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The cosmological argument


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The cosmological argument

  2. 2. SECTION 1
  3. 3.  Cosmos = universe Aposteriori, inductive.INTRO
  4. 4. KEY IDEAS Must accept universe is intelligible Must question universe God is supreme and requires no explanation, the universedoes.
  5. 5. AQUINAS – WAY 1, 2 & 3 Motion = first mover Cause = first cause Contingency = creator.
  6. 6. LEIBNIZ Principle of sufficient reason “Nothing takes place without a sufficient reason” Known / unknown explanation for everything.
  7. 7. COPLESTON Some things in the world do not contain within themselvesthe reason for their own existence The explanation is separate and outside of the world This is God.
  8. 8. KALAM / W. L. CRAIG Muslim scholars, 9th century WLC: “The Kalam Cosmological Argument Present cannot exist in an infinite universe.
  9. 9. SECTION 2
  10. 10. S - SCIENCE HAS NOALTERNATIVE Science has not yet discovered an alternative explanation. We live in a scientifically developed age…
  11. 11. S - LOGICAL ANDCOHERENT Each step builds in the previous It is possible to either agree or disagree, not both.
  12. 12. S - RELATABLE We all experience the universe.
  13. 13. S - ANY / NO RELIGION The Kalam Argument proves this This makes it even more relatable.
  14. 14. W – FIRST PREMISEFAILS If you don’t question the universe. Bertrand Russell – “Ultimate Brute Fact,” “Just there, andthat’s all,” C/R debate
  15. 15. W – NON-BELIEVERS? The argument raises more questions It is logically flawed and contradictory.
  16. 16. W – BBT COULD BEWRONG It is only a theory The entire argument would then be wrong Oscillating universe.
  17. 17. W – DAVID HUME & I.KANT Hume – we never experience causation, it is an illusionborn out of habit We cannot speculate about what we have neverexperienced Kant – We cannot transcend the bounds of ourexperience.