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Comparative study of Romanticism and Transcendentalism

  1. Comparative study of Romanticism and Transcendentalism - By Nirali Dabhi
  2. Introduction Name: Nirali Dabhi Roll number: 13 Enrollment Number: 4069206420220006 Sem: 2 M.A Paper number: 108 Paper Name: American Literature Topic: Comparative study of Romanticism and Transcendentalism Submitted to: Smt S.B. Gardi, Department of English, M.K.B.U Email:
  3. Table of contents 01 04 05 02 Introduction of Transcendentalism Introduction of Romanticism Romanticism in Movies and Novels Transcendentalism in Movies and Novels 03 06 Characteristics of Transcendentalism and Romanticism Examples of Transcendentalism and Romanticism writers and Poets
  4. Introduction of Transcendentalism ● Transcendentalism was a religious, literary, and political movement that evolved from New England Unitarianism in the 1820s and 1830s. ● It is principally associated with the work of essayist and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson; journalist and feminist theorist Margaret Fuller; Unitarian minister and antislavery advocate Theodore Parker; and essayist, naturalist, and political theorist Henry David Thoreau.(Robinson) ● Transcendentalism was known mostly as a religious movement.(Carbone) ● Transcendentalists advocated the idea of a personal knowledge of God, believing that no intermediary was needed for spiritual insight. ● Ralph Waldo Emerson—essayist, minister, poet and philosopher from New England—was the founding father of the transcendentalist movement.
  5. Introduction of Romanticism ● In the 19th century, “romantic” means sentimental : lyricism and the expression of personal emotions are emphasized. Feelings and sentiments are very much present in romantic works. ● Robert Burns is considered the pioneer of the Romantic Movement ● American Romanticism was the first real literary movement to ever occur within in the United States. ● Romantic Era in the United States was largely known as the “American Renaissance”. ● Romanticism gave birth to some of America’s greatest writers – Walt Whitman, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Emerson, and Thoreau. ● This are some of the masterpieces of American literature, such as Moby Dick and The Scarlet Letter.
  6. Characteristics of Transcendentalism 1. Individualism 2. The divinity of Nature 3. Idealism 4. Spirituality
  7. Characteristics of Romanticism 1. Imagination and Creativity ● Romantic-period writers stress the imaginative and subjective side of human nature. ● Romantic authors don't allow facts or truths to inhibit them from expressing imaginative ideas, especially as they relate to nature. 1. The Beauty of Nature ● Romantic literature explores the intense beauty of nature ● Romantic authors understood progress and the changing tide toward industrialization, but they prioritized and glamorized natural beauty over urbanization, commercialism and materialism. ● Example - Henry David Thoreau, Walden (1854) 1. Individualism ● Romanticism appeals to individualism, rather than conventional norms or collectivism. ● Romantic authors valued independent thinking, creativity and self-reliance.
  8. Transcendentalism in Movies and Novels 1. Moana ● she shows multiple characteristics of the movement transcendentalism. ● She shows self- reliance, the ability to connect and learn from nature, non-conformity, and oversoul. 1. Into the Wild ● In the book Into the Wild, by Jon Krakauer ● Chris McCandless is a transcendentalist ● He enjoys the simplicity of life and deliberate living or living life with intentions. 1. Wild ● Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail ● By Cheryl Strayed ● 2014 American biographical adventure drama film
  9. Romanticism in Movies and Novels 1. The Scarlet Letter ● By Nathaniel Hawthorne ● This novel is a quintessential example of American Romanticism. ● The novel also emphasizes the natural world and incorporates elements of the supernatural. 1. Moby-Dick ● By Herman Melville ● This novel is another classic example of American Romanticism. ● The novel also incorporates elements of the supernatural and the exotic. 3. The Tree of Life ● This experimental film tells the story of a family in Texas in the 1950s
  10. Examples of Transcendentalists writers and poets Writers and Poets ● Ralph Waldo Emerson ● Henry David Thoreau ● Margaret Fuller ● Orestes Brownson ● Elizabeth Palmer Peabody ● James Freeman Clarke ● George Ripley ● Bronson Alcott ● W.E. Channing ● Emily Dickinson
  11. Examples of Romanticism writers and Poets Writers and Poets ● Washington Irving ● James Fenimore Cooper ● Edgar Allan Poe ● Ralph Waldo Emerson ● Henry David Thoreau ● Walt Whitman ● Herman Melville ● Nathaniel Hawthorne
  12. Work Cited ● Biscay, Matt. “Romanticism in Arts and Literature.” SkyMinds, 12 September 2016, romanticism-in-art-and-literature/. Accessed 12 March 2023. ● Carbone, Steven A. “American Transcendentalism and Analysis of Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Self-Reliance."” Inquiries Journal, 2010, transcendentalism-and-analysis-of-ralph-waldo-emersons-self-reliance. Accessed 12 March 2023. ● Robinson, David M. “Transcendentalism - American Literature.” Oxford Bibliographies, 22 February 2018, 9780199827251/obo-9780199827251-0086.xml. Accessed 12 March 2023.
  13. ● Tucker, Kristine. “Characteristics of Romanticism in English Literature.” Pen and the Pad, 2010, literature-6646393.html. Accessed 13 March 2023. ● Virts, Sharon. “American Romanticism: 19th Century Literature & Ideology.” Sharon Virts, 18 April 2020, century-literature-and-ideology/. Accessed 12 March 2023.