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SRI LANKA SOCIO - ECONOMIC DATA 2014
CENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKA
June 2014
SRI LANKA
SOCIO-ECONOMIC
DATA 2014
Vol. XXXVIICENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKA
June 2014
SRI LANKA SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA 2014 – VOL. XXXVII
Statistics Department
Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Tel. ...
–– iii ––
COUNTRY PROFILE – 2013	 1
KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS	 2 – 4
COUNTRY COMPARISONS	
World GDP by Regions 	 5
Demograph...
Contents – Graphs
Page
World GDP Growth by Region	 6
Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries)	 11
Social Indicators (S...
–– 1 ––
COUNTRY PROFILE – 2013
(a)
Population (Mid Year) (’000) - 2013 (b)		 20,483
Land Area (Excluding Inland Waters)	 S...
–– 2 ––
KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
(a) Provisional (b) Excluding Northern Province. (c) Data covers the entire island. (d) Ba...
–– 3 ––
(a) Revised (c) Debt service payments as a percentage of receipts from merchandise exports, services, income and p...
–– 4 ––
(a) Provisional
KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Monetary Aggregates
Reserve Money, R...
–– 5 ––
GDP – WORLD COMPARISON
Sources :	 World Economic Outlook, April 2014, IMF
	 Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Region / Cou...
–– 6 ––
World GDP Growth by Regions
2011
2012
Percent
0
3
2
1
4
5
6
7
9
8
World Advanced
Economies
Developing
Asia
Latin A...
–– 7 ––
(a) Population / Land area without Inland Water.
(b) Based on Census of Housing and Population – 2012
(c) 2011 (d)...
–– 8 ––
DEMOGRAPHY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
(a) Population / Land area without Inland Water.
(b) 2010
(c) 2011
Sour...
–– 9 ––
(a) Estimates at Current Market Prices
(b) Estimates at Current Factor Cost Prices
(c) Provisional
NATIONAL ACCOUN...
–– 10 ––
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
(a) Estimates at Current Market Prices Source : Key Indicators ...
–– 11 ––
Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries)
USdollars
GDP Per Capita, US $ (2012)
GDP Per Capita PPP, US $ (2012...
–– 12 ––
AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SAARC COUNTRIES
	(a)	 Estimates at Current Market Prices
	(b)	 Provisional
	(c)	 World...
–– 13 ––
AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
	(a)	 Estimates at Current Market Prices
	(b)	 1999/2001...
–– 14 ––
SOCIAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIES
Sources : 	 Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB
	 Human Develop...
–– 15 ––
SOCIAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
Sources : 	 Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB
	...
–– 16 ––
Social Indicators (Selected Asian Countries)
Sri Lanka Pakistan India Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand M...
–– 17 ––
INFLATION
(a)
: SELECTED COUNTRIES
(a)	 Percentage Change of Annual Average of Consumer Price Index.
(b)	 2005 to...
–– 18 ––
EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SAARC COUNTRIES
(a)	 Exports less imports.
(b)	Total debt service includes principal...
–– 19 ––
EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
Sources :	 International Financial Statistics, Yearboo...
–– 20 ––
MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIES
(a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic currency.
(b) Ratio...
–– 21 ––
MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES
(a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic curre...
–– 22 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : National Level Findings of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES)
by Surv...
–– 23 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Average Monthly Household Expenditure on Selected Food/Non-Food Items
by HIES Survey ...
–– 24 ––
(a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts.
Item Western Central Southern
Northern
(a)
Eastern
No...
–– 25 ––
Item Western Central Southern
Northern
(a)
Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
All
Island
Aver...
–– 26 ––
Item Western Central Southern
Northern
(a)
Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
All
Island
Tota...
–– 27 ––
Item Western Central Southern
Northern
(a)
Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
All
Island
Hous...
–– 28 ––
Item Western Central Southern
Northern
(a)
Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
All
Island
Sour...
–– 29 ––
Item
2009/10 (a) 2012 (b)
Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All Island
Population Distribution
	 B...
–– 30 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Income Distribution by Sector 2009/10 and 2012
Item
2009/10 (a) 2012 (b)
Urban Rural ...
–– 31 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Household Expenditure by Sector 2009/10 and 2012
Item
2009/10 (a) 2012 (b)
Urban Rura...
–– 32 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Housing and Amenities by Sector 2009/10 and 2012
Item
2009/10 (a) 2012 (b)
Urban Rura...
–– 33 ––
Item
Urban Rural Estate All Sectors
2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b)
S...
–– 34 ––
Sector / Province
Poverty Head Count Index (Percentage)
by HIES Survey Period
Poor Household
Percentage
Poverty G...
–– 35 ––
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Daily Average Dietary Energy Consumption per Person
by Poverty Status, Sector, Provin...
–– 36 ––
PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2004 – 2011
Province 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Western 61.1 63.1 66.0 ...
–– 37 ––
PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2004 – 2011 (Contd.)
Province 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Western 61.0 6...
–– 38 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Mid-Year Population, ’000 20,246 20,476 20,653 20,869 20,328 20,483
Male 10...
–– 39 ––
Population & Population Growth
Population
Population Growth (%)
16
17
18
19
20
21
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2...
–– 40 ––
Item 2008(a) 2009(a) 2010(a) 2011(b) 2012(b) 2013(b)(c)
Labour Force, ’000 8,082 8,074 8,108 8,555 8,454 8,802
% ...
–– 41 ––
LABOUR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT (Contd.)
	Item 2012 (b) 2013 (b)(c)
Employment By Sector, % (f)
Agriculture 31.4 29.7...
–– 42 ––
LABOUR FORCE AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Source : Department of Census and Statistics(a)	 Excluding Northern Province.
(b)	 ...
–– 43 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (a)
Departures of Sri Lankans from Bandaranaike International
Airport for all ...
–– 44 ––
(a) Revised (b) Provisional Source : Department of Census and Statistics
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (by Industrial Or...
–– 45 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (a)
Gross National Product 4,305,651 4,779,498 5,534,327 6,471,272 7,423,629 8...
–– 46 ––
QUARTERLY GROWTH OF GDP AND GNP [at Constant (2002) Prices]
Period Agriculture Industry Services GDP GNP
2010 1st...
–– 47 ––
GDP
Rs.billion
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ...
–– 48 ––
Expenditure and Savings (% of GDP)
Savings - Investment GapConsumption Investment Domestic Savings
Percent
201320...
–– 49 ––
PROVINCIAL GDP (at Current Market Prices) – SHARES AND GROWTH
(a) Revised
(b) Provisional
Note : Based on GDP est...
–– 50 ––
Province
Year / Sector
Western Central Southern Nothern Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
Al...
–– 51 ––
Item Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Production Volume
Paddy ’000 MT 3,875 3,652 4,301 3,894 3,846 4,621
’0...
–– 52 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012(a) 2013(b)
Manioc 240,731 277,847 282,759 292,741 291,354 301,182
Potatoes 74,814 6...
–– 53 ––
Year  Province Western Central Southern Nothern Eastern
North
Western
North
Central
Uva
Sabara-
gamuwa
All
Island...
–– 54 ––
Type of Livestock 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Neat Cattle (No.)
Milk Cows – Milking at present 249 238 249 2...
–– 55 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Main Agricultural Crops
Paddy 1,053 978 1,065 1,223 1,067 1,227
Tea (b) 222...
–– 56 ––
Industrial Category 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Value Added in Industry (2002 Constant Prices) 373,215 385,9...
–– 57 ––
ENERGY
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Petroleum
	 Imports
		 Crude Oil: 	 Quantity 	 MT ’000 1,853 2,066 1...
–– 58 ––
Sources : 	Ceylon Electricity Board
	 Lanka Electricity Company
(a) Including Lanka Electricity Company (LECO).
N...
–– 59 ––
PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES
Sources :	 Ministry of Health
	 Department of Ayurveda
	 Ministry of Finance and Planning
...
–– 60 ––
EDUCATION
Sources :	 Ministry of Education
	 University Grants Commission
	 Ministry of Finance and Planning
	 De...
–– 61 ––
	Source : National Water Supply and Drainage Board
WATER CONSUMPTION AND REVENUE BY PROVINCE
Year  Province Weste...
–– 62 ––
COMMUNICATIONS
(a)	Provisional.
(b)	 Wireline telephones declined in 2009 due to shift of some subscribers to cel...
–– 63 ––
Land Phones
  Sri Lanka Telecom Ltd. (includes Wireline and CDMA provided by SLT)	
	2008	 784,237	161,441	157,051...
–– 64 ––
Selected Socio Economic Indicators
Telephones, per 100 Persons (Fixed Access Services and Wireless Services only)...
–– 65 ––
No. of Main Post Offices
	 2009	147	102	89	53	51	64	39	46	52	643
	 2010	147	101	90	51	56	65	39	46	54	649
	 2011	1...
–– 66 ––
TRANSPORTATION
(a)	Provisional.
(b)	 Kilometerage of A and B class roads maintained by Road Development Authority...
–– 67 ––
	 Year  Province	 Western	 Central	 Southern	 Northern	 Eastern	 North 	 North 	 Uva 	 Sabara-	 Total
							West...
–– 68 ––
No. of Buses Operated	 								
	2008	 5,250	1,900	1,270	 231	 390	1,475	 611	 881	1,108	13,116
	2009	 5,079	1,87...
–– 69 ––
Sources :	 Divisional Secretariats
	 Central Bank of Sri Lanka
(a)	Motor Vehicles with valid revenue licenses.
(b...
–– 70 ––
PORT SERVICES
Source : Sri Lanka Ports Authority(a) Provisional TEU : Twenty Foot Equivalent Container Unit
Item ...
–– 71 ––
Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a)
Indicators of Price Level
Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI) (b) 199.9 1...
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  1. 1. SRI LANKA SOCIO - ECONOMIC DATA 2014 CENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKA June 2014
  2. 2. SRI LANKA SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA 2014 Vol. XXXVIICENTRAL BANK OF SRI LANKA June 2014
  3. 3. SRI LANKA SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA 2014 – VOL. XXXVII Statistics Department Central Bank of Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka. Tel. : 2477377 Fax : 2477728 E-mail : dst@cbsl.lk Web site : http://www.cbsl.gov.lk ISSN : 1391 – 3557 June 2014 Printed at the Central Bank Printing Press, 58, Sri Jayawardenepura Mawatha, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka. Published by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo 01, Sri Lanka
  4. 4. –– iii –– COUNTRY PROFILE – 2013 1 KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS 2 – 4 COUNTRY COMPARISONS World GDP by Regions 5 Demography 7–8 National Accounts 9–10 Agriculture and Industry 12–13 Social Indicators 14–15 Inflation 17 External Trade and Finance 18–19 Monetary and Fiscal Indicators 20–21 SOCIO ECONOMIC CONDITIONS All Island 1980/81 – 2012 22–23 By Province – 2009/10 24–28 By Sector – 2009/10 -2012 29–33 By Sector and Province – 2006/07 - 2009/10 34–35 Prosperity Index by Province – 2004 - 2011 36–37 HUMAN RESOURCES Demography 38 Labour Force and Employment 40–41 Labour Force and Unemployment 42 Foreign Employment 43 NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross National Product 44 Expenditure on Gross National Product 45 Quarterly Growth of GDP and GNP 46 Provincial GDP – Shares and Growth 49 Regional GDP by Economic Sector 50 AGRICULTURE Production and Prices of Major Crops 51 Annual Production Volume - Subsidiary Food Crops 52 Fish Production by Province 53 National Livestock Statistics 54 Agricultural Land Use 55 INDUSTRY Industrial Production 56 Energy 57 Electricity Services by Province 58 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Public Health Services 59 Education 60 Water Consumption and Revenue by Province 61 Communications 62 Telecommunication Services by Province 63 Postal Services by Province 65 Transportation 66 Regional Bus Companies’ Services by Province 67 Private Operator Bus Services by Province 68 Motor Vehicles by Province 69 Port Services 70 PRICES AND WAGES Prices 71 Prices of Selected Food Items 72–73 Rate Indices 74 Average Daily Wages : Informal Sector 75 EXTERNAL TRADE AND TOURISM Exports 76 Imports 77 Selected Exports 78 Selected Imports 79 Tourism 80 EXTERNAL FINANCE Balance of Payments 81 Foreign Assistance 82 External Resources 83 Exchange Rates (end of period) 84 GOVERNMENT FINANCE Government Fiscal Operations 86 Government Revenue and Expenditure 87 MONEY BANKING AND FINANCE Monetary Developments 89 Money Market Operations 91 Interest Rates 92 Bank Branch Network 94 Operations of Commercial Banks 95 Licensed Specialised Banks 96 Selected Non-Bank Financial Institutions 97 Mobilization of Deposits 98 Share Market Indicators 99 Contents Page PagePage
  5. 5. Contents – Graphs Page World GDP Growth by Region 6 Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries) 11 Social Indicators (Selected Asian Countries) 16 Population & Population Growth 39 GDP (at Current Market Prices) 47 Expenditure and Savings (% of GDP) 48 Selected Socio Economic Indicators 64 Balance of Payments (% of GDP) 85 Fiscal Operations (% of GDP) 88 Money Supply (% of GDP) 90 Selected Interest Rates 93 Macro Economic Indicators 100
