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Rainbow Country-Platinum Lab - Geography Lesson 1


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A Powerpoint I created for my elementary computer lab students about our country South Africa. The learners then

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Rainbow Country-Platinum Lab - Geography Lesson 1

  1. 1. TIP FOR TEACHERS With the younger learners I tend not do read the info on these slides but rather just ‘chat’ through it to help them with grasping the very basics. So if you do decide to use this it might be a good idea to just scan through the powerpoint in order for you to be able to just talk them through it. The tutorial ends at the coat of arms and the rest is extras (nice videos) for use at your discression. Download this great PDF document
  2. 2. South Africa Nkosazana Roxi Kleinhaus Basic Facts for Gr 1 – Gr 3 learners Rainbow Nation
  3. 3. This is Who We Are… The Republic of South Africa, as the name already indicates, is located in the very south of the African continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean in the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
  4. 4. Learning about our National Identity • Do you know what National Symbols are? • National symbols are things/objects that make us (and other people) think about our country and who we are. • When you see the following image what does it make you think of? • Name at least 3-5 things. National Symbols
  5. 5. Our National Flag is the most commonly used visual symbol of South Africa. No matter where you are in the world, if you see this Flag, you will know that either a South African or a friend of South Africa is near. Our new National Flag Our new National Flag was hoisted* for the first time at one minute past midnight on the morning of 27 April 1994. All across South Africa, and throughout the world, people who saw this new Flag blowing in the wind for the first time, stood still for a moment and knew that democratic change had finally come to South Africa. There are specific rules about how the flag should be raised. There are also rules like… * the flag should not touch the ground * it should not be used as a table cloth * it must not be used to start or end off any kind of competition and more… They saw a flag that was fresh, confident*and joyful with colour. There were no pictures or references to flags of the past in the design. There was nothing in the design that could favour one group over another. The only symbol that came across clearly was the message of unity. Unity in the design of the National Flag The South African National Flag is made up of strong, bold lines of colour. The central design begins as a ‘V’ at the flag post, comes together in the centre, and extends as a horizontal band to the edge. This simple ‘two into one’ design reinforces the motto in the Coat of Arms – !ke e: /xarra //ke – meaning ‘diverse people unite’.
  6. 6. • Can you name more of our National Symbols? • Because we are proud of our country we like to get to know more about or symbols. • We ask question like… – Why did we decide on that symbol? – What is the meaning we ascribe/assign to the symbol? – Was that always the symbol or was it changed – in other words what is the history of the symbol? – If it was changed – why did it change? – What values can we learn from this symbol?
  7. 7. Our National Symbols describe/explain to us (and other people) what our values are… who we are as a nation our IDENTITY AS SOUTH AFRICANS
  8. 8. A long time ago, people from many different countries like India, the Netherlands and Germany came to South Africa. This is one of the reasons why today people like to call South Africa the “Rainbow Nation”: it’s a mixture of many different cultures, religions and languages. Imagine: 11 official languages are spoken in South Africa! However, the largest part of South Africa’s population is of African origin. There are 50 million people living in South Africa. A Rainbow Nation
  9. 9. Nelson Mandela once said “No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.” Archbishop Desmond Tutu – a well known South African – started to speak about or country as the "Rainbow Nation", referring to the possibility of interracial harmony in South Africa. Then or beloved President Nelson Mandela started to use the term "Rainbow Nation" too and now we are known as such all over the world. There are 30 plus ethnic groups in South Africa with the Zulu being the largest group. There are 11 official languages in South Africa.
  10. 10. Coat of Arms
  11. 11. The rising sun is a symbol of rebirth and the source of life, light and the wholeness of humanity. The protea is an emblem of the beauty of our land and the flowering of our nation. The tusks of the elphant symbolise wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. The human figures are a testament to our common humanity and heritage. They are greeting each other, symbolising unity. The secretary bird, symbolising protection of the nation, is a messenger of the heavens that brings grace to the earth. The spear and knobkierie symbolise defence and authority. They are lying down to depict peace. . The shield shows both identity and spiritual defence. The ears of wheat are an emblem of fertility that symbolise growth and the development of our potential.
  14. 14. • ? fileticket=p6VZ6IkiOn8%3d&tabid=93& mid=1129
  15. 15. Besides our Beautiful National Anthem we love to sing this song together at events… • Shosholoza, shosholoza (Moving fast, moving strong) Ku lezontaba (Through those mountains) Stimela sphuma eSouth Africa (Train from South Africa) Wenu yabaleka (You are leaving) Wenu yabaleka (You are leaving) Ku lezontaba (Through those mountains) Stimela siphum' eSouth Africa (Train from South Africa) Listen to the song being sung by LadySmith Black Mombasa – a famous south Arican band.
  16. 16. South Africa is not only known for its diversity of cultures, it is also home to hundreds of different types of mammals, birds and reptiles, such as zebras, elephants, crocodiles and even penguins. We are especially known for the Big Five.
  17. 17. Arrogance – proud to a fault Homophobia – hatred of gays and lesbians Prejudice – to unfairly pre-judge Pride – a healthy respect for oneself and others Racism – to judge people not for who they are, but because of the colour of their skin Sexism – to judge women negatively on the basis of their sex Xenophobia – hatred of foreigners I owe my being to the hills and the valleys, the mountains and the glades*, the rivers, the deserts, the trees, the flowers, the seas and the ever-changing seasons that define the face of our native land... Discrimination - unfair treatment of a person or group because of their race, nationality, language, age, sex, looks, handicap, etc. Dispossession – deprived of land Enshrine – protect from change Freely elected representatives – the few people who were voted for by the many to be their ‘voice’ in parliament Ignominious – humiliating and shameful Justice – just or fair treatment Meted – forced onto Reconciliation – when people who have been fighting agree to work together Transition – when something is busy changing from one state to another Unquenchable – a thirst that cannot be satisfied Aspiration – ambition Chauvinism – war-like belief that your group is better than another Collective – of a group, as one Compel – force Depict – show in a painting or drawing Derive – get from Impulse – deep wish or desire Inclusive – not leaving anything or anybody out Inherit – receive from ancestors Inscribe – written onto or engraved into Interdependent – need and relying on one another Obligation – moral duty