Nisqually Estuary Restoration and Field Studies

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Nisqually Estuary Restoration and Field Studies

  1. 1. MontesanoHoquiam Grand Mound Centralia Chehalis
  2. 2. !"#$%&%#(%!"#$%&)%
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  6. 6. ?,2.$%@4,(5%%#%:#-2.-%A#$.-".5B%.$,#-/%
  7. 7. The Nisqually Delta startedforming about 15,000 years ago.
  8. 8. The Nisqually Indians were the first people to live in the area.The Nisqually people were first known as “Squally-absch”,meaning “people of the grass country”.Americans later changed the spelling to Nisqually.
  9. 9. Medicine Creek Treaty TreeBefore and after the December 15, 2006 wind storm
  10. 10. 7#-:/%CDEE%
  11. 11. /01+-$2&+3-41$5%&)$ In 1904 A.L. Brown bought 850 acres along McAllister Creek, as well as 1,500 acres along the Nisqually River Delta, building a earthen dike to keep the salt water out of the low delta lands.
  12. 12. Many plans were proposed for the delta, including a landfill!"#$!$#%%&$!(%)$&*)(+$
  13. 13. Luckily, there were conservationists and activists who worked withstate and federal officials to protect the Delta from development.
  14. 14. In 1974, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service established Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge to be managed as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System.
  15. 15. 6$
  16. 16. FreshwaterSaltwater Dike
  17. 17. 1&$4-&8%A#$.-%8"#((.:%&(%$".%F&G,#::/%H.:$#0%%7$,#-/%-.$4-#$&4(%A&::%-.84((.8$%IC0J%9&:.%4K%:4,2"0%%L#.5%4(%CMNM%OP@"..$%3/%Q4::&(%R%S4($249.-/%4K%T!0%%U0%Q,$:.-%4K%F&G,#::/%O-&3.=%IEEN0%
  18. 18. 45067!889$4:;$<0(7!)9$;%0(*)!(5*"$ ,-.$!/)%0$ 123$
  19. 19. !"#$%&()$*+$,-.%/$(),0%1$(),*(.$ 737 FOOTBALL FIELDS LAID END TO END WHICH WOULD STRETCH ALMOST 42 MILES 500,000 CY OF DIRT MOVED…ENOUGH TO FILL A FOOTBALL FIELD 300 FEET HIGH.
  20. 20. "2333$&1$*+$-4$%4$(5*6(.$5678$9:;$<=>?@/AAB$6=C;6$/<D$8E/AA=>9;6$E6;;FGH$!  *V%QWT@17H=%O1*@%QXTYH%Z7F7W[O7%7FXTZ1% S[O7W*[Y%OX%ZW[7Y%=$>1?<@$XV%[%XF7PY[F7% WX[H%
  21. 21. #7$5-/()$75$9=D/A$E:/<<;A$6;E7<<;E9;D$97$9:;$I@J;9$>7@<D$[%?7W@XF%!XTYH%1[7%OX%![Y]%FXFP@OX?%VXW%X7W%% AB$CDE;@%% OX%QX7W%O17%7FO*W7%Y7FZO1%XV%O17%W7@OXW7H% Q1[FF7Y@%
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  23. 23. Himalayan Scott’s Broomblackberry Reed Canary Grass
  24. 24. INVASIVES
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  26. 26. F.A%W&^#-&#(%[-.#%
  27. 27. Healthy Riparian Area
  28. 28. 6(*%&(%-$K+-$!  O".%#-.#%3.$A..(%$".%$-.#9%#(5%$".%:#(5%#A#/%K-49% $".%$-.#90%!  W&^#-&#(%849.%K-49%$".%Y#$&(%A4-5=%&()%*+A"&8"% 9.#(%-&6.-%3#(_0$!  L.8#,.%$".%-&^#-&#(%`4(.%8#(%a445=%$".%6.2.$#$&4(% $"#$%2-4A%$".-.%9,$%3.%#3:.%$4%$4:.-#$.%"#6&(2%&$% -44$%2.$%A.$%488#&4(#::/0%%
  29. 29. ;<=>;=?$@A?BC$=>B$;D<A>E=?E$EA$=$CE>B=D$FBG=HCBI$•  O"./%b:$.-%^4::,$#($%#(5%^-.6.($%$".9%K-49%.($.-&(2%$".% $-.#9%
  30. 30. 6(*%&(%-$L+-1$%&$()*+&,%-,$,+$%$1,&%)$MN%O1P$ •  O"./%^-.6.($%$".%$-.#93#(_%K-49%.-45&(2%4-%A.#-&(2% #A#/0%
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  32. 32. ;<=>;=?$@A?BC$=>B$;D<A>E=?E$EA$=$CE>B=D$FBG=HCBI$•  O"./%^-46&5.%".:$.-%#(5%K445%K4-%#(&9#:%$"#$%:&6.%&(%4-% (.#-%$".%$-.#9%
  33. 33. W&^#-&#(%V4-.$%#(5%*($-.#9%1#3&$#$% cH#6&5%@0%?&$_&(%
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  37. 37. Y4A:#(5%A#$.-%,^^4-$%#%6#-&.$/%4K% A&:5:&K.%&(8:,5&(2%#:94(0%
  38. 38. Thank you!Questions?Kate O’Brien – Nisqually National Wildlife RefugeKathy Jacobson – Chehalis Basin Education ConsortiumSheila Wilson- Nisqually River Education Project

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