  6. 6. –– 1 –– COUNTRY PROFILE – 2013 (a) Population (Mid Year) (’000) - 2013 (b) 20,483 Land Area (Excluding Inland Waters) Sq. km. 62,705 Population and Land Area by Provinces Province Population (b) Land Area Population ’000 (Sq. km.) Density (c) Western 5,866 3,593 1,633 Central 2,592 5,575 465 Southern 2,493 5,383 463 Northern 1,073 8,290 129 Eastern 1,571 9,361 168 North Western 2,393 7,506 319 North Central 1,276 9,741 131 Uva 1,278 8,335 153 Sabaragamuwa 1,941 4,921 394 Total 20,483 62,705 327 Composition of Population (2012 Census) (d) By Ethnicity % By Religion % Sinhalese 74.9 Buddhist 70.2 Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2 Hindu 12.6 Indian Tamil 4.2 Islam 9.7 Sri Lankan Moor 9.2 Christian 7.4 Other 0.5 Other 0.0 By Sector % (2012 Census) (e) Urban 18.3    Rural 77.3    Estate 4.4 Mid-Year Population Growth Rate (2013), % : 0.8 GDP at Market Prices : Rs.bn. 8,674 US$ bn 67.2 GDP per Capita at Market Prices : Rs. 423,467 US$ 3,280 Real GDP Growth Rate, % 7.3 Sectoral Composition of GDP, % Agriculture 10.8 Industry 31.1 Services 58.1 Rs. bn. % of GDP Exports of Goods and Services 1,949 22.5 Imports of Goods and Services 2,776 32.0 Budget Deficit -516.1 -5.9 Money Stock M2b 3,417.9 16.7 Unemployment Rate, % of Labour Force : 4.4(f) Inflation (g) : Change of CCPI (Annual Average), % : 6.9 Life Expectancy (Average) (2012), yrs. : 75.1 Literacy Rate (Aged 15 Years and Above) (2012) (b), % : 95.6 Human Development Index (2012) : 0.715 (Min. : 0.0 ; Max. : 1.0) Temperature: °C (°F) Minimum Maximum Low Country 24.4 (75.9) 31.7 (89.1) Hill Country 18.3 (64.9) 26.7 (80.1) (a) Provisional (b) Based on Census of Population and Housing 2012, covering the entire island. (c) Persons per sq.km. (d) Obtained from summary reports prepared by the enumerators, immediately after the census operation. (e) Provisional data based on the 5% sample. (f) Data covers the entire island. (g) 2006/07 = 100
  7. 7. –– 2 –– KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS (a) Provisional (b) Excluding Northern Province. (c) Data covers the entire island. (d) Based on CCPI (2006/07 = 100). Note : Data upto 2011 for household population aged 10 years and above and while that of 2012 onwards for those aged 15 years and above. Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Population, ’000 (Mid-Year) 20,476 20,653 20,869 20,328 20,483 Annual Population Growth, % 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 Density of Population, Persons per sq. km. 326 329 333 324 327 Labour Force, % of Household Population aged 10 and above 48.7 (b) 48.1 (b) 47.8 (c) 52.6 (c) 53.8 (c) Unemployment, % of Labour Force 5.8 (b) 4.9 (b) 4.2 (c) 4.0 (c) 4.4 (c) National Accounts GNP (Market Prices), Rs. bn. 4,779 5,534 6,471 7,424 8,439 Per Capita GNP (Market Prices), Rs. 233,716 267,967 310,090 365,192 411,998 US$ 2,033 2,370 2,805 2,862 3,191 GDP (Market Prices), Rs. bn. 4,835 5,604 6,543 7,579 8,674 Real GDP Growth Rate, % 3.5 8.0 8.2 6.3 7.3 Investment and Savings, % of GDP Investment 24.4 27.6 29.9 30.6 29.6 O/w : Government Investment 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.9 6.9 Domestic Savings 17.9 19.3 15.4 16.9 20.0 National Savings 23.7 25.3 22.1 24.0 25.7 Price Changes, % Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (Annual Average) (d) 3.5 6.2 6.7 7.6 6.9 Wholesale Price Index (Annual Average) -4.2 11.2 10.6 3.5 9.2 Implicit GNP Deflator 5.9 7.3 7.9 8.9 6.7
  8. 8. –– 3 –– (a) Revised (c) Debt service payments as a percentage of receipts from merchandise exports, services, income and private transfers. (b) Provisional KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012(a) 2013(b) 2009 2010 2011 2012(a) 2013(b) Government Finance Rs. billion % of GDP Revenue and Grants 725.6 834.2 983.0 1,067.5 1,153.3 15.0 14.9 15.0 14.1 13.3 Expenditure and Net Lending 1,201.9 1,280.2 1,433.2 1,556.5 1,669.4 24.9 22.9 21.9 20.5 19.2 Current Expenditure 879.6 937.1 1,024.9 1,131.0 1,205.2 18.2 16.7 15.7 14.9 13.9 Current Account Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) -179.9 -119.8 -57.0 -79.6 -67.7 -3.7 -2.1 -0.9 -1.0 -0.8 Budget Deficit -476.4 -446.0 -450.2 -489.0 -516.1 -9.9 -8.0 -6.9 -6.5 -5.9 Public Debt 4,161.4 4,590.2 5,133.4 6,000.1 6,793.2 86.2 81.9 78.5 79.2 78.3 Domestic Debt 2,401.0 2,565.7 2,804.1 3,232.8 3,832.8 49.7 45.8 42.9 42.7 44.2 Foreign Debt 1,760.5 2,024.6 2,329.3 2,767.3 2,960.4 36.5 36.1 35.6 36.5 34.1 Debt Service 825.7 820.4 895.4 1,017.5 1,162.9 17.1 14.6 13.7 13.4 13.4 Interest Payment 309.7 352.6 356.7 408.5 462.9 6.4 6.3 5.5 5.4 5.3 External Sector Rs. billion US dollars billion Exports 813.9 974.4 1,167.6 1,245.5 1,344.1 7.1 8.6 10.6 9.8 10.4 Imports 1,172.6 1,519.7 2,241.5 2,441.9 2,323.1 10.2 13.5 20.3 19.2 18.0 Current Account Balance -24.2 -121.5 -511.1 -501.9 -332.6 -0.2 -1.1 -4.6 -4.0 -2.6 % of GDP -0.5 -2.2 -7.8 -6.6 -3.8 -0.5 -2.2 -7.8 -6.7 -3.9 External Debt 2,134.7 2,378.6 3,730.0 4,717.3 5,199.3 18.7 21.4 32.7 37.1 39.1 % of GDP 44.1 42.4 57.0 62.2 59.9 44.4 43.3 55.3 62.5 59.2 Debt Service Ratio (c), % 16.1 11.9 9.3 13.3 17.6 16.1 11.9 9.3 13.5 17.6 International Reserves 804.2 956.5 910.0 1,091.8 1,121.0 7.0 8.6 8.0 8.6 8.6 Exchange Rate (Average), Rs./US$ 114.94 113.06 110.57 127.60 129.11 – – – – – Rs./SDR 177.22 172.50 174.54 195.38 196.19 – – – – –
  9. 9. –– 4 –– (a) Provisional KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS Indicator 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Monetary Aggregates Reserve Money, Rs.bn. 303.5 360.5 439.5 484.4 488.6 Narrow Money M1, Rs.bn. 336.7 407.2 438.7 450.0 484.6 Change of M1, % 21.4 20.9 7.7 2.6 7.7 Broad Money M2b , Rs.bn. 1,806.2 2,091.4 2,491.7 2,929.1 3,417.9 Change of M2b , % 18.6 15.8 19.1 17.6 16.7 Money Multiplier for M2b, 5.95 5.80 5.67 6.05 7.00 Interest Rates (Year End), % Treasury Bill Primary Yield – 3 Months 7.73 7.24 8.68 10.00 7.54 Repo – Overnight 7.50 7.25 7.00 7.50 6.50 Reverse Repo – Overnight 9.75 9.00 8.50 9.50 8.50 Treasury Bonds – Two Year 9.55 8.27 7.77 13.62 – Average Weighted Prime Lending Rate (monthly) 11.12 9.27 10.49 14.29 9.96 Call Money (Range in the last month) 7.00–9.50 7.00–8.35 8.00–9.75 9.50–10.60 7.50–7.80 NSB Savings 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 Financial Institutions – Assets, Rs.bn. Central Bank 821.9 985.4 1,141.7 1,284.4 1,246.0 Commercial Banks 2,230.4 2,566.7 3,157.7 3,757.4 4,328.3 Finance Companies 187.7 237.0 357.8 548.9 655.7 Unit Trusts (Net Assets) 10.0 22.1 – – – Share Market Market Capitalization, Rs.bn. (Year End) 1,092.1 2,210.5 2,213.9 2,167.6 2,459.9 All Share Price Index (Year End) 3,385.6 6,635.9 6,074.4 5,643.0 5,912.8
  10. 10. –– 5 –– GDP – WORLD COMPARISON Sources : World Economic Outlook, April 2014, IMF Central Bank of Sri Lanka Region / Country Real GDP Growth, % Average 1996–2005 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 World 3.7 -0.4 5.2 3.9 3.2 3.0 Advanced Economies 2.8 -3.4 3.0 1.7 1.4 1.3 USA 3.4 -2.8 2.5 1.8 2.8 1.9 Japan 1.0 -5.5 4.7 -0.5 1.4 1.5 Germany 1.2 -5.1 3.9 3.4 0.9 0.5 Emerging and Developing Economies 5.2 3.1 7.5 6.3 5.0 4.7 Central and Eastern Europe 4.0 -3.4 4.7 5.4 1.4 2.8 Developing Asia 7.1 7.7 9.7 7.9 6.7 6.5 China 9.2 9.2 10.4 9.3 7.7 7.7 Indonesia 2.6 4.6 6.2 6.5 6.3 5.8 India 6.4 8.5 10.3 6.6 4.7 4.4 Sri Lanka 4.3 3.5 8.0 8.2 6.3 7.3 Latin America and the Caribbean 2.9 -1.3 6.0 4.6 3.1 2.7 Middle East and North Africa 4.9 3.0 5.5 3.9 4.1 2.2 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.7 2.6 5.6 5.5 4.9 4.9
  11. 11. –– 6 –– World GDP Growth by Regions 2011 2012 Percent 0 3 2 1 4 5 6 7 9 8 World Advanced Economies Developing Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sri Lanka
  12. 12. –– 7 –– (a) Population / Land area without Inland Water. (b) Based on Census of Housing and Population – 2012 (c) 2011 (d) 2010 n.a. – Not available DEMOGRAPHY : SAARC COUNTRIES Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Mid-Year Population, Mn. 1990 17.0 17.6 109.8 0.5 835.0 0.2 18.1 109.7 2000 18.5 21.5 128.1 0.6 1,016.0 0.3 22.6 140.0 2010 20.7 26.0 148.6 0.7 1,182.1 0.4 26.3 173.5 2011 20.9 26.5 150.6 0.7 1,197.8 0.4 26.6 177.1 2012 20.3 27.0 152.5 0.7 1,213.4 0.4 26.9 180.7 Population Growth, % 2012 0.9 1.9 1.3 1.8 1.3 3.4 0.9 2.0 Density of Population (a) 2012 324.2 41.4 1,171.5 18.8 408.1 1,400.0 187.3 234.4 [Persons per sq. km.] Population By Age Groups, % 0 – 14 Years 2012 25.2 47.4 30.5 28.6 29.4 29.1 35.5 34.5 15 – 64 Years 2012 66.9 50.3 64.8 66.7 65.4 65.9 59.4 61.2 65 Years and above 2012 7.8 2.3 4.7 4.7 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.4 Urban Population, % 2012 18.3 (b) 22.6 25.9 (c) 33.7 30.2 40.5 (d) 17.0 (c) 37.4 Crude Birth Rate, per 1,000 2011 17.4 43.1 20.0 20.1 21.8 16.6 23.7 26.9 Crude Death Rate, per 1,000 2011 5.9 15.6 6.0 6.9 8.0 3.6 5.8 7.4 Total Fertility Rate, Births per Woman 2011 2.3 6.2 2.2 2.3 2.6 1.7 2.7 3.3 Infant Mortality Rate [per 1,000 Live Births] 2010 n.a. 103 38 44 48 14 41 70 Maternal Mortality Rate [per 100,000 Live Births] 2010 35 460 240 180 200 60 170 260 Life Expectancy at Birth, Years 2012 75.1 49.1 69.2 67.6 65.8 77.1 69.1 65.7 Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB FAOSTAT Database Access website Human Development Report 2013, UNDP (www.faostat.fao.org) Registrar General’s Department
  13. 13. –– 8 –– DEMOGRAPHY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES (a) Population / Land area without Inland Water. (b) 2010 (c) 2011 Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB FAOSTAT Database Access website Human Development Report 2013, UNDP (www.faostat.fao.org) Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Mid-Year Population, Mn. 1990 179.4 18.1 60.9 42.9 3.0 55.8 2000 205.8 23.5 76.8 47.0 4.0 62.2 2010 237.6 28.6 92.6 49.4 5.1 63.8 2011 241.6 29.0 94.2 49.8 5.2 64.1 2012 247.2 29.3 95.8 50.0 5.3 64.4 Population Growth, % 2012 2.3 1.3 1.7 0.5 2.5 0.4 Density of Population (a) [Persons per sq. km.] 2012 136.5 89.3 321.3 514.9 7,585.7 126.0 Population By Age Groups, % 0 – 14 Years 2012 29.3 26.5 34.5 15.3 16.5 18.5 15 – 64 Years 2012 65.6 68.3 61.7 72.9 73.8 72.1 65 Years and above 2012 5.1 5.2 3.8 11.8 9.7 9.4 Urban Population, % 2012 49.8 (b) 72.4 48.9 (c) 83.2 (c) 100.0 45.1 Crude Birth Rate, per 1,000 2011 17.9 20.0 24.8 9.5 9.5 11.9 Crude Death Rate, per 1,000 2011 6.9 4.7 5.8 5.1 4.5 7.5 Total Fertility Rate, Births per Woman 2011 2.1 2.6 3.1 1.2 1.2 1.6 Infant Mortality Rate [per 1,000 Live Births] 2010 27 5 23 4 2 11 Maternal Mortality Rate [per 100,000 Live Births] 2010 220 29 99 16 3 48 Life Expectancy at Birth, Years 2012 69.8 74.5 69.0 80.7 81.2 74.3
  14. 14. –– 9 –– (a) Estimates at Current Market Prices (b) Estimates at Current Factor Cost Prices (c) Provisional NATIONAL ACCOUNTS : SAARC COUNTRIES Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Department of Census and Statistics Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Mn.US$ (a) 2000 16,292 n.a. 47,141 403 460,903 594 5,552 69,816 2010 49,565 16,079 99,688 1,585 1,589,242(b) 2,134 16,304 167,256(b) 2011 59,181 19,337(c) 107,443 1,834 1,789,867(b) 2,154 18,575 204,494(b) 2012 59,391 n.a. 112,156 1,825 1,770,498(b) 2,223 18,028 207,772(b) GDP Per Capita (a), US$ 2000 881 n.a. 363 576 460 1,980 242 508 2010 2,400 618 683 2,278 1,437 5,422 621 1,006 2011 2,836 730(c) 718 2,589 1,600 5,301 698 1,196 2012 2,922 – 740 2,532 1,541 5,293 671 1,190 GDP Per Capita at PPP, US$ 2012 6,247 n.a. 1,917 7,075 3,950 7,310 1,498 2,788 Growth Rate of Real GDP, % 2010 8.0 3.2 6.1 11.7 9.3 7.1 4.8 2.6 2011 8.2 9.5 6.7 8.5 6.2 7.0 3.4 3.7 2012 6.3 n.a. 6.2 9.4 5.0 3.4 4.9 4.4 Sectoral Composition of GDP, % (a) Agriculture 2012 11.0 n.a. 17.7 16.2 17.4 3.8 35.7 24.4 Industry 2012 31.5 n.a. 28.5 41.3 25.8 20.5 14.9 22.0 Services 2012 57.5 n.a. 53.8 42.5 56.9 75.7 49.4 53.6 Expenditure and Savings, % of GDP (a) Private Consumption 2012 69.6 n.a. 75.2 46.4 56.8 n.a. 77.8 82.5 Government Consumption 2012 13.5 n.a. 5.6 18.7 11.8 n.a. 10.7 10.5 Gross Domestic Capital Formation 2012 30.6 n.a. 26.5 56.7 35.6 n.a. 34.9 14.9 Gross Domestic Savings 2012 16.9 n.a. 19.3 34.8 31.3 n.a. 11.5 7.0 Gross National Savings 2012 24.0 n.a. 29.2 42.5 32.9 n.a. 40.0 20.3 n.a. – Not available
  15. 15. –– 10 –– NATIONAL ACCOUNTS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES (a) Estimates at Current Market Prices Source : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Mn.US$ (a) 2000 199,028 97,210 86,446 606,207 90,216 140,655 2010 709,230 246,906 199,590 1,014,856 231,614 337,962 2011 846,385 287,935 224,112 1,114,464 265,574 364,743 2012 878,012 303,408 250,175 1,129,569 276,448 386,165 GDP Per Capita (a), US$ 2000 965 4,172 1,103 12,816 22,554 2,254 2010 2,947 8,636 2,155 20,540 45,623 5,298 2011 3,469 9,942 2,379 22,388 51,233 5,692 2012 3,552 10,341 2,612 22,589 52,038 6,000 GDP Per Capita at PPP, US$ 2012 4,949 17,084 4,454 30,722 61,803 10,757 Growth Rate of Real GDP, % 2010 6.2 7.2 7.6 6.3 14.8 7.3 2011 6.5 5.1 3.6 3.7 5.2 0.3 2012 6.2 5.6 6.8 2.0 1.3 6.5 Sectoral Composition of GDP, % (a) Agriculture 2012 14.4 10.2 11.8 2.6 0.0 n.a. Industry 2012 46.9 41.2 31.1 39.1 26.7 n.a. Services 2012 38.6 48.6 57.1 58.2 73.2 n.a. Expenditure and Savings, % of GDP (a) Private Consumption 2012 54.6 49.1 74.2 53.5 39.2 n.a. Government Consumption 2012 8.9 13.5 10.5 15.8 9.7 n.a. Gross Domestic Capital Formation 2012 35.3 25.5 18.5 27.6 27.0 n.a. Gross Domestic Savings 2012 36.6 37.4 15.3 30.7 49.2 n.a. Gross National Savings 2012 34.1 31.9 42.3 31.0 45.6 n.a. n.a. – Not available
  16. 16. –– 11 –– Per Capita Income (Selected Asian Countries) USdollars GDP Per Capita, US $ (2012) GDP Per Capita PPP, US $ (2012) Sri Lanka Pakistan Nepal Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand Malaysia 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000
  17. 17. –– 12 –– AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SAARC COUNTRIES (a) Estimates at Current Market Prices (b) Provisional (c) World Paddy Production 2012 : 719,738,273 MT (d) Estimates at Current Factor Cost Prices Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB FAOSTAT Database Access website (www.faostat.fao.org) (e) 1988/89 = 100 (f) 2004/05 = 100 (g) 2003/04 = 100 (h) 2010 n.a. – Not available (i) 2005/06 = 100 (j) 2011 (k) 2005 Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afgha- nistan Bangla- desh Bhutan India Mal- dives Nepal Pakistan Agriculture   Arable Land , % of Total Land Area 2011 19.1 11.9 58.6 2.5 52.9 10.0 16.4 26.9   Forest Area, % of Total Land Area 2011 29.4 2.1 11.1 84.9 23.1 3.0 25.4 2.1   Permanent Cropped Land, % of Agricultural Land Area 2011 37.4 0.3 9.9 3.4 6.8 42.9 2.8 3.1   Agricultural Land per Capita, Hectares 2011 0.13 1.43 0.06 0.73 0.15 0.02 0.16 0.15   Share of Agriculture in GDP, % (a) 2012 11.0 n.a. 17.7 16.2 17.4 3.8 35.7 24.4   Index of Agricultural Production (2004–2006 = 100) 2011 117.0 109.1(b) 133.0 100.6 130.8 87.3 121.9 116.7   Paddy Production, % of World Paddy Production (c) 2012 0.53 0.07 4.71 0.01 21.20 – 0.70 1.31   Yield of Paddy Production, kg. per Hectare 2012 3,885 2,439 2,933 3,480 3,591 – 3,312 3,482   Per Capita Paddy Production, kg. 2012 189 19 222 121 126 – 189 52 Industry   Share of Manufacturing in GDP, % (a) 2012 17.9 – 17.0 9.6 13.5(d) 6.7 5.9 14.3(d)   Index of Manufacturing 2012 n.a. n.a. 570(e) n.a. 181.1(f) n.a. 103.5(g)(h) 117.9(i)   Electricity Consumption Per Capita, kwh 2010 449 64(j) 279 977(k) 616 521(j) 93 457   Energy Consumption (kilotons of oil equivalent) 2010 9,870 n.a. 31,053 251 692,689 340 10,218 84,595
