Social Software, Information Architecture, & Their Epistemic Consequences Schiltz; Truyen; Coppens.
<ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Social software has distorted the se...
 
 
 
<ul><li>PRINT </li></ul><ul><li>Passive </li></ul><ul><li>1-to-1; 1-to-Many </li></ul><ul><li>Info flows in one direction ...
<ul><li>Scholarly communication crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict between commercial publishers & demand of scientific...
PRINT     Coupling of Science & Economics DIGITAL     DE-coupling, enabling fresh interest in thinking about information...
<ul><li>Social software enables group interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Most visited websites are  ‘social’  at their core </l...
 
 
<ul><li>Superior type of knowledge :  Understanding where to access knowledge components when needed.  </li></ul><ul><li>N...
<ul><li>“ Knowing means being embedded in a social knowledge network that guarantees just-in-time delivery of the knowledg...
<ul><li>Traditional beliefs have become downloadable beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The fact that they are ready for downlo...
<ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxy Zoo </li></ul><ul><li>Open Science Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>USGSted </li></ul><ul>...
 
 
 
<ul><li>Saves us TIME. </li></ul><ul><li>Dangers of inaccuracy or misunderstanding? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No proponent of ...
<ul><li>Nature of what is known itself seems to be changing </li></ul><ul><li>Ontological, epistemological consequences </...
<ul><li>Limits of traditional classification: budgetary, spatial, complexity constraints </li></ul><ul><li>We have added a...
<ul><li>SLIP BOX = TAGGING </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights relations between items in a structure </li></ul><ul><li>Creation ...
<ul><li>Quality of labelling is not to be judged on an individual basis. </li></ul><ul><li>All tags don’t have to be valid...
<ul><li>The limitations of the conventional taxonomy system and knowledge growth </li></ul><ul><li>The value of folksonomi...
<ul><li>If the production of knowledge is always a social process, what are the implications of social media? </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Schiltz, M., Truyen, F., & Coppens, H. (2007). 'Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information archi...
<ul><li>Madrigal, Alexis (2009), 'Freaked-Out Tweets After Earthquakes Help Scientists',  Wired.com  [online]. Available: ...
<ul><li>Raphael, JR (2009), 'The 15 Biggest Wikipedia Blunders',  PC World  [online]. Available:  http://www.pcworld.com/a...
<ul><li>Slide 2:  http://geekandpoke.typepad.com/geekandpoke/2009/01/crowdsourcing-09.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 3:  htt...
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Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information architechture & their epistemic consequences

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Presentation on Week 9 reading: 'Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information architechture & their epistemic consequences' by Michael Schiltz, Frederik Truyen, and Hans Coppens.

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Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information architechture & their epistemic consequences

