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COMMON TEST
TECHNIQUES
Nina Gambarte
Nerea González
1.-WHAT ARE TEST TECHINQUES?
RELIABLE AND
VALID INDICATOR
BENEFICIAL
BACKWASH
EFFECT
ECONOMICAL
RELIABLY SCORED
IT´S YOUR TURN!
 www.govote.at
 WHAT KIND OF TEST TECHNIQUES DO YOU
KNOW?
 CODE: 18 08 13
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
 Structure: stem + options
 Options: 1 is correct, others are distractors
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
 Advantage: Scoring is…
ECONOMICAL
RAPID
RELIABLE
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
THE TECHNIQUE TEST ONLY RECOGNITION
KNOWLEDGE
 Construct validity: Innacurate picture of those
...
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
 Every test should have at least 4 options, in order to
reduce the effect of guessing.
 Distra...
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
THE TECHNIQUE SEVERLY RESTRICTS WHAT
CAN BE TESTED
 Multiple choice items require distractors, ...
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO WRITE SUCCESSFUL ITEMS
 Common faults: number of correct answers, clues...
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
BACKWASH MAY BE HARMFUL
 There is a danger that practisefor the test will have
a harmful effect...
2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS
CHEATING MAY BE FACILITATED
 It is easy to communicate to other candidates non-
verbally.
 The...
3.-YES/NO OR TRUE/FALSE ITEMS.
 Are multiple choice items with 2 options.
 Sometimes those items are modified and ask to...
4.- SHORT-ANSWER ITEMS
 Common in listening and Reading
 Examples:
 What does it in the last sentence refer to?
 How o...
4.- SHORT ANSWER
 Advantages
Guessing
contribute
less
Cheating is
difficult
Items easier
to write
Distractors
are not
nee...
4.- SHORT ANSWER
 Disadvantages
Reduce the
number of
items
Test taker
has to
produce
language
Scorig take
longer
Scoring
...
5.- GAP FILLING ITEMS
Works well
• Reading or listening work if the missing words are
to be found in the text or are strai...
5.- GAP FILLING ITEMS
 It’s essential that test takers are told thant only one
Word can be put in each gap.
 It’s a valu...
TO CONCLUDE…
 www.govote.at
 WHAT TEST TECHNIQUE DO YOU PREFER?
 CODE: 46 33 03
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Test techniques. Nina Gambarte y Nerea González.

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Chapter 8 from Hughes’ Testing for Language Teachers

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Test techniques. Nina Gambarte y Nerea González.

  1. 1. COMMON TEST TECHNIQUES Nina Gambarte Nerea González
  2. 2. 1.-WHAT ARE TEST TECHINQUES? RELIABLE AND VALID INDICATOR BENEFICIAL BACKWASH EFFECT ECONOMICAL RELIABLY SCORED
  3. 3. IT´S YOUR TURN!  www.govote.at  WHAT KIND OF TEST TECHNIQUES DO YOU KNOW?  CODE: 18 08 13
  4. 4. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS  Structure: stem + options  Options: 1 is correct, others are distractors
  5. 5. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS  Advantage: Scoring is… ECONOMICAL RAPID RELIABLE
  6. 6. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS THE TECHNIQUE TEST ONLY RECOGNITION KNOWLEDGE  Construct validity: Innacurate picture of those candidates’ ability.  “There is still a gap to be bridged between knowledge and use.”
  7. 7. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS  Every test should have at least 4 options, in order to reduce the effect of guessing.  Distractor should be chosen by a significant number of test takers. GUESSING MAY HAVE A CONSIDERABLE BUT UNKNOWABLE ON TEST SCORES
  8. 8. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS THE TECHNIQUE SEVERLY RESTRICTS WHAT CAN BE TESTED  Multiple choice items require distractors, and them are not always available.  Sometimes there are not three distractors availables.
  9. 9. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO WRITE SUCCESSFUL ITEMS  Common faults: number of correct answers, clues in the options and ineffective distractors.  It is only after trialling and statistical analysis of performance that they can recognise the ones that are usable.
  10. 10. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS BACKWASH MAY BE HARMFUL  There is a danger that practisefor the test will have a harmful effect on learning and teaching.
  11. 11. 2.- MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS CHEATING MAY BE FACILITATED  It is easy to communicate to other candidates non- verbally.  There are some strategies that we can use to avoid it.
  12. 12. 3.-YES/NO OR TRUE/FALSE ITEMS.  Are multiple choice items with 2 options.  Sometimes those items are modified and ask to the test takers to give a reason for their choice. (Extra requirement, validity problem)
  13. 13. 4.- SHORT-ANSWER ITEMS  Common in listening and Reading  Examples:  What does it in the last sentence refer to?  How old was Mark when he created his own company?  Why the French Army was defeated?
  14. 14. 4.- SHORT ANSWER  Advantages Guessing contribute less Cheating is difficult Items easier to write Distractors are not needed
  15. 15. 4.- SHORT ANSWER  Disadvantages Reduce the number of items Test taker has to produce language Scorig take longer Scoring may be invalid or unreliable Required response is short Required response is unique and in the text
  16. 16. 5.- GAP FILLING ITEMS Works well • Reading or listening work if the missing words are to be found in the text or are straightforward. • Test os gramar and vocabulary. Doesn’t work well • Where the gramatical element to be tested is discontinuos, and needs more tan one gap. • Gramar or vocabulary ítems where minor or subtle differences of meaning are concerned.
  17. 17. 5.- GAP FILLING ITEMS  It’s essential that test takers are told thant only one Word can be put in each gap.  It’s a valuable technique.  It’s realiable.
  18. 18. TO CONCLUDE…  www.govote.at  WHAT TEST TECHNIQUE DO YOU PREFER?  CODE: 46 33 03

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