Health concerns


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Health concerns

  1. 1. Health Concerns Asthma, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Scabies, & Head Lice   Serenity Sul and Nicole Therrien
  2. 2. Asthma <ul><ul><li>5-10% of population, up to 20% in children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  #1 childhood disease, cause of school absenses, and pediatiric visits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Repetitive episodes of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Narrowing of the throat's airway passages caused by allergic reactions and triggers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Attacks are dangerous and should be taken seriously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Frustrating disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triggers: temperature changes, elevation changes, pollen, air pollution, smoke, pollen, dust, physical exercise, stress </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3.   Asthma: Tips For Teachers <ul><ul><li>Know the signs and symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Ensure students have medications and use them appropriately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Allow rest, eliminate allergens, determine physical limitations you will have to set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Recognize side effects of medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remain calm during an attack and have an action plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Vaporizer or dehumidifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Sensitize other students to allergic reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Develop a way for student to keep up with work if they are frequently absent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sensitive when using breathing activities </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Epilepsy <ul><ul><li>A series of recurrent seizues that are caused by adnormal electrical discharges in the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some causes are - head injuries, tumours, scars, brain injury during fetal development or during birth, aftermath of infectious deseases, poisoning from substance abuse, stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone has a seizure threshold, which is a level of stimulation in which your brain will seizure, people with epilespy have a lower seizure threshold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idiopathic - unknown origin, presumed to be genetic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptomatic - cause is identifiable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cryptogenc - caused by an acquired brain lesion but not idenified yet, or cause is unknown </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Epilepsy <ul><ul><li>Four types of seizues - Generalized, Absence, Simple Partial and Complex Partial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Usual signs include- staring spells, rhythmic movement of the head, lack of response, eye rolling upwards, muscle jerks, purposeless sounds and body movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treament - Medication (AED), brain surgery, Ketogenic Diet, vagus nerve stimulation therapy, alternative therapies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side effects vary drug to drug but can include fatigue, difficulties with concentration or memory, loss of coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location of seizure focus is important  - depending on what region of the brain is effected it may lead to difficulty learning new information, impair concentration, poor processing, distractibility, hyperactivity, drowsiness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Epilepsy Tips for Teachers <ul><ul><li>Know the signs of seizures and what to do if one occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember students may experience seizures that you can't see </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a safe, quiet place for student to recover in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate the rest of the class on epilespy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use repetition and clear, simple, direct instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build predicitable routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a buddy-system (peer support) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote success to build student's self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact emergency services if convulsive seizure last longer than 5 minutes or a second seizure occurs shortly after the first </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Diabetes <ul><ul><li>Metabolic disorder - pancreas cannot produce appropriate insulin to process food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Hyperglycemia (type 1): too much sugar from noncompliance with diet or not taking insulin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms occur gradually over hours or days and include: fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity odour on the mouth, rapid and deep breathing, unconsciousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia (type 2): too little sugar in the system caused by delayed eating, strenuous exercise, too much insulin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms occur within minutes and include: headache, dullness, irritabily, shaking, sweating, lightheaded, behaviour changes, paleness, weakness, moist skin, slurred speech, confusion, shallow breathing, unconsciousness </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Diabetes Tips for Teachers <ul><ul><li>Be aware of indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Understand dietary needs and daily regime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Communicate with family to understand special needs and create an action plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Schedule snack and lunch at the same time each day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Have sugar in your class in case of hypoglycemia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the difference between too much and too little sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be prepared before an emergency develops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  If the child becomes unconscious, First Aid says that it will not harm them to give sugar if you are unsure </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Head Lice (Pediculosis) <ul><ul><li>Are a tan or greyish white insect, about the size of a sesame seed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thay are considered a human parasite, which means they require human blood to survive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can live up to 30 days on the scalp, or 1-3 days without a host </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They're transmitted be head to head contact, or the sharing of headgear or clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lice can not jump or fly and has nothing to do with cleanliness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include, itching/scratching of the head, tickling feeling in the scalp, irritabilty, and sores of the head caused by scratching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treament usually invovles insecticid shampoo, not to be used on those with pre-exisiting illnesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Other treatments include wet-combing or natural home remedies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Scabies <ul><ul><li>Is an infection of the skin caused by mites that borrow into the outer layer of the skin and lays eggs which causes inflammation and itchiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It takes 2-3 minutes for a female mite to accomplish this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mites can live up to 2-3 days without a host </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms include; fatigue and irritabilty, blistering of the skin sometimes in a zig zag pattern, inflammation or rash (often in crevices such as between fingers and toes, armpits etc), small red bumps, infections caused by scratching and itchy, scaly or crusted areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms can appear up to 6 weeks after date of infection, during this period the person capable of infecting others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  There are two main ways to test for mites, a Microscope test or an Ink test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Treaments usually include applying a chemical solution to the entire body </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers <ul><ul><li>Be aware of the symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach students to avoid sharing combs, earphones, headwear, scarves, gloves, or any other article of clothing that could spread lice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact the students' family so that they can contact their physician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform school administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Contact the parents of the rest of the class to inform them of the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect the confidentiality and dignity of students and their families </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Head Lice/Scabies Tips for Teachers <ul><li>Lice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Have students with long hair to tie it back in a braid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide each student with a garabe bag to place their outdoor clothing in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During an outbreak check students regulary using a bright light and nit comb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear gloves if pregant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Scabies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  Clean the students' desk, chair and any other area that had contact with the student's skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide students with mits to reduce scratching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notify parent immediately if you witness the student has a fever, red streaks on the skin, red swollen warm ares and infections with pus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><ul><li>Canadian Epilepsy Alliance. (2010). Epilepsy Matters. Retrieved February 9, 2011, from . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Retrieved February 9, 2011. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Sexually Transmitted Disease Resource. (2008). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  The National Pediculosis Association, Inc.. (1997-2011). Head Lice. Retrieved February 8, 2011, from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Smith et al., 2006. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Aid: The Vital Link. Canadian Red Cross. 2001. </li></ul></ul>