  18. 18. –– 13 –– AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES (a) Estimates at Current Market Prices (b) 1999/2001 = 100 (c) World Paddy Production 2012 : 719,738,273 MT Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB FAOSTAT Database Access website (www.faostat.fao.org) (d) 2010 = 100 (e) 2005 = 100 (f) 1978 = 100 (g) 2011 = 100 (h) 2000 = 100 (i) 2011 Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philip- pines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Agriculture   Arable Land , % of Total Land Area 2011 13.0 5.5 18.1 15.4 0.9 30.8   Forest Area, % of Total Land Area 2011 51.7 62.0 25.9 64.0 3.3 37.2   Permanent Cropped Land, % of Agricultural Land Area 2011 36.7 73.5 43.0 11.7 13.7 21.4   Agricultural Land per Capita, Hectares 2011 0.23 0.27 0.13 0.04 0.00 0.33   Share of Agriculture in GDP, % (a) 2012 14.4 10.2 11.8 2.6 0.0 n.a.   Index of Agricultural Production (2004–2006 = 100) 2011 124.3(b) 120.4 114.9 100.8 102.7 121.9   Paddy Production, % of World Paddy Production (c) 2012 9.59 0.38 2.51 0.89 _ 5.25   Yield of Paddy Production, kg. per Hectare 2012 5,136 3,973 3,845 7,581 _ 3,000   Per Capita Paddy Production, kg. 2012 279 94 188 128 _ 587 Industry   Share of Manufacturing in GDP, % (a) 2012 23.9 24.3 20.5 28.0 19.4 _   Index of Manufacturing 2012 108.4(d) 123.1(e) 4,351.0(f) 106.9(d) 100.1(g) 172.4(h)(i)   Electricity Consumption Per Capita, kwh 2010 641 4,117 643 9,744 8,307 2,243   Energy Consumption (kilotons of oil equivalent) 2010 207,849 72,645 40,477 250,010 32,774 117,429
  19. 19. –– 14 –– SOCIAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIES Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Human Development Report 2013, UNDP Department of Census and Statistics (a) A composite index of life expectancy, education and income. (b) 2006 (c) 2009 (d) 2010 (e) 2011 (f) 2008 (g) National Poverty Line (Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified) (h) 2005 (i) Fixed Broadband Internet (j) Internet & E-mail n.a. – Not available Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afgha- nistan Bangla- desh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Human Development Index (a) (Max.: 1.000 ; Min.: 0.000) 2012 0.715 0.374 0.515 0.538 0.554 0.688 0.463 0.515 Literacy Rate, % : –  Male 2011 93.5 n.a. 61.3 n.a. 75.2(b) 98.4(b) 73.0 68.6(c) (15 years and over) –  Female 91.1 n.a. 52.2 n.a. 50.8(b) 98.4(b) 48.3 40.3(c) Labour Force Participation Rate, % –  Male 2011 74.0 80.3 84.3 76.5 80.7 76.8 87.6 83.3 – Female 34.4 15.7 57.2 65.8 29.0 55.7 80.4 22.7 Unemployment Rate, % 2012 4.0 n.a. 4.5(d) 2.1 2.7(e) 11.7(d) 2.7(f) 5.9 Employment (% of total employment) –  Agriculture 2012 31.0 n.a. 47.5(d) 62.2 48.9(e) 4.3(d) n.a. 45.1 – Industry 2012 26.1 n.a. 12.6(d) 8.6 24.3(e) 9.4(d) n.a. 13.7 – Services 2012 42.9 n.a. 39.9(d) 29.1 26.8(e) 86.3(d) n.a. 41.2 Population below the Poverty Line, % (g) 2002–2012 8.9 n.a. 31.5 23.2 29.8 n.a. 25.2 22.3 Physicians, per 10,000 persons 2011 7.8 1.9(d) 3.6 0.2(d) 6.5(d) 16.0(d) 2.1(h) 8.1(d) Hospital Beds, per 10,000 persons 2011 33.0 4.0(d) 5.8 18.0 9.0(h) 43.0(c) 1.5(b) 6.0(d) Per Capita Electricity Consumption (kWh) 2010 449 64(e) 279 977(h) 616 521(e) 93 457 Internet Subscriptions, per 1,000 persons (i) 2012 67.2(j) 0.1(d) 3.4 24.0 11.8 44.8 4.6 5.1 Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Main Lines) 2012 170 1 6 39 26 58 31 32 Telephones, per 1,000 persons (Mobile Phones) 2012 1,000 667 637 801 713 1,401 609 665
  20. 20. –– 15 –– SOCIAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES Sources : Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Human Development Report 2013, UNDP (a) A composite index of life expectancy, education and income. (b) 2008 (c) 2005 (d) National Poverty Line (Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified) (e) 2004 (f) 2010 (g) 2009 (h) Fixed Broadband Internet n.a. – Not available Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Human Development Index (a) (Max.: 1.000 ; Min.: 0.000) 2012 0.629 0.769 0.654 0.909 0.895 0.690 Literacy Rate, % : –  Male 2011 94.0 95.4 95.0 (b) n.a. 98.0 95.6 (c) (15 years and over) –  Female 2011 86.8 90.7 95.8 (b) n.a. 93.8 91.5 (c) Labour Force Participation Rate, % –  Male 2011 84.2 76.9 79.4 71.4 75.6 80.0 – Female 2011 51.2 43.8 49.7 49.2 56.5 63.8 Unemployment Rate, % 2012 6.1 3.0 7.0 3.2 2.6 0.7 Employment (% of total employment) –  Agriculture 2012 35.1 12.6 32.1 6.2 0.1 38.9 – Industry 2012 15.3 18.1 9.0 16.7 14.3 14.9 – Services 2012 49.6 69.3 58.9 77.1 85.5 46.2 Population below the Poverty Line, % (d) 2002–2012 12.5 n.a. 26.5 n.a. n.a. 8.1 Physicians, per 10,000 persons 2010 2.9 12.0 11.5 (e) 20.2 19.2 3.2 Hospital Beds, per 10,000 persons 2011 6.0 (f) 17.9 10.0 102.5 (g) 27.1 21.0 Per Capita Electricity Consumption (kWh) 2010 641 4,117 643 9,744 8,307 2,243 Internet Subscriptions, per 1,000 persons (h) 2012 12.1 84.0 22.4 365.0 258.7 67.7 Telephones per 1,000 persons (Main Lines) 2012 154 157 41 602 375 99 Telephones per 1,000 persons (Mobile Phones) 2012 1,141 1,410 1,075 1,072 1,521 1,306
  21. 21. –– 16 –– Social Indicators (Selected Asian Countries) Sri Lanka Pakistan India Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand Malaysia Literacy Rate (%), 2005–2010 Life Expectancy, (years) 2012 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Sri Lanka Pakistan India Bangladesh Philippines Indonesia Thailand Malaysia Literacy Rate, % (2005–2010) 91.2 54.9 62.8 56.8 95.4 92.6 93.5 93.1 Life Expectancy, Years (2012) 75.1 65.7 65.8 69.2 69.0 69.8 74.3 74.5
  22. 22. –– 17 –– INFLATION (a) : SELECTED COUNTRIES (a) Percentage Change of Annual Average of Consumer Price Index. (b) 2005 to 2008 – Colombo Consumer Price Index (2002 = 100) 2009 onwards – Colombo Consumer Price Index (2006/07 = 100) Sources : World Economic Outlook, April 2014, IMF Department of Census and Statistics Percentage Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 SAARC Countries Sri Lanka (b) 22.6 3.5 6.2 6.7 7.6 6.9 Afghanistan 26.4 -6.8 2.2 11.8 6.4 7.4 Bangladesh 8.9 5.4 8.1 10.7 6.2 7.5 Bhutan 6.3 7.1 4.8 8.6 10.1 8.7 India 8.9 13.0 10.5 9.6 10.2 9.5 Maldives 12.0 4.5 6.1 11.3 10.9 4.0 Nepal 6.7 12.6 9.5 9.6 8.3 9.9 Pakistan 10.8 17.6 10.1 13.7 11.0 7.4 East Asian Countries (Selected) Indonesia 9.8 5.0 5.1 5.3 4.0 6.4 Malaysia 5.4 0.6 1.7 3.2 1.7 2.1 Philippines 8.2 4.2 3.8 4.7 3.2 2.9 Republic of Korea 4.7 2.8 2.9 4.0 2.2 1.3 Singapore 6.6 0.6 2.8 5.2 4.6 2.4 Thailand 5.5 -0.9 3.3 3.8 3.0 2.2 Industrial Countries (Selected) Japan 1.4 -1.3 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 0.4 United Kingdom 3.6 2.2 3.3 4.5 2.8 2.6 United States 3.8 -0.3 1.6 3.1 2.1 1.5
  23. 23. –– 18 –– EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SAARC COUNTRIES (a) Exports less imports. (b) Total debt service includes principal and interest payments on long-term debt, interest payments on short-term debt, and IMF repurchases and charges. (c) Units of domestic currency (annual average) per US dollar. n.a. – Not available Sources : International Financial Statistics, Yearbook 2013, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Central Bank of Sri Lanka Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afgha- nistan Bangla -desh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Exports, Mn. US $ 2012 9,774 n.a. n.a. n.a. 296,443 162 n.a. 24,556 Exports Per Capita, US $ 2012 481 – – – 244 385 – 136 Imports, Mn. US $ 2012 19,190 n.a. n.a. n.a. 488,444 1,554 n.a. 44,108 Imports Per Capita, US $ 2012 945 – – – 403 3,701 – 244 Export / Import Ratio 2012 0.51 – – – 0.61 0.10 – 0.56 Balance of Trade (a), Mn. US $ 2012 -9,417 – – – -192,002 -1,393 – -19,552 Current Account Balance, Mn. US $ 2012 -3,982 n.a. 2,648 n.a. n.a. n.a. 284 -2,072 Total Reserves Minus Gold, Mn. US $ 2012 6,378 5,983 12,031 955 270,587 318 4,307 10,242 External Debt, Mn. US $ 2011 23,984 2,623 27,043 1,035 334,331 983 3,956 60,182 External Debt Service Ratio (b), % 2011 12.8 n.a. 5.5 11.1 6.5 n.a. 9.5 9.2 Exchange Rate (c) (Domestic Currency / US $) 2012 127.60 50.92 81.86 53.44 53.44 15.37 85.20 93.40
  24. 24. –– 19 –– EXTERNAL TRADE AND FINANCE : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES Sources : International Financial Statistics, Yearbook 2013, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB (a) Exports less imports. (b) Total debt service includes principal and interest payments on long-term debt, interest payments on short-term debt, and IMF repurchases and charges. (c) Units of domestic currency (annual average) per US dollar. n.a. – Not available Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Exports, Mn. US $ 2012 188,516 227,245 51,994 547,870 408,263 228,172 Exports Per Capita, US $ 2012 763 7,745 543 10,957 76,886 3,545 Imports, Mn. US $ 2012 190,992 196,558 65,384 461,833 379,643 250,199 Imports Per Capita, US $ 2012 773 6,699 683 9,237 71,496 3,887 Export / Import Ratio 2012 0.99 1.16 0.80 1.19 1.08 0.91 Balance of Trade (a), Mn. US $ 2012 -2,476 30,687 -13,391 86,037 28,620 -22,027 Current Account Balance, Mn. US $ 2012 -24,074 18,638 7,126 43,335 51,437 2,759 Total Reserves Minus Gold, Mn. US $ 2012 108,837 137,784 73,478 323,207 259,094 173,328 External Debt, Mn. US $ 2011 213,541 94,468 76,043 398,724 n.a. 80,039 External Debt Service Ratio (b), % 2011 14.5 3.9 17.6 n.a. n.a. 3.8 Exchange Rate (c) (Domestic Currency / US $) 2012 9,387.00 3.09 42.23 1,127.00 1.25 31.08
  25. 25. –– 20 –– MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SAARC COUNTRIES (a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic currency. (b) Ratio of Money Supply to Reserve Money. (c) Ratio of GDP to Money Supply. (d) 2011 data Sources : International Financial Statistics, Year Book 2013, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Central Bank of Sri Lanka Indicator Ref. Year Sri Lanka Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Reserve Money, Mn. US $ 2012 3,809 3,979 13,399 350 266,170 532 3,329 24,869 Narrow Money, Mn. US $ 2012 3,539 6,121 14,854 192 330,748 549 3,104 62,291 Broad Money, Mn. US $ 2012 20,393 6,499 80,270 1,062 1,465,454 1,302 13,567 106,105 Broad Money, % of GDP 2012 34.2 – 69.8 59.7 84.8 58.6 77.5 53.1 Change of Money (a), % Narrow Money 2012 2.6 9.8 9.9 -68.3 6.7 2.9 17.0 19.4 Broad Money 2012 18.3 8.8 17.0 7.2 11.1 4.9 14.9 17.2 Composition of Broad Money, % Currency 2012 8.6 42.1 11.3 12.8 13.7 10.6 15.1 22.8 Demand Deposits 2012 6.8 52.1 9.9 51.0 8.9 31.6 8.3 52.7 Quasi-Money 2012 84.6 5.8 78.8 36.2 77.4 57.8 76.6 24.5 Causal Factors in Broad Money, Mn. US $ Net Foreign Assets 2012 -203 8,158 9,871 642 291,936 332 4,373 9,711 Domestic Credit 2012 29,067 853 64,913 848 1,522,573 1,566 11,331 90,493 Net Other Items 2012 -5,829 799 -10,024 -575 -291,153 -595 -2,819 -17,646 Money Multiplier (b) For Narrow Money 2012 0.9 1.5 1.1 0.5 1.2 1.0 0.9 2.5 For Broad Money 2012 5.4 1.6 6.0 3.0 5.5 2.4 4.1 4.3 Income Velocity of Money (c) Of Narrow Money 2012 16.8 – 7.7 9.3 5.2 4.1 5.6 3.2 Of Broad Money 2012 2.9 – 1.4 1.7 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.9 Fiscal Operation Indicators, % of GDP Revenue 2012 13.9 10.4 (d) 12.5 20.7 9.1 27.4 15.9 12.8 Total Expenditure 2012 20.5 22.0 (d) 16.0 35.7 14.3 41.6 20.8 19.2 Budget Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) 2012 -6.5 1.8 (d) -4.6 -1.1 -5.2 -12.6 -1.5 -6.6
  26. 26. –– 21 –– MONETARY AND FISCAL INDICATORS : SELECTED EAST ASIAN COUNTRIES (a) Percentage change of amounts in domestic currency. (b) Ratio of Money Supply to Reserve Money. (c) Ratio of GDP to Money Supply. (d) 2011 data Sources : International Financial Statistics, Year Book 2013, IMF Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013, ADB Indicator Ref. Year Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Rep. of Korea Singapore Thailand Reserve Money, Mn. US $ 2012 78,102 34,605 35,816 82,516 39,811 47,264 Narrow Money, Mn. US $ 2012 87,045 94,738 38,927 439,016 115,005 52,177 Broad Money, Mn. US $ 2012 341,742 434,456 151,186 1,714,592 388,552 488,626 Broad Money, % of GDP 2012 40.1 141.7 58.9 144.3 137.6 124.7 Change of Money (a), % Narrow Money 2012 16.4 12.2 7.4 6.3 9.0 13.0 Broad Money 2012 14.9 8.8 7.0 4.8 7.2 10.4 Composition of Broad Money, % Currency 2012 11.0 4.3 11.0 2.4 5.5 7.6 Demand Deposits 2012 14.5 17.4 20.6 23.2 24.1 3.1 Quasi-Money 2012 74.5 78.3 68.5 74.4 70.4 89.3 Causal Factors in Broad Money, Mn. US $ Net Foreign Assets 2012 99,835 166,384 78,819 312,329 247,362 161,348 Domestic Credit 2012 342,378 409,682 129,413 1,935,474 281,136 480,514 Net Other Items 2012 -100,476 -133,701 -58,618 -533,210 -139,946 -153,261 Money Multiplier (b) For Narrow Money 2012 1.1 2.7 1.1 5.3 2.9 1.1 For Broad Money 2012 4.4 12.6 4.2 20.8 9.8 10.3 Income Velocity of Money (c) Of Narrow Money 2012 9.8 3.2 6.6 2.7 2.5 7.5 Of Broad Money 2012 2.5 0.7 1.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 Fiscal Operation Indicators, % of GDP Revenue 2012 15.6 22.2 14.5 24.5 24.7 (d) 17.7 Total Expenditure 2012 17.5 26.7 16.6 23.0 15.2 (d) 19.8 (d) Budget Surplus (+) / Deficit (-) 2012 -1.8 -4.5 -2.3 1.5 9.5 (d) -2.3
  27. 27. –– 22 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : National Level Findings of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) by Survey Period - Sri Lanka Variable Unit HIES Survey Period 1980/81 1985/86 1990/91 1995/96 2002 2005 2006/07 2009/10 2012(a) Household size Nos. 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9 Mean household income per month Rs. 881 2,012 3,549 6,476 12,803 20,048 26,286 36,451 46,207 Median household income per month Rs. 642 1,322 2,547 3,793 8,482 13,617 16,735 23,746 30,400 Mean per capita income per month Rs. 180 395 724 1,439 3,056 4,896 6,463 9,104 11,932 Income receivers mean income per month Rs. 469 941 1,819 3,367 6,959 10,563 14,457 20,427 25,778 No. of income receivers per household Nos. 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 Mean household expenditure per month Rs. 1,232 2,079 3,905 6,525 13,147 19,151 22,952 31,331 40,887 Expenditure on food and drink Rs. 801 1,198 2,377 3,552 5,848 7,593 8,641 13,267 15,358 Expenditure on non-food items   (excluding liquor, narcotic drugs and tobacco) Rs. 377 802 1,384 2,753 6,993 11,079 13,819 17,399 24,791 Expenditure on liquor, narcotic drugs and tobacco Rs. 54 79 144 219 306 479 492 655 738 Gini coefficient of household income 0.43 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.48 Gini coefficient of household expenditure – – – 0.36 0.41 0.40 0.41 0.39 0.40 Gini coefficient of income receivers income 0.43 – 0.52 0.52 0.53 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.54 Food Ratio (as a percentage) % 65.0 57.6 64.6 54.4 44.5 39.6 37.6 42.3 37.6 Poverty Head Count Ratio % – – 26.1 28.8 22.7 – 15.2 8.9 6.7 Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series,   Department of Census and Statistics (a) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13.
