoring the Pain Joanna Macey The Work that Reconnects &quot;To reframe our pain for the world as evidence of their interconnectedness in the web of life, and hence of our power to take part in its healing&quot; Coming from Gratitude seeing with new Eyes Going Forth this stage requires discharge to work well (see M1.6) + is punctuated by lots of the &quot;death of the ego&quot; that Scott Peck refers to (can be intensely painful & so preferably done with lots of support) Shadow-Work cycle
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  16. 16. Biomass Soil Nutrients Microorganism transform nutrients into form available to plants Macro and Micro-organisms break down organic matter
  17. 17. Aerobic bacteria break Down Organic matter in the pressence Of Oxigen Tremendous demand Of Oxigen in the soil Oxigen exhausted Ethylene inactivs but Does not kill other microorganisms Anaerobic bacter produces Ethylene which diffuses Thru the soil Anaerobic bacter grow And multiply in absence Of Oxigen Oxigen inactivates Anaerobic bacter Demands for Oxigen Slows down so it diffuses Into soil faster Oxigen- Ethylene Cycle in a healthy Soil
  18. 19. Controled by M Cu Zn P K Fe N Ca Mg S And other 40 more Release Biomass Soil Nutrients
  19. 20. Oxigen Cycle Ethylen Cycle
  20. 22. NO3 Acts as the Oxigen in the Ethylene Cycle Causing the uncontrolling Breakdown of organic matter In a undisturbed soil In a disturbed soil 15 – 20 ppm NH4 >2 ppm NO3 20 – 200 ppm NO3 no NH4
  21. 23. Oxigen Cycle Ethylene Cycle Nitrogen Cycle
  22. 24. Rhizosphere
  23. 25. http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/scripter/geog100/lect/16-ecosystems-biomes/ecosystems-files/ecosystems.htm
  24. 26. Ploughing breaks down The soil and aireates It very quickly Nitrifying bacteria Turn NH4 into NO3 A lot of NH4 is produced Without plants to consume it Uncontrolled breakdown Of organic matter occur Oxigen inactivates Anaerobic bacteria so No Ethylene is produced During the process the Soil becomes more acid and Other nutrients (Ca, K, Cd..) are lost Oxigen- Ethylene Cycle in a Cultivated Soil Most of the Carbon goes Into the air as CO2 We have an unbalance soil Without Energy nor nutrient, so We need to use fertilizers
  25. 27. Carbon Cycle
  26. 29. Water Cycle
  27. 31. Sulfur Cycle
  28. 33. Life Gaia – a complex organism that self-regulates Intelligence?
  29. 36. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  30. 37. does not, in fact, exist We could see our mania with polarizing & with creating dichotomies (eg. &quot;biotic&quot; & &quot;non-biotic&quot;) as symptomatic of a profound non-acceptance or mis-understanding of cycles (even as we speak of cycles)
  31. 38. they are ALL cycles within cycles within cycles ...
  32. 39. each of the animals the salmon needs to survive has it's own life cycle which needs an ecosystem (an interconnected web of millions of cycles) to develop in The rivers & estuaries the salmon rely on to reproduce also have their own cycles And the river & salmon cycles sustain the bears' life cycle .. & the phosphorus cycle for the whole catchment All are the forest
  33. 40. Each creature has its niche .. also in the Cycle of Life what is their fave food The primary producers are carnivores! pathogens create illness & kill cycle
  34. 41. Ultimately, the fate of the biosphere rests on the success of plants and their ability to capture sunlight. 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy -  C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 -  6CO 2 + 6H 2 O + Energy Look them up! << Fungi don't photosynthesize >> glucose
  35. 42. Life Cycles & Growth Cycles also include ALL 'creatures' of Gaia ... also completely interrelated with all the rest of life (like geological formations, cultural developments, etc.) They are only ARTIFICIALLY separated from all the other cycles and we won't go into them here but hope you will investigate & contribute to slowly add these in our e-book www.PermaCultureScience.org
  36. 43. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  37. 44. it is only by devolving responsability & self-regulated functions that a stable life-system can evolve The role of a successful design is to create a system that self-regulates self-regulates? M2.1 dreamsprayer.com
  38. 45. Eros & the direction of Evolution Annual plants 'weeds' Hardwood trees deeper soil Perennial plants & grasses Shrubs shallow soil Softwood trees, pines > Biodiversity > stability > biomass > solar-harvesting ... all increase >> What is Natural Succession?
  39. 46. leafy greens true weeds grasses woody annuals grasses tomatoes corn wheat spinach carrot broccoli Bushes, berries, nuts, stone fruits Conifers, oaks, nuts Redwood, pecan, chestnut Strawberry, apple, timothy grass F:B Ratio Bacterial (0:1 - 1:2) Balanced (1:1) Fungal (2:1 - 200:1) High Fungal (200:1 - 1000:1) Example Plant Group Example Species
  40. 47. Are Natural Succesion!!
  41. 48. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  42. 49. The Terrestrial Biomes
  43. 50. Main Biomes function of Water & Temp. but also soils & fauna change things
  44. 51. & of course Typography also creates lots of micro-climates so one area can have several biomes another form for visualizing biomes according to the relationship between temperature & humidity
  45. 53. Mangroves help stabilize (& create) soils on tropical & sub-tropical coasts They are amongst the richest, most fertile (& probably the smelliest) biomes on Earth Pneumatophores (seeking oxygen for roots) contribute to holding the soil in place
  46. 54. <ul><li>The Fear of Death </li></ul><ul><li>The Elementals </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomes </li></ul><ul><li>Our Niche in Gaia </li></ul>an integral exploration M3.3 VITAL cycles
  47. 55. Our Niche in Gaia Of which vital cycles are you a part? Which do you support? & which are you slowing or blocking? Which cycles might work better with the supply of energy or information that only you have? A Permaculture Designers' Vital Question:

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