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PDC+++ Module 1 Class 7, Thinking Tools

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of the PDC+++ in Integral Permaculture
see www.PermaCultureScience.com

What makes some people very effective at realizing their dreams whilst other people struggle?

I this class we investigate how to increase individual intelligence, how it inter-connects with emotional intelligence, the habits of highly effective people & some ingenious tools for thinking & co-creating in powerful ways with others.

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PDC+++ Module 1 Class 7, Thinking Tools

  1. 1. Class 1.7 of the PDC+++ What makes some people very effective at realizing their dreams whilst other people struggle? In this class we investigate how to increase personal intelligence, and how it's interconnected with emotional intelligence, habits of highly effective people and some nifty tools for thinking and co-create powerfully with others.
  2. 2. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  3. 3. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  4. 4. 7 Habits for highly effective people <ul><li>Stephen Covey </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Stephen Covey </li></ul><ul><li>studied the “literature of success”, since 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>* First 150 years (1926)- Character Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>(integrity, humility, courage, justice, patience, dedication, simplicity, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>* next 50 years (1976) - Ethics of Personality </li></ul><ul><li>(public image, attitudes and behaviors, skills and techniques) </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>FORM </li></ul>One of the &quot;upside-down world&quot; things ...
  7. 7. Ethics <ul><li>People Care </li></ul><ul><li>Earth Care </li></ul><ul><li>Limits to Population and Consumption </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>We are what we repeatedly do. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sow a thought harvest an action sow an action harvest a habit Sow a habit harvest a character sow a character harvest a destiny PermaCulture is based on > > > ACTION
  10. 10. Knowledge (what to do & why) Skills (how to do it) Will (want to do it) HABITS well internalized principles and behavior patterns ” Habits”?
  11. 11. ¿”Effective”? Taking care of the Production / Production Capacity Law (RELATION not EXPLOITATION, Everything affects Everything) Based on Principles > Long-Term Maximum Benefit (content not form + Mini-Max) &
  12. 12. Maturity Continuum or natural succession 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 HABITS > 6 increase natural succession Principle
  13. 13. Maturity Continuum or natural succession D e p e n d e n c e I n d e p e n d e n c e I n t e r d e p e n d e n c e Psychological Development Child > Adolescent > Adult > Citizen > SELF- RESPONSIBILITY CO- OPERATION PC DIRECTIVES >
  14. 14. D e p e n d e n c e Child > Dependence is The YOU paradigm Dependent people need others to get what they want YOU take care of me You make me happy YOU disappoint me I blame on you for the results
  15. 15. I n d e p e n d e n c e Adolescent > INDEPENDENCE is the I paradigm Independent People can get what they want through their own efforts I can do it I am responsible I can decide
  16. 16. I n t e r d e p e n d e n c e Adult > INTERDEPENDENCE is the WE paradigm WE can do it WE can cooperate We can combine our talents and skills & create something big together Inter-Dependent People combine their own efforts with the efforts of others to achieve their greatest hits
  17. 17. I n t e r d e p e n d e n c e Adult > Citizen > NEVER DOUBT that a committed group of citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has. Margaret Mead
  18. 18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 HABITS > Personal Success Public Success I n d e p e n d e n c e I n t e r d e p e n d e n c e Global Success 6
  19. 19. GLOBAL SUCCESS
  20. 20. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  21. 21. 1. Proactivity the Habit of responsibility <ul><li>Outcome: Freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision to act from our rationality, Not from our programming. </li></ul>
  22. 22. to Act from our rationality, NOT from our programming. DECISION
  23. 23. Close your eyes...
  24. 24. P r o A c t i v e
  25. 25. Awareness of yourself (&quot;Self-consciousness &quot;) WE CAN THINK ABOUT THE PROCESS THOUGHT ITSELF - typically human, is what makes us so flexible and able to change the world. We can learn quickly from generation to generation. (learning from experiences of others, not just ours) P r o A c t i v e
  26. 26. but .. You are NOT your feelings You are NOT your moods You are not your thoughts we can separate and &quot;see&quot; ourselves .. and other The paradigm of ourselves
  27. 27. Until we can consider how we see ourselves (and as we see others) we can not understand how others look and feel ABOUT themselves ... WITHOUT CONSCIENCE (unaware) we will project our intentions on their behavior, thinking that we are objective. This severely limits our potential and our ability to relate well with others. The paradigm of ourselves
  28. 28. &quot;you never arrive on time&quot; &quot;Why you can't be tidy? &quot;You're an artist! &quot; &quot;you eat like a horse! &quot;I do not believe you won that&quot; &quot;This is so simple .. why you don't understand? &quot; The social mirror If the only views we have of ourselves come from the social mirror ...
  29. 29. We are largely determined by the conditioning and conditions The current cultural mirror