  28. 28. –– 23 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Average Monthly Household Expenditure on Selected Food/Non-Food Items by HIES Survey Period - Sri Lanka Variable HIES Survey Period 1980/81 1985/86 1990/91 1995/96 2002 2005 2006/07 2009/10 2012 Average Monthly Expenditure (% share) Food Expenditure Rice 31.5 25.3 22.4 21.2 17.1 13.8 13.9 17.3 12.7 Wheat Flour 2.4 2.6 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.2 Bread 4.7 5.3 4.2 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.5 3.2 2.8 Condiments 8.0 10.4 9.1 9.9 8.6 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.4 Vegetables 7.5 9.9 8.8 8.3 7.5 8.1 8.4 7.6 7.6 Coconuts 8.2 5.9 8.6 6.9 7.0 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.9 Fish 4.9 5.8 5.1 6.6 6.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.8 Dried Fish 3.2 4.0 4.0 4.6 3.5 3.6 4.0 3.7 3.8 Milk & Milk Products 3.3 4.3 4.7 7.1 7.9 9.8 8.7 7.8 9.0 Sugar 7.8 6.3 6.2 5.2 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.4 2.8 Other Food & Drinks 18.5 20.2 25.4 24.7 33.8 33.0 33.3 32.0 38.1 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Non-Food Expenditure Housing 15.3 18.5 22.3 27.8 22.8 17.8 18.4 19.1 17.8 Fuel and Light 15.5 13.0 11.8 9.9 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 6.8 Clothing, Textile and Footwear 12.3 11.8 10.4 9.5 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.3 Personal Care and Health 8.4 10.0 9.7 10.4 8.0 9.6 6.9 7.9 8.7 Transport and Communication 14.4 13.1 12.6 12.9 12.7 15.0 16.8 17.0 17.6 Education 3.9 3.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4 5.6 5.6 Non-Durable Household Goods 4.4 – 3.9 2.9 1.9 2.7 2.1 1.5 1.2 Consumer Durables 5.8 4.9 3.5 4.1 4.4 6.2 5.5 4.3 4.3 Liquor and Tobacco 12.5 9.9 9.4 7.4 4.2 4.1 3.4 3.7 2.9 Other Expenditure 7.4 25.2 12.2 10.9 28.8 28.4 30.3 28.8 29.8 Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series,   Department of Census and Statistics
  29. 29. –– 24 –– (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. Item Western Central Southern Northern (a) Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island Population Distribution By Gender, % Male 47.2 46.3 47.3 47.3 48.6 48.0 48.0 47.4 48.1 47.4 Female 52.8 53.7 52.7 52.7 51.4 52.0 52.0 52.6 51.9 52.6 By Age Group, %   0 – 14 Years 23.3 27.3 25.6 27.9 32.5 26.0 27.7 27.7 24.9 26.0 15 – 59 Years 62.4 60.3 60.1 61.1 60.6 62.6 63.8 62.4 62.3 61.8 Over 59 Years 14.3 12.5 14.2 11.0 6.9 11.3 8.4 9.9 12.8 12.3 By Educational Attainment, % No Schooling 2.6 6.2 4.9 1.4 4.3 4.1 2.9 7.9 5.1 4.2 Up to Grade 5 18.9 28.1 25.6 28.9 35.1 26.8 25.4 28.3 26.1 25.1 Grade 6 – 10 43.4 42.8 42.1 52.0 41.2 46.3 51.4 44.7 47.5 44.6 Passed G.C.E. (O/L) 19.4 12.2 15.6 10.5 11.9 13.3 12.5 12.0 11.3 14.7 Passed G.C.E. (A/L) and above 15.4 10.6 11.6 7.0 7.4 9.4 7.5 7.0 9.9 11.2 Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, Department of Census and Statistics SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Population Distribution 2009/10
  30. 30. –– 25 –– Item Western Central Southern Northern (a) Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island Average Income, Rs. per Month Per Household 47,118 31,895 32,514 23,712 23,922 35,586 35,577 28,717 36,173 36,451 Per Person 11,561 8,040 8,035 5,515 5,663 9,352 9,280 7,343 9,132 9,104 Per Income Receiver 24,149 17,865 18,035 14,936 15,739 21,566 21,803 17,112 19,418 20,427 Median Income, Rs. per Month Per Household 30,600 21,410 23,253 16,710 18,030 20,961 24,993 19,761 21,676 23,746 Per Person 7,250 5,251 5,637 3,857 4,202 5,295 6,340 4,961 5,445 5,803 Per Income Receiver 15,000 10,743 12,236 11,500 12,390 12,000 14,837 10,900 10,893 12,500 Income Share by Households, % Richest 20% 53.3 53.4 48.5 49.2 47.5 58.7 50.2 51.9 57.9 54.1 Poorest 20% 5.0 4.4 5.7 4.9 4.8 4.0 5.5 4.7 4.1 4.5 Middle 60% 41.7 42.2 45.8 45.8 47.7 37.3 44.3 43.3 38.0 41.4 Gini Coefficient (One Month Income) Gini coefficient (households) 0.47 0.48 0.42 (b) 0.42 0.54 0.44 0.47 0.53 0.49 Gini coefficient (per person) 0.48 0.48 0.42 0.41 0.41 0.54 0.44 0.46 0.51 0.49 Gini coefficient (income receivers) 0.55 0.55 0.50 0.47 0.45 0.58 0.51 0.53 0.59 0.55 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Income Distribution 2009/10 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Reliable estimates cannot be provided. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, Department of Census and Statistics
  31. 31. –– 26 –– Item Western Central Southern Northern (a) Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island Total Consumer Expenditure per Month, Rs. per Household 42,399 28,308 28,809 25,656 25,265 25,927 29,480 23,547 25,583 31,331 Consumer Expenditure Shares, % All Food 35.4 44.8 43.8 58.9 57.4 47.0 41.0 46.8 46.4 42.3 Cereal 5.6 10.7 8.5 13.6 11.3 9.7 9.5 12.3 11.1 8.5 Prepared Foods 5.2 3.6 4.6 3.9 5.2 4.4 3.2 3.6 3.8 4.5 Pulses 1.4 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.3 2.4 1.7 Vegetables 2.4 3.5 3.2 3.9 4.3 3.8 3.5 4.4 3.8 3.2 Meat 1.5 1.7 0.7 3.7 4.0 2.0 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.7 Fish 3.5 2.2 4.3 7.1 7.7 4.4 3.7 2.4 2.4 3.7 Coconut 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.9 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.4 3.2 2.4 Condiments 3.0 4.1 4.4 5.1 5.9 4.5 3.7 3.8 4.3 3.9 Milk and Milk Products 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.6 3.2 3.3 Sugar, Jaggery & Treacle 1.1 1.6 1.6 2.6 2.4 1.8 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 Other 6.6 9.2 8.1 9.6 9.6 9.1 7.5 9.2 9.5 8.0 All Non-Food 64.6 55.2 56.2 41.1 42.6 53.0 59.0 53.2 53.6 57.7 Housing 14.5 10.4 9.4 4.2 7.2 8.7 7.5 8.8 8.8 11.0 Personal Care and Health Expenses 5.6 3.4 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.0 3.5 3.9 4.6 Education 4.0 2.8 3.4 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 3.2 Transport and Communication 10.6 9.9 9.1 6.0 6.6 9.4 10.8 8.5 11.1 9.8 Fuel and Light 4.5 4.0 3.6 4.9 4.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 4.1 Durable Household Goods 2.2 1.9 2.6 1.9 1.5 3.8 4.8 2.2 2.3 2.5 Clothing, Textile and Footwear 2.2 3.4 2.9 3.5 3.6 3.0 3.7 3.5 3.7 2.9 Other 21.0 19.4 20.9 14.0 12.6 17.7 22.2 20.5 17.7 19.6 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Household Expenditure by Province 2009/10 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, Department of Census and Statistics
  32. 32. –– 27 –– Item Western Central Southern Northern (a) Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island Housing Conditions, % of Households Wall Type Permanent 94.2 91.1 92.8 89.1 90.4 89.0 92.1 93.4 88.0 91.7 Semi Permanent 5.8 8.9 7.2 10.9 9.6 11.0 7.9 6.6 12.0 8.3 Floor Type Permanent 96.1 85.1 89.0 84.1 91.9 87.7 77.9 76.1 87.5 88.7 Semi Permanent 3.9 14.9 11.0 15.9 8.1 12.3 22.1 23.9 12.5 11.3 Roof Type Permanent 93.2 68.1 94.5 83.3 87.8 85.4 88.4 76.8 83.4 86.0 Semi Permanent 6.8 31.9 5.5 16.7 12.2 14.6 11.6 23.2 16.6 14.0 Water Supply and Sanitation Main Source of Drinking Water Safe 95.7 81.2 86.2 96.2 96.0 91.4 91.7 69.9 70.4 87.7 Not Safe 4.3 18.8 13.8 3.8 4.0 8.6 8.3 30.1 29.6 12.3 Toilet Facilities Exclusive for the Household 89.9 89.1 92.4 76.3 85.7 87.6 91.6 90.0 92.3 89.5 Sharing with another Household 7.1 6.2 5.7 4.1 5.1 8.1 6.6 7.6 6.4 6.6 Public Toilet Facilities 2.6 2.2 0.2 1.4 0.2 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.4 1.4 No Toilet Facilities 0.4 2.5 1.5 18.1 8.9 3.3 1.2 1.2 0.9 2.5 Availability of Household Equipment Radio / Cassette Players 77.7 78.2 74.8 61.6 63.7 73.6 76.3 79.6 77.7 75.4 Television 88.4 81.7 79.8 54.3 63.2 78.5 79.2 78.0 77.5 80.0 Telephone / Cellular Phone 86.0 76.2 76.6 65.2 63.5 75.1 78.2 71.7 72.0 77.1 Bicycle 31.4 12.0 45.9 84.8 73.1 59.1 76.7 24.6 17.4 39.8 Motor Cycle / Scooters 27.3 10.8 27.2 28.5 28.4 39.3 45.5 14.0 15.5 25.8 Motor Car / Van 10.3 5.0 3.4 0.9 0.9 5.5 3.5 2.8 3.7 5.6 Sewing Machine 53.1 43.0 47.9 14.3 24.9 39.9 38.2 33.9 40.1 42.7 Refrigerator 60.0 34.1 38.0 16.2 22.2 36.0 32.5 21.8 30.4 39.6 Washing Machine 24.8 12.3 9.4 1.1 7.2 10.7 5.7 4.7 6.6 13.1 Personal Computer 21.2 11.7 10.2 6.5 5.9 9.8 8.5 5.8 8.4 12.5 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS BY PROVINCE : Housing and Amenities 2009/10 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, Department of Census and Statistics
  33. 33. –– 28 –– Item Western Central Southern Northern (a) Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island Sources of Energy for Lighting Electricity 95.0 87.3 91.1 69.6 76.3 77.0 77.2 78.9 79.1 85.3 Kerosene 4.8 11.8 8.4 30.3 21.6 18.2 18.6 17.1 17.5 12.8 Solar Energy 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.1 2.1 4.8 4.1 4.0 3.2 1.8 Sources of Energy for Cooking Firewood 57.5 86.3 87.6 90.4 81.2 93.4 93.8 95.9 92.7 80.5 Gas 35.1 12.1 10.7 3.4 13.7 5.1 5.4 3.6 6.7 16.0 Kerosene 6.1 1.1 0.3 5.6 3.4 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.0 2.5 Other 1.2 0.5 1.4 0.7 1.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Sources of Energy for Lighting and Cooking by Province 2009/10 per cent (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, Department of Census and Statistics
  34. 34. –– 29 –– Item 2009/10 (a) 2012 (b) Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All Island Population Distribution By Gender, % Male 47.7 47.4 47.6 47.4 47.2 47.1 47.7 47.2 Female 52.3 52.6 52.4 52.6 52.8 52.9 52.3 52.8 By Age Group, %   0 – 14 Years 25.3 25.9 29.7 26.0 24.2 25.8 28.6 25.7 15 – 59 Years 61.9 61.8 59.9 61.8 61.0 61.2 59.1 61.1 Over 59 Years 12.8 12.3 10.5 12.3 14.8 13.0 12.3 13.3 By Educational Attainment, % No Schooling 2.5 4.0 13.1 4.2 2.6 3.9 12.1 4.0 Up to Grade 5 21.6 24.6 43.0 25.1 19.5 24.5 41.6 24.4 Grade 6 - 10 42.1 45.5 37.7 44.6 37.6 44.8 38.7 43.2 Passed G.C.E. (O/L) 17.5 14.9 3.8 14.7 20.5 15.9 5.6 16.3 Passed G.C.E. (A/L) and above 16.2 10.8 2.3 11.2 19.7 10.9 2.1 12.0 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13 Department of Census and Statistics SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Population Distribution by Sector 2009/10 and 2012
  35. 35. –– 30 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Income Distribution by Sector 2009/10 and 2012 Item 2009/10 (a) 2012 (b) Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All Island Mean Income, Rs. per Month Per household 47,783 35,228 24,162 36,451 68,336 42,184 31,895 46,207 Per person 11,245 8,916 5,782 9,104 17,150 11,003 7,719 11,932 Median Income, Rs. per Month Per household 31,000 23,126 17,366 23,746 41,958 28,921 25,664 30,400 Per person 6,925 5,758 4,161 5,803 10,167 7,617 6,047 7,871 Income Shares by Deciles of Households, %   1st Decile 0.6 1.7 3.2 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.4   2nd Decile 1.5 3.1 6.8 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.7 3.0   3rd Decile 2.0 4.1 9.2 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.8 4.0   4th Decile 3.0 5.1 10.2 4.9 4.5 5.2 6.1 5.0   5th Decile 3.7 6.3 10.7 6.0 5.6 6.3 7.5 6.0   6th Decile 5.7 7.3 11.4 7.1 6.9 7.5 8.7 7.2   7th Decile 7.7 8.9 9.3 8.7 8.4 9.1 10.0 8.8   8th Decile 9.9 11.1 8.9 10.8 10.4 11.3 12.1 11.1   9th Decile 15.7 14.6 8.3 14.6 14.6 14.9 15.8 14.8 10th Decile 50.3 37.7 22.0 39.5 41.7 37.0 29.5 38.7 Income Share by Households, % Richest 20% 53.3 53.8 49.4 54.1 56.4 51.9 45.3 53.5 Poorest 20% 4.7 4.5 5.9 4.5 4.2 4.5 5.5 4.4 Middle 60% 42.1 41.7 44.7 41.4 39.5 43.6 49.2 42.1 Gini Coefficient, One Month Income Gini coefficient (households) 0.48 0.49 0.43 0.49 0.51 0.47 0.39 0.48 Gini coefficient (income receivers) 0.54 0.54 0.50 0.55 0.56 0.53 0.45 0.54 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13 Department of Census and Statistics
  36. 36. –– 31 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Household Expenditure by Sector 2009/10 and 2012 Item 2009/10 (a) 2012 (b) Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All Island Expenditure, Rs. per Month Per household 44,928 29,423 23,988 31,331 59,001 37,561 29,779 40,887 Household Expenditure Share, % Food 35.6 43.7 50.8 42.3 31.4 39.1 49.6 37.6 Housing 16.9 9.8 4.3 11.0 16.6 9.5 4.7 11.1 Fuel and Light 5.0 3.8 4.0 4.1 5.4 3.8 4.5 4.2 Personal Care and Health Expenses 5.4 4.4 3.7 4.6 6.7 5.1 3.4 5.4 Transport 6.7 7.7 4.6 7.4 10.6 8.3 7.2 8.8 Communication 2.8 2.3 1.7 2.4 2.8 2.0 1.7 2.2 Education 4.0 3.1 1.6 3.2 4.7 3.2 1.5 3.5 Cultural Activities and Entertainment 1.1 1.3 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 Non-Durable Household Goods and Services 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.2 1.1 1.4 Clothing, Textile and Footware 2.3 3.0 3.7 2.9 2.5 3.6 3.2 3.3 Durable Household Goods 2.0 2.6 2.1 2.5 1.6 3.1 2.5 2.7 Other Miscellaneous Expenses 10.8 9.3 8.4 9.5 7.8 10.7 9.4 10.0 Other Rare Expenses 4.2 5.7 6.7 5.5 5.9 7.2 4.5 6.8 Liquor, Narcotic Drugs and Tobacco 1.5 2.1 5.1 2.1 0.9 2.0 5.4 1.8 (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13 Department of Census and Statistics
