Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Intellectual Property Rights

2,058 views

Published on

Intellectual Property Rights

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Intellectual Property Rights

  1. 1. Intellectual Property Rights © 2008-09
  2. 2. Intellectual Property Rights Any unauthorized duplication, publication or quotation from this PowerPoint presentation, in part or in whole, without the prior written consent of the author constitutes a violation of intellectual property rights and will be subject to litigation. © 2008-09 Warning 2
  3. 3. Intellectual Property Rights Intellect = Mental Power Intellectual Property = Intellectual property is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Intellectual Property Rights = the holder of one of these abstract properties has certain exclusive rights to the creative work, commercial symbol, or invention by which it is covered.© 2008-09 3
  4. 4. Intellectual Property Rights Intellectual property is the intangible but legally recognized right to property in the products of one’s intellect. Intellectual property rights allow the originator of certain ideas, inventions, and expressions to exclude others from using those ideas, inventions, and expressions without permission. The three traditionally recognized forms of intellectual property are copyright, trademark, and patent. © 2008-09 4
  5. 5. Intellectual Property Rights Main types of intellectual Property •Copyrights and related rights •Trade Marks •Lay out Designs of Integrated Circuits •Protection of Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets) •Patents © 2008-09 5
  6. 6. Intellectual Property Rights •Copyright protects “Expressive work”. •Trademark protects marks that are placed on goods to distinguish them from other work. •Patent protects “Inventions”. © 2008-09 6
  7. 7. Intellectual Property Rights COPYRIGHTS •India’s copyright law, laid down in the Indian Copyright Act, 1957 as amended by Copyright (Amendment) Act, 1999. •India is party to the Geneva Convention for the Protection of rights of Producers of Phonograms and to the Universal Copyright Convention. India is also an active member of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Geneva and UNESCO. © 2008-09 7
  8. 8. Intellectual Property Rights What can be copyright? •Book, novel, technical reports, manuals, painting, sculptures, photographs, music, songs, plays, dramatic works, films, videos, television and radio broadcasts, engineering, technical or architectural plans, advertising, computer software, databases. © 2008-09 8
  9. 9. Intellectual Property Rights Exceptions to Copyright •Copying for non-commercial research or private study. •Quoting for critique or review, with acknowledge of the source. •Reproducing an artistic work by hand as a class assignment in an educational establishment. © 2008-09 9
  10. 10. Intellectual Property Rights TRADE MARKS A trademark is a mark that can be placed on goods to distinguish them from other goods. Other marks distinguish other things in commerce: service marks, for example, identify providers of services. The term “trademark” is often used to refer to the legal regime governing all protected marks, and all such marks are sometimes referred to as “trademarks.” Such distinguishing marks constitute protectable subject matter under the provisions of the “TRIPS Agreement”. The Agreement provides that initial registration and each renewal of registration shall be for a term of not less than 7 years and the registration shall be renewable indefinitely. © 2008-09 10
  11. 11. Intellectual Property Rights © 2008-09 11
  12. 12. Intellectual Property Rights PATENTS To be continued……… © 2008-09 12
  13. 13. Intellectual Property Rights Part II (IPR Returns) Special - (Patents) © 2008-09 13
  14. 14. Intellectual Property Rights PATENTS – A protection for inventors A ‘Patent’ gives an inventor exclusive rights to use their invention for a limited time. These rights will prevent other parties from copying or selling the invention without the permission of the inventor. © 2008-09 14
  15. 15. Intellectual Property Rights “Exclusive Right” The right to exclude others from making, using, or selling the invention. © 2008-09 15
  16. 16. Intellectual Property Rights “Limited times” (US) Utility patents = 20 years from filing Plant patent = 20 years from filing Design patents = 14 years from issue © 2008-09 16
  17. 17. Intellectual Property Rights Types of Patents •Utility patents - functional or structural novelty •Design patents - ornamental designs •Plant patents - varieties of plants © 2008-09 17
  18. 18. Intellectual Property Rights Utility Patent © 2008-09 18
  19. 19. Intellectual Property Rights Design Patent © 2008-09 19
  20. 20. Intellectual Property Rights Plant Patent © 2008-09 20 NOTE:- Plants discovered in nature are not patentable.NOTE:- Plants discovered in nature are not patentable.
  21. 21. Intellectual Property Rights What can be Patented? . Products . Process (functional or technical) . Software © 2008-09 21
  22. 22. Intellectual Property Rights Criteria for Patent •Utility - must be useful, or have a use •Novelty - must be new •Non-obvious - the difference between existing art and the invention must be sufficiently great as to warrant a patent © 2008-09 22
  23. 23. Intellectual Property Rights Question : An inventor writes a computer program and is protected from others copying it by……… A. Copyright B. A Patent C. A Registered Trademark © 2008-09 23
  24. 24. Intellectual Property Rights Copyright protects software from duplication and copying (ex: Microsoft can prosecute those that copy MS Word) Patents protect an algorithm or program function Trademarks protect a brand name of software © 2008-09 24
  25. 25. Intellectual Property Rights http://www.google.com/patents For Europe: http://ep.espacenet.com/ For Us http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html © 2008-09 25 Patent Search Resources on the Internet
  26. 26. Intellectual Property Rights National Informatics Centre Department of Information Technology A-Block, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road New Delhi - 110 003, India Telephone : 91-11-24363239 Fax : 91-11- 24362628 bali@nic.in “http://patinfo.nic.in/” © 2008-09 26
  27. 27. Intellectual Property Rights What are you thinking now? 1.I have a relevant question to ask. 2.I want you to show some more examples. © 2008-09 27
  28. 28. Intellectual Property Rights Thank You Source ‘Google’ ‘Orkut’ © 2008-09 28 ******Part III will be covered under Voyage Session*****
  29. 29. Intellectual Property Rights © 2008-09 29

×