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BLACK HOUSE
BLACK HOUSE
          S1-09 Black house rep: Rayner
Black house members: Si Yuan, Christopher, Michelle,
                 ...
What is a Warm-Up?
What is a Warm-Up?

• Done before participating in sports or
  exercising
What is a Warm-Up?

• Done before participating in sports or
  exercising
• consists of a gradual increase in intensity in...
Why do we Warm-up?
Why do we Warm-up?
• It prepares the body mentally and physically
Why do we Warm-up?
• It prepares the body mentally and physically
• A warm-up will improve the effectiveness
  of training...
Why do we Warm-up?
• It prepares the body mentally and physically
• A warm-up will improve the effectiveness
  of training...
Why do we Warm-up?
• It prepares the body mentally and physically
• A warm-up will improve the effectiveness
  of training...
Direct Physical Effects
    of Warm-Up
Direct Physical Effects
    of Warm-Up
• Release of adrenaline
Direct Physical Effects
    of Warm-Up
• Release of adrenaline
• Increase of temperature in the muscles
Direct Physical Effects
    of Warm-Up
• Release of adrenaline
• Increase of temperature in the muscles
• Increase of musc...
Direct Physical Effects
    of Warm-Up
• Release of adrenaline
• Increase of temperature in the muscles
• Increase of musc...
Release of adrenaline
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
     •   Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
     •   Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster

     •   Increas...
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
     •   Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster

     •   Increas...
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
     •   Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster

     •   Increas...
Release of adrenaline
•   Increase in heart rate
     •   Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster

     •   Increas...
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
•   Decreased viscosity of blood
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
•   Decreased viscosity of blood

     •   Enables oxygen in the blood to trav...
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
•   Decreased viscosity of blood

     •   Enables oxygen in the blood to trav...
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
•   Decreased viscosity of blood

     •   Enables oxygen in the blood to trav...
Increase of temperature
     in the muscles
•   Decreased viscosity of blood

     •   Enables oxygen in the blood to trav...
Increase muscle
  metabolism
Increase muscle
        metabolism

• Metabolism: The breakdown of complex
  substances to produce energy
Increase muscle
        metabolism

• Metabolism: The breakdown of complex
  substances to produce energy
• Supply of ener...
Types of Warm-Up
Types of Warm-Up

• Ballistic Stretches
Types of Warm-Up

• Ballistic Stretches
• Static Stretches
Types of Warm-Up

• Ballistic Stretches
• Static Stretches
• Contraindicative Stretches
Ballistic Stretches
Ballistic Stretches
Ballistic Stretches (involving bouncing or
jerking) are purported to help extend limbs
more during exe...
Static Stretches
Static Stretches
Flexing the muscles to help prevent injury
and allow greater flexibility and agility. Note
that some sourc...
Contraindicative Stretches
Contraindicative Stretches

• Are stretches that are ineffective
Contraindicative Stretches

• Are stretches that are ineffective
• Does not do a good job stretching the
  muscles
Contraindicative Stretches

• Are stretches that are ineffective
• Does not do a good job stretching the
  muscles
• Stret...
THANK YOU
For Your Kind Attention
THANK YOU
For Your Kind Attention
             Sources:
  http://www.youtube.com/watch?
 v=CvIGjwZ25YA&feature=related

ht...
S&W Black House
S&W Black House
S&W Black House
S&W Black House
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S&W Black House