  30. 30. 1) your grandparents did it to you (genetic determinism) 2) your parents did it to you (psychological determinism) 3) your boss /partner /son /economic /domestic policy did it to you (environmental determinism) Pavlov's Theory Stimulus - Response Pattern recognition
  31. 31. Victor Frankl
  32. 32. Victor Frankl The last of human freedoms
  33. 33. The Pro-Active model He could decide within himself how all this would affect him stimulus response The last of human freedoms
  34. 34. Be Pro-Active response freedom to choose free will self- consciousness imagination Independent will ethics commitment values stimulus
  35. 35. Be Pro-Active response the freedom to choose our answer RESPONSE ABILITY Highly proactive people recognize this responsibility X Choices based on VALUES NOT in conditions SENSATIONS stimulus
  36. 36. Being Pro-active response Being reactive response guided by stimuli, feelings, emotions, the environment (sun-happy, rain-depressed), or social environment (very concerned about how others feel, how they treat them) stimulus stimulus
  37. 37. Being Pro-Active response Eleanor Roosevelt - &quot;No one can hurt you without your consent&quot; Gandhi – &quot;no one can not take away your self-respect unless you give it to them&quot; stimulus
  38. 38. Being pro-active Taking the initiative IF YOU ARE NOT PART OF THE SOLUTION YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM Why we don't do it? act or be acted upon NOT the same as 'positive thinking! PROBLEM = SOLUTION
  39. 39. Reactive language a self-fulfilling prophecy absolve us of responsibility Pro-Active Language IF YOU ARE NOT PART OF THE SOLUTION YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM I can't do anything about it let's look at the alternatives I am how I am I can choose another way it makes me angry I choose my feelings they don't allow it I can create an effective presentation I have to do it I decide an appropriate response I can't I decide I have to ... I prefer ... if only ... I will ..
  40. 40. Love &quot;it's just that I don't love her anymore&quot; a verb (to Love) a feeling (Love) a self-fulfilling prophecy absolve us of responsibility Pro-Active Language IF YOU ARE NOT PART OF THE SOLUTION YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM
  41. 41. D e p e n d e n c e Child > Dependence is The YOU paradigm Dependent people need others to get what they want YOU take care of me You make me happy YOU disappoint me I blame on you for the results
  42. 42. Circle of Interest & Circle of Influence
  43. 43. non-interest circle of interest
  44. 44. circle of influence to which part to you dedicate more time & energy? non-interest circle of interest
  45. 45. Pro-Active Focus people with a pro-active focus work with the things they can affect, note & maximize resources that they DO have & what works well circle of influence
  46. 46. reactive people loose a lot of energy in things they cannot change, in what they DON'T have or in what DOESN'T work, etc. circle of influence circle of interest Pro-Active Focus
  47. 47. “ confessing” others' sins “ volunteering” others some “ toxic” habits Pro-Active Focus circle of influence circle of interest
  48. 48. Appreciating Thinking in creative ways some “fertilizing” habits START VERY SMALL PROBLEM = SOLUTION MINI-MAX NO-LIMITS IMAGINATION Pro-Active Focus circle of influence
  49. 49. consequences we are free to choose our actions but we do NOT choose the consequences ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES ETHICS EVERYTHING AFFECTS EVERYTHING “ The Other End of the Stick”
  50. 50. errors horrible consequences of our past actions are in our circle of interest how we REPAIR & LEARN from them is in our circle of influence CYBLING ENERGY PEOPLE-CARE “ The Other End of the Stick” PROBLEM = SOLUTION
  51. 51. other things that are INSIDE our circle of influence Promises Commitments Objectives circle of influence Pro-Active Focus
  52. 52. exercise for 28 days P r o A c t i v e * work only in your Circle of Influence * make small commitments & keep them * be a light, not a judge * be part of the solution, not part of the problem * don't justify others' weaknesses, or your own * when you make a mistake, admit it, correct it, & learn from it - immediately * don't enter into accusing or blaming modalities * look at others' error with compassion, not accusation *listen to your language: when do you use reactive language (if only, can't, etc.) ? * Remember that you are Respons-Able * CHOOSE to be a Pro-Active Person - a PermaCulture Designer! HÁBITO 1 Práctica circle of influence Pro-Active Focus
  53. 53. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  54. 54. Mini-Design -Group Círculo de Estudio PRACTICE 1 week Poster Leaflet Programme (flexible) using the Thinking Tools that follow <ul><li>MasterMind group </li></ul>
  55. 55. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  56. 56. response freedom to choose free will self- consciousness imagination Independent will ethics commitment values stimulus Thinking about Thinking = expanding consciousness
  57. 57. Bloom's Taxonomy
  58. 58. How to Teach your Child how to Think  Edward De Bono << www. Perma Culture Science .org &quot;We can Analyze the past but we have to DESIGN the future&quot;
  59. 59. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  60. 60. The 6 Thinking Hats Edward DeBono 1991
  61. 61. There are 6 Ways of Thinking Thinking in Parallel = we think in the same way at the same time “ we on put the same hat at the same time” AVOID CONFLICT
  62. 62. What are the 6 Ways of Thinking? The 6 Thinking Hats:
