Gender – water – food Mekong regionOxfam’s Mekong Regional TeamCPWF Forum Hanoi Nov 2012
Gender – water – food Context and snapshot 1Globally: closing the ‘gender gap’ in agriculture – or increasing women’s contribution to food production and enterprise by providing equal access to resources and opportunities – could reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12-17 per cent, or by 100 to 150 million people. (Citation: FAO. 2011. The State of Food and Agriculture: Women in Agriculture – Closing the gender gap for development. Rome: FAO)Women comprise an average of 43 percent of the agricultural labor force (citation: FAO. 2011. The State of Food and Agriculture, p. 7) which is up to almost 50 per cent in Eastern and Southeastern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa)
Gender – water – food Context and snapshot 2Why we need to think women and women need to be influentially involved…Vietnam: Despite substantial progress in closing gender gaps fundamental challenges remain:• Women’s wages on average 75% of men’s• Decision making structures at all levels remain male dominated• 64% of working women in rural areas work in agriculture, compared to 53% men but women have less access to training and on/off farm employment
Gender – water – food Context and snapshot 3“ Migrant women, widows, older women, ethnic minorities and women with disabilities are particularly disadvantaged” (World Bank 2011)Women migrants in Vietnam earn 45% less than men for same hours worked
Gender – water – food Brainstorm exerciseWhy does gender matter in food – water - energy?
Gender – water – foodAssessing the assessment tools and guidance
Gender – water – foodOxfam’s project assumption:Involving women…• More often• More meaningfully• Earlier and ongoing• With power• In decisions = better, more sustainable outcomes
Gender – water – food Project review - Assessment and guidance toolsMRC Design Guidancehttp://www.mrcmekong.org/assets/Publications/Consultations/SEA- Hydropower/Preliminary-DG-of-LMB-Mainstream-dams- FinalVersion-Sept09.pdfRSAThttp://www.mrcmekong.org/assets/Publications/Reports/RSAT- Revision-3-for-printingOCT-3-2010-Corrected-FINAL.PDFHSAPhttp://www.hydropower.org/sustainable_hydropower/hsaf_Hydropower _Sustainability_Assessment_Protocol.html