Watershed Planning in El Salvador

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This is the presentation given by Steve Thompson at the September 2010 Nisqually River Council meeting.

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Watershed Planning in El Salvador

  1. 1. Watershed Planning in El Salvador By: Steve Thompson September 2010
  2. 3. Civil War 1989 to 1992 <ul><li>Gap between wealthy and poor </li></ul><ul><li>Priests begin to organize and lead peaceful protests for social equality </li></ul><ul><li>Archbishop Oscar Romero was assassinated </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>FMLN was formed </li></ul><ul><li>Military attacked rural villages </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 civilians killed </li></ul><ul><li>700,000 civilians flee as refugees to Guadamala, Honduras, and Panama </li></ul>Civil War - 1989 to 1992
  4. 5. Civil War 1989 to 1992 <ul><li>Regan Administration considered the FMLN guerillas to be a new “Beach Head” for communists in Central America during the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>American Aid to Salvadoran Military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$5 million under the Carter Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$533 million under the Regan Administration </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Peace Accord 1992 <ul><li>Refugees Return </li></ul><ul><li>Contaminated soils and groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>No services, utilities, schools or clinics </li></ul><ul><li>Gangs bring violence and drug culture </li></ul>
  6. 7. Natural Disasters <ul><li>Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Vocanic Eruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Land Slides </li></ul>
  7. 8. La Coordinadora Grassroots group that unofficially formed in 1994 Originally included 14 villages EcoViva formed in 1996
  8. 9. The Mangrove Association (NGO) was Created in 2008 <ul><li>La Coordinadora grew to 76 communities </li></ul><ul><li>The Mangrove Association was created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Mangrove Association has about 50 staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Its partner EcoViva has 3 staff in the USA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PROGRAMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth Empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building a Green Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Youth Empowerment <ul><li>Youth Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Art School </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Station </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul>
  10. 11. Building a Green Economy <ul><li>Sustainable Harvests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Income Generating Crops – Cashews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building Local Markets </li></ul>
  11. 12. Environmental Protection <ul><li>Organic farming </li></ul><ul><li>Replant forests </li></ul><ul><li>Protect Jiquilisco Bay and the Mangroves </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>United Nations International Biosphere Reserve and Wetland of World Importance </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 acres protected and their goal is 75,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Four species of sea turtles </li></ul><ul><li>Critical habitat for the endangered Hawksbill sea turtle that nests exclusively in mangrove estuaries </li></ul><ul><li>Villagers are co-managers </li></ul>Jiquilisco Bay
  13. 15. Sea Turtle Hatchery
  14. 16. Basic Infrastructure <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul>
  15. 17. First Impressions
  16. 19. Rio Lempa River
  17. 22. Ciudad Romero
  18. 25. <ul><li>Kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Dishwasher & Laundry </li></ul>
  19. 26. Accommodations
  20. 31. Construction Standards
  21. 39. Water Systems
  22. 41. Water Quality Testing
  23. 42. Improve an Existing Water Supply
  24. 49. Water System Survey
  25. 50. Hand Auger
  26. 52. Survey Wheel for Measuring Distance
  27. 55. Watershed Meeting
  28. 56. Watershed Tour
  29. 57. Watershed Tour
  30. 58. Hike
  31. 64. Jiquilisco bay
  32. 66. Last Day
  33. 69. Clemson University

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