Guided Inquiry: Strategies
 for Teaching in the 21 st

        Century
         Carol Collier Kuhlthau
 Center for Interna...
Workshop Objectives
 To learn the principles, objectives and
  components of Guided Inquiry.
 To plan for implementing G...
Guided Inquiry

 What   is it?

 Why   now?

 What’s   new?
Preparing Students for a
          Changing World

Mission of education:

 To prepare students for learning and
 creating ...
Challenge for 21st Century
             Education
Transforming schools to meet challenges of
  21st Century Learner

New M...
Information Literacy



 The   ability to:
     Locate,
     Evaluate,
     Use information wisely
       for learning...
Research about
       Learning from Information
 Factfinding, right answer, analysis and
 synthesis (Limberg)

 Toget cl...
Inquiry Learning
Raises standard of research assignments to
 higher level by:

 Drawing on life experiences
 Learning fr...
Model of the Information Search Process

Tasks            Initiation            Selection Exploration Formulation Collecti...
Uncertainty


Uncertainty is the beginning of learning.

“The mind doesn’t take everything and put
it into order automatic...
Intervention for Learning in ISP

 Initiation
           and Selection
 Exploration – “in the dip”
 Formulation – turni...
Zone of Intervention

That area in which an information user
can do with advice and assistance what
he or she cannot do al...
Zones of Intervention in the
           Inquiry Process
           – getting started
 Initiation
 Selection – ideas and ...
Guided Inquiry across the
          ISP
                          INFORMATION
     INQUIRY PROCESS         SEARCH
        ...
Six Principles of Inquiry Approach
Children learn
 By building on what they know.
 Being actively engaged and reflecting...
5 kinds of learning in
                  Guided Inquiry
   Curriculum content –
       fact finding, interpreting, & syn...
Guided Inquiry

 Guided Inquiry is planned, supervised and
 targeted intervention.

 Guided  Inquiry is a dynamic way of...
Work Session I
            Where are we?
 Groups   – prek-2; 3-5; 6-8; 9-12
 Select a recorder.
 Briefly tell what’s go...
Reflection
 Briefly
        report on 2 typical scenarios that
your group will build on in work session II.
Implementing Guided Inquiry
 Building the team
 Developing strategies for learning
 Concepts approach to information li...
Guided Inquiry Team


 Three  member instructional teams
 Varied expertise
 Developed according to students’ needs
 Co...
Building the Team
 Three   scenarios:
     Prek-2

     Upper elementary/middle

     High school
Librarian’s Role in
       Guided Inquiry

 Resource  Specialist
 Information Literacy Teacher
 Collaboration Gatekeeper
Intervention Strategies for
           Inquiry Approach
 Converse  – Talk about ideas and
               questions
 Cont...
A Concepts Approach to
            Information Literacy
 Locating:    Finding trails and pathways

 Evaluating:     Judg...
5 kinds of learning in
                  Guided Inquiry
   Curriculum content –
       fact finding, interpreting, & syn...
Work Session II
         Where are we going?
 Form   the same groups as work session I.

 Plan for Guided Inquiry by bui...
Reflection

 Reporton timeline and plan to implement
 Guided Inquiry building on one of the
 scenarios.
Guided Inquiry
             Getting Started
 Identify curriculum standards and
  information literacy standards.
 Form c...
Pair to Share
 Get together with one person in your
  group
 Discuss one Guided Inquiry project to
  work on in each of ...
Guided Inquiry
           Sustaining Change
 Three   ways
     Gain support
     Develop an implementation plan
     C...
 Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st
 Century, Kuhlthau, Maniotes, and Caspari,
 Libraries Unlimited, 2007.

 Seeking M...
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Kuhlthau, Carol Workshop on 090902

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Workshop on 31. auguat on IASL 2009 in Abano Terme in Italy

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Kuhlthau, Carol Workshop on 090902