  37. 37. –– 32 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Housing and Amenities by Sector 2009/10 and 2012 Item 2009/10 (a) 2012 (b) Urban Rural Estate All Island Urban Rural Estate All Island Housing Conditions, % of Households Wall Type Permanent 94.1 91.5 89.1 91.7 94.0 92.0 94.6 92.5 Semi Permanent 5.9 8.5 10.9 8.3 6.0 8.0 5.4 7.5 Floor Type Permanent 97.1 87.6 83.1 88.7 98.2 90.8 83.4 91.7 Semi Permanent 2.9 12.4 16.9 11.3 1.8 9.2 16.6 8.3 Roof Type Permanent 91.1 88.9 23.0 86.0 95.0 91.3 33.4 89.5 Semi Permanent 8.9 11.1 77.0 14.0 5.0 8.7 66.6 10.5 Water Supply and Sanitation Main Source of Drinking Water Safe 97.4 87.6 60.3 87.7 98.7 89.0 43.2 88.7 Not Safe 2.6 12.4 39.7 12.3 1.3 11.0 56.8 11.3 Toilet Facilities Exclusive for the Household 86.4 90.9 74.0 89.5 88.6 90.8 75.9 89.8 Sharing with another Household 7.1 6.2 13.1 6.6 8.5 7.7 21.7 8.5 Public Toilet Facilities 5.1 0.4 7.2 1.4 2.8 0.5 1.9 0.9 No Toilet Facilties 1.3 2.5 5.6 2.5 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.8 Availability of Household Equipment Radio / Cassette Players 76.5 75.6 69.4 75.4 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Television 86.9 79.3 70.5 80.0 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Telephone / Cellular Phone 84.8 76.7 61.1 77.1 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Bicycle 35.6 42.5 6.7 39.8 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Motor Cycle / Scooters 21.2 27.9 4.1 25.8 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Motor Car / Van 10.4 5.1 1.1 5.6 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Sewing Machine 50.7 42.7 20.2 42.7 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Refrigerator 60.2 37.9 7.9 39.6 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Washing Machine 28.0 11.3 1.7 13.1 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Personal Computer 23.6 11.2 2.2 12.5 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13 Department of Census and Statistics n.a. – Not available
  38. 38. –– 33 –– Item Urban Rural Estate All Sectors 2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b) 2009/10(a) 2012(b) Sources of Energy for Lighting Electricity 95.6 97.0 84.1 87.5 76.9 82.8 85.3 88.9 Kerosene 4.4 2.7 13.7 11.3 22.5 16.9 12.8 10.1 Solar Energy 0.0 0.3 2.2 1.2 0.7 0.2 1.8 1.0 Other – 0.1 – 0.4 – – – 0.1 Sources of Energy for Cooking Firewood 39.2 35.2 86.7 85.7 97.3 95.3 80.5 77.5 Gas 48.0 55.5 11.3 12.0 1.5 2.4 16.0 19.0 Kerosene 11.4 9.2 1.1 2.3 0.6 2.3 2.5 3.5 Other 1.3 – 0.9 – 0.6 – 0.9 – SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Sources of Energy for Lighting and Cooking by Sector 2009/10 and 2012 % of Households (a) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. (b) Based on provisional data published in preliminary report of the Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2012/13. Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009/10, 2012/13 Department of Census and Statistics
  39. 39. –– 34 –– Sector / Province Poverty Head Count Index (Percentage) by HIES Survey Period Poor Household Percentage Poverty Gap Index (%) 1990/91 1995/96 2002 2006/07 2009/10 2012 2006/07 2009/10 2006/07 2009/10 Sri Lanka 26.1 28.8 22.7 15.2 8.9 6.7 12.6 7.0 3.1 1.7 Sector Urban 16.3 14.0 7.9 6.7 5.3 2.1 5.0 3.8 1.3 1.2 Rural 29.5 30.9 24.7 15.7 9.4 7.6 13.1 7.5 3.2 1.8 Estate 20.5 38.4 30.0 32.0 11.4 10.9 25.8 8.9 6.2 2.1 Province Western 19.1 16.3 10.8 8.2 4.2 n.a. 6.5 3.0 1.5 0.8 Central 30.7 36.2 25.1 22.3 9.7 n.a. 18.2 8.2 4.6 1.8 Southern 30.2 32.6 27.8 13.8 9.8 n.a. 11.0 7.5 2.6 1.8 Northern n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 12.8 n.a. n.a. 10.0 n.a. 2.1 Eastern n.a. n.a. n.a. 10.8 14.8 n.a. 9.0 12.4 2.1 3.2 North Western 25.8 27.7 27.3 14.6 11.3 n.a. 12.2 8.2 2.9 2.4 North Central 24.5 24.7 21.5 14.2 5.7 n.a. 11.8 4.6 2.8 1.0 Uva 31.9 46.7 37.2 27.0 13.7 n.a. 23.8 12.0 6.2 2.4 Sabaragamuwa 31.0 41.7 33.6 24.2 10.6 n.a. 20.2 8.7 4.9 2.1 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Poverty Indicators by Sector and Province n.a. – Not available Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Series,   Department of Census and Statistics
  40. 40. –– 35 –– SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS : Daily Average Dietary Energy Consumption per Person by Poverty Status, Sector, Province 2006/07 and 2009/10 Sector / Province 2006/07(a) 2009/10(b) Poor Households Non-Poor Households All Households Poor Households Non-Poor Households All Households Sri Lanka 1,696 2,194 2,118 1,472 2,155 2,094 Sector Urban 1,316 1,949 1,906 1,139 1,922 1,881 Rural 1,686 2,222 2,138 1,497 2,180 2,116 Estate 1,984 2,626 2,420 1,596 2,477 2,377 Province Western 1,471 2,022 1,977 1,209 1,968 1,936 Central 1,808 2,325 2,210 1,531 2,274 2,202 Southern 1,669 2,228 2,151 1,469 2,173 2,104 Northern n.a. n.a. n.a. 1,511 2,306 2,204 Eastern 1,686 2,242 2,182 1,536 2,155 2,063 North Western 1,574 2,254 2,154 1,398 2,194 2,104 North Central 1,746 2,300 2,221 1,483 2,248 2,204 Uva 1,886 2,406 2,266 1,721 2,398 2,305 Sabaragamuwa 1,734 2,267 2,138 1,509 2,252 2,173 (a) Excluding Northern Province and Trincomalee District in Eastern Province. (b) Excluding Mannar, Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu Districts. n.a. – Not available Sources : Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2006/07, 2009/10 Department of Census and Statistics
  41. 41. –– 36 –– PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2004 – 2011 Province 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Western 61.1 63.1 66.0 67.1 68.8 72.2 73.5 76.1 Central 45.8 46.6 49.7 50.6 51.7 54.5 56.7 58.3 Southern 44.9 48.0 50.4 52.1 53.6 56.8 57.8 60.0 Northern 42.5 44.7 43.4 43.7 43.9 48.9 51.8 55.6 Eastern 41.2 42.4 43.9 44.5 45.5 50.0 53.3 54.6 North Western 43.8 45.7 47.9 48.7 49.9 53.3 55.1 57.1 North Central 40.6 42.6 44.1 46.0 47.4 50.9 53.0 54.9 Uva 42.4 41.7 44.5 46.7 47.2 50.9 52.6 54.5 Sabaragamuwa 42.7 44.2 47.0 47.4 49.2 51.8 53.9 55.8 Sri Lanka 46.6 48.3 50.8 51.6 53.1 56.5 58.2 60.6 Western 63.5 66.2 71.1 71.5 72.0 80.9 83.4 86.0 Central 46.5 47.2 51.5 51.9 51.9 60.5 61.5 62.3 Southern 48.7 50.0 53.7 53.3 53.6 62.7 64.2 66.7 Northern 47.2 47.5 42.6 43.9 45.1 56.1 59.5 62.8 Eastern 46.9 48.6 51.0 50.1 50.8 59.5 61.4 63.3 North Western 47.5 49.0 52.8 52.6 53.2 61.1 62.2 64.0 North Central 47.8 49.5 52.5 52.0 52.8 61.5 63.5 65.4 Uva 45.5 46.5 49.4 51.2 48.9 57.1 58.6 60.4 Sabaragamuwa 44.3 45.4 50.4 50.1 49.7 57.8 60.1 61.8 Sri Lanka 51.6 53.4 57.3 56.7 57.2 66.0 67.4 70.1 Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka (Continued…) Economic & Business Climate Sub Index
  42. 42. –– 37 –– PROSPERITY INDEX BY PROVINCE 2004 – 2011 (Contd.) Province 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Western 61.0 62.7 65.0 65.6 66.5 66.4 67.4 70.4 Central 49.9 50.6 52.5 51.8 52.2 51.9 53.8 54.6 Southern 44.4 48.3 49.2 51.9 52.2 51.5 51.3 53.0 Northern 44.7 48.6 49.1 48.5 46.2 45.1 50.7 54.0 Eastern 40.7 41.9 44.4 44.6 43.7 46.6 51.6 52.4 North Western 46.3 48.5 49.3 49.3 49.3 50.4 51.8 53.6 North Central 41.1 43.2 41.9 43.2 43.8 45.1 46.8 48.7 Uva 43.6 41.7 44.7 45.1 44.9 45.5 48.0 49.5 Sabaragamuwa 47.3 49.0 48.9 49.1 50.3 48.8 50.3 52.2 Sri Lanka 48.4 50.2 51.6 52.1 52.4 52.5 54.4 56.4 Western 58.3 60.5 62.0 64.3 68.0 69.2 69.8 71.9 Central 40.6 42.0 45.0 48.1 50.9 51.0 54.7 58.1 Southern 42.8 45.7 48.4 51.3 55.0 56.1 57.9 60.1 Northern 37.7 38.0 38.5 38.7 40.5 45.7 45.1 50.0 Eastern 35.8 36.8 36.4 38.9 41.9 43.8 46.9 48.2 North Western 37.9 39.5 41.6 44.2 47.2 48.2 51.1 53.8 North Central 33.0 35.0 37.8 42.8 45.6 45.9 48.8 50.6 Uva 35.8 37.0 39.5 43.8 47.7 50.1 51.2 53.6 Sabaragamuwa 36.7 38.2 41.7 42.8 47.7 48.7 51.2 53.5 Sri Lanka 39.7 41.3 43.5 46.1 49.6 50.9 52.8 55.4 Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka Infrastructure Sub Index Well Being of People Sub Index
  43. 43. –– 38 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Mid-Year Population, ’000 20,246 20,476 20,653 20,869 20,328 20,483 Male 10,060 10,174 10,249 10,357 9,864 9,940 Female 10,186 10,302 10,404 10,512 10,464 10,544 By Age Groups 0 – 14 Years 5,320 5,380 5,431 5,488 5,132 5,171 15 – 54 Years 12,253 12,391 12,495 12,625 11,629 11,718 55 Years and Over 2,673 2,705 2,727 2,756 3,567 3,594 Population Growth, % 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 Crude Birth Rate per 1,000 18.5 18.4 17.6 17.4 17.5 n.a. Crude Death Rate per 1,000 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.0 n.a. Rate of Natural Increase per 1,000 13.0 12.6 11.4 11.5 11.5 n.a. Net Migration Rate per 1,000 -2.1 -1.7 -1.1 -2.2 -2.6 -2.3 Infant Mortality per 1,000 Live Births 9.0 9.4 n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. Density of Population, Persons per sq. km. 322 326 329 333 324 327 DEMOGRAPHY Source : Registrar General’s Department(a) Provisional n.a. – Not available
  44. 44. –– 39 –– Population & Population Growth Population Population Growth (%) 16 17 18 19 20 21 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 PercentMillion * Estimates upto 2011 are based on Census of Population and Housing 2001 and those from 2012 onwards are based on Census of Population and Housing 2012. 1.0 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.4 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  45. 45. –– 40 –– Item 2008(a) 2009(a) 2010(a) 2011(b) 2012(b) 2013(b)(c) Labour Force, ’000 8,082 8,074 8,108 8,555 8,454 8,802 % of Household Population 49.5 48.7 48.1 47.8 52.6 53.8 Male 67.8 66.6 67.1 66.2 75.0 74.9 Female 33.2 32.8 31.2 31.2 32.9 35.6 Total Employed, ’000 7,648 7,602 7,707 8,197 8,118 8,418 Total Unemployed, ’000 434 471 401 358 336 384 Status of Employment, % Public Sector Employees 15.2 15.5 14.3 14.4 15.1 15.1 Private Sector Employees 41.2 42.1 41.2 40.5 41.3 40.6 Self Employed 30.3 29.2 31.5 31.5 31.9 32.2 Other 13.4 13.2 13.0 13.7 11.6 12.1 Employment by Sector, % (d) Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries 32.6 32.6 32.7 33.0 31.0 Manufacturing 18.5 17.7 17.1 16.9 17.7 Construction (e) 7.7 7.4 7.1 7.2 8.4 Trade and Hotels 14.3 14.7 15.5 15.0 15.6 Transport, Storage and Communication 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.5 Insurance and Real Estate 3.2 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.5 Personal Services and Other 17.9 18.8 17.9 18.1 17.4 LABOUR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT (Continued…)
  46. 46. –– 41 –– LABOUR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT (Contd.) Item 2012 (b) 2013 (b)(c) Employment By Sector, % (f) Agriculture 31.4 29.7 Mining and Quarrying 1.1 1.2 Manufacturing 17.6 18.0 Construction, Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply, Water Supply, Sewerage, Waste management and Remediation Activities 7.6 7.0 Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles 13.8 13.7 Transport and Storage 6.1 6.1 Accomodation and Food Services Activities 1.6 2.2 Information and Communication 0.9 0.7 Financial and Insurance Activities 1.6 1.8 Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 0.7 0.8 Administrative and Support Service Activities 0.9 1.3 Public Administration and Defence Compulsory Social Security 7.0 7.5 Education 4.1 3.9 Human Health and Social Work Activities 1.7 1.7 Other (g) 3.9 4.3 (a) Excluding Northern Province. (b) Data covers the entire island. (c) Provisional. (d) Based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) – Revision 3. (e) Data includes Mining and Quarrying, Electricity, Gas and Water sub-sectors also. (f) Based on the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) – Revision 4. (g) Includes activities of households as employers; Real estate; Arts, entertainment and recreation; and Extra territorial organisations and bodies. Note : Data up to 2011 for household population aged 10 years and above and while that of 2012 onwards for those aged 15 years and above. Source : Department of Census and Statistics
  47. 47. –– 42 –– LABOUR FORCE AND UNEMPLOYMENT Source : Department of Census and Statistics(a) Excluding Northern Province. (b) Data covers the entire island. (c) Provisional Note : Data upto 2011 for household population aged 10 years and above and while that of 2012 onwards for those aged 15 years and above. Unemployment Rate 2008(a) 2009(a) 2010(a) 2011(b) 2012(b) 2013(b)(c) By Gender Male 3.7 4.3 3.5 2.7 2.9 3.2 Female 8.4 8.6 7.7 7.0 6.2 6.6 By Age Groups (Years) 15 - 19 20.8 20.9 20.3 15.5 18.9 18.7 20 - 29 13.7 15.4 13.8 12.3 11.3 13.0 30 - 39 3.1 3.7 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.7 40 - 49 1.2 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.0 50 and above By Level of Education No Schooling – – – – – – Grade 0 - 4 (Year 1 - 5) Grade 5 - 9 (Year 6 - 10) 4.5 5.0 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 GCE (O/L) 7.8 8.5 6.9 5.2 6.0 5.9 GCE (A/L) & above 10.5 11.2 11.6 9.0 7.5 8.6 Overall 5.4 5.8 4.9 4.2 4.0 4.4
  48. 48. –– 43 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (a) Departures of Sri Lankans from Bandaranaike International Airport for all purposes (No.) 966,930 962,792 1,121,399 1,246,727 1,250,350 1,261,722 Migration for employment as a % of departures 25.9 25.7 23.9 21.1 22.6 23.2 Average No. of migrant travellers for employment per day 686 677 733 720 771 803 Migrant Employment Categories by gender (No.) – Male 128,232 119,381 148,001 136,307 144,135 182,866 – Female 122,267 127,745 119,506 126,654 138,312 110,239 by skills (%) – Professional 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 – Middle level 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.3 3.3 5.6 – Clerical & related 2.7 2.7 3.0 3.8 5.7 9.1 – Skilled 25.9 27.2 28.5 27.4 25.0 26.3 – Unskilled 23.6 20.3 22.6 24.2 22.3 24.2 – House maids 43.1 46.0 42.1 40.9 42.1 33.1 Migrant Remittances (US $ mn.) 2,918 3,330 4,116 5,145 5,985 6,407 – Middle East 1,745 1,995 2,474 3,030 3,358 3,562 – Other 1,173 1,335 1,642 2,115 2,627 2,845 – Middle East as a % of total 59.8 59.9 60.1 58.9 56.1 55.6 Foreign Employment – (No.) 1,792,368 1,831,358 1,932,245 (a) n.a. n.a. n.a. – as a % of labour force 22.2 22.7 23.8 (a) n.a. n.a. n.a. (a) Provisional n.a. – Not available Source : Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment FOREIGN EMPLOYMENT
