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Cyber fraud


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Cyber fraud

  1. 1. IT ACT AND CYBER CRIMEMade by:
  2. 2. IntroductionIT Act 2000 neither defines Cyber Crime nor uses thisexpression only provide definition and punishment forcertain offences. Definitions1)Narrowly defined ‘cyber crime ‘ consist of only those offencesprovided in the Information Technology Act 2000.2)Broadly stated ,’cybercrime’ can be set to be an act ofcommission or omission ,committed on or through or with thehelp of or connected with the internet ,whether directly orindirectly ,which is prohibited by any law and for whichpunishment, monetary and /or corporal is provided.
  3. 3. Classification of Cyber Crimes• 1) Old Crimes , committed on or through the new medium of the Internet.• 2) New Crimes created with Internet Itself.• 3) New Crimes used for commission of old Crimes.
  4. 4. Classification by Nature of Usage of Computer• 1)Hacking – Computer & Network are essential• 2)Cyber Pornography – medium of net is used• 3)Cyber fraud – Only Computer is identical for commission
  5. 5. Information Technology Act 2000• It shall extend to the whole of India and save as otherwise provided in this act , It applies also to any offence or contravention here under committed outside India by any person.• It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may , by notification , appoint and different dates may be appointed for different provision of the act.
  6. 6. Definition of IT Act• Access• Addressee• Data• Digital Signature• Electronic form• Electronic Gazette• Electronic Record• Function• Information• License• Private key• Public key• Secure System
  7. 7. HACKINGINTRODUCTIONProgrammable systemSimple to executeVulnerability of websitesBiggest threats to internet & e-commerce
  8. 8. DEFINITIONIt refers to hobby orprofession of working withcomputerDestroys or deletes oralters
  9. 9. TYPES•Code hackers•Phreakers•Cyber-punks•Crackers
  10. 10. TAMPERING WITH COMPUTER SOURCE DOCUMENTSMEANING• According to section 65 of the IT Act• Whoever knowingly or intentionally• conceals, destroys or alters or intentionally• or knowingly causes another to conceal,• destroy or alter any computer source code• used for a computer, computer programme, computer system or computer network,• when the computer source code is required • to be kept or maintained by law for the time • being in force
  11. 11. Tampering with Computer Source Code• Actions covered:- Knowingly or intentionally concealing, altering or destroying computer source code (or causing someone else to do so)• Penalty:- Imprisonment up to 3 years and / or fine up to Rs 2 lakh• Relevant authority :- Judicial Magistrate First Class• Appeal lies to:- Court of Session
  12. 12. Cyber Fraud & Cheating• Fraud on internet constitutes about one-third of all cyber crimes• It has increased by a substantial 29% over the past year.• It is the most profitable business on the Internet• Some of the major areas of fraud and cheating on the Internet include misuse of credit cards by obtaining passwords by hacking , bogus investment/get rich schemes , deceptive investment newsletters containing false information about companies , non delivery of goods purchased from online auctions and websites , misappropriation & transfer of funds , etc
  13. 13. IT Laws relating to CyberFraud & Cheating
  14. 14. Section in IPC Offence Punishment 403 Dishonest Imprisonment which misappropriation of may extend to two years property. , or with fine , or both. 405 , 406 Criminal breach of trust Imprisonment which may extend to three years , or with fine , or both. 468 Forgery for the purpose Imprisonment which of cheating. may extend to seven years and fine. 477 A Falsification of accounts Imprisonment which may extend to seven years , or with fine , or both. 482 Using a false property Imprisonment which mark. may extend to one year , or with fine , or both.
  15. 15. CYBER TERRORISMGovernment officials and Information Technology security specialists havedocumented a significant increase in Internet problems and server scanssince early 2001. But there is a growing concern among federal officials thatsuch intrusions are part of an organized effort by cyber terrorists, foreignintelligence services, or other groups to map potential security holes incritical systems. A cyber terrorist is someone who intimidates or coerces agovernment or organization to advance his or her political or socialobjectives by launching computer-based attack against computers,network, and the information stored on them.Cyber terrorism in general, can be defined as an act of terrorism committedthrough the use of cyberspace or computer resources (Parker 1983). Assuch, a simple propaganda in the Internet, that there will be bomb attacksduring the holidays can be considered cyber terrorism. As well there arealso hacking activities directed towards individuals, families, organized bygroups within networks, tending to cause fear among people, demonstratepower, collecting information relevant for ruining peoples lives, robberies,blackmailing etc.
  16. 16. Cyber Pornography• There is no settled definition of pornography or obscenity. What is• considered simply sexually explicit but not obscene in USA may well be• considered obscene in India. There have been many attempts to limit the• availability of pornographic content on the Internet by governments and• law enforcement bodies all around the world but with little effect.• Pornography on the Internet is available in different formats. These range• from pictures and short animated movies, to sound files and stories. The• Internet also makes it possible to discuss sex, see live sex acts, and• arrange sexual activities from computer screens. Although the Indian• Constitution guarantees the fundamental right of freedom of speech and• expression, it has been held that a law against obscenity is constitutional.• The Supreme Court has defined obscene as “offensive to modesty or• decency; lewd, filthy, repulsive.
  17. 17. Section 67 of the IT Act isthe most serious Indianlaw penalizing cybercrime
  18. 18. •According to Section 67 of the IT Act•Whoever publishes or transmits or causes•to be published in the electronic form, any•material which is lascivious or appeals to•the prurient interest or if its effect is such as•to tend to deprave and corrupt persons who•are likely, having regard to all relevant•circumstances, to read, see or hear the•matter contained or embodied in it, shall be•punished on first conviction with•imprisonment of either description for a•term which may extend to five years and•with fine which may extend to one lakh•rupees and in the event of a second or•subsequent conviction with imprisonment of•either description for a term which may•extend to ten years and also with fine which•may extend to two lakh rupees.
  19. 19. How to stop cyber crimeAnti VirusFirewall
  20. 20. ON INDIVIDUAL LEVEL• Use hard to get password• Disconnect from internet when not in use• Don’t give your password to anyone.• Don’t give your personal information on “SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES”
  21. 21. On Organizational Level Regular backup Use comprehensive security software and keep your system updated Secure your wireless network Be suspicious
  22. 22. Thank You 