Participatory Learning Approach (PLA) in Health Education - Workshop


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Participatory Learning Approach (PLA) in Health Education - Workshop

  1. 1. Design Project - II Members: Niyati Gupta Abhinav Kishore Under the guidance of: Prof. Ravi Mokashi Punekar
  2. 2. Intervention/Design Solution Workshop
  3. 3. Aims of workshop - Increase interest among kids in the field of health education - Spreading awareness/knowledge about habits and facts appropriate for children - Translate knowledge into healthy behavior, and enable children to intervene when needed. - Reduce distance between stakeholders – children, doctor and the community - Involvement of children in spreading awareness among the members of the community Why workshop? 1. Exisiting health education - biosciences and theory - still required 2. If in curriculum - long training required for teachers. For a short workshop, able facilitator can conduct it in many schools 3. Workshop - takes less time, can fit in two days at any time of the year
  4. 4. Brainstorming Content Focus area Type of activity Elements/ characteristics of activity First aid Personal awareness Art Skill based Common diseases Ability to intervene Drama Competitive Nutrition Community awareness Discussion Goal oriented Hygiene Reducing distance between stakeholders Game Chance Kinesthetic Randomness Problem solving Narrative Reading Make believe Hands-on Emulating adults Visualization Creative Writing Opportunity to express Emergency response Practice
  5. 5. Final Concept A workshop was designed for children of age 12-14 years consisting 6 activities alongwith a field trip to the local health care center. Each learning activity is designed to be appropriate to the students’ age group, level of maturity, physical and cognitive ability, life experiences and ways of thinking. Total no. of hours: 8-9 Hrs
  6. 6. Prototyping and Evaluation The workshop was tested in two schools on 63 children (25 girls and 38 boys). The workshop was organied over a course of 3 days in following schools: Auniati Kamaldev Boys High School (AKHS) North Guwahati Girls Higher Education School
  7. 7. Activity 1: Card Game Aims To help children know about relevant information about various diseases and nutritious food. Type of activity Game Content area covered - Diseases, their symptoms and prevention - Nutritious food items, and their benefit for our body Time 45min – 1hour Characteristics - Team game/group activity - Elements of chance and competition - Scope of use of skill to gain advantage - Aims to have greater reception and retention of knowledge.
  8. 8. Activity 2: Nutrition chart Aims - To help the children learn about food and nutrition - To help spread the learning to the parents, who have greater role to play in practice of this knowledge, i.e. balanced diet Keywords Awareness, spread of awareness to other stakeholders (here, parents) Content Nutritious food, and benefit on human body parts/function Type of activity Creative, individual Characteristics - Elements of a puzzle - The classification of nutritious food items not according to nutrient present but according to benefit for the body part or function. (More relevant information) Timing 20min
  9. 9. Activity 3: Kinesthetic 1 Aims: To help children learn about a good habit and its advantage Keyword Knowledge/Awareness Content area covered One healthy habit from the field of hygiene. That is we should keep food items in covered containers to avoid contamination from flies. Type of activity Kinesthetic Activity, Game Characteristics - Focus on a healthy habit and learning through analogy from the game. - Group activity. Increases engagement and also facilitate learning through observing others. Time 30 min
  10. 10. Activity 4: Poster Aims - Spreading awareness among the community through the children - Eliciting a feeling of satisfaction among the children after doing something for the benefit of the community (Positive reinforcement) Content covered Good health practises Keywords Spreading awareness to community, Incentive to intervene Type of activity Creative Characteristics Chance to color the figures as they want, creative activity. Gives a sense of satisfaction Timing 40-50min
  11. 11. Activity 5: Knesthetic 2 Aims To help the children learn about the role of the immune system. Keywords Knowledge/Awareness Type of activity Kinesthetic activity, game Characteristics: - Use of analogy to help develop understanding of the immune system - Group activity. Increases engagement and also facilitate learning through observing others. Time 30min
  12. 12. Activity 6: Role Playing Aims - To give the children a chance to learn and practice the behavior they need to inculcate in their lives. - To prepare them mentally to respond in case of an emergency Type of activity Role playing Content covered - First aid - Hygiene - Responding to emergency situations Characteristics of activity - Role playing - Stress on practice and behavior than learning - Learning through observation for those who are observing - Children get a chance to emulate adults and act as someone else Timing 45min
  13. 13. Activity 7: Field visit Aims - To reduce the fear in the minds of the children, and lower inhibition for visiting later on - To increase the participation of doctor towards health awareness in the community - To give the children an opportunity to clarify their doubts from an expert in the field. Type of activity field trip Timing 1hr
  14. 14. Acknowledgements We extend our heartelt gratitute to the following without whose support this project would not have been possible: Dr. Mayurakshi of North Guwahati OPD Unit Principal(s) and teachers of Auniati Kamaldev High School (AKHS) and North Guwahati Girls Higher Education School Project staff: Mr. Rituparno Mr. Jyotirmaya Nayak, Mr. Hrishikesh and Mr. Dwip Children of both the schools Dr. Ravi Mokashi Punekar, our guide and motivator throughout the project.
  15. 15. Thank You!