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PDC+++ Module 1 Class 6

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of the PDC+++ in Integral Permaculture
see www.PermaCultureScience.com
What are 'Models' & why are they so important for Permaculture Designers? In this class we study the basic nature of the Scientific Method & it's problems, taking as an example of our difficulties in changing paradigms a rEvolutionary model of the human mind.

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PDC+++ Module 1 Class 6

  1. 1. Class 1.6 of the PDC+++ What are 'Models' & why are they so important for permaculture designers? In this class we study the basic nature of the Scientific Method & it's problems, taking as an example of our difficulties in changing paradigms a rEvolutionary model of the human mind.  
  2. 2. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  3. 3. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  4. 4. Classical definition of Knowledge see the video of Ken Wilber
  5. 5. Truths Beliefs Knowldege Premises = all affirmations, positive or negative
  6. 6. How do we access Knowledge? Prescription Experience Refutation Paradigm Empiricism Falseability <ul><li>the 3 strands </li></ul>KNOWLEDGE
  7. 7. “ Ample” Science Narrow or Reductionist Science Science c
  8. 9. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  9. 10. It is a systematic method of investigation for the knowing of observable reality , that consists of formulating questions about this reality, in order to obtain solutions to the problems under consideration What is the Scientific Model
  10. 11. 4 Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>Experimentation (include control experiments) </li></ul>• Hypothesis (a model) > > Theory • Observation • Prediction
  11. 12. the Design Cycle in Permaculture Hypothesis Prediction Experiment Think / Reflect Action Observe Design
  12. 13. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  13. 14. Examples of Models <ul><li>that change how we see things </li></ul>Models act as “frames”, or mental structures that explain & FILTER everything we see how did society react? Earth as centre of the Universe Copernicus Kepler
  14. 15. Corollaries Theory eg. if the Sun is the centre of our Universe IF this is true... the Earth is not at the centre the Church has made a big mistake the Church is not infallible questions HUMAN IDENTITY throws all other beliefs into question questions DIVINE IDENTITY the POWER of a change of Paradigm it can change the basis of our whole society
  15. 16. mental models change (SHOULD change?!) all the time
  16. 17. Question them ALL our mind is full of models including the scientific model
  17. 18. the characteristic of a GOOD model <ul><li>is NOT that you &quot;like&quot; it </li></ul><ul><li>(it could throw all your best loved beliefs upside-down!) </li></ul>NOR that you like its consequences or corollaries ... it ONLY has to &quot;WORK&quot; (what it predicts is, in fact, what is observed)
  18. 20. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  19. 21. Karl Popper's refutation principle (principle of refutation)
  20. 22. - scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans,
  21. 23. but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan
  22. 24. Popper's approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas.
  23. 25. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  24. 26. The characteristic of a GOOD MODEL, hypothesis or theory ... is NOT that you &quot;like&quot; it (it could throw all your best loved beliefs upside-down!) it ONLY has to &quot;WORK&quot; (what it predicts is, in fact, what is observed) NOR that you like its consequences or corollaries ...
  25. 28. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  26. 29. “Cuchillas” <ul><li>Ockham's Razor - simplicity, eg. extraterrestrials </li></ul>Hanlon's Razor - on conspiracy theories “ never attribute to malice what can be quite adequately explained by stupidity”
  27. 30. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++
  28. 31. formulate questions How does the mind or personality of people WORK? M1 - PEOPLE CARE HOW do groups of people work? & Society?
  29. 32. your model of the human mind? <ul><li>(a ‘MAP’, HOW it WORKS & WHY, usable to orient one-self, to design, make PREDICTIONS, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>the model / models that you've seen / heard about / perceived? </li></ul><ul><li>in our society? </li></ul>you have one but .. are you conscious of what it is? IN PAIRS - 3x3
  30. 33. a theory other practical excercise TEST for yourself if this theory works or not about how the human mind works ... & doesn't
  31. 34. TORSTEN WIESEL,NOBEL PRIZE FOR MEDICINE; NEUROLOGIST & PSYCHIATRIST&quot;The brain, the black box of human beings&quot; 27/04/2006 - the black box? - The brain! All answers had to be there, yet we knew nothing about it. I decided to open the black box of human beings or at least try. I decided to open the black box of human beings or at least try. I decided to open the black box of human beings or at least try. I decided to open the black box of human beings or at least try.
  32. 35. TORSTEN WIESEL,NOBEL PRIZE FOR MEDICINE; NEUROLOGIST & PSYCHIATRIST&quot;The brain, the black box of human beings&quot; 27/04/2006 27/04/2006 The brain is still the garden of Eden to the researchers. It's all yet to be discovered, we still do not know how we learn, or how we forget or how we remember.We don't know about the mechanisms that trigger mental illness.And we know nothing about the mental mechanisms of hatred and love.
  33. 36. so ... this theory is &quot;blasphemy&quot; (according to the present system) & it's a good example of Learning from Nature & these principles: Work with Nature not against Follow Natural Patterns Problem = Solution Mini-Max ...
  34. 37. DEFINITION Ref. www.RC.org listen to the Audio!
  35. 39. NOTE this is a graphical representation of an IDEA ... this is not your head!
  36. 45. <ul><li>What happens when it </li></ul><ul><li>doesn't work well? </li></ul>