  49. 49. –– 44 –– (a) Revised (b) Provisional Source : Department of Census and Statistics GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (by Industrial Origin) Rs. millon Agriculture 833,477 933,276 12.0 336,817 352,641 4.7 Agriculture, Livestock and Forestry 698,510 776,917 11.2 295,923 309,192 4.5 Fishing 134,967 156,358 15.8 40,894 43,449 6.2 Industry 2,388,241 2,815,428 17.9 925,152 1,016,886 9.9 Mining and Quarrying 152,113 183,934 20.9 84,672 94,388 11.5 Manufacturing 1,354,897 1,536,090 13.4 520,938 559,843 7.5 Electricity, Gas and Water 168,959 200,722 18.8 72,452 79,913 10.3 Construction 712,272 894,683 25.6 247,091 282,742 14.4 Services 4,356,837 4,925,166 13.0 1,783,318 1,896,572 6.4 Wholesale and Retail Trade 1,519,995 1,662,498 9.4 701,408 739,826 5.5 Hotels and Restaurants 57,943 69,105 19.3 21,029 25,715 22.3 Transport and Communication 988,688 1,162,669 17.6 435,872 476,721 9.4 Banking, Insurance and Real Estate etc. 841,369 946,044 12.4 269,744 285,750 5.9 Ownership of Dwellings 212,129 248,633 17.2 76,926 79,175 2.9 Government Services 570,976 651,395 14.1 207,559 213,439 2.8 Private Services 165,736 184,822 11.5 70,779 75,946 7.3 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 7,578,554 8,673,870 14.5 3,045,288 3,266,099 7.3 Net Factor Income from Abroad -154,925 -234,910 -51.6 -62,253 -88,454 -42.1 Gross National Product (GNP) 7,423,629 8,438,960 13.7 2,983,034 3,177,645 6.5 GDP Per Capita, Rs. 372,814 423,467 13.6 – – – Sector At Current Prices Growth Rate (%) At Constant (2002) Prices Growth Rate (%) 2012(a) 2013(b) 2013(b) 2012(a) 2013(b) 2013(b)
  50. 50. –– 45 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (a) Gross National Product 4,305,651 4,779,498 5,534,327 6,471,272 7,423,629 8,438,960 Consumption Expenditure 3,799,084 3,967,770 4,524,188 5,536,095 6,295,894 6,934,816 Private 3,085,296 3,116,221 3,651,578 4,568,393 5,274,451 5,797,525 Government 713,788 851,549 872,610 967,702 1,021,443 1,137,291 Gross Domestic Capital Formation 1,215,248 1,181,449 1,545,500 1,959,483 2,318,253 2,565,498 Private 929,115 863,485 1,200,795 1,550,125 1,794,619 1,969,068 Government 286,133 317,964 344,704 409,358 523,634 596,430 Gross Domestic Expenditure 5,014,331 5,149,219 6,069,688 7,495,578 8,614,147 9,500,314 Exports of Goods and Services 1,095,679 1,031,289 1,254,021 1,508,565 1,730,467 1,949,267 Imports of Goods and Services 1,699,328 1,345,216 1,719,605 2,460,830 2,766,060 2,775,711 Gross Domestic Product 4,410,682 4,835,293 5,604,104 6,543,313 7,578,554 8,673,870 Net Factor Income from Abroad -105,032 -55,795 -69,776 -72,041 -154,925 -234,910 Expenditure on Gross National Product 4,305,651 4,779,498 5,534,327 6,471,272 7,423,629 8,438,960 EXPENDITURE ON GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT (at Current Market Prices) Rs. millon (a) Provisional. Source : Department of Census and Statistics
  51. 51. –– 46 –– QUARTERLY GROWTH OF GDP AND GNP [at Constant (2002) Prices] Period Agriculture Industry Services GDP GNP 2010 1st Quarter 9.1 6.9 6.7 7.1 6.3 2nd Quarter 6.3 9.2 8.6 8.5 7.8 3rd Quarter 6.0 8.8 8.0 8.0 9.1 4th Quarter 6.1 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.6 Annual 7.0 8.4 8.0 8.0 7.9 2011 1st Quarter -4.4 11.1 9.5 8.0 8.9 2nd Quarter 1.8 9.5 8.8 8.1 9.7 3rd Quarter 6.5 10.8 7.8 8.5 6.5 4th Quarter 2.4 10.0 8.5 8.3 8.6 Annual 1.4 10.3 8.6 8.2 8.4 2012 (a) 1st Quarter 12.0 10.8 5.8 8.0 8.3 2nd Quarter 8.5 9.5 4.5 6.4 4.7 3rd Quarter -0.5 7.3 4.6 4.8 3.7 4th Quarter 0.3 13.4 3.7 6.3 6.2 Annual 5.2 10.3 4.6 6.3 5.3 2013 (b) 1st Quarter 3.4 10.7 4.3 6.1 4.0 2nd Quarter -1.1 10.1 6.6 6.8 6.0 3rd Quarter 7.2 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.6 4th Quarter 10.4 10.7 6.5 8.2 7.1 Annual 4.7 9.9 6.4 7.3 6.5 (a) Revised. (b) Provisional. Source : Department of Census and Statistics Percentage
  52. 52. –– 47 –– GDP Rs.billion 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Services Agriculture Industry GDP (at Current Prices) Sectoral Composition of GDP (Rs. bn. at Current Factor Prices) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Agriculture 590 614 718 792 833 933 Industry 1,295 1,435 1,649 1,957 2,388 2,815 Services 2,525 2,787 3,237 3,795 4,357 4,925 GDP 4,411 4,835 5,604 6,543 7,579 8,674
  53. 53. –– 48 –– Expenditure and Savings (% of GDP) Savings - Investment GapConsumption Investment Domestic Savings Percent 20132004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Consumption 83.6 82.1 83.0 82.4 86.1 82.1 80.7 84.6 83.1 80.0 Investment 25.3 26.8 28.0 28.0 27.6 24.4 27.6 29.9 30.6 29.6 Domestic Savings 16.4 17.9 17.0 17.6 13.9 17.9 19.3 15.4 16.9 20.0 Savings – Investment Gap -3.3 -3.0 -5.6 -4.6 -9.8 -0.7 -2.3 -7.8 -6.6 -3.8
  54. 54. –– 49 –– PROVINCIAL GDP (at Current Market Prices) – SHARES AND GROWTH (a) Revised (b) Provisional Note : Based on GDP estimates compiled by the Department of Census and Statistics. Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka 45.4 45.8 44.8 44.2 43.4 2,894,428 3,291,037 489,006 563,920 13.7 9.8 9.8 10.0 9.8 9.8 644,332 743,889 236,974 289,564 15.5 10.5 10.5 10.7 11.0 11.5 718,768 872,399 285,339 352,912 21.4 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.0 242,512 305,287 201,590 287,464 25.9 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.8 6.3 379,184 473,700 239,384 304,043 24.9 9.9 9.6 9.5 10.0 9.6 655,182 729,509 276,916 306,774 11.3 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.7 305,975 354,232 243,805 280,469 15.8 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 297,335 343,131 221,561 271,250 15.4 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.1 405,596 465,370 206,726 241,751 14.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 6,543,313 7,578,554 313,542 372,814 15.8 Share (%) GDP (Rs. Mn.) Per Capita GDP (Rs.) Province Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 (a) 2012 (b) 2011 (a) 2012 (b) 2011 (a) 2012 (b) Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabaragamuwa National GDP Growth (%) 2011 / 2012
  55. 55. –– 50 –– Province Year / Sector Western Central Southern Nothern Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island REGIONAL GDP BY ECONOMIC SECTORS (at Current Market Prices) Rs. million (a) Revised (b) Provisional Note : Based on GDP estimates compiled by the Department of Census and Statistics. Source : Central Bank of Sri Lanka 2010 Agriculture Industry Services Total 2011(a) Agriculture Industry Services Total 2012(b) Agriculture Industry Services Total 75,942 101,741 100,284 30,970 73,959 97,583 77,301 82,298 77,832 717,910 802,790 161,227 206,548 28,836 98,357 162,209 54,924 49,023 85,352 1,649,268 1,634,176 299,776 292,143 129,933 161,652 275,039 134,729 121,857 187,621 3,236,926 2,512,908 562,744 598,976 189,740 333,969 534,831 266,954 253,177 350,806 5,604,104 92,191 113,969 111,892 58,423 61,056 110,318 70,248 84,822 88,841 791,761 966,704 179,054 212,983 47,275 109,015 194,302 74,013 67,339 105,973 1,956,658 1,835,532 351,309 393,893 136,814 209,113 350,562 161,714 145,173 210,782 3,794,893 2,894,428 644,332 718,768 242,512 379,184 655,182 305,975 297,335 405,596 6,543,313 93,815 117,449 113,970 59,730 90,188 105,956 73,428 94,325 84,617 833,477 1,154,490 215,888 293,818 71,929 138,419 219,817 88,098 80,502 125,280 2,388,241 2,042,732 410,552 464,610 173,629 245,093 403,736 192,707 168,305 255,473 4,356,837 3,291,037 743,889 872,399 305,287 473,700 729,509 354,232 343,131 465,370 7,578,554
  56. 56. –– 51 –– Item Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Production Volume Paddy ’000 MT 3,875 3,652 4,301 3,894 3,846 4,621 ’000 Bushels 185,690 175,004 206,103 186,620 184,319 221,435 Tea Mn. kgs. 319 291 331 328 328 340 Rubber Mn. kgs. 129 137 153 158 152 130 Coconut Mn. Nuts 2,909 2,853 2,584 2,808 2,940 2,513 Prices Paddy : Producer Price Rs. per kg 32.06 33.98 30.03 29.00 28.84 30.67 Tea : Colombo Auction (Gross) Rs. per kg 301.63 360.80 371.54 360.68 392.40 445.83 Rubber : F.O.B. Price Rs. per kg 278.39 202.30 377.54 535.40 420.74 389.81 Coconut : Wholesale Price Rs. per Nut 22.75 18.36 22.24 28.40 21.83 28.28 Value of Production Paddy Rs. mn. 124,233 124,058 129,159 112,932 111,532 141,726 Tea Rs. mn. 96,220 105,007 122,237 118,519 128,863 151,582 Rubber Rs. mn. 35,888 27,706 57,202 84,540 63,973 50,675 Coconut Rs. mn. 64,318 46,447 55,121 79,747 64,180 71,068 (a) Provisional PRODUCTION AND PRICES OF MAJOR CROPS Sources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka Rubber Development Department Sri Lanka Tea Board Coconut Development Authority
  57. 57. –– 52 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012(a) 2013(b) Manioc 240,731 277,847 282,759 292,741 291,354 301,182 Potatoes 74,814 61,705 51,933 59,360 72,186 78,768 Sweet Potatoes n.a. 47,272 46,460 47,269 43,613 51,465 Chillies (green) 51,003 46,414 49,003 44,398 61,541 72,034 Red Onions 49,290 46,234 61,811 72,339 73,970 55,608 Big Onions 57,371 81,707 58,930 45,682 83,561 69,638 Maize 112,287 129,769 161,694 137,797 202,315 208,275 Cowpea 11,952 13,485 11,609 10,453 14,812 15,415 Green Gram 8,878 9,258 11,703 10,838 11,956 14,130 Black Gram 9,477 7,071 9,991 5,782 10,180 9,172 Kurakkan 6,511 6,433 7,307 5,411 5,984 6,946 Ground Nuts 10,251 13,077 14,354 16,903 21,953 27,407 Ginger n.a. 10,780 12,052 13,663 14,911 14,075 Gingelly 6,337 8,525 16,947 11,293 12,435 14,142 Turmeric n. a 7,747 8,304 9,308 8,708 11,282 Soya Beans 3,032 3,788 7,521 3,847 1,671 13,316 Sorghum n.a. 173 101 96 89 138 Mustard n.a. 303 413 174 152 184 Meneri 30 20 17 18 26 33 ANNUAL PRODUCTION VOLUME – SUBSIDIARY FOOD CROPS Source : Department of Census and Statistics Metric tonnes (a) Revised (b) Provisional n.a. – Not available
  58. 58. –– 53 –– Year Province Western Central Southern Nothern Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa All Island 2008 Marine Fish 78,430 – 85,460 14,840 54,880 41,020 – – – 274,630 Inland Fish 640 1,260 4,110 1,360 8,640 7,620 16,700 2,870 1,290 44,490 Total 79,070 1,260 89,570 16,200 63,520 48,640 16,700 2,870 1,290 319,120 2009 Marine Fish 71,420 – 90,100 21,210 68,480 41,960 – – – 293,170 Inland Fish 370 1,020 2,800 670 8,830 8,880 18,050 3,600 2,340 46,560 Total 71,790 1,020 92,900 21,880 77,310 50,840 18,050 3,600 2,340 339,730 2010 Marine Fish 73,600 – 80,970 33,600 92,240 51,850 – – – 332,260 Inland Fish 410 1,130 3,180 810 9,320 10,010 20,840 4,210 2,500 52,410 Total 74,010 1,130 84,150 34,410 101,560 61,860 20,840 4,210 2,500 384,670 2011 Marine Fish 90,770 – 98,740 46,370 88,320 61,070 – – – 385,270 Inland Fish 430 1,360 3,600 2,150 10,670 11,140 22,740 4,480 2,990 59,560 Total 91,200 1,360 102,340 48,520 98,990 72,210 22,740 4,480 2,990 444,830 2012 Marine Fish 91,570 – 103,110 59,340 95,510 67,690 – – – 417,220 Inland Fish 1,200 4,030 5,140 2,810 9,290 11,400 27,210 5,320 2,550 68,950 Total 92,770 4,030 108,250 62,150 104,800 79,090 27,210 5,320 2,550 486,170 2013(a) Marine Fish 94,030 – 140,620 55,640 84,570 71,070 – – – 445,930 Inland Fish 1,369 3,043 8,137 3,539 11,225 13,160 17,160 7,506 1,771 66,910 Total 95,399 3,043 148,757 59,179 95,795 84,230 17,160 7,506 1,771 512,840 Source : Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development FISH PRODUCTION BY PROVINCE Metric tonnes (a) Provisional
  59. 59. –– 54 –– Type of Livestock 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Neat Cattle (No.) Milk Cows – Milking at present 249 238 249 251 280 299 Not milking at present 283 269 276 281 287 n.a. Total Cattle 1,196 1,137 1,170 1,192 1,236 1,140 Buffaloes (No.) Milk Cows – Milking at present 63 78 90 86 94 99 Not milking at present 51 59 80 78 77 n.a. Total Buffaloes 319 372 423 405 415 370 Goats (No.) 377 377 373 375 384 326 Sheep (No.) 10 8 8 8 9 9 Pigs (No.) 89 81 84 82 89 80 Poultry (No.) 14,331 13,615 14,018 14,199 14,039 17,788 Ducks (No.) 18 15 13 12 13 14 Average Monthly Production Cow Milk (Litres) 14,370 15,339 15,993 16,955 19,803 21,504 Buffalo Milk (Litres) 2,971 4,104 4,636 4,570 5,134 5,144 Total Milk (Litres) 17,341 19,443 20,630 21,105 24,937 26,648 Eggs (No.) 86,651 95,187 94,995 98,776 121,425 161,848 (a) Provisional n.a. – Not available Source : Department of Census and Statistics NATIONAL LIVESTOCK STATISTICS ’000
  60. 60. –– 55 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Main Agricultural Crops Paddy 1,053 978 1,065 1,223 1,067 1,227 Tea (b) 222 222 222 222 222 222 Rubber 122 124 126 129 131 132 Minor Export Crops Cocoa 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 Cinnamon 27.9 28.1 30.1 29.2 30.4 30.1 Cardamom 1.4 1.4 2.8 1.5 1.5 1.7 Cloves 7.4 7.3 7.6 7.5 7.4 8.4 Pepper 35.8 36.2 30.9 36.4 37.8 39.4 Coffee 8.8 8.7 6.0 8.7 8.5 8.7 Selected Other Crops Manioc 24.3 23.9 23.4 24.2 23.8 23.9 Maize 51.6 50.9 57.6 50.5 59.5 67.4 Chillies 14.8 13.6 13.3 13.3 14.7 15.4 Red Onions 4.9 4.5 5.2 6.1 6.1 4.6 Big Onions 4.1 5.1 4.2 3.5 5.4 4.2 Potatoes 4.9 4.1 3.8 4.5 4.6 5.1 Gingelly (Sesame) 9.5 10.9 18.4 14.4 15.6 17.1 Sugar Cane (with ratoons) (b) 12.9 13.8 14.8 12.2 12.6 18.5 Cowpea 12.2 11.4 10.9 9.3 11.0 11.7 Greengram 9.4 8.6 10.3 9.3 9.8 11.1 (a) Provisional. (b) Includes Nucleus Estates and allottees. Hectares ’000AGRICULTURAL LAND USE Source : Department of Census and Statistics
  61. 61. –– 56 –– Industrial Category 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Value Added in Industry (2002 Constant Prices) 373,215 385,927 414,925 449,177 472,721 509,932 Food, Beverages and Tobacco Products 174,794 185,142 197,731 211,848 222,722 239,519 Textiles, Wearing Apparel and Leather Products 87,215 87,762 92,293 102,263 107,242 116,828 Wood and Wood Products 1,085 1,125 1,193 1,246 1,286 1,349 Paper Products, Publishing and Printing 1,598 1,635 1,742 1,835 2,051 2,308 Chemical, Petroleum, Coal, Rubber & Plastic Products 58,650 59,706 66,990 73,203 77,455 83,306 Non-Metallic Mineral Products 15,306 14,794 16,328 17,670 18,826 19,873 Basic Metal Products 958 965 1,028 1,090 1,105 1,140 Fabricated Metal Products, Machinery and Transport Equipment 31,702 32,794 35,482 37,733 39,663 43,135 Manufactured Products (not elsewhere specified) 1,907 2,004 2,138 2,290 2,371 2,474 Industrial Production Index (2010=100) (b) 89.5 86.6 100.0 107.2 108.8 109.6 INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Sources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka Rs. millon (a) Provisional (b) Based on the Industrial Production Survey according to ISIC Revision 4.