  63. 63. White suggests paper , this hat is about information . When we use the white hat, we ask this type of questions: What information do we have? What information do we need ? What questions should I be making? The white hat is used to bring attention to the information we have or are lacking . White hat: base of the information What do we know? “Ingredients” The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  64. 64. NASA study on errors 90% of mistakes are caused by perception errors (lack of incoming information or incorrect information, irrelevant, etc.)
  65. 65. Byron Katie (enquiry) 1st step – expose in writing all your perceptions 2nd step – ask honestly for each one: &quot;is it true?&quot; 3rd step - ask: “can I know with any certainty this is true?”
  66. 66. Red suggests heat & fire . The red hat has to do with feelings, intuitions & emotions . You might not know why you like or dislike something. When we use the red hat you have the chance to express your feelings without giving any explanation . Your feelings exist & the red hat permits you to have them known. Red hat: feelings, intuition, presencing & emotion The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  67. 67. The black hat is without question the one we tend to use the most. Black reminds us of the judges' robes. The black hat is about precaution , it stops us from doing things that could be harmful. The black hats signals risks & the causes for which something might not work . Without the black hat we'd always be in trouble. However we must not make too much use of this hat because it can be dangerous. Black hat: difficulties, dangers, precaution The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  68. 68. Yellow suggests bright sun & optimism . Using the yellow hat we make an effort to find the valuable & beneficial of a suggestion: What is good about this? Even if we don't like an idea, the yellow hat asks us to find the positive points . Which are the benefits? Who will benefit?, How will the benefits be made effective? What are its different values? Yellow hat seeks do-ability, benefits & the value in the ideas The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  69. 69. The colour green suggests vegetation , which relates to energy & life . The green hat is the hat of new energy. Using the green hat we make proposals & we put out new ideas & alternatives . Using this hat you suggest variations & modifications to the proposed ideas. The green hat permits us to express possibilities . When the green hat is in use, everyone makes an effort to be creative . Green hat new ideas, alternatives, creative suggestions The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  70. 70. The blue hat is for looking at the thought process in itself . What is the next action? What have we achieved till now? We use the blue hat at the beginning of a discussion in order to define what we are thinking & to decide what we need to achieve at the end of the thinking process. The blue hat can be used to organize the sequence of hats that we use, as well as to summarize what we have achieved. Blue hat requires summaries, conclusions & decisions The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  71. 71. In which order are they used?
  72. 72. There isn't one correct sequence - depends on circumstances We can just use some, or all; in the order that you wish ... but: (guides) 1) Each hat can be used several times in the same sequence 2) In general it is better to use the yellow hat before the black one 3) Black (weaknesses) > green (overcome weaknesses) > black (assessment) 4) Black at the end (in order to assess an idea) > Red (how we feel) 5) If there are strong emotions around an idea, start with the red hat 6) If there are no strong feelings, start with the white hat (recollect information) > green (generate alternatives) > yellow > black (assessment) > select alternatives > black > red
  73. 73. Looking for an idea
  74. 74. Reacting to an idea
  75. 75. QUICK SEQUENCES Rapid assessment of an idea
  76. 76. QUICK SEQUENCES To generate ideas
  77. 77. QUICK SEQUENCES to improve an idea
  78. 78. QUICK SEQUENCES to collect ideas & generate alternatives
  79. 79. QUICK SEQUENCES to see if the thinking brought some benefit
  80. 80. Summary
  81. 81. White: neutral & objective, based in facts & numbers The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  82. 82. Red: the emotional vision The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  83. 83. Black: care & precaution The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  84. 84. YelloW: optimism, positive thinking The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  85. 85. Green: fertile growth, creativity & new ideas The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  86. 86. Blue: calm, organization The 6 Thinking Hats - Edward DeBono 1991
  87. 87. A tool for avoiding unnecessary conflict & think better The 6 Thinking Hats
  88. 88. Thinking Tools <ul><li>The 7 Habits </li></ul><ul><li>The First Habit </li></ul><ul><li>Design a MasterMind Group </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 Hats </li></ul><ul><li>PMI & Others </li></ul>PDC+++ class1.7
  89. 89. PMI <ul><li>+++ Plus </li></ul><ul><li>- - - Minus </li></ul><ul><li>** * Interesting </li></ul>
  90. 90. eg. PMI on doing the MiniDesign group + design practice + with colleagues + quick + useful product + multi-functional - timeeee! - doubts how - don't understand it very well .. - ... - ... * how to communicate * other people * ... * ...
  91. 91. Class 1.7 of the PDC+++ What makes some people very effective at realizing their dreams / DESIGNS whilst other people struggle? In this class we investigate how to increase personal intelligence, and how it's interconnected with emotional intelligence, habits of highly effective people and some nifty tools for thinking and co-create powerfully with others.

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