  37. 50. Observation <ul><li>Your personal experience ... </li></ul><ul><li>Your own thoughts and emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Of the children know </li></ul><ul><li>Of the adults around you: colleagues, family, etc. </li></ul>
  38. 51. 4 Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>Experimentation (include control experiments) </li></ul>• Hypothesis (a model) > > Theory • Observation • Prediction
  39. 53. <ul><li>There is a natural and spontaneous process of healing that undoes this &quot;knot &quot; (pattern) </li></ul><ul><li>• It is called &quot;discharge&quot; ('dumping') </li></ul><ul><li>(laughing, crying, yawning, growling, shaking, sweating ... are its external manifestations) </li></ul><ul><li>we notice they tend to work better in young people </li></ul>or work 'worse' ... according to current standards?
  40. 54. laughing - accompanies the discharge of ... embarrassment or tension crying - accompanies the discharge ... of grief yawning - ... physical tension tantrums, shouting - ... rage trembling - ... fear sweating - cold (fear) .. hot .. (shame) animated talking - ... tension
  41. 55. if discharge is ... NOT permitted
  42. 57. The pattern crystallizes and starts acting like a recording. . This recording contains all the information that entered during the traumatic event: sight, smell, thoughts, emotions, including the inability to think . >> Causes a blockage (FIRST HARMFUL EFFECT), but also >> pushes us to re-play the original traumatic event whenever we encounter anything that contains one or more elements of the original event (RE-STIMULATION) (RE-STIMULATION) (RE-STIMULATION) (RE-STIMULATION) (RE-STIMULATION) (RE-STIMULATION)
  43. 59. <ul><li>the effect can become CUMULATIVE ... </li></ul>Because this affects our ability to think (in the particular areas of the contents of the traumatic event)
  44. 60. Observation <ul><li>Your personal experience ... </li></ul><ul><li>Your own thoughts and emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Of the children know </li></ul><ul><li>Of the adults around you: colleagues, family, etc. </li></ul>
  45. 61. 4 Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>Experimentation (include control experiments) </li></ul>• Hypothesis (a model) > > Theory • Observation • Prediction
  46. 63. Most of these patterns are the effects of various OPPRESSION present in our society: adultism, sexism, racism, classism, war, etc. ..
  47. 64. Until ... a person of &quot;normal&quot; intelligence in our society ...... is actually using only 10% of their thinking capacity(when they are thinking!)Most times we cannot think ... because the rest of our mind is very vulnerable to illogical and random re-stimulations... very often full of intense feelings
  48. 67. ¿Observaciones? <ul><li>Tu experiencia personal... </li></ul><ul><li>De tu propio pensamiento y emociones </li></ul><ul><li>De los niños que conoces </li></ul><ul><li>De los adultos que te rodean: colegas, familia, etc. </li></ul>
  49. 68. Prevention Principle you can get busy at this level or go directly to this one ¿Mini-Max?
  50. 69. ? <ul><li>corollaries of this theory </li></ul>
  51. 70. Corollaries Teoría IF this is true ... we are ALL essentially geniouses Medicine has made a big mistake Medicine is not infallible questions HUMAN IDENTITY all its industries under question ... I have made all that effort ... pharmacy therapy education eg. Human Irrationality is due to patterns - that can be discharged including 'alternative medicine'! the POWER of a change of Paradigm it can change the basis of our whole society
  52. 71. Question ALL of them our mind is full of models which models = distress patterns?
  53. 72. &quot;If the world is saved, it will be saved by people with changed minds, people with a new vision. . It will not be saved by people with old minds and new programs. It will be saved by new minds - with no programs.&quot; . (The story of B, Daniel Quinn )
  54. 74. the process is totally reversible <ul><li>says the theory, according to this model </li></ul>
  55. 77. experimentation confirms this <ul><li>the CRITERIA that seem to make </li></ul><ul><li>this discharge process </li></ul><ul><li>work better ... </li></ul>
  56. 79. E=mc E - Escuchar m - manos c - cariño 2 The Practice Listening closeness affection
  57. 81. - Do you have any mental hygiene tips? - Quite often the big difference in our lives are marked by the way that we treat ourselves. - In what way do you mean? - I believe very often we are too severe in how we judge ourselves. When you make a mistake admit it immediately, but also give yourself another chance. In this sense, without judging its spiritual transcendence, the catholic confession is a brilliant invention, a great instrument for mental hygiene. TORSTEN WIESEL, NOBEL PRIZE IN MEDICINE; NEUROLOGIST & PSYCHIATRIST &quot;The brain, the black box of human beings&quot; 27/04/2006
  58. 83. IF the process is encouraged in a systemic way in a systemic way in a systemic way <ul><li>There is evidence that we can achieve CONSIDERABLE results (thinking capacity, being in the present, flexibility ... closer to our innate GENIUS-sized CAPACITY) </li></ul>
  59. 90. THE HUMAN SIDE OF HUMAN BEINGS <ul><li>see e-Book </li></ul><ul><li>www.PermaCultureScience .org </li></ul><ul><li>>> M1.6 The Scientific Method </li></ul>www.RC.org
  60. 91. the continuum concept continuum concept <ul><li>by Jean Liedloff </li></ul>a theory of how adultism is instilled in the very young mind (the base of all patterns according to the RC theory) see e-Book www.PermaCultureScience .org > > M1.1 Learning >> Native Peoples
  61. 92. Class 1.6 of the PDC+++ What are 'Models' & why are they so important for permaculture designers? In this class we study the basic nature of the Scientific Method & it's problems, taking as an example of our difficulties in changing paradigms a rEvolutionary model of the human mind.  
  62. 93. MENTAL MODELS <ul><li>The 3 strands of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Scientific Model </li></ul><ul><li>Paradigm Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Popper's Principle & Okham's Razor </li></ul><ul><li>A Model of the Human Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>1.6 PDC +++

