01 Simangele 5th Sahara


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01 Simangele 5th Sahara

  1. 1. Divinely Positive The Role of People with HIV in Prevention Ms Simangele Ncube- Foundation for Professional Development (FPD) FPD
  2. 2. I have the right… right • Pleasurable • Enjoyable • Sexual • Intimacy • Children • Love FPD
  3. 3. What is positive prevention Approach to prevention Increase psychosocial well-being Encourage solidarity Not about blame Not about sole responsibility FPD
  4. 4. “The responsibility for reducing transmission of HIV is a shared one and there should be no undue burden on people who are aware of their status. Safer and responsible sexual behaviour is the responsibility of all partners – irrespective of status.” (Alejandra Trossero, IPPF) FPD
  5. 5. Successful Positive Prevention Promotion of SRHR of People living with HIV Still many barriers; Lack of respect around non-discrimination Not recognising aspects of sex and sexuality Comprehensive SRHR services FPD
  6. 6. Discrimination forms Forced abortions & sterilisation Pressure from health care workers Lack of safe abortions services Misconceptions about sexual activity Laws and policies that violate human rights FPD
  7. 7. Desires and Lust FPD
  8. 8. FPD
  9. 9. Focus of Positive Prevention Focus on the person as a whole “HIV positive versus HIV negative” Promoted as an empowering concept Stigma and Discrimination to be addressed Implemented within an ethical framework Synergy between prevention, treatment care and support FPD
  10. 10. Values to guide positive prevention A supportive legal and policy environment; Tailored to setting, key populations, and to the individual; Defined by people with HIV FPD
  11. 11. Principles of positive prevention A human rights approach is the foundation of positive prevention. People with HIV must be leaders in the design, programming, implementation, research, monitoring and evaluation of all programmes and policies affecting us. Preventing HIV transmission is a shared responsibility Sexual and reproductive health and rights must be recognised and exercised FPD
  12. 12. For positive prevention to be effective, it is important that positive prevention: • requires a supportive and protective legal and policy environment • should promote holistic health and wellness, including equitable access • must improve and maintain the health and wellbeing of PLHIV • should include addressing psycho-social, economic, educational and socio- cultural vulnerabilities, gender and sexuality. • should be responsive to the needs of key populations be tailored to specific contexts and the diversity among PLHIV. FPD
  13. 13. FPD