E Waste An Ict Regulatory Perspective


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What is the regulator\'s role in e-waste management

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E Waste An Ict Regulatory Perspective

  1. 1. E-Waste: An ICT Regulatory Perspective<br />Communications Commission of Kenya<br />9th June 2010<br />Presenter: Mwende Njiraini<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Content<br />Introduction<br />Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />E-waste: International ICT Regulatory Initiatives <br />Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />Recommendations<br />Conclusion<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />E-waste driven by phenomenal growth in the ICT sector:<br />Government Policies<br />Liberalization<br />Privatization<br />Regulation<br />Converged Regulation <br />Technology neutrality <br />Deregulation <br />Consumer demand:<br />Availability of diverse devices and service offerings<br />Reduced cost of ICT equipment (Moore’s law)<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Introduction: ICT Sector Growth: Indication of policy, regulation and consumer demand <br />4<br />
  5. 5. Introduction: ICT Sector Growth: Investment Indicator <br />5<br />
  6. 6. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />ICT Policy 2006: Cognizant of the e-waste and states :<br /> “As a prerequisite for grant or renewal of licences, applicants must demonstrate their readiness to minimize the effects of their infrastructure on the environment. This should include provision of appropriate recycling/disposal facilities for waste that may contain toxic substances.” <br />6<br />
  7. 7. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />Unified Licensing framework Licensing Frameworkimplemented in 2008 requires licensees to:<br />“ensure that the Licensed Systems do not become a health, environmental or a safety hazard…”<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />Type Approval Condition for mobile handset:<br />“ensure that the handsets do not become a health, environmental or a safety hazard” <br />8<br />
  9. 9. Kenya Regulatory Framework: E-waste Provisions<br />Code of Practice for the Deployment of Communications Infrastructure in Kenya:<br />Objective: Creation of a guidelines on the rollout of communications network infrastructure<br />Provisions:<br />Waste and other pollutants resulting from Operators’ activities: <br />Implement mitigation measures in EIA reports on obsolete electrical and electronic equipment.<br />Decommissioning sites: Restoration of sites premises in consideration of former state<br />Site Sharing and Co-location<br />First option by Operators on the basis of a mutual agreement taking into account environmental and health considerations<br />9<br />
  10. 10. E-waste: International ICT Regulatory Initiatives <br />ITU:<br />ICTs for e-Environment Guidelines for Developing Countries, with a Focus on Climate Change<br />European Union:<br />Directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment<br />Directive 2002/95/EC on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Recommendations<br />E-waste minimization and recovery strategies:<br />High Impact Strategies: <br />Regulation and Operator Code of Practice<br />Recycling:<br />Refurbishment<br />Urban mining: Extraction of precious metals from e-waste e.g. 1 tonne discarded mobile phones yields 150g gold, 5g gold, 100kg copper and 3kg silver<br />‘Take- back’ policies<br />Government and Private sector Initiatives<br />Public awareness<br />Low Impact Strategies:<br />Telecommunication , Postal , Broadcasting , Aviation museums: public awareness and collection, restoration and preservation of ICT artefacts. <br />11<br />
  12. 12. Recommendations<br />Communication Museum <br />12<br />
  13. 13. Recommendations<br />Capacity building: <br />Public awareness of environmental issues and priorities;<br />Development of professionals<br />Integrating environmental content into formal education<br />Study of trends:<br />E-waste management <br />Consumer behavior: new habits, social structures and consumption patterns in the use of ICT products <br />Impacts of practices : E-business (e-Commerce and e-Government) <br />Impact of technology convergence<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Conclusion<br />E-waste presents opportunities and challenges<br />Multi-stakeholder collaboration is essential<br />14<br />