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Basic Market Study on E-Commerce industry in India


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This PPT consists of basic study on
1.Total Market Size
2. Drivers of growth
3. Growth retarders
4. Aggregate consumer behaviour
5. Major players and market share of players
6. Major product categories and their share in total sales ( for each player)
7. Business model of e-commerce players
8. Funding sources for e-commerce players in India
9. Latest updates on mergers, new entrants, sell-outs and acquisitions
10. Future outlook and what factors would take the industry to another level

Published in: Marketing
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Basic Market Study on E-Commerce industry in India

  1. 1. Market Study on E-Commerce industry in India Prepared By:- Nidhi Kumari Agarwal Roll – 1220003 MBA (Finance)
  2. 2. Total Market Size • In the year 2009, India’s e- commerce market was worth about USD 3.9 billion which grew up to USD 12.6 billion in 2013 [1]. • A study from Internet and Mobile Association of India states that the e-commerce sector is expected to reach INR 211,005 Crore (USD 31.572 billion) by December, 2016 [2]. • By the year 2020, India is expected to generate USD 100 billion online retail revenue. 0 20 40 60 80 100 2009 2013 2016 2020 E-commerce Market Size in India USD Billion E-Commerce holds 1% of the total market share of the Indian Retail Industry [9].
  3. 3. Drivers of Growth Funding Regulatory Factors Growth in Infrastructure Internet Usage Increase in Disposable Income Increase in Urbanization Business Model
  4. 4. Drivers of Growth • Funding - Growth in Financial services organization has increased the number of potential investors such as Angel Investor, Venture Capitalists etc. According to the report, angel investment in India in FY16 stood at Rs.113.6 crore across 69 deals, a rise of about 62% in deal value and 47% in deal volume from the previous financial year [4]. • Regulatory factors such as recent amendments in FDI policies has created a significant opportunities for the growth in e-commerce in India [9]. • The rapid growth in infrastructure along with significant growth in technology for secure online transaction has also contributed towards the growth of e- commerce [9]. • Rise in disposable income with increase in urbanizations has also contributed towards the growth in e-commerce in India [9]. • Internet Usage - The number of active mobile Internet users grew about 99% to 80 million by October 2015 and is expected to reach 87 million by December and 109 million by June 2016 [5]. • Business Model - Innovation in business model such as 7 days-30 days return policies, free product deliveries, cash on delivery and product compare features [6].
  5. 5. Growth retarders • Infrastructure – Internet penetration in India is as low as 0.5% of the population as compared to the 50% of that in Singapore. It is difficult for e-commerce to reach to 1,000 million population spread over 37 million households in 6, 04,374 odd villages and 5,000 towns and cities [7]. • Digital Illiteracy – The major language at which e-commerce operates is English which is not the commonly used language. Another issue is education with respect to using and handling is not reachable to the remote villages and out-skirts of the major cities and town [7]. • Huge diversification in terms of geography, culture, language, perception, preferences, income base. It makes e-commerce difficult to cater to all the needs. • More reliability over an old network at local level with SMEs, traders and shopkeepers [6]. • Privacy and security concerns regarding online transactions [7]. • Issues related to tax administration in India [7].
  6. 6. Aggregate Consumer Behavior • Improved Technology - Technology advancements such as has bridged the gap between sellers and buyers. Emergence of blogs in past 4-5 years have created more awareness and acts as a two way communication channel for online retailers and vendors. • Secure online shopping model with secured bank transaction and online payment facilities have created a sense of trust. Improved fraud prevention and detection technologies with safe and secured business environment in preventing credit card frauds, identification of theft and phishing [6]. • Youth - The youth or the young population find it much easier and safe [6]. • The 24x7 service facility, rapid delivery, ease of transportation of goods purchased, ease of availability, experience of product before purchasing etc has increased the usefulness and ease of use for the users [8]. • Although the physical infrastructure (internet and computer/mobile) is often unavailable or inaccessible at the bottom of the pyramids in the developing market, the rapid change in external environment has increased an affinity towards online shopping among the consumers.