  1. 1. Social Software, Information Architecture, & Their Epistemic Consequences Schiltz; Truyen; Coppens.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Social software has distorted the semantics of the conventional scientific system – But at the same time, we get more suspicious of what we find on the Web. </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>PRINT </li></ul><ul><li>Passive </li></ul><ul><li>1-to-1; 1-to-Many </li></ul><ul><li>Info flows in one direction </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusivity </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Info + Knowledge = Economics </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive </li></ul><ul><li>Many-to-Many </li></ul><ul><li>Back-and-Forth Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquity </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Marginal Cost </li></ul><ul><li>“ FREE” </li></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Scholarly communication crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict between commercial publishers & demand of scientific careers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information moving online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing price barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removing permission barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Putting peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly literature on the internet. Making it available free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Removing the barrier to serious research. </li></ul>
  5. 8. PRINT  Coupling of Science & Economics DIGITAL  DE-coupling, enabling fresh interest in thinking about information and its possession. “ OPEN ACCESS ’ is...to the advantage of scientific production if it is generous and ubiquitous – an idea which even scientific publishers must eventually concede .”
  6. 9. <ul><li>Social software enables group interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Most visited websites are ‘social’ at their core </li></ul><ul><li>Despite authorship issues, copyright concerns, this has been to the advantage of progress </li></ul><ul><li>Social Software + Acceptance of Open Source Methods = Growth of Knowledge & Information Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>But INFORMATION ≠ KNOWLEDGE </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>Superior type of knowledge : Understanding where to access knowledge components when needed. </li></ul><ul><li>New internet usage : outsourcing the knowledge process to others. </li></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>“ Knowing means being embedded in a social knowledge network that guarantees just-in-time delivery of the knowledge components you need” </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Traditional beliefs have become downloadable beliefs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The fact that they are ready for download in trusted environments warrants their truth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceptance Principle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The act of knowing takes place in the social network, not the individual mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lot of what we know is about cognitive artifacts, not about the directly empirical </li></ul></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxy Zoo </li></ul><ul><li>Open Science Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>USGSted </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><li>OpenID </li></ul>
  11. 19. <ul><li>Saves us TIME. </li></ul><ul><li>Dangers of inaccuracy or misunderstanding? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No proponent of OPEN ACCESS has ever proclaimed the main advantage of free accessibility resides in accessibility to lay people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows lay people to help experts help them </li></ul></ul>
  12. 20. <ul><li>Nature of what is known itself seems to be changing </li></ul><ul><li>Ontological, epistemological consequences </li></ul><ul><li>How has the shift in knowledge production, distribution, and vindication semantically affect our dealing with information, our arrangement of meaning? </li></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><li>Limits of traditional classification: budgetary, spatial, complexity constraints </li></ul><ul><li>We have added a degree of ABSTRACTION to make sense of things </li></ul><ul><li>We take into account relational qualities of the classified items – items that can be ordered in such a way as they are RE-ENCOUNTERED at different places in a structure </li></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>SLIP BOX = TAGGING </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights relations between items in a structure </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of order through meaningful redundancy  semantic web. </li></ul>
  15. 23. <ul><li>Quality of labelling is not to be judged on an individual basis. </li></ul><ul><li>All tags don’t have to be validated. </li></ul><ul><li>The value of tagging is in its collaborative aspect, its accurate result as defined by the community, that bridges social gaps. </li></ul>
  16. 24. <ul><li>The limitations of the conventional taxonomy system and knowledge growth </li></ul><ul><li>The value of folksonomies – what may be the current best practice </li></ul><ul><li>The need for circularity and polycontextuality </li></ul><ul><li>The world is not static and eternal, but dynamic and evolving. </li></ul>IN CONCLUSION, we realize...
  17. 25. <ul><li>If the production of knowledge is always a social process, what are the implications of social media? </li></ul><ul><li>If innovations such as GPS and OpenID technology can help social software promote the production of knowledge, what else can be incorporated to make for more seamless or fruitful collaboration? </li></ul><ul><li>Does anonymity on the Web help or prevent social software from achieving its potential as a knowledge generator? </li></ul><ul><li>Can social software do for journalism what it has done for science? </li></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>Schiltz, M., Truyen, F., & Coppens, H. (2007). 'Cutting the trees of knowledge: social software, information architecture & their epistemic consequences'. Thesis Eleven, 89 (1), 94. </li></ul><ul><li>Nguyen, Joe (2010), 'Social Networking: No Longer a Niche Market in Asia-Pac', comScore.com [online]. Available: http://blog.comscore.com/2010/09/social_networking_asia_pacific.html [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Neylon, Cameron (2009), 'What should social software for science look like?', Science in the open [online]. Available: http://blog.openwetware.org/scienceintheopen/2009/12/09/what-should-social-software-for-science-look-like/ [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Allen, Christopher (2004), 'Tracing the Evolution of Social Software', Life With Alacrity [online]. Available: http://www.lifewithalacrity.com/2004/10/tracing_the_evo.html [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul>
  19. 27. <ul><li>Madrigal, Alexis (2009), 'Freaked-Out Tweets After Earthquakes Help Scientists', Wired.com [online]. Available: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/12/twitter-earthquake-alerts/ [23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Rowe, Aaron (2008), 'GPS-Equipped iPhone Could Enable New Citizen Science', Wired.com [online]. Available: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/06/iphones-with-gp/ [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Ria News Desk (2006), 'Dion Hinchliffe's SOA Blog: How Can We Best Make &quot;The Writeable Web&quot; A Responsible Place?', SOA World Magazine [online]. Available: http://soa.sys-con.com/node/173822 [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul>
  20. 28. <ul><li>Raphael, JR (2009), 'The 15 Biggest Wikipedia Blunders', PC World [online]. Available: http://www.pcworld.com/article/170874/the_15_biggest_wikipedia_blunders.html [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxy Zoo: Hubble [online]. N.d. Available: http://www.galaxyzoo.org/ [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul><ul><li>Open Science Wiki [online]. N.d. Available: http://science.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page [Accessed 23 September, 2010] </li></ul>
  21. 29. <ul><li>Slide 2: http://geekandpoke.typepad.com/geekandpoke/2009/01/crowdsourcing-09.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 3: http://www.pcworld.com/article/170874/the_15_biggest_wikipedia_blunders.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 4: http://www.techmynd.com/how-do-i-turn-off-caps-lock-yahoo-answers-best-answer-hilarious/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 5: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Google_Bomb_Miserable_Failure.png </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 6: http://www.codypetruk.com/large/analog.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 7: http://librarywall.maastrichtuniversity.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/openaccess.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 8: http://www.pyroenergen.com/articles09/images/dna.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 9: http://fc05.deviantart.net/fs45/i/2009/097/5/9/Social_media_icons_by_plechi.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 10 & 11: http://blog.comscore.com/2010/09/social_networking_asia_pacific.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 12: http://ceoworld.biz/ceo/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/social-media-profiles.png </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 13: http://gisellert1987.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/social_media_sites1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 14: http://www.clker.com/clipart-9618.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 15 & 17: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2009/12/twitter-earthquake-alerts/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 16: http://www.galaxyzoo.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 18: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/06/iphones-with-gp/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 19: http://malefis.u-strasbg.fr/site/images/homer-brain.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 20: http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/cartoonists/jhe/lowres/jhen13l.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 21: http://www.alonnissos.org/page9/files/taxonomy%20tree.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 22: http://www.fuelinteractive.com/blog/2008/04/my-social-medianetworking-talk.cfm </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 23: http://net.educause.edu/elements/images/Uploaded_Images/CONNECT/uni_tag_cloud_wordle.png </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 24: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/a/a5/TagCloudCloud.png/800px-TagCloudCloud.png </li></ul>

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