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Fibre to knitting


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Fibre to knitting

  2. 2. FIBERS
  3. 3. ANGORA  There are two types of Angora: - Mohair (made from the Angora Goat) - Angora Rabbit Hair (made from the Angora Rabbit)  When we talk about Angora, we refer to Angora Rabbit Hair, while the fibers from the Angora Goat are more commonly known as Mohair.  There are 4 different angora rabbit breeds, namely, English, French, Satin and Giant.  Angora wool harvested from these rabbits are lightweight, silky, fine, and very soft. It is 7 times warmer than wool, and is ideal for baby clothes, winter underwear, sweaters and mittens.
  4. 4. COIR Coir is a natural, coarse brown fiber, obtained from the husk of a coconut. The fiber cells are hollow and narrow and have thick walls made up of cellulose. Major Producers India, Srilanka are the most important coir producing countries. The Indian state of Kerala, produces around 60% of the total world coir production. Applications Coir is a very useful natural fiber, finding application in :  Sail Cloth  Coarse Mattings  Door Mats  Floor Mats  Mattress
  5. 5. KAPOK Kapok is natural vegetable based fiber obtained from the seed capsules of trees grown in Java, Sumatra, and central America. The fiber is also known as silk cotton because of its natural luster similar to that of pure silk. Properties of Kapok Kapok possesses the following properties that make it useful for manufacturing different products:  Light  Resilient  Highly Flammable  Vermin Resistant  Moisture Resistant  Dries Quickly  Smooth Applications: Kapok has a smooth texture, but because of being weak, it is not spun into yarn. The fiber is mostly used for manufacturing mattress, cushions, upholstered furniture, pillows, life jackets etc. The fiber is also used for sound proofing and insulation.
  6. 6. SISAL Sisal is another natural fiber obtained from the leaves of a plant. It is naturally found in Africa, Central America and Florida. It is the most produced natural fiber after cotton. Physical Characteristics The fiber is smooth and straight and light yellow in color. It is fairly coarse and It is extensively used because of its strength, durability, and ability to stretch. Major Countries China, Tanzania, Madagascar, Kenya are some of the significant producers of high quality sisal, used in different applications. Applications Sisal is used for making a number of products including :  Rope  Twine (strong twisted thread)  Upholstering (used in furniture)  Mattress  Carpets
  7. 7. ASBESTOS Asbestos is a natural fiber sourced from minerals, ie. varieties of rocks found in Italy, Canada and South America. The soft, glossy, long and white fibers are pressed into sheets. Physical Characteristics The fiber does not burn, but melts at a sufficiently high temperature. It is rustproof and acid proof. Applications Asbestos has been used in making fire fighting and fire resistant fabrics. It is used to manufacture commercial furnishings including theater curtains, draperies etc.
  8. 8. YARNS
  9. 9. EYELASH YARN  Eyelash yarn is a type of novelty yarn.  Because of its thinness, It is normally carried along with another, plainer yarn to add visual interest to the primary yarn.  Some of the drawbacks of these yarns are that they tend to have poor stitch definition because the hairs obscure the appearance of the base.  Mostly used for accessories such as scarves or as garment trim.  Some companies have even created eyelash yarn that can be used for decorative purposes for events, such as holidays or other celebrations.
  10. 10. LADDER YARN  Ladder yarn or train tracks yarn is a type of novelty yarn.  It is constructed like ladders, with a horizontal stripe of material suspended between two thinner threads, alternating with gaps.  Sometimes a contrasting strand is fed through the gaps to produce another look.
  11. 11. LUREX (YARN)  Lurex is the brand name for a type of yarn with a metallic appearance.  The twine is most commonly a synthetic fibre, onto which an aluminium layer has been vaporised.  "Lurex" may also refer to cloth created with the yarn.
  12. 12. FLAMMÉ  Flammé yarns are a kind of novelty yarn.  It is generally a loose or untwisted core wrapped by at least one other strand. The extra element can be a metallic thread, or a much-thicker or much-narrower strand of yarn  Some companies have come to put twin yarns on the market to show off combinations of one regular yarn and novelty yarns in assorted color or even two different types of novelty yarns.
  14. 14. TWEED Tweed is known for the little nubs of color that are found throughout the fabric. Tweeds are often multi-colored and used in sportswear.
  15. 15. JERSEY Jersey is a lightweight wool fabric with distinct knit stitches on one side and rounded purl stitches on the other.
  16. 16. FLANNEL Flannel wool fabrics are woven from either woolen or worsted yarns. They are usually identified by their fuzzy surface and are often used for shirts, pants, skirts, and jackets.
  17. 17. HERRINGBONE Herringbone is woven from either woolen or worsted yarns. It has a pronounced zigzag twill pattern on the fabric surface.
  19. 19. STOCKINETTE STITCH AND REVERSE STOCKINETTE STITCH  Stockinette stitch (in the UK, Stocking Stitch) is the most basic knitted fabric; every stitch (as seen from the right side) is a knit stitch. In the round, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting every stitch; by contrast, in the flat, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting and purling alternate rows.  Stockinette-stitch fabric is very smooth and each column ("wale") resembles a stacked set of "V"'s.  It has a strong tendency to curl horizontally and vertically because of the asymmetry of its faces.  Reverse stockinette stitch is produced in the same way as stockinette, except that the purl stitches are done on the right side and the knit stitches on the wrong side. In the round, reverse stockinette stitch is produced by purling every stitch.
  20. 20. GARTER STITCH  Garter stitch is the most basic form of welting (as seen from the right side). In the round, garter stitch is produced by knitting and purling alternate rows.  By contrast, in the flat, garter stitch is produced by knitting every stitch (or purling every stitch, though this is much less common).  In garter-stitch fabrics, the "purl" rows stand out from the "knit" rows, which provides the basis for shadow knitting. Garter-stitch fabric has significant lengthwise elasticity and little tendency to curl, due to the symmetry of its faces.
  21. 21. SEED STITCH  Seed stitch is the most basic form of a basketweave pattern; knit and purl stitches alternate in every column ("wale") and every row ("course"). Seed stitch is similar to Moss Stitch.  Seed-stitch fabrics lie flat; the symmetry of their two faces prevents them from curling to one side or the other. Hence, it makes an excellent choice for edging, e.g., the central edges of a cardigan. However, seed stitch is "nubbly", not nearly as smooth as stockinette.
  22. 22. TRICOT  Tricot is a special case of warp knitting, in which the yarn zigzags vertically, following a single column ("wale") of knitting, rather than a single row ("course"), as is customary.  Tricot and its relatives are very resistant to runs, and are commonly used in lingerie.
  23. 23. FAGGOTING  Faggoting is a variation of lace knitting, in which every stitch is a yarn over or a decrease.  There are several types of faggoting, but all are an extremely open lace similar to netting.  Like most lace fabrics, faggoting has little structural strength and deforms easily, so it has little tendency to curl despite being asymmetrical.  Faggoting is stretchy and open, and most faggoting stitches look the same on both sides, making them ideal for garments like lacy scarves or stockings.