  7. 7. Major players and market share of playersCurrently, the Indian e-commerce market is dominated by three players who command more than 90% share in this market — •Flipkart •Snapdeal •Amazon. Furthermore, two product segments (viz., electronics and appliances and fashion products) dominate nearly 80% of this market [13]. Source –
  8. 8. Major product categories The major product category of ecommerce in India comprises of following along with their major players. Category Company Clothing Jabong, Flipkart, Myntra Electronics Amazon, Flipkart , Snapdeal Non-merchandise Flipkart, Shopclues, Amazon Durgs and Health aids Computer Hardware Flipkart, Shopclues, Amazon Office supplies ebay Furniture Personalized Gifts Ferns and Petals Travel and Tourism Makemytrip, Tripadvisor, Ibibo Source –
  9. 9. Business model of E-Commerce players • Marketplace Model (seller will handle inquiry, order, shipping, return etc). They will only promote their site and products. • Also Amazon and Flipkart has dual business model- Seller (they also sell products directly on their site) and Marketplace. For example - SnapDeal Business Model Sequence 1. List Sellers – Today SnapDeal claims of having 100,000+ Sellers on its platform. 2. Get Sellers to become Active – By Listing of the Products 3. Sellers Agree to the Terms and Conditions of SnapDeal and agree on a selling commission on every order [Ranges fro5-30% of the Sale Value depending on the item listed to be sold.] 4. When ever any order is put up on SnapDeal by a customer, SnapDeal passes that to the seller and arranges for the pick up and delivery [if fulfilled by SnapDeal] or else the Seller directly ships it to the customer. 5. At the end of a certain pre – agreed period of settlement of payments to Sellers, SnapDeal aggregates the total sale achieved by a particular seller, and after deducting the sale commission and service tax, they wire transfer the rest of the money to the seller. The sale happens via channels (such as website sales, mobile app, direct via tele-sales etc.) & For the entire amount of sale achieved by SnapDeal for particular seller SnapDeal will charge a percentage (%) cut on the total sale amount excluding VAT / CST.
  10. 10. Funding sources for e-commerce players in India • Foreign Direct Investments – • Investment fund from Foreign Governments – USD 75 million investment fund of the Government of Malaysia for Yepme • Crowd-funding • Angel Investors or seed investor or informal investor. • Venture Capitalists (Series A, B, C) • Incubation Centers • Established Firms or entrepreneurs etc.
  11. 11. Ratan Tata 2.0: Start-up mentor and angel investor Source –
  12. 12. Latest updates on mergers, new entrants, sell-outs and acquisitions • MakeMyTrip and Ibibo, online travel market agreed to combine their business to become a dominant player–announced on 19th October, 2016[10]. • Another announcement was made on 26th July 2016, Flipkart owned Myntra has acquired Jabong from Global Fashion Group for an undisclosed amount [11]. • Online fashion marketplace Voonik Technologies recently made three acquisitions — Zohraa, a marketplace for designers and boutiques, Styl and Picksilk — that helped it enter the premium ecommerce segment [12]. • Bengaluru-based online gifting platform Giftxoxo recently acquihired BookMyInterest, a marketplace for hobbies and leisure activities [12]. • InnerChef, a Gurgaon-based food technology startup, has acquired two firms in the same space to expand their presence to other cities. Its cofounder Rajesh Sawhney said it is looking at more acquisitions in the future [12]. • Voonik officials said the company is now looking to acquire from the fields of machine learning and artificial intelligence [12].
  13. 13. The e-commerce acquisition spree continues in 2015 Source –
  14. 14. Future outlook and what factors would take the industry to another level • As illustrated in the initial topics, the growth potential of ecommerce in with the advancement of the reach of technology is quite high in India. • The major giants has created a potential barrier to obstruct the threat of new entrant in to market but along with that a sustainable development can be assured more with the retention of customers. • For this ecommerce giants need to provide more comfortable shopping experiences driven with the money-savings innovations. • The industry could be taken in to another level with a potential warehouse connected with quick delivery services to meet the impatient demands of the Indian Consumers. • This can be illustrated with outlook of an example of Reliance retail industry entering into ecommerce, might be in any future.
  15. 15. Thank You eCommerce 1% Indian Retail Industry 99% Market Share In March 2016, after the approval of 100 percent foreign investment in Market place ecommerce companies, Bank of America Merrill Lynch has forecast Indian e-commerce will surge to $220 billion in value of goods sold by 2025 from about $11 billion last year, outpacing growth in bricks and mortar retail [13].