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Indiana Complete Streets


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Indiana Complete Streets

  1. 1. Promoting Complete Streets for Healthy Communities Kim Irwin, MPH Executive Director Alliance for Health Promotion April 27, 2012 Annual Meeting Indiana Cancer Consortium
  2. 2. The Health by Design CoalitionMore than 500 members representing 200+ orgs Non-profits  academia  private industries and businesses  environmental groups Planners, designers, architects, and builders  transportation officials  public health and environmental professionals  recreation and safety personnel  concerned citizens YOU?
  3. 3. Our focus: How the built environment (neighborhoods, communities, transportation systems, buildings, regions, parks, and open spaces) impacts public health.
  4. 4. Active Living A way of life that integrates physical activity into daily routines “When communities organize themselves around the automobile as the primary mode of transportation, they effectively engineer physical activity right out of the equation.” Neil Caudle
  5. 5. What do these reports all recommend? White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity Report and Action Plan (2010) APHA’s The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation (2010) CDC’s Transportation Recommendations (2010) National Physical Activity Plan (2010) Institutes of Medicine’s Local Government Actions to Prevent Childhood Obesity (2009)
  6. 6. Complete Streets for Healthy LivingComplete Streets are designed and operated so that they are safe, comfortable, and convenient for all users- pedestrians, bicyclists, transit riders, and motorists of all ages and abilities.Complete Streets Policies Create a new vision Institutionalize Planning and Decision-making Result in a safer, healthier built environment
  7. 7. Indiana Cancer Control Plan 2010-2014  The Plan includes strategies – like Complete Streets – that support active living communities for adults and children
  8. 8. Comprehensive Cancer Control PolicyTechnical Assistance Agenda Increase the percentage of Indiana residents who work in a smoke-free workplace Increase the Indiana cigarette excise tax Increase the number of Complete Streets policies at the local level Amend legislation to require elementary schools to incorporate 30 of the recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity
  9. 9. Indiana’s Comprehensive Nutrition andPhysical Activity Plan, 2010-2020  The IHWI and ISDH released the State Obesity Plan in January 2011.  The Plan outlines a plan of action for different settings to address obesity in Indiana, including Complete Streets.
  10. 10. Why Do We Need Complete Streets?
  11. 11. Why do we need completestreets? Obesity is lower in places where people use bikes, public transit, and their feet (Pucher, 2009). States with the lowest levels of walking and biking have on avg. the highest levels of obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. The CDC recently named the adoption of CS policies as a recommended strategy to prevent obesity (2009).
  12. 12. Complete Streets & Public Health
  13. 13. Streets Are Inadequate TOO DANGEROUS TO CROSS ON FOOT
  14. 14. Streets Are Inadequate UNINVITING FOR BUS RIDERS
  15. 15. Streets Are Inadequate NO SIDEWALKS
  16. 16. Why do we need completestreets? Americans WANT to walk and bicycle more . Recent opinion polls found that 52% of Americans want to bicycle more, and 55% would prefer to drive less and walk more.
  17. 17. Streets Are Inadequate TOO NARROW TO SHARE WITH BIKES
  18. 18. Streets Are Inadequate INACCESSIBLE FOR WHEELCHAIR USERS
  19. 19. Negative Health Impact ofINCOMPLETE Streets One study found that, on a daily basis, each additional hour spent driving is associated with a 6% increase in the likelihood of obesity. Each additional kilometer walked is associated with a 5% reduction in this likelihood.
  20. 20. Streets Are Inadequate NO ROOM FOR BIKES OR PEDESTRIANS
  21. 21. Streets Are Inadequate NO ROOM FOR PEOPLE
  22. 22. Key MessageNational Walking Survey - 2011 The second most cited reason for not walking was neighborhood-related barriers, such as not enough sidewalks or being wary of speeding traffic. Neighborhoods that are more walkable are home to a greater number of frequent walkers.
  23. 23. Incomplete Streets Are UnsafeAlliance for Biking & Walking 2010 Benchmarking Report
  24. 24. Complete Streets Policies 330+ jurisdictions nationally have a stated commitment to complete streets Policy Types – Public: legislation, ordinances, resolutions, executive orders – Internal: policies, plans, manuals Policy Levels – Local, MPO, State, Federal
  25. 25. Who has Complete Street Policiesin Indiana? Northwest Indiana MPO Bloomington MPO Madison County MPO Columbus, Indiana Evansville MPOComplete Streets policiesnow cover 20% of Indiana’spopulation.
  26. 26. The Best Complete Streets Policies Apply to all phases of all projects Feature direct use of the latest and best design standards Allow flexibility in balancing user needs Specify any exceptions and require high-level approval of them
  27. 27. Design Elements All users must be able to safely move along and across a complete street. Each complete street is unique. Complete streets are appropriate in all communities, regardless of size or setting.
  28. 28. Why Policy Change is important: Changing policy so that our transportation system routinely includes the needs of people on foot, wheelchairs, public transportation, and bicycles means that walking, riding bikes, and riding buses and trains will be safer and easier. People of all ages and abilities will have more options when traveling to work, to school, to the grocery store, and to visit family.
  29. 29. SmallestImpact One-on-one & Small group education, health fairs Counseling & Education Provider Brief intervention Clinical Interventions PHS Guidelines Long-lasting Protective InterventionsLargest Changing the Context POLICYImpact to make individuals’ default decisions healthy Poverty, housing, Socioeconomic Factors education
  30. 30. Complete Streets =Livable Communities Complete streets make fiscal & economic sense Complete streets improve safety Complete streets encourage physical activity Complete streets ease transportation woes Complete streets benefit children Complete streets are good for air quality
  31. 31. So What Can You Do? Learn and get involved in the process Participate in an advocacy group Examine the environment and policies in your community Invite others to get involved Take action!
  32. 32. Media Advocacy: Shape the Story Translate the individual problem to a community issue Assign primary responsibility Present a solution
  33. 33. Media Advocacy: Shape the Story VS…
  34. 34. Media Advocacy: Shape the Story
  35. 35. SHAPE the StoryFind the authentic voices:The elderly, bikers, walkers, school-aged children, those without cars,visually impaired, pedestrians/bikersinjured in car crashes, etc…
  36. 36. Questions and Next Steps What are your next  Who can be your steps to help partners? promote Complete  What assistance do Streets in your you need? community?
  37. 37. Contact information: Health by Design 401 W. Michigan Street Indianapolis, IN 46202-3233 317.352.3844 an Alliance for Health Promotion initiative