  62. 62. –– 57 –– ENERGY Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Petroleum Imports Crude Oil: Quantity MT ’000 1,853 2,066 1,819 2,070 1,486 1,743 Value (C & F) Rs. Mn. 143,159 111,715 120,180 183,056 157,758 182,064 Refined Products: (b)(c) Quantity MT ’000 2,396 2,162 2,882 3,501 3,961 3,201 Value (C & F) Rs. Mn. 222,235 138,190 222,273 335,225 467,058 352,984 Locally Refined Products, MT ’000 Petrol 164 179 158 206 152 144 Diesel (d) 453 485 442 501 411 388 Kerosene 111 83 93 93 75 57 Furnace Oil 731 781 686 779 648 723 Aviation Fuel 154 195 126 155 93 125 Local Consumption, MT ’000 Petrol 519 540 595 711 766 788 Diesel (d) 1,615 1,690 1,675 2,000 2,096 1,755 Kerosene 151 151 165 169 143 126 Furnace Oil 999 1,110 1,117 1,222 1,322 826 L.P. Gas 174 194 210 228 228 239 Electricity Available Capacity, MW 2,645 2,684 2,817 3,148 3,312 3,371 Units Generated, GWh 9,901 9,882 10,714 11,528 11,801 11,954 Hydro 4,128 3,881 5,634 4,619 3,292 6,918 Thermal and Other (e) 5,772 6,000 5,081 6,909 8,509 5,035 Sales, GWh 8,417 8,441 9,268 10,024 10,475 10,625 Domestic and Religious 2,799 2,927 3,186 3,430 3,577 3,546 Industrial, General Purposes and Hotel 4,381 4,286 4,773 5,218 5,487 5,663 (a) Provisional (b) Imports by Ceylon Petroleum Coporation, Lanka IOC and Lanka Marine Services (Pvt) Ltd. Sources : Ceylon Petroleum Corporation Lanka IOC PLC Lanka Marine Services (Pvt) Ltd. Ceylon Electricity Board Sri Lanka Customs Central Bank of Sri Lanka (c) Excluding Coal (d) Super and Auto Diesel. (e) Includes private power generation.
  63. 63. –– 58 –– Sources : Ceylon Electricity Board Lanka Electricity Company (a) Including Lanka Electricity Company (LECO). Note: Transmission Bulk supply to LECO shows separately from 2011. ELECTRICITY SERVICES BY PROVINCE Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa LECO Total No. of Consumer Accounts 2009 1,182,085(a) 576,551 566,584(a) 132,331 294,091 566,785 276,745 334,922 350,073 4,280,167 2010 1,214,826(a) 598,187 591,887(a) 143,611 312,727 594,899 295,924 353,632 374,729 4,480,422 2011 1,252,176 626,460 616,482 166,051 337,287 627,289 314,523 373,819 403,359 1 4,717,448 2012 1,296,316 653,912 636,247 188,284 366,942 663,514 338,951 401,725 433,969 1 4,979,862 2013 1,334,127 858,446 659,545 217,973 392,436 693,040 356,446 308,707 390,039 1 5,210,761 Sales (Gwh) 2009 4,772(a) 634 730(a) 129 377 826 279 317 378 8,441 2010 5,195(a) 688 797(a) 164 418 919 320 347 420 9,268 2011 4,428 739 759 199 446 1,003 357 370 457 1,267 10,023 2012 4,612 776 801 213 472 1,049 384 381 485 1,302 10,474 2013 4,644 884 816 240 482 1,046 397 322 482 1,308 10,621 Generation (Gwh) (Excluding self generation) 2009 4,665 3,145 188 125 19 691 – 10 1,038 9,880 2010 3,890 4,771 156 154 – 651 – 44 1,049 10,714 2011 4,723 3,853 158 168 – 1,768 – 64 792 11,528 2012 5,812 2,688 91 159 – 2,127 – 46 878 11,801 2013 2,702 6,124 3 152 – 2,003 – 65 913 11,962
  64. 64. –– 59 –– PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES Sources : Ministry of Health Department of Ayurveda Ministry of Finance and Planning Department of Census and Statistics (a) Provisional. (b) Includes Assistant Medical Practitioners. (c) Including Intern Medical Officers. (d) Registered with the Department of Ayurvedic Commissioner. (e) Based on GDP estimates compiled by the Depart-ment of Census and Statistics. n.a. – Not available Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Hospitals (practicing Western Medicine) No. 619 555 568 592 593 603 Beds No. 65,835 68,897 69,501 69,731 73,437 74,636 Primary Health Care Units No. 411 475 476 475 480 481 Doctors (b) No. 13,026 13,633 14,125 (c) 16,384 (c) 17,129 17,553 Assistant Medical Practitioners No. 1,229 1,198 1,158 1,097 1,061 1,057 Nurses No. 22,996 25,549 27,494 29,101 30,136 30,928 Attendants No. 7,184 8,301 8,189 7,477 8,403 8,091 In - Patients No. ’000 4,898 5,474 5,591 n.a. n.a. n.a. Out - Patients No. ’000 45,382 48,782 49,871 n.a. n.a. n.a. Ayurvedic Physicians (d) No. 19,054 19,529 20,004 20,353 20,712 21,061 Total Health Expenditure Rs. mn. 74,548 71,452 73,835 89,217 99,101 119,530 Current Expenditure Rs. mn. 55,874 58,789 60,506 74,443 81,946 99,609 Capital Expenditure Rs. mn. 18,674 12,664 13,329 14,774 17,155 19,920 Total Health Expenditure as a % of GDP (e) 1.69 1.48 1.32 1.36 1.31 1.38
  65. 65. –– 60 –– EDUCATION Sources : Ministry of Education University Grants Commission Ministry of Finance and Planning Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka (a) Provisional. (b) All the government schools in Mullaitivu and Kilinochchi districts and some of the government schools in Mannar and Vavuniya districts were temporarily closed, during the census date due to war situation. (c) Private Schools approved by the government and schools for children with special needs (This figure excludes international schools which are registered under the Companies Act). (d) Government Schools only. (e) In all universities, excluding the Open University of Sri Lanka. (f) In 2012, student enrolment was less as the 2011 GCE (A/L) intake was not admitted due to court cases relating to the discrepancies in the Z-score. However, the decrease was not significant as the final exams } Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Total Schools 10,445 10,205 10,502 10,549 10,737 10,852 Government 9,662 9,410 (b) 9,685 9,731 9,905 10,012 Private (c) 92 98 98 98 98 104 Pirivenas 691 697 719 720 734 736 Total Pupils 4,101,509 4,037,896 4,119,525 4,157,885 4,194,336 4,231,422 Government Schools 3,930,374 3,864,824 3,940,072 3,972,983 4,004,059 4,037,001 Private Schools 115,070 114,974 117,362 122,041 125,669 127,986 Pirivenas 56,065 58,098 62,091 62,861 64,608 66,435 New Admissions (d) 326,466 329,832 332,562 331,491 339,143 342,450 Total Teachers 224,410 225,951 224,541 228,336 235,924 236,070 Government Schools 213,212 214,307 212,457 216,397 223,724 223,773 Private Schools 11,198 11,644 12,084 11,939 12,200 12,297 Pirivenas Pupils per Teacher 20 18 18 18 18 18 Universities 15 15 15 15 15 15 University Students (e) – Total Enrolled 66,891 68,768 70,477 74,440 70,222 (f) 78,442 New Admissions 20,069 20,846 21,547 22,016 28,908 (g)(h) 24,299 (h) University Lecturers 4,452 4,735 4,984 5,064 5,176 5,457 Govt. Expenditure on Education, Rs. mn. (i) 100,083 100,506 104,248 121,369 136,202 151,801 As a % of Total Govt. Expenditure 10.0 8.4 8.1 8.5 8.8 9.1 As a % of GDP (j) 2.27 2.08 1.86 1.86 1.80 1.75 and academic terms of some universities were not completed by the end of the year due to Academic and Non-Academic staff strikes. (g) Including 5,182 students who has been admitted in additional to the normal intake due to court cases filed before the Supreme Court challenging the methodology used to calculate the Z-score. (h) Admissions in 2012 includes the intake from the 2011 GCE (A/L) but has been admitted only in 2013, while the admissions in 2013 shows the undergraduates admitted in the first quarter of 2014. (i) Government expenditure on General and Higher Education. (j) Data based on GDP estimates compiled by the Department of Census and Statistics.
