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Dr. Bowman's NIEA 2017 Keynote: Indigenous Innovations: Honoring the Sacred and Asserting the Sovereign in Education through Evaluation

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Dr. Nicole Bowman presented, "Indigenous Innovations: Honoring the Sacred and Asserting the Sovereign in Education through Evaluation" at 2017's National Indian Education Association conference.

About NIEA

NIEA Mission Statement
The National Indian Education Association advances comprehensive, culture-based educational opportunities for American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians.

NIEA Vision Statement
Our traditional Native cultures and values are the foundations of our learning therefore, NIEA will:

Promote educational sovereignty;
Support continuing use of traditional knowledge and language;
Improve educational opportunities and results;
in our communities.

About Dr. Bowman

Dr. Nicole Bowman is the president and founder of the nationally award-winning Bowman Performance Consulting (BPC) in Shawano, Wisconsin. Dr. Bowman earned her PhD in Educational Leadership & Policy Analysis at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison). Her dissertation is recognized as the nation’s first multi-jurisdictional educational policy study in the country to systemically examine how Tribal and non-Tribal educational policy is developed and implemented as public and Tribal governments intersect to educate Indigenous students attending K-12 public schools. Through her work at BPC and UW-Madison, she provides culturally responsive evaluation, research, and policy subject matter expertise where Tribal and non-Tribal governments and organizations collaborate. These projects and initiatives work towards improving the health, economy, education, justice, social, cultural, and human service outcomes for Indigenous populations in reservation, rural, urban, and international community contexts. Dr. Bowman has contributed over two decades of culturally responsive and multi-jurisdictional evaluation, research, training and technical assistance. Dr. Bowman has an academic appointment at UW-Madison’s Wisconsin Center for Education Research as a subject matter expert in culturally responsive research, policy, and evaluation through the Learning through Evaluation, Adaptation and Dissemination (LEAD) Center and the Wisconsin Evaluation Collaborative (WEC) Center. She is also an affiliate researcher for the Culturally Responsive Evaluation and Assessment (CREA) Center at the University of Illinois-Urbana. Dr. Bowman’s practical, passionate, and effective leadership attributes resonate and empower others at every level.

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Dr. Bowman's NIEA 2017 Keynote: Indigenous Innovations: Honoring the Sacred and Asserting the Sovereign in Education through Evaluation

