Important Points on Behaviorism Behaviorism is the prediction and control of human behavior in which introspection and independent thinking play no essential part of its teaching methods. Behaviorism is a worldview that operates on a principle of stimulus response. The learner starts with a clean slate and behavior is shaped through positive and negative reinforcement.
Ivan Pavlov becamefamous for hisexperments involvingbehaviorism. Pavlovused conditioning toteach a dog to salivatewhen he rang a bell. Thestimulus was food andthe desired effect wasstimulus when Pavlovrang the bell. From thistraining the dogeventually in time knewthat when the bell wasrung he would get food.From this experimentClassic Conditioning wasformed. From Pavlov’s Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)experiments he won theNoble Peace Prize inPhysiology in 1904.
B.F Skinner did experiments withB.F Skinner pigeons and rewarded them when(1904-1990) they did the correct behavior.Operant Conditioningdescribes learning thar Skinner believed that peopleus controlled and reslts shape their behavior based on thein shaping behaiorthrough the rewards or positive reinforcementreinforcement ofstimulus-response they receive. From hispatterns. experiments he decided the reinforcement was the most powerful motivator, if one does something good and is rewarded then they continue the behavior.
Famous for his idea ofsocaial learning, whichBandura renamed SocialCognitive Theory. Histheory is different fromSkinner’s theory becausehe focuses onmotivational factors andself-refulatorymechanisms thatinfluence a personsbehavior. Bandura alsobelieves that people gainbehaviors throughobservation which madehim come up with theidea of ObservationalModeling which is Albert Bandura (1925-current)watching something andthen mimicking thebehavior observed.
Behaviorism In The ClassroomTeacher’s using Behaviorism Student’s using Behaviorism It is a teachers responsibility to provide Students in elementary school use the child in an environment where only behaviorism by watching their teachers appropriate behavior is reinforced. actions throughout the day, also by the Behaviors that are observed should be actions they do. If they do something behaviors that will be used later on in bad they are usually punished by life and are positive and not negative. moving their card or getting a note Using technology when teaching a home but if they are good they might lesson plane such on a black board get a star sticker or some note saying could help the student watch and learn how wonderful they are being. since behaviorism is also believed to be In high school behaviorism can be used observational from watching t.v. such as relative shows which are not true. At the same time they watch these shows they observe teachers lives and want to be like certain ones. Another thing that contributes to kids behaviors is social media it is used every single day inside and outside of school
In My Own Classroom Personally when it is time for me to have my own classroom I feel as if Behaviorism is a huge impact. Reason being that children grown from the world around them and the actions and reactions they see so observation is a huge deal, it helps mold ones behavior. Another affect is the idea of training like like B.F. Skinner did with the pigeons, when the student does something good they are rewarded and when they do something bad they are punished. From all the experiments and observation I think that behaviorism is an important thing to have in the classroom because each year they will gain a better idea of what is excepted and what is not and they would be molded into good behavior.