  1. 1. Guided Inquiry: Strategies for Teaching in the 21 st Century Carol Collier Kuhlthau Center for International Scholarship in School Libraries (CISSL) Rutgers University, USA
  2. 2. Workshop Objectives  To learn the principles, objectives and components of Guided Inquiry.  To plan for implementing Guided Inquiry in my school based on what is already in place.  To understand strategies for getting started and sustaining change.
  3. 3. Guided Inquiry  What is it?  Why now?  What’s new?
  4. 4. Preparing Students for a Changing World Mission of education: To prepare students for learning and creating in the dynamic, cluttered, chaotic information environment of the first decades of the 21st century
  5. 5. Challenge for 21st Century Education Transforming schools to meet challenges of 21st Century Learner New Model: Learning from a variety of sources Inquiry process for deep understanding  Collaborative learning environment led by instructional team  Education for innovation
  6. 6. Information Literacy  The ability to:  Locate,  Evaluate,  Use information wisely for learning, thinking and creating
  7. 7. Research about Learning from Information  Factfinding, right answer, analysis and synthesis (Limberg)  Toget clear picture, to verify picture, gain a position (Todd)  Novice/expert - right answer vs. angle or strategy (Kuhlthau)
  8. 8. Inquiry Learning Raises standard of research assignments to higher level by:  Drawing on life experiences  Learning from a wide range of sources  Forming deep understanding  Gaining sense of accomplishment  Developing competence and expertise
  9. 9. Model of the Information Search Process Tasks Initiation Selection Exploration Formulation Collection Presentation ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------→ Feelings uncertainly optimism confusion clarity sense of satisfaction or (affective) frustration direction/ disappointment doubt confidence Thoughts vague-------------------------------------→focused (cognitive) -----------------------------------------------→ increased interest Actions seeking relevant information----------------------------→seeking pertinent information (physical) exploring documenting
  10. 10. Uncertainty Uncertainty is the beginning of learning. “The mind doesn’t take everything and put it into order automatically…Understanding that is the biggest help.”
  11. 11. Intervention for Learning in ISP  Initiation and Selection  Exploration – “in the dip”  Formulation – turning point  Collection and Preparing for presentation
  12. 12. Zone of Intervention That area in which an information user can do with advice and assistance what he or she cannot do alone or can do only with great difficulty.
  13. 13. Zones of Intervention in the Inquiry Process – getting started  Initiation  Selection – ideas and questions  Exploration – confusing, uncertain  Formulation – focus, turning point  Collection – focused gathering  Presentation - sharing
  14. 14. Guided Inquiry across the ISP INFORMATION INQUIRY PROCESS SEARCH PROCESS Opening & Immersing Initiation & Selection Exploring Exploration Identifying Formulation Gathering & Documenting Collection Producing & Sharing Presentation Reflecting Assessment
  15. 15. Six Principles of Inquiry Approach Children learn  By building on what they know.  Being actively engaged and reflecting on that experience.  Developing higher-order thinking through guidance at critical points.  In different ways and modes.  Though social interaction.  Through instruction in accord with their cognitive development
  16. 16. 5 kinds of learning in Guided Inquiry  Curriculum content –  fact finding, interpreting, & synthesizing  Information literacy –  concepts for locating, evaluating & using  Learning how to learn –  selecting, exploring, focusing, collecting & presenting  Literacy competence –  reading, writing, speaking & listening  Social skills –  interacting, cooperating & collaborating
  17. 17. Guided Inquiry  Guided Inquiry is planned, supervised and targeted intervention.  Guided Inquiry is a dynamic way of developing information literacy and enhancing the curriculum through the school library.
  18. 18. Work Session I Where are we?  Groups – prek-2; 3-5; 6-8; 9-12  Select a recorder.  Briefly tell what’s going on in your school.  Select 2 typical scenarios with something to build on in work session II.
  19. 19. Reflection  Briefly report on 2 typical scenarios that your group will build on in work session II.
  20. 20. Implementing Guided Inquiry  Building the team  Developing strategies for learning  Concepts approach to information literacy  5 kinds of learning
  21. 21. Guided Inquiry Team  Three member instructional teams  Varied expertise  Developed according to students’ needs  Core team and extended team  Flexible team approach
  22. 22. Building the Team  Three scenarios:  Prek-2  Upper elementary/middle  High school
  23. 23. Librarian’s Role in Guided Inquiry  Resource Specialist  Information Literacy Teacher  Collaboration Gatekeeper
  24. 24. Intervention Strategies for Inquiry Approach  Converse – Talk about ideas and questions  Continue – Develop understanding over time  Choose – Select what is interesting and pertinent  Chart – Visualize ideas  Compose – Write all the way along
  25. 25. A Concepts Approach to Information Literacy  Locating: Finding trails and pathways  Evaluating: Judging usefulness by quality, expertise, accuracy, currency and perspective  Using: Determining importance; forming focus; deciding what is enough; managing inquiry; interpreting facts and ideas; sharing with others.
  26. 26. 5 kinds of learning in Guided Inquiry  Curriculum content –  fact finding, interpreting, & synthesizing  Information literacy –  concepts for locating, evaluating & using  Learning how to learn –  selecting, exploring, focusing, collecting & presenting  Literacy competence –  reading, writing, speaking & listening  Social skills –  interacting, cooperating & collaborating
  27. 27. Work Session II Where are we going?  Form the same groups as work session I.  Plan for Guided Inquiry by building on one of the 2 scenarios.  Develop an implementation plan with a timeline.
  28. 28. Reflection  Reporton timeline and plan to implement Guided Inquiry building on one of the scenarios.
  29. 29. Guided Inquiry Getting Started  Identify curriculum standards and information literacy standards.  Form core team  Invite extended team  Plan and implement inquiry, resources, strategies, outcome and assessment
  30. 30. Pair to Share  Get together with one person in your group  Discuss one Guided Inquiry project to work on in each of your schools.  Give each other advice and encouragement
  31. 31. Guided Inquiry Sustaining Change  Three ways  Gain support  Develop an implementation plan  Create a network to share success and problems
  32. 32.  Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century, Kuhlthau, Maniotes, and Caspari, Libraries Unlimited, 2007.  Seeking Meaning: A process approach to Library and Information Services. 2nd ed. Kuhlthau, Libraries Unlimited, 2004.

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