  1. 1. Indigenous Innovations: Honoring the Sacred and Asserting the Sovereign in Education through Evaluation Nicole Bowman (Mohican/Munsee), PhD National Indian Education Association Conference Thursday, October 5, 2017 9:15 a.m. – 9:45 a.m. EST
  2. 2. Love, Pray and Act More
  3. 3. Anushiik
  4. 4. Nicole Bowman, PhD From the Stockbridge- Munsee, Band of the Mohicans Community in Wisconsin Ndulaapeewi & Mohiikaneewi – Traditionally Practicing Mohican & Lunaape (Munsee) Evaluator and Researcher, University of WI-Madison and Bowman Performance Consulting
  5. 5. In full disclosure…. ☺
  6. 6. Ktanaxkihlaak (Kah-taw-nah-x- kee-lock): Eastern Door Eastern Door: Building Relations and Sharing Strengths
  7. 7. Innovators are sometimes labeled troublemakers…
  8. 8. …but through policy enforcement we can use evaluation as innovative leavers to change the game.
  9. 9. Keep that young spirit alive and let nothing stand in your way!
  10. 10. Putting the “I Can” in MohICAN!
  11. 11. Everything you need to know is inside you, around, above, and below you!
  12. 12. Waapallaneexkweew (Flying Eagle Woman; Accompanied by the Four Eagles)
  13. 13. The first relationship you build is inside you and with the Creator
  14. 14. Building relations through culture and language
  15. 15. Building relations through land and knowing history
  16. 16. Building relations through family and generations of relatives Edward Bowman 1836-1890 Beaumont Bowman 1869-1929 Morris Bowman 1920 -1974 Nicole Renee Bowman 1971- Peter James Bowman 1946-
  17. 17. Just like the sturgeon we have barriers to overcome.
  18. 18. Get “WOKE” Awaken, engage, and use the sacred power that is within you!
  19. 19. Shaawaneewang (Shaw-one- neh-wung): Southern Door Southern Door: Affirming the Value of Our Lived Experiences in Context
  20. 20. We don’t own knowledge, we are caretakers of it.
  21. 21. How do we use academia and education as a lever for accountability and systemic change?
  22. 22. Re-write and re-right. “Research [or evaluation] offers Indigenous communities opportunities to ‘re- write’ and ‘re-right’ our histories.” - L.T. Smith, 2012
  23. 23. Evaluation’s Circular Relationship R e se a rch Im p lem en ta tio n Evaluation Developm ent
  24. 24. From Cultural Competence to Culturally Responsive Evaluation “Without nuanced consideration of the cultural context in evaluations conducted within communities of color and/or poverty there can be no good evaluation.” -Hood, Hopson, & Frierson (2005 & 2015)
  25. 25. “Speaking truth to power” – S. Hood, 2016
  26. 26. Culturally Responsive Indigenous Evaluation (CRIE) Model (Bowman & Cram, 2015) Eastern Door: Building Relations and Sharing Strengths Northern Door: Wisdom of our Experiences is Used for Growth and New Visioning Western Door: Challenges and Gaps Addressed to Restore Balance Southern Door: Affirming the Value of Our Lived Experiences in Context
  27. 27. A Blended Approach to Evaluation: The CRIE Model (Culturally Responsive Indigenous Evaluation) (Bowman & Cram, 2015) Western Paradigm Indigenous Paradigm Blended Approach via CRIE Strengths, skills, and capacities Relation and community building Building community through sharing strengths, strengths based approach Challenges and barriers Using your teachings Using challenges as opportunities for applying teachings Gaps and needs Humility and balance Addressing needs and gaps by humbly asking for help and restoring balance Solutions and strategies Visioning and pathfinding Using experiential knowledge to develop evidence-based solutions for a future vision
  28. 28. Embracing the spirit of Indigenous sovereignty and self-determination within an evaluation (or research) context/study.
  29. 29. COLONIALISM MANIFESTED BY POLITICAL COLONIALISM SCIENTIFIC COLONIALISM 1. Removal of wealth Colonial power explores and exploits raw materials and wealth from colonies for the purpose of ‘processing’ it into manufactured wealth or goods. Colonial powers export raw data from a community for the purpose of ‘processing’ it into manufactured goods. (i.e. books, articles, wealth, etc.) 2. Right of access and claim Colonial power believes it has the right of access and use to anything belonging to the colonized people. Scientist believes s/he has unlimited right of access to any data source and any information belonging to the subject population. 3. External power base The centre of power and control over the colonized is located outside the colony itself. The centre of knowledge and information about a people or community located outside of the community or people themselves. Cram & Bowman, 2014 Bottom Line: SOVEREIGNTY STILL MATTERS
  30. 30. Tri-Lateral Model (TLM): Conceptual
  31. 31. From concept or theory to action.
  32. 32. Wsihkaang (wh-see-kong): Western Door Western Door: Challenges and Gaps Addressed to Restore Balance
  33. 33. Build braids and bridges, not worries and walls.
  34. 34. TLM/Policy Application (Bowman, 2015)
  35. 35. This is how research, evaluation, and legislative policies make change happen.
  36. 36. Use of Briefs for Guidance and Evaluation
  37. 37. There are FIVE State/Tribal Education Compacts! The Suquamish Tribe Wa He Lut Indian School
  38. 38. Sovereignty in Oklahoma: A Co- Developed ESSA Consultation Guide
  39. 39. Loowaneewang (Low-one- neh-wung): Northern Door Northern Door: Wisdom of our Experiences is Used for Growth and New Visioning
  40. 40. : Everything the power does, it does in a circle
  41. 41. Focus on ESSA, Culturally Responsive Indigenous Evaluation, and Sovereignty
  42. 42. Exercise Your Sovereignty
  43. 43. Continue Strengthening Nations by Building Relations via Strategic Networks
  44. 44. Look for Advocacy and Funding Opportunities to be Indigenous Innovators
  45. 45. Using UNDRIP (2007) and ADRIP (2016) is Critical for Us
  46. 46. Growth requires discomfort.
  47. 47. Seven generations thinking and behaving…
  48. 48. Warrior on, my relatives!
  49. 49. Closing Song: Dr. Martin Reinhart & Family (wife Tina and daughters Nim & Daabii)
  50. 50. Anushiik Njoosuk (Thank You Colleagues) Go Forward with a Seven Generations’ Mindset
  51. 51. Nicole Bowman (Mohican/Munsee), PhD /BowmanPerformanceConsulting /NBPC1 /NicoleBowman /bpcwi nicky@bpcwi.com | www.bpcwi.com nrbowmanfarr@wisc.edu | lead.wceruw.org wec.wceruw.org

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