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S&W Black House

  1. 1. BLACK HOUSE
  2. 2. BLACK HOUSE S1-09 Black house rep: Rayner Black house members: Si Yuan, Christopher, Michelle, Cherin
  3. 3. What is a Warm-Up?
  4. 4. What is a Warm-Up? • Done before participating in sports or exercising
  5. 5. What is a Warm-Up? • Done before participating in sports or exercising • consists of a gradual increase in intensity in physical activity (pulse raiser), a joint mobility exercise, stretching and a sport related activity.
  6. 6. Why do we Warm-up?
  7. 7. Why do we Warm-up? • It prepares the body mentally and physically
  8. 8. Why do we Warm-up? • It prepares the body mentally and physically • A warm-up will improve the effectiveness of training and should be done before every training session
  9. 9. Why do we Warm-up? • It prepares the body mentally and physically • A warm-up will improve the effectiveness of training and should be done before every training session • This is fundamental to a safe practice and decreases the chances of injuring yourself
  10. 10. Why do we Warm-up? • It prepares the body mentally and physically • A warm-up will improve the effectiveness of training and should be done before every training session • This is fundamental to a safe practice and decreases the chances of injuring yourself • If performed correctly, it will enable the body to perform at its peak performing ability at the current time
  11. 11. Direct Physical Effects of Warm-Up
  12. 12. Direct Physical Effects of Warm-Up • Release of adrenaline
  13. 13. Direct Physical Effects of Warm-Up • Release of adrenaline • Increase of temperature in the muscles
  14. 14. Direct Physical Effects of Warm-Up • Release of adrenaline • Increase of temperature in the muscles • Increase of muscle metabolism
  15. 15. Direct Physical Effects of Warm-Up • Release of adrenaline • Increase of temperature in the muscles • Increase of muscle metabolism • Increase in speed of nerve impulse conduction
  16. 16. Release of adrenaline
  17. 17. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate
  18. 18. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate • Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster
  19. 19. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate • Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster • Increased production of synovial fluid located between the joints to reduce friction
  20. 20. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate • Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster • Increased production of synovial fluid located between the joints to reduce friction • Allows joints to move more efficiently
  21. 21. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate • Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster • Increased production of synovial fluid located between the joints to reduce friction • Allows joints to move more efficiently • Dilation of capillaries
  22. 22. Release of adrenaline • Increase in heart rate • Enables blood carrying oxygen to travel faster • Increased production of synovial fluid located between the joints to reduce friction • Allows joints to move more efficiently • Dilation of capillaries • Enables oxygen in the blood to travel at a higher volume
  23. 23. Increase of temperature in the muscles
  24. 24. Increase of temperature in the muscles • Decreased viscosity of blood
  25. 25. Increase of temperature in the muscles • Decreased viscosity of blood • Enables oxygen in the blood to travel with greater speed
  26. 26. Increase of temperature in the muscles • Decreased viscosity of blood • Enables oxygen in the blood to travel with greater speed • Decreased viscosity within the muscle
  27. 27. Increase of temperature in the muscles • Decreased viscosity of blood • Enables oxygen in the blood to travel with greater speed • Decreased viscosity within the muscle • Greater extensibility and elasticy of muscle fibires
  28. 28. Increase of temperature in the muscles • Decreased viscosity of blood • Enables oxygen in the blood to travel with greater speed • Decreased viscosity within the muscle • Greater extensibility and elasticy of muscle fibires • Increased force and speed of contraction
  29. 29. Increase muscle metabolism
  30. 30. Increase muscle metabolism • Metabolism: The breakdown of complex substances to produce energy
  31. 31. Increase muscle metabolism • Metabolism: The breakdown of complex substances to produce energy • Supply of energy through breakdown of glycogen
  32. 32. Types of Warm-Up
  33. 33. Types of Warm-Up • Ballistic Stretches
  34. 34. Types of Warm-Up • Ballistic Stretches • Static Stretches
  35. 35. Types of Warm-Up • Ballistic Stretches • Static Stretches • Contraindicative Stretches
  36. 36. Ballistic Stretches
  37. 37. Ballistic Stretches Ballistic Stretches (involving bouncing or jerking) are purported to help extend limbs more during exercise to allow an individual to be more agile and flexible. However this type of stretching can cause injury and is not generally recommended.
  38. 38. Static Stretches
  39. 39. Static Stretches Flexing the muscles to help prevent injury and allow greater flexibility and agility. Note that some sources discourage static stretching as muscles are more prone to damage if stretched while cold. Static stretching for too long can also weaken the muscles temporarily
  40. 40. Contraindicative Stretches
  41. 41. Contraindicative Stretches • Are stretches that are ineffective
  42. 42. Contraindicative Stretches • Are stretches that are ineffective • Does not do a good job stretching the muscles
  43. 43. Contraindicative Stretches • Are stretches that are ineffective • Does not do a good job stretching the muscles • Stretches that have the potential to do harm
  44. 44. THANK YOU For Your Kind Attention
  45. 45. THANK YOU For Your Kind Attention Sources: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=CvIGjwZ25YA&feature=related http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warm-up

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