  66. 66. –– 61 –– Source : National Water Supply and Drainage Board WATER CONSUMPTION AND REVENUE BY PROVINCE Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North Western North Central Uva Sabara- gamuwa Total No. of Consumers 2009 627,855 148,470 188,550 5,631 85,061 36,347 55,669 52,624 66,121 1,266,328 2010 654,308 164,259 203,820 6,456 95,169 40,947 62,579 56,771 69,264 1,353,573 2011 687,558 179,688 222,472 7,087 106,066 46,686 67,294 59,192 73,258 1,449,301 2012 738,367 198,512 239,719 7,922 125,123 53,930 80,314 63,248 80,528 1,587,663 2013 782,509 211,940 260,842 9,088 144,321 58,808 85,912 68,955 85,367 1,707,742 Quantity of Water Sold (m3 Mn.) 2009 179.5 32.4 36.6 1.4 15.6 8.9 13.1 10.3 11.8 309.6 2010 184.6 33.8 39.3 1.4 16.9 9.3 14.0 11.1 12.3 322.7 2011 194.5 37.0 43.2 1.5 17.9 10.2 15.3 11.7 13.1 344.3 2012 210.5 40.2 47.0 1.5 20.0 10.7 17.0 12.4 14.2 373.5 2013 215.4 39.9 49.2 1.6 21.6 11.5 17.5 12.7 14.6 384.0 Revenue Billed (Rs. Mn.) 2009 7,376.3 804.7 1,063.5 45.2 450.3 239.9 455.8 322.4 361.2 11,119.3 2010 8,139.9 919.1 1,240.5 49.7 517.1 269.1 501.0 372.6 407.3 12,416.3 2011 8,611.2 1,029.9 1,383.4 49.6 553.0 299.4 552.8 398.0 442.5 13,319.8 2012 9,652.0 1,475.1 1,580.0 53.8 648.4 345.5 634.4 441.3 500.4 15,331.0 2013 11,454.8 1,442.5 2,015.9 70.5 851.6 431.9 770.7 521.6 601.9 18,161.5 Revenue Collected (Rs. Mn.) 2009 6,975.7 772.6 978.4 35.1 420.4 228.2 450.0 301.8 339.4 10,501.5 2010 8,072.8 934.5 1,258.4 48.2 513.5 267.9 547.1 364.4 421.0 12,427.9 2011 8,468.4 1,078.4 1,349.6 47.2 556.6 303.8 582.4 390.6 411.1 13,188.1 2012 9,359.0 1,308.7 1,488.1 57.4 586.4 355.7 657.1 416.1 476.1 14,704.6 2013 11,491.5 1,462.9 2,076.1 73.3 819.2 439.5 791.2 512.6 601.3 18,267.6
  67. 67. –– 62 –– COMMUNICATIONS (a) Provisional. (b) Wireline telephones declined in 2009 due to shift of some subscribers to cellular phones. (c) Wireless Local Loop telephones declined in 2012 due to the rectification of statistical reportings subsequent to the merger of two companies. (d) Wireless Local Loop telephones and Cellular phones declined in 2013 due to a revision in the classification of active subscribers in January 2013. (e) Including mobile internet connections from 2010 onwards. Sources : Department of Posts Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka Department of Census and Statistics Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Post Offices 4,737 4,738 4,742 4,742 4,738 4,628 Main Post Offices 643 643 648 648 651 651 Sub-Post Offices 3,410 3,411 3,410 3,410 3,411 3,375 Agency Post Offices 684 684 684 684 676 602 Area served by a Post Office (sq. km) 14 14 14 14 13 14 Population served by a Post Office (No.) 4,311 4,316 4,355 4,401 4,290 4,426 Telephones 14,528,919 17,700,400 20,801,982 21,927,839 23,324,070 23,021,937 Wireline Telephones in Service (No.) 933,536 872,120(b) 896,710 941,780 999,354 1,062,065 Wireless Local Loop Telephones (No.) 2,512,875 2,563,838 2,637,865 2,666,612 2,450,037(c) 1,644,722(d) Cellular Phones 11,082,508 14,264,442 17,267,407 18,319,447 20,324,070 20,315,150(d) Public Pay Phones 7,417 7,378 6,958 6,458 6,983 6,788 Telephone Density (per 1,000 persons) 719 866 1,007 1,051 1,170 1,124 E-mail and Internet Subscribers (e) 234,000 240,000 502,000 844,749 1,365,655 2,011,600
  68. 68. –– 63 –– Land Phones   Sri Lanka Telecom Ltd. (includes Wireline and CDMA provided by SLT) 2008 784,237 161,441 157,051 31,930 85,073 112,288 63,156 80,440 105,763 1,581,379 2009 713,184 142,632 132,403 43,641 78,121 103,928 57,647 70,272 92,906 1,434,734 2010 716,793 146,295 132,695 49,895 75,132 104,857 57,373 71,040 93,231 1,447,311 2011 733,616 149,340 134,970 52,608 74,184 104,847 56,573 72,135 94,114 1,472,387 2012 752,935 153,266 138,687 55,959 75,469 106,418 57,676 73,749 97,004 1,511,163 2013 786,801 160,917 144,106 59,549 74,944 107,522 59,534 77,274 100,662 1,571,309   Wireless Local Loop & CDMA    (provided by Suntel and Lankabell) 2008 (a) 867,472 277,861 339,782 30,894 115,831 259,203 196,220 194,269 231,343 2,512,875 2009 (a) 706,215 201,287 255,309 31,005 99,863 206,292 143,738 165,722 191,793 2,001,224 2010 (a) 720,256 195,468 272,880 51,373 80,007 236,686 174,370 168,723 231,389 2,131,152 2011 (a) 719,246 230,242 269,445 55,912 80,613 235,283 171,850 173,952 199,462 2,136,005 2012 (a) 667,176 209,669 244,867 45,773 57,851 213,544 153,804 160,701 184,843 1,938,228 2013 (a) 282,075 147,605 162,373 32,238 32,797 141,770 94,437 118,696 123,487 1,135,478   Public Pay Phones 2008 3,418 788 837 145 579 484 367 410 389 7,417 2009 3,287 900 909 83 500 602 422 332 343 7,378 2010 4,004 886 803 141 429 657 374 290 394 7,978 2011 3,755 786 751 126 360 604 350 264 326 7,322 2012 3,285 918 732 90 338 671 305 259 385 6,983 2013 3,467 847 724 77 379 638 330 227 386 7,075 (a) Including CDMA provided by Dialog Broadband. Source : Telecommunication Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES BY PROVINCE Number
  69. 69. –– 64 –– Selected Socio Economic Indicators Telephones, per 100 Persons (Fixed Access Services and Wireless Services only) E-mail and Internet Subscribers, per 10,000 persons (Including Mobile Broadband Connections) Doctors, per 100,000 Persons Number 20132004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Telephones, per 100 Persons (Fixed Access Services and wireless Services only) 5.1 6.3 9.5 13.7 17.1 16.8 17.1 17.3 17.0 13.2 E-mail and Internet Subscribers, per 10,000 Persons (Including Mobile Broadband Connections) 48.0 58.5 65.5 101.0 115.6 117.2 243.1 404.8 671.8 982.1 Doctors, per 100,000 Persons 52.3 52.6 59.4 63.3 70.5 72.5 74.0 83.8 89.5 90.9
  70. 70. –– 65 –– No. of Main Post Offices 2009 147 102 89 53 51 64 39 46 52 643 2010 147 101 90 51 56 65 39 46 54 649 2011 144 102 91 52 56 63 38 46 54 646 2012 146 100 92 52 56 65 38 46 54 649 2013 146 100 93 52 56 65 39 46 54 651 No. of Sub Post Offices 2009 553 530 509 261 226 419 272 253 388 3,411 2010 553 532 509 264 222 419 272 251 388 3,410 2011 533 532 506 252 222 420 272 251 386 3,374 2012 537 531 505 256 222 419 272 250 382 3,374 2013 537 531 505 257 222 419 272 250 382 3,375 No. of Agency Post Offices/ Co-operative Thrift Society 2009 309 86 44 26 21 73 23 40 62 684 and Estate Agency 2010 313 50 40 25 12 57 22 21 56 596 Post Offices 2011 208 19 39 16 15 45 12 11 48 413 2012 313 50 37 25 18 60 22 21 56 602 2013 313 50 37 25 18 60 22 21 56 602 Total No. of Post Offices 2009 1,009 718 642 340 298 556 334 339 502 4,738 2010 1,013 683 639 340 290 541 333 318 498 4,655 2011 885 653 636 320 293 528 322 308 488 4,433 2012 996 681 634 333 296 544 332 317 492 4,625 2013 996 681 635 334 296 544 333 317 492 4,628 Source : Department of Posts POSTAL SERVICES BY PROVINCE Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa
  71. 71. –– 66 –– TRANSPORTATION (a) Provisional. (b) Kilometerage of A and B class roads maintained by Road Development Authority. (c) Includes dual purpose vehicles. (d) Data from 2009 has been revised due to a change in the data source from National Transport Commission to Sri Lanka Transport Board. (e) Estimates. Sources: National Transport Commission Sri Lanka Transport Board Department of Motor Traffic Sri Lanka Railways Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka Road Development Authority Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Road Kilometerage (b) 11,902 11,919 12,019 12,019 12,165 12,169 New Registration of Motor Vehicles 265,199 204,075 359,243 525,421 397,295 326,651 Buses and Coaches 1,180 739 2,491 4,248 3,095 1,805 Cars 20,237 5,762 23,072 57,886 31,546 28,380 Motor Cycles 155,952 135,421 204,811 253,331 192,284 169,280 Goods Transport Vehicles (c) 16,894 9,505 23,557 48,336 49,663 30,475 Land Vehicles 26,132 15,284 19,664 23,194 21,892 13,038 Three Wheelers 44,804 37,364 85,648 138,426 98,815 83,673 SLCTB / Regional Bus Companies Buses Operated (Average per day) 4,247 4,482 4,441 4,365 4,314 4,373 Passenger Kilometers, mn. (d) 15,080 11,233 11,815 11,907 11,909 12,201 Private Operator Buses (Permits issued) 18,665 18,665 19,805 19,699 20,444 19,651 Sri Lanka Railways Passenger Kilometers, mn. 4,669 4,568 4,353 4,574 5,039 6,257 Freight Ton Kilometers, mn. 121 113 163 154 143 128 (e) AirLanka / SriLankan Airlines Passenger Kilometers Flown, mn. 9,169 7,851 9,400 10,677 12,790 12,988 Passengers, ’000 2,970 2,255 2,808 3,010 4,164 4,019 Freight, ’000 tonnes 87 69 83 90 98 100
  72. 72. –– 67 –– Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa REGIONAL BUS COMPANIES SERVICES BY PROVINCE No. of Buses Operated 2008 1,190 699 346 129 225 471 266 421 497 4,244 2009 1,139 666 414 134 224 515 332 409 636 4,469 2010 1,083 645 431 168 229 503 336 411 621 4,427 2011 1,088 628 438 165 217 491 341 378 603 4,350 2012 1,050 635 421 159 203 497 341 388 610 4,304 2013 (a) 1,068 604 426 163 209 497 400 414 592 4,373 Operated km. mn. 2008 83.9 45.2 31.5 8.0 19.6 39.7 23.2 30.8 31.3 313.2 2009 76.0 41.0 37.0 8.0 19.0 41.0 27.0 30.0 37.0 316.0 2010 81.2 43.1 39.3 14.2 21.3 42.0 29.6 31.3 38.7 340.6 2011 83.3 42.8 40.6 14.2 20.4 41.3 29.9 28.8 38.2 339.5 2012 80.6 42.8 37.8 14.4 19.5 42.5 31.2 29.3 39.8 337.8 2013 (a) 82.3 41.3 35.8 15.3 20.7 42.0 35.0 31.4 38.8 342.8 Passenger km. mn. 2008 3,881.0 2,251.3 1,563.7 298.4 1,062.9 1,742.3 1,221.6 1,439.8 1,626.5 15,087.5 2009 2,804.0 1,551.0 1,262.0 253.0 776.0 1,387.0 1,036.0 1,029.0 1,171.0 11,269.0 2010 2,798.1 1,586.6 1,395.5 437.1 833.0 1,415.4 1,070.2 1,051.4 1,227.6 11,814.9 2011 2,911.7 1,650.9 1,469.2 445.7 841.2 1,401.8 1,081.8 984.0 1,120.5 11,906.7 2012 2,882.1 1,691.5 1,367.8 471.8 734.9 1,434.1 1,078.9 985.5 1,262.6 11,909.2 2013 (a) 2,906.1 1,630.2 1,370.4 538.0 824.0 1,407.4 1,243.4 1,040.3 1,241.9 12,201.5 (a) Provisional Source : Sri Lanka Transport Board
  73. 73. –– 68 –– No. of Buses Operated 2008 5,250 1,900 1,270 231 390 1,475 611 881 1,108 13,116 2009 5,079 1,873 1,238 462 412 1,474 533 753 1,243 13,066 2010 5,535 2,476 1,444 530 521 1,850 817 933 1,778 15,884 2011 5,803 2,739 1,612 993 471 1,836 948 1,027 1,174 16,603 2012 6,071 2,751 1,621 1,021 526 1,839 926 1,028 1,346 17,129 2013 (a) 5,384 2,783 1,753 963 530 1,925 831 1,143 1,755 17,067 Operated km. mn. 2008 252.9 91.5 61.2 11.1 18.8 71.1 29.4 42.4 53.4 631.8 2009 244.7 90.2 59.6 22.3 19.8 71.0 25.7 36.3 59.9 629.5 2010 266.7 119.3 69.6 25.5 25.1 89.1 39.4 44.9 85.7 765.3 2011 279.6 131.9 77.7 47.8 22.7 88.4 45.6 49.5 56.5 799.8 2012 292.5 132.6 78.1 49.2 25.3 88.6 44.6 49.6 64.8 825.3 2013 (a) 267.3 138.2 87.0 47.8 26.3 95.6 41.3 56.7 87.1 847.2 Passenger km. mn. 2008 13,279.6 4,805.9 3,212.4 584.3 986.5 3,730.9 1,545.5 2,228.4 2,802.6 33,176.1 2009 12,847.6 4,738.4 3,130.4 1,168.6 1,041.3 3,728.9 1,347.4 1,903.4 3,142.8 33,048.8 2010 13,999.5 6,262.3 3,651.5 1,341.9 1,318.6 4,680.0 2,067.3 2,359.3 4,497.4 40,177.8 2011 14,678.9 6,927.1 4,077.9 2,512.2 1,191.4 4,643.0 2,396.9 2,597.2 2,968.6 41,993.2 2012 15,356.3 6,958.5 4,100.2 2,582.6 1,330.5 4,651.7 2,342.3 2,600.2 3,404.6 43,326.9 2013 (a) 14,031.2 7,252.8 4,568.5 2,509.7 1,381.2 5,016.7 2,165.7 2,978.8 4,573.7 44,478.3 Source : National Transport Commission Year Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa PRIVATE OPERATOR BUS SERVICES BY PROVINCE (a) Estimated
  74. 74. –– 69 –– Sources : Divisional Secretariats Central Bank of Sri Lanka (a) Motor Vehicles with valid revenue licenses. (b) Revised. MOTOR VEHICLES BY PROVINCE(a) Vehicle Category Province Western Central Southern Northern Eastern North North Uva Sabara- Total Western Central gamuwa Year 2012 (b)(c) Omnibuses 6,530 981 1,955 1,176 514 837 370 548 615 13,526 Private Coaches 13,421 4,008 2,723 1,056 718 4,300 1,092 1,282 2,810 31,410 Dual Purpose Vehicles 125,642 25,129 23,990 6,997 7,689 31,781 12,362 9,545 13,041 256,176 Private Cars 244,736 32,767 24,942 4,492 5,015 27,374 8,248 7,369 13,104 368,047 Land Vehicles 14,367 3,717 15,252 13,350 18,592 14,920 8,498 7,491 2,717 98,904 Goods Transport Vehicles 92,962 22,491 20,222 6,030 6,555 31,233 12,348 9,560 13,538 214,939 Motor Cycles 542,858 86,887 226,123 145,994 146,229 275,215 133,764 62,938 88,603 1,708,611 Threewheelers 237,473 82,752 90,649 17,629 29,649 71,721 37,129 40,838 80,409 688,249 Others 1,627 197 1,082 1,217 127 211 72 89 121 4,743 Total 1,279,616 258,929 406,938 197,941 215,088 457,592 213,883 139,660 214,958 3,384,605 Year 2013 (c)(d) Omnibuses 5,934 1,062 2,141 606 505 643 341 536 876 12,644 Private Coaches 13,155 3,958 2,725 976 658 4,573 1,206 1,240 3,179 31,670 Dual Purpose Vehicles 130,577 27,279 27,056 5,836 8,733 35,749 14,569 10,526 15,263 275,588 Private Cars 255,761 35,689 28,119 3,389 5,599 30,001 9,161 7,917 16,762 392,398 Land Vehicles 16,288 3,669 14,612 12,651 18,784 14,598 8,806 7,720 2,556 99,684 Goods Transport Vehicles 92,548 22,615 19,627 4,198 6,358 31,206 12,292 9,502 13,539 211,885 Motor Cycles 566,284 92,384 237,538 120,885 155,128 286,516 144,560 66,514 94,167 1,763,976 Threewheelers 253,014 93,297 99,057 13,792 32,007 78,736 41,859 46,272 85,020 743,054 Others 3,003 169 1,558 493 145 170 89 74 134 5,835 Total 1,336,564 280,122 432,433 162,826 227,917 482,192 232,883 150,301 231,496 3,536,734 Number (c) All Divisional Secretariats are included. (d) Provisional.
  75. 75. –– 70 –– PORT SERVICES Source : Sri Lanka Ports Authority(a) Provisional TEU : Twenty Foot Equivalent Container Unit Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Vessels Arrived 4,814 4,456 4,067 4,332 4,134 3,976 Colombo 4,424 4,114 3,910 4,124 3,870 3,667 Galle 68 32 48 73 69 36 Trincomalee 322 310 109 126 161 134 Hambantota – – – 9 34 139 Cargo Handled (Loaded and Discharged), MT ’000 50,582 48,778 61,240 65,069 64,970 66,243 Colombo 47,960 46,373 58,768 62,016 61,669 63,482 Galle 459 167 318 464 422 207 Trincomalee 2,163 2,238 2,154 2,574 2,859 2,435 Hambantota – – – 15 20 119 Port of Colombo – Cargo Handled, MT ’000 47,960 46,373 58,768 62,016 61,670 63,482 Containerised 40,490 39,601 51,426 54,109 53,504 56,195 Break Bulk 838 649 627 722 618 364 Dry Bulk 2,565 2,097 2,556 2,620 2,709 2,657 Liquid Bulk 4,068 4,026 4,159 4,565 4,839 4,265 Port of Colombo – Container Throughput, TEU ’000 3,687.3 3,464.3 4,137.4 4,262.9 4,187.1 4,306.2 Domestic (Exports and Imports) 813.3 752.0 932.2 1,046.9 1,020.3 1,032.0 Transhipment 2,785.4 2,633.1 3,095.6 3,123.8 3,064.8 3,208.1 Re-stowing 88.6 79.2 109.6 92.2 102.1 66.1 Revenue, Rs. Mn. 25,143 23,331 28,280 31,086 38,098 37,232 Colombo 24,561 22,816 27,724 30,347 36,943 35,804 Galle 314 178 277 441 597 478 Trincomalee 268 337 279 285 423 366 Hambantota – – – 13 135 585
  76. 76. –– 71 –– Item 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013(a) Indicators of Price Level Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI) (b) 199.9 133.6 141.9 151.5 162.9 174.2   Sub Indices : Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages 213.3 148.5 158.8 172.7 180.9 195.2 Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels 226.8 115.1 119.2 124.4 136.4 151.0 Transport 240.3 138.4 139.7 149.6 181.9 190.2 Communication 100.0 88.2 90.3 90.3 90.3 90.3 Education 141.0 120.7 135.9 140.6 141.2 142.6 Core Inflation - (CCPI) (b) 123.2 131.7 140.9 150.6 159.4 166.5 Wholesale Price Index (1974 = 100) 3,653.6 3,500.9 3,893.0 4,306.5 4,457.3 4,867.9 Cost of Construction Index (1990 = 100) 444.8 456.3 465.9 490.9 550.9 590.4 Price Changes (Annual average), % Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI) (b) 22.6 3.5 6.2 6.7 7.6 6.9 Core Inflation - (CCPI) (b) 13.6 6.9 7.0 6.9 5.8 4.4 Wholesale Price Index (1974=100) 24.9 -4.2 11.2 10.6 3.5 9.2 Implicit GDP Deflator (1996=100) 16.3 5.9 7.3 7.9 8.9 6.7 Cost of Construction Index (1990=100) 14.7 2.6 2.1 5.4 12.2 7.2 (a) Provisional (b) Based on CCPI (2002 = 100) up to 2008 and CCPI (2006/07 = 100) from 2009 onwards. PRICES Sources : Department of Census and Statistics Central Bank of Sri Lanka

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