Pornography and ethics - India specific

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Pornography and ethics - India specific

  1. 1. Pornography An ethical issue
  2. 3. What is pornography?
  3. 4. Target Audience
  4. 5. KINDS OF PORNOGRAPY
  5. 6. <ul><li>Computer-generated, interactive, and animated </li></ul>
  6. 8. Celebrity sex tapes
  7. 10. 3D pornography
  8. 12. HOW DOES THE PORN INDUSTRY EARN MONEY?
  9. 13. <ul><li>Sale of magazines - Playboy and Hustler </li></ul><ul><li>Sale of videos - Vivid Video </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements on porn websites </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>The pornography industry has been considered influential in deciding format wars in media, including being a factor in the VHS vs. Betamax format war (the videotape format war) and in the Blu-ray vs. HD DVD format war (the high-def format war). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>89% of porn is created in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>$2.84 billion in revenue was generated from U.S. porn sites in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>$89/second is spent on porn </li></ul><ul><li>72% of porn viewers are men </li></ul><ul><li>260 new porn sites go online daily </li></ul>
  12. 17. EFFECTS ON ADULTS
  13. 18. <ul><li>1. Addiction </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>2. Escalation </li></ul>
  15. 22. 3. Desensitization
  16. 24. 4. Acting Out Sexually
  17. 25. PORNOGRAPHY AND ETHICS
  18. 26. <ul><li>In in some cultures, such as Western European nations and the US, making or owning pornography is legal. </li></ul><ul><li>It is legal as long as all of the people in the pornography are older than a certain age. It must also be sold to people above a certain age. Often this age is 18 years. </li></ul>
  19. 27. THE LAW IN INDIA
  20. 28. <ul><li>In many countries, such as India, Indonesia, Iran, and Pakistan, making or owning pornography is a crime. </li></ul>
  21. 29. Obscenity <ul><li>According to the law in India, anything that is lascivious or appeals to the prurient interest or if its effect is to deprave and corrupt persons would be considered to be ‘obscene’. </li></ul>
  22. 31. <ul><li>The Indian Penal Code, 1860 (‘IPC’) </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) The Information Technology Act, 2000 (‘IT Act’). </li></ul>
  23. 32. Section 292 of the IPC comprehensively sets out the circumstances in which ‘obscenity’ and / or any ‘obscene’ material is an offence.
  24. 34. <ul><li>Sells </li></ul><ul><li>advertises </li></ul><ul><li>lets to hire </li></ul><ul><li>know about </li></ul><ul><li>distributes </li></ul><ul><li>publicly exhibits </li></ul><ul><li>in any manner puts into circulation </li></ul><ul><li>makes </li></ul><ul><li>Produces </li></ul><ul><li>has in his possession </li></ul><ul><li>Exports </li></ul><ul><li>Imports </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul>
  25. 36. <ul><li>any obscene </li></ul><ul><li>book </li></ul><ul><li>pamphlet </li></ul><ul><li>paper, </li></ul><ul><li>drawing </li></ul><ul><li>painting </li></ul><ul><li>representation, or figure or any other obscene object whatsoever </li></ul>
  26. 37. <ul><li>Exceptions under the Indian Penal Code </li></ul><ul><li>(i) justifiably for the public good for e.g. interest of science, literature, art or learning or other purposes of general concern </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) for bona-fide religious purposes </li></ul><ul><li> (iii) in any ancient monument within the meaning of the Ancient Monuments and Archeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 or in any temple, or on any car used for the conveyance of idols. </li></ul>
  27. 39. Obscenity under the Information Technology Act Section 67 of the IT Act lays down the law that obscenity is an offence when it is published or transmitted or caused to be published in any electronic form.
  28. 40. <ul><li>deal with computer systems and networks, intangible medium of the internet and electronic communication devices such as the cellular phone handsets </li></ul>
  29. 42. Punishments prescribed under the Acts for obscenity(IPC) first conviction with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to two years, and with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, in the event of a second or subsequent convictions, with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to five years, and also with fine which may extend to five thousand rupees.
  30. 43. <ul><li>The punishment for an offence under section 67 of the IT Act is on first conviction with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to five years, and with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees </li></ul><ul><li>In case of a second or subsequent convictions, with imprisonment (simple or rigorous) for a term which may extend to ten years, and also with fine which may extend to two lakh rupees </li></ul>
  31. 44. CASE STUDIES
  32. 45. <ul><li>SAVITA BHABHI </li></ul><ul><li>SEX DOCTOR </li></ul>
  33. 46. <ul><li>Savita Bhabhi </li></ul><ul><li>Sex Doctor </li></ul>VISUALLY SHOCKING IMAGES

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