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Responsible parenthood

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Concept of responsible parenthood teaching note for Bachelor level health science students.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Responsible parenthood

  1. 1. Responsible Parenthood concept, components, styles, importance, stages and practices 02/07/161 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  2. 2. Concept of Responsible Parenthood 1. Responsible Parenthood:  State of being parent is Parenthood. It is the broad concept including both the biological and socio-cultural aspects of being a parent.  Being responsible towards your child (i.e. biological, test tube baby and other child which you want to bear) as a parent is Responsible Parenthood  Being a parent is both a joy and a challenge because when the baby arrives in your life, your life is forever changed. You form a major love relationship with an unknown person and give a life-time commitment to a person you have just met (Once a parent, is a parent forever. )  The parenting challenge is to raise a confident, respectful, self- reliant, happy, healthy, cooperative , responsible child 02/07/162 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  3. 3. Responsible Parenthood contd…… 02/07/163  Responsible Parenthood is the will, ability and commitment of parents to respond to the needs and aspiration of family and children  Responsible Parenthood is to aspire and work for high quality of life for their children born or to be born  Responsible Parenthood is the process of putting responsibilities (e.g. for providing essential services or for meeting the needs ) of children to their parents  Responsible Parenthood is a life-long commitment to be a parent Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  4. 4. Responsible Parenthood contd…… 02/07/164 2. Aim of Responsible Parenthood: To empower families so that the couple can be made aware of their basic responsibilities as parents, and can be awaken for taking life long commitment towards their family, community, society and nation as a whole. 3. Parenting consists of three factors:  Time spent with your child  Resources utilized for your child  Energy like hope, motivation and courage given to the child Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  5. 5. Components of Responsible Parenthood:  The children’s success as a student and their contribution as a citizen is influenced by the contribution of their parents in terms of time, resource utilized for the child, energy, motivation , encourage, hope.  Men has several roles, as a father, member of the family, member of the society and member of the nation.  Therefore, responsibility of the individual, within the family, towards the community and towards the nation and towards the universe (all). 02/07/165 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  6. 6. Responsible Parenthood contd…… 4. Parenting Approach/Styles: A parenting style is the overall emotional climate in the home a) Giving Orders:  It is often called as authoritarian style of parenting  The parents are very rigid and strict. They place high demands on the child, but are not responsive to the child.  They set a lot of rigid rules and expectations that are strictly enforced and require rigid obedience i.e. obeying the rules exactly. When the rules are not followed, punishment is most often used to promote future obedience. 02/07/166 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  7. 7. Responsible Parenthood contd…… a) Giving orders contd..:  This parenting style is used more often in working-class families than in middle and upper-class families. What do children learn from this style of parenting?  Children learn limit and responsibility  In 1983 Diana Baumrind found that children raised in an authoritarian-style home were less cheerful, more moody and more vulnerable to stress. In many cases these children also demonstrated passive hostility and other anti-social behavior. 02/07/167 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  8. 8. Responsible Parenthood contd…… b) Giving in:  It is also called permissive or indulgent parenting style  They set no limits. Children grow up without guidelines . The parents give into whatever the children may want.  A child's freedom and autonomy are overvalued, and parents tend to rely mostly on reasoning and explanation. Parents are undemanding, so there tends to be little, if any punishment or explicit rules in this style of parenting. These parents say that their children are free from external constraints and tend to be highly responsive to whatever the child wants at the moment.  This style of parenting is more popular among middle class families 02/07/168 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  9. 9. Responsible Parenthood contd…… What do children learn from this style of parenting? Children are happy These children usually learn to do as they please. They do not learn to care about feelings and rights of others. Society sets limits. But these children with no limits on their behavior will have difficulty learning how to behave in society These children have low levels of self-control and self- reliance because they lack structure at home. 02/07/169 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  10. 