04 development and informal settlement

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04 development and informal settlement

  1. 1. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentInformal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322)DEVELOPMENT AND INFORMAL SETTLEMENTDISCUSSION 4Nipesh P Narayanan
  2. 2. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentREADING: ANCIENT FUTURES – Learning from Ladakh ~ Helena NorbergImageSource:http://images.amazon.com/images/P/0871566435.01.LZZZZZZZ.jpg[Online]
  3. 3. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentDEVELOPMENT: WHAT IS IT?
  4. 4. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentDEVELOPMENT: WHAT IS IT?“an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation”~Oxford English Dictionary
  5. 5. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – Development“an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation”“an action with an output leading to change”DEVELOPMENT: WHAT IS IT?
  6. 6. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentCHANGE : WHY? FOR WHAT? FOR WHOM?ImageSource:http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~nunberg/change.jpg[Online]
  7. 7. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentCHANGE !Why?For What?For Whom?
  8. 8. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentCHANGE : WHY?• Why change at all?• Why not - Status Quo?
  9. 9. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentCHANGE : FOR WHAT?• What is the intent for change?• What do we want to achieve?
  10. 10. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentCHANGE : FOR WHOM?• Who is this “we”?• What is the idea of collective?
  11. 11. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – Development• Everyone is a common man while no one is a common man!• Collective Identity• Justification of the common goodPARADOX OF THE COMMON MAN!ImageSource:http://newglobalindian.com/images/common-man_-_Indian_cartoonist_R._K._Laxman.jpg[Online]
  12. 12. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentWhy? For What? For Whom?DEVELOPMENT: WHY IS IT AS IT IS?Derogatorycurrent stateAspiration forbettermentFlexible idea ofcollective
  13. 13. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentDEVELOPMENT: EXAMPLES!Yamuna Pushta Eviction
  14. 14. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentDEVELOPMENT: EXAMPLES!Yamuna Pushta Eviction
  15. 15. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentDEVELOPMENT: EXAMPLES!Yamuna Pushta Eviction
  16. 16. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentWHAT IS DEVELOPMENT?ImageSource:http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ojsPtigeZ4E/TLX6Fj-dJWI/AAAAAAAAAFs/m-nftGVNnck/s1600/clean+delhi+green+delhi.jpg[Online]ImageSource:http://www.morphogenesis.org/data/discourse/yamuna/img2.jpg?574[Online]ImageSource:http://cdn.lightgalleries.net/4bd5ebfa2db2b/images/india_13-2.jpg[Online]ImageSource:http://www.tehelka.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/cover.jpg[Online]
  17. 17. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentWhy? For What? For Whom?DEVELOPMENT: WHY IS IT SO?Derogatorycurrent stateAspiration forbettermentFlexible idea ofcollectiveYamuna Pushta EvictionPollutionof theriverYamunaRiver frontdevelopmentCommongood of theCITY!
  18. 18. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECT: WHAT IS OUR ROLE?
  19. 19. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – Development• 40,000 Houses : 1,50,000 People : 40 Years (Approx.)• 1600 HH/ Hectare : 650 HH/acre• 6000 People/Hectare : 2400 People/acreMPD 2021WHY SHOULD WE BE INTERESTED IN YAMUNA PUSHTACategory Area of DU (Sq m) Density(DU/Hectare)EWS Upto 30 600Category I 30-40 500Category II 40-80 250Category III Above 80 175
  20. 20. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – Development• 100 %(Approx.) Employment• Social Cohesion• Self management and community living• Politically active society“A HAPPY SOCIETY”WHY SHOULD WE BE INTERESTED IN YAMUNA PUSHTA
  21. 21. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD!• “Buildings, through the utilitarian and aesthetic purposes they serve, arevisible symbols of political aspirations and a display of social concerns.”~ Charles T Goodsell The Social Meaning of Civic Space• “Buildings are the material manifestations of ways of life, the clash ofcultures and efforts to shape cultures.”“The Expected sequential organization of the built environment is verymuch culture bound and it changes over time as a culture changes.”~ Jon Lang, Miki & Madhavi Desai Architecture and Independence
  22. 22. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?• ”We need – more urgently than architectural utopias, ingenious trafficdisposal systems, or ecological programmes – to comprehend the natureof citizenship, to make a serious imaginative assessment of that specialrelationship between the self and the city; its unique plasticity, its privacyand freedom.”~ Jonathan Raban, Soft City
  23. 23. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?" Between 1997 and 2002, the government and the buildersbuilt 5 Lakh houses in urban India, when in the same time,people built 85 Lakh units in so-called “slums”"
  24. 24. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Kalyanpuri
  25. 25. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  26. 26. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  27. 27. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  28. 28. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  29. 29. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  30. 30. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  31. 31. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  32. 32. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  33. 33. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  34. 34. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  35. 35. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  36. 36. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  37. 37. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  38. 38. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  39. 39. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]Plan of Soami Nagar
  40. 40. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?Sunder Nagri Redevelopment Example
  41. 41. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?Sunder Nagri Redevelopment Example
  42. 42. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECTS BUILD – REALLY?ImageSource:LearningfromDelhi~MauriceMitchell[Book]
  43. 43. Informal Settlements – Understanding + Interacting (AP-322) – DevelopmentARCHITECT: WHAT IS OUR ROLE?ImageSource:http://duranvirginia.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/virginiaduran_myarchitect.jpg[Online]

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