Editor's Notes

  • Una escena que usted, probablemente, nunca podrá ver personalmente. Tómese un momento para disfrutar el trabajo de Dios en el Polo Norte. Éste es un atardecer con la luna en su punto más cercano.
  • Pensar en una hipótesis que puede ser falsificada, y diseñar experimentos para hacerlo, es el marco de un cienciado verdadero. (ej. orina / sombra / agua, etc. .. en crecimiento de verduras) importante los experimentos de CONTROL ..... Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist
  • La PermaCultura entonces es una ciencia
  • Una escena que usted, probablemente, nunca podrá ver personalmente. Tómese un momento para disfrutar el trabajo de Dios en el Polo Norte. Éste es un atardecer con la luna en su punto más cercano.
  • Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  • Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  • Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  • Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  • Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist.
  • Una escena que usted, probablemente, nunca podrá ver personalmente. Tómese un momento para disfrutar el trabajo de Dios en el Polo Norte. Éste es un atardecer con la luna en su punto más cercano.
  • nunca atribuir a la malicia lo que se puede explicar adecuadamente por la estupidez
  • TORSTEN WIESEL, PREMIO NOBEL DE MEDICINA; NEURÓLOGO Y PSIQUIATRA &amp;quot; El cerebro, la caja negra del ser humano &amp;quot; - ¿La caja negra? - ¡El cerebro!  Todas las respuestas tenían que estar allí y sin embargo no sabíamos nada sobre él. Me propuse abrir la caja negra del ser humano o por lo menos intentarlo.
  • El cerebro todavía es el jardín del Edén para los investigadores. Está todo por hacer: todavía no sabemos ni cómo aprendemos, ni cómo olvidamos ni cómo recordamos.  Desconocemos los mecanismos que desencadenan las enfermedades mentales. Y tampoco sabemos nada sobre los mecanismos mentales del odio y del amor.
  • Pensar en una hipótesis que puede ser falsificada, y diseñar experimentos para hacerlo, es el marco de un cienciado verdadero. (ej. orina / sombra / agua, etc. .. en crecimiento de verduras) importante los experimentos de CONTROL ..... Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist
  • augh - accompanies the relief of shame and / or tensionmourn - accompanies the relief of painyawn - ... physical stressgrunting, kicking, screaming - ... ragetremble - ... fearsweating - cold (fear) .. hot .. (shame)talking in an animated way - ... tension
  • The pattern crystallizes and starts acting like a recording.This recording contains all the information that entered during the traumatic event: sight, smell, thoughts, emotions, including the inability to think.Cause a blockage (FIRST HARMFUL EFFECT), but also pushes us to jump back to the original traumatic event scene anytime we find anything that contains one or more elements of the original event (RE-STIMULATION).5:53 PM
  • Por qué esto afecta a nuestra capacidad de pensar (en las áreas particulares del contenido del suceso traumático)
  • Pensar en una hipótesis que puede ser falsificada, y diseñar experimentos para hacerlo, es el marco de un cienciado verdadero. (ej. orina / sombra / agua, etc. .. en crecimiento de verduras) importante los experimentos de CONTROL ..... Popper argued that scientific knowledge advanced most reliably by the development and refutation of hypotheses - much more reliably than by the accretion of evidence in support of theories. The principle of refutation put forward by the philosopher Karl Popper, in his books The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Conjectures and Refutations, is my choice. (of what I would teach the world about science). He said you cannot prove that all swans are white by counting white swans, but you can prove that not all swans are white by counting one black swan. Dr Robert Maynard Senior medical officer at the UK Department of Health Popper&apos;s approach is now accepted, in principle, by many scientists. And yet much research is still based upon induction - upon the collection of facts to support our ideas. Erecting hypotheses that can be falsified, and designing experiments capable of doing so, is the hallmark of the true scientist. In fact, it distinguishes the scientist from the non-scientist
  • los CRITERIOS que hacen funcionar mejor el proceso de desahogo
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