10. Responsible Parenthood contd…… c) Giving choices:  It is also known as authoritative or democratic style of parenting  It is the most effective style of parenting  It is based on equality and respect  Parents are more aware of a child's feelings and capabilities and support the development of a child's autonomy within reasonable limits. There is a give-and-take atmosphere involved in parent-child communication and both control and support are balanced 02/07/1610 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  11. 11. Responsible Parenthood contd…… c) Giving choices contd…. : What do children learn from this style of parenting?  They learn to become responsible person because they are given choices within set limits.  They learn to respect d) Uninvolved or neglectful style of parenting: Parents are usually emotionally absent and sometimes even physically absent. They have little or no expectation of the child and regularly have no communication. They are not responsive to a child's needs and do not demand anything of them in their behavioral expectations. If present, they may provide what the child needs for survival with little to no engagement. There is often a large gap between parents and children with this parenting style. 02/07/1611 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  12. 12. Responsible Parenthood contd…… 5) Importance of Responsible Parenthood:  You are your child’s first and most influential teacher which can’t be replaced by other in his/her life. Your guidance, motivation and direction will influence your child for the rest of his/her life.  You are solely responsible for your child's well-being, health and safety  All the things he/she will learn from you 02/07/1612 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  13. 13. 6. Stages of Responsible Parenthood  Parenting is a process by which parents and children grow and develop, each influencing the other throughout their lives.  According to Galinsky 1981 , there are six stages of Parenthood.  Expectations for the child's behavior and development are measured against the child's actual behavior and development; a parent's self-image may shift as he or she moves through the different stages of parenthood.  Parents with more than one child can be in more than one stage at the same time. Adoptive parents and stepparents become parents after the first stage. 02/07/1613 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  14. 14. 6. Stages of Responsible Parenthood contd…. a) Image-making stage: Pregnancy  Parents prepare for changes in themselves, for new relationships with each other, and the responsibilities of this new life  There are lots of queries in parent’s head b) Nurturing stage: Birth to 18-24 Months or Autonomy  The major task at this stage is forming bonds of attachment with the baby.  Parents attempt to meet the needs of the baby and balance this with other responsibilities involving spouse, jobs, and friends.  At this stage father and mother of the baby should be motivated to create spacing between the child. 02/07/1614 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  15. 15. 6. Stages of Responsible Parenthood contd….  Parents make decisions about child care. Do work schedules require child care or are work schedules flexible, allowing one of the working parents to be at home, or does one parent stay home full- time? c) Authoritative stage: Two to four or five years Parents nurture, guide, and discipline their child. Parents can teach and motivate their children about maintaining their personal hygiene. For this purpose fathers should be motivated at first. d)Interpretive Stage: Preschool Years through Adolescence  Parents teach their child about life and help him or her interpret the actions of others such as their teachers and peers. 02/07/1615 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  16. 16. 6. Stages of Responsible Parenthood contd….  Parents are concerned with the increasing influences of peers and help their child to understand the consequences of his or her actions. e) Interdependent Stage: During adolescence  Parent-child relationships continue to evolve. Parents involve their teenager in more decisions. But the ultimate responsibility still rests with the parent.  This is a stressful time for the adolescent, who is searching for identity and independence from parents and for parents struggling to give up enough control to facilitate their teenager's move toward independence and still support and protect their child. 02/07/1616 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  17. 17. 6. Stages of Responsible Parenthood contd…. f) Departure Stage  New relationships emerge between parent and child when the adult child leaves home. Parents need to redefine their own identities. 02/07/1617 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  18. 18. 7. Practices of Responsible Parenthood and its effects on family health  It’s a part of daily life. As you become parent you will automatically learn to handle your child (In Nepalese context). For e.g. to care and rear the child, to run the family, to take leadership within the family (generally elder member take this responsibility)  What will be the effects of this types of practices of responsible parenthood on family health?????? 02/07/1618 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu
  19. 19. 02/07/16 Prepared by: Nilu thapa, Associate Professor, NIHS, Jorpati, Kathmandu19

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