Abstract expressionism 2011


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Abstract expressionism 2011

  1. 1. Abstract Expressionism Nneka Okoli Nicole Coleman Damola Adebiyi
  2. 2. What is Abstract Expressionism? <ul><li>An artistic movement of the mid-20 th century comprising diverse styles and techniques and emphasizing especially an artist’s liberty to convey attitudes and emotions through nontraditional and usually nonrepresentational means </li></ul><ul><li>-Webster’s Dictionary </li></ul>
  3. 3. IMPORTANT FACT! <ul><li>Abstract Expressionism is the art movement that put New York on the map in the art world. </li></ul><ul><li>Before this movement, American art was not a contender in the art world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Abstract Expressionism <ul><li>ACTION PAINTING </li></ul><ul><li>-Quick brush strokes </li></ul><ul><li>“ Splat” paint look </li></ul><ul><li>Very Popular </li></ul><ul><li>- Evolved from Surrealism (Bulletism) </li></ul><ul><li>COLOR FIELD </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on large area of color </li></ul><ul><li>Played with 2-D feeling of depth </li></ul><ul><li>Evolved from Analytical Cubism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jackson Pollock Robert Motherwell Action Painters
  6. 6. Father of Abstract Expressionism <ul><li>Jackson Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>An action painter </li></ul><ul><li>Painted on large canvases </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred to paint on the ground </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jackson Pollock <ul><li>Nickname was “Jack the Dripper” </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced to art by his brother Charles Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>Studied on New York under Thomas Hart Benton </li></ul><ul><li>Majorly influenced by Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siquieros </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jackson Pollock <ul><li>No. 28, 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>-You can see how the paint is splattered or dripped onto the canvas </li></ul><ul><li>-Very spontaneous </li></ul>
  9. 9. No. 5, 1948 <ul><li>By Jackson Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>Sold for $140 million </li></ul><ul><li>Great example of Abstract Expressionism, </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous Splattered </li></ul>
  10. 10. Robert Motherwell <ul><li>Action Painter and Print maker </li></ul><ul><li>Toured the country giving speeches about Abstract Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Felt Abstract Expressionism was the process of peeling away the inessential and presenting the necessary </li></ul>
  11. 11. Robert Motherwell <ul><li>Diluted his paint with turpentine to create a shadow effect </li></ul><ul><li>Used dramatic and bright brush strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Early works were characterized by abstract linear and geometric lines </li></ul>
  12. 12. Robert Motherwell <ul><li>Wrote informative essays on abstract expressionism that did not contain criticism on the art, allowing people to learn about the movement </li></ul><ul><li>Awarded National Medal of Arts in 1989 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lyric Suite <ul><li>Motherwell wanted to paint one thousand sheets without interruption </li></ul>
  14. 14. Beside the Sea
  15. 15. Hans Hoffman Richard Diebenkorn Color Field Painters
  16. 16. Hans Hoffman <ul><li>Color Field Painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Lee Krasner, Clement Greenberg, Helen Frankenthaler, and Larry Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>He taught at University of California, Berkeley and a semester at Chouinard Art Institute. </li></ul><ul><li>Hoffman also open Schools in New York and Provincetown </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hans Hofmann <ul><li>“ The Gate” </li></ul><ul><li>1960 Oil on Canvas </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hans Hofmann <ul><li>“ Self Portrait” </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Paintings on Canvas </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hans Hofmann <ul><li>Push-pull Theory: Describes The plasticity of the three dimensionality translated to two-dimensionality. Shapes,colors,lines,calligraphic squiggles, and use of space always echo the reality found in nature, but its structure rather than its appearance </li></ul>
  20. 20. Richard Diebenkorn <ul><li>Color Field Painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Matisse, Cezanne, and Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated from Stanford University </li></ul><ul><li>Was a professor at University of Illinois, California School of Fine Arts (now know as San Francisco Art Institute), and UCLA </li></ul>
  21. 21. Richard Diebenkorn <ul><li>Berkley no. 57 </li></ul><ul><li>-One of his early paintings </li></ul><ul><li>-Plays with large pallets of Color and using them to create Depth </li></ul>
  22. 22. Richard Diebehkorn <ul><li>Cityscape no. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>*Diebehkorn is know for his landscapes </li></ul>
  23. 23. In Summary <ul><li>ACTION PAINTING </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson Pollock </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Motherwell </li></ul><ul><li>- “splatered” paint </li></ul><ul><li>COLOR FIELD </li></ul><ul><li>Hans Hoffman </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Diebenkorn </li></ul><ul><li>-Use of large amounts of color to create depth </li></ul>*Jackson Pollock is the “Father” of Abstract Expressionism *Abstract Expressionism is the first art movement in America
  24. 24. Bibliography <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert-Motherwell http://www.lucidcafe.com//library/96jan/motherwell.html http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/episodes/robert-motherwell/about-robert-motherwell/665/ http://www.associatedcontent.com/search.html?content_type=article&q=robert+motherwell&search=Search </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hollistaggart.com/artists/biography/robert_motherwell/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/abstractexpressionism/ http://www.jackson-pollock.com/biography.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/abstract_expressionism.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// diebenkorn.org/bio/bio.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abstract%2Bexpressionism </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pbs.org/hanshofmann/for_teachers_lesson_1_001.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/76244 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hanshofmann.org/biography </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/willem_de_kooings </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hanshofmann.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HansHofmann </li></ul>