La città bianca.
Bianco
silenzioso GRAZIE PER L’ATTENZIONE
come il vuoto
il nulla
quando è pieno.
……
Beo-grad.
La città bi...
Integration and
empowerment
as tools
for building identity
and social conflict
The case of Serbian refugees in Pančevo, Se...
Data on refugees' flows in Serbia:








UNHCR in the first half of 1996
registered in Serbia 537,937 refugees,
of w...
Data on the closure's process of collective centres (former schools, hotels,
warehouses, barracks, etc. that, in the middl...
“while EMPOWERMENT is presented as
a quantitative increase of the
capacities, it acts as a
qualitative transformation of t...
In 2002 the serbian government adopted the

National Strategy for Resolving the
Problems of Refugees and IDPs in Serbia
th...
Social Housing Programmes to foster
integration of refugees through empowerment
example:

SIRP

Settlement and Integration...
Stambena Strategija Grada Pančeva
(Housing Strategy of the city of Pančevo)
social housing policies to be adopted in order...
“even if governmental technologies
play an important role in the
production of citizens – subjecting
them to specific rati...
What's the response of (former) refugees to
integration through empowerment policies?


Claim for exclusive social and po...
Unexpected outcomes of integration through
empowerment policies










Claim for more assistance and humanitarian
...
Serbian institutions need to
find a long term solution,
not only to the refugees'
issue, but also to the
economical and so...
Otherwise, very high can be the risk
for essentialized cultural
characteristics to be
instrumentalized in order to gain
ex...
La città bianca.
Bianco
silenzioso
come il vuoto
GRAZIE PER L’ATTENZIONE
il nulla
Thanks
quando è pieno.
……

for your atte...
Nicoletta Carboni
nicolcarboni@yahoo.com
Skype: nicolcarboni
Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
“From Discrimination to Empowerment...
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Integration and empowerment as tools for building identity and social conflict. The case of Serbian refugees in Pančevo, Serbia

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Integration and empowerment as tools for building identity and social conflict. The case of Serbian refugees in Pančevo, Serbia

  1. 1. La città bianca. Bianco silenzioso GRAZIE PER L’ATTENZIONE come il vuoto il nulla quando è pieno. …… Beo-grad. La città bianca grigia e puzzolente oggi è bianca davvero e profuma di ghiaccio e di gelo. Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  2. 2. Integration and empowerment as tools for building identity and social conflict The case of Serbian refugees in Pančevo, Serbia Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  3. 3. Data on refugees' flows in Serbia:     UNHCR in the first half of 1996 registered in Serbia 537,937 refugees, of which 290,667 from Croatia (54% of the total) Today in Serbia: 65,000 refugees, of which 47,000 from Croatian regions In Pančevo, between 1992 and 1998, almost 13,000 people got the refugee status In December 2010 in Pančevo were counted 748 people with refugee status Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  4. 4. Data on the closure's process of collective centres (former schools, hotels, warehouses, barracks, etc. that, in the middle of the '90s, have been used to host and assist the huge amount of refugees coming in Serbia) (dd/mm/yyyy) Number of collective centres in Serbia Number of refugees living in collective centres 01.01.2002 388 17415 01.01.2003 323 13569 01.01.2004 194 8107 01.01.2005 143 5091 01.01.2006 112 3418 01.01.2007 92 2515 01.01.2008 80 1702 01.01.2009 73 1299 01.01.2010 62 1165 01.01.2011 54 898 01.12.2011 41 607 Date
  5. 5. “while EMPOWERMENT is presented as a quantitative increase of the capacities, it acts as a qualitative transformation of the forms of subjectivity” (Dean, 1999:70) with the consequence that what was firstly seen as the liberation and subjectivation of the individual, it's rather mostly the result of a process of subjection Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  6. 6. In 2002 the serbian government adopted the National Strategy for Resolving the Problems of Refugees and IDPs in Serbia through: REPATRIATION or LOCAL INTEGRATION “helping refugees achieve self-sufficiency, a financially and socially equal position as that of the other citizens of the country Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  7. 7. Social Housing Programmes to foster integration of refugees through empowerment example: SIRP Settlement and Integration of Refugees Programme OBJECTIVES: *foster the closure of collective centres *favour the process of naturalization *facilitate the entrance into the job market *transform the assisted former refugee into the productive homo oeconomicus of modern society Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  8. 8. Stambena Strategija Grada Pančeva (Housing Strategy of the city of Pančevo) social housing policies to be adopted in order to foster the following demographic factors: of the population aging rate of population growth of the mortality rate of marriages of brain drain phenomenon Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  9. 9. “even if governmental technologies play an important role in the production of citizens – subjecting them to specific rationalities, norms and practices – also individuals play a role in their own subjectivation and autoproduction” (Ong,A., 2005:41) Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  10. 10. What's the response of (former) refugees to integration through empowerment policies?  Claim for exclusive social and political rights → free housing only for refugees  Process of identity building with a counter-history narration in order to be included in the wider Serbian national community  Emphasis on refugeeness and historical experience, tracing a border that separates from the local community, in order to justify the claims for a prolongued assistance Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  11. 11. Unexpected outcomes of integration through empowerment policies      Claim for more assistance and humanitarian policies Entrance in the public sphere with radicalization of political views Indifference toward the need of a wider population of non-refugees individuals in need of assistance and subsidies to improve their daily living conditions Interpretation of the long term integration idea strictly associating it with the free provision of private property Construction of symbolic borders between refugees and the local community Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  12. 12. Serbian institutions need to find a long term solution, not only to the refugees' issue, but also to the economical and social difficulties that Serbia as a whole is facing, in order to reduce the widening of social conflict Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  13. 13. Otherwise, very high can be the risk for essentialized cultural characteristics to be instrumentalized in order to gain exclusive rights that don't consider the equal right to have access to the welfare system, but rather define a scale of access to it on the basis of specific symbolic characters considered as essential and connaturated Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  14. 14. La città bianca. Bianco silenzioso come il vuoto GRAZIE PER L’ATTENZIONE il nulla Thanks quando è pieno. …… for your attention Beo-grad. La città bianca grigia e puzzolente oggi è bianca davvero e profuma di ghiaccio e di gelo. Nicoletta Carboni “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference Trieste, 12-14 April 2012
  15. 15. Nicoletta Carboni nicolcarboni@yahoo.com Skype: nicolcarboni Trieste, 12-14 April 2012 “From Discrimination to Empowerment” Conference

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