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The Rivers Trust Autumn Conference: Day 1 - Session 1

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The Partnership approach & assessing the benefits of catchment management. 12th & 13th September 2016 at the Rougemont Hotel, Exeter. Following the decision to leave the EU the need to come together to tackle the complex environmental problems we face such as diffuse pollution and habitat fragmentation has never been greater. This conference sets out the benefits and drawbacks of partnership working and the effectiveness of dealing with problems at a catchment scale.

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The Rivers Trust Autumn Conference: Day 1 - Session 1

  1. 1. #RTConf16 Chaired by Dr Laurence Couldrick
  2. 2. #RTConf16 CEO, The Rivers Trust
  3. 3. The RiversTrust – Autumn Conference 2016 ‘the umbrella body of the rivers trust movement’ www.theriverstrust.org www.catchmentbasedapproach.org Global thinking – local action Catchment Based Approach (CaBA) & National Support Group (NSG) Arlin Rickard – Chief Executive
  4. 4. CaBA began life as a Defra Policy Framework initiative that arose, like the Natural Capital Committee from the Natural EnvironmentWhite Paper “The Natural Choice” in 2011. CaBA - Background
  5. 5. Catchment Based Approach (CaBA) • Catchment partnerships established in all 108WFD catchments across England www.catchmentbasedapproach.org
  6. 6. National CaBA Support Group (NSG)
  7. 7. CollaborativeWorking • Environmental NGO’s • Government & Agencies (Defra, EA, Natural England) • Water Companies • Landowner & Farmer Representative Groups • Academia • LocalAuthorities • Local Businesses • Local Communities etc
  8. 8. • Catalyst to bring a range of local stakeholders together • Consensus – often between stakeholders with conflicting views • Identify solutions to issues that are not easily addressed through direct regulation • Co-delivery of action on the ground • Leveraging of funds from diverse sources • Getting more for less CaBA Benefits
  9. 9. Multiple Benefits (synergies) • Improved Water Quality and Quantity • Flood Risk Management • Biodiversity • Climate Resilience • Green (& Blue) Spaces • Community Health and Well-being • Business Growth • Urban re-generation
  10. 10. Community Engagement is key to CaBA success!
  11. 11. CaBA Evaluation • Leveraged funding 4:1 relative to initial Defra investment • Increased scale, depth and integration of engagement across water management issues • More cost effective delivery • Captures local knowledge and expertise; greater community engagement • Driving a more holistic and integrated approach • Multiple benefits realised through collaborative working
  12. 12. NSG Collaborative Action Plan • Support Partnerships to leverage increased funding (from increasingly diverse sources) to deliver benefits for the environment, people and local economies • Continue to build capacity and expertise • ChampionCaBA to key sectors and stakeholders (water industry, LEP’s, LocalAuthorities,Agricultural sector) • Support partnerships in developing high quality catchment plans • Re-energise CaBA Partnership involvement in River Basin Liaison Panels • Continue to drive open data • Enhance two-way flow of information between the NSG and Partnerships, including case studies that capture all the benefits of collaborative delivery
  13. 13. Catchment Plans • Local stakeholders collectively prioritise action • Catchment Plans can take on different but equally effective forms • Plans capture quantitative evidence and data • Can incorporate a series of project proposals • Rationale, Outcomes,Timelines, Roles & Responsibilities • Build confidence in the partnerships as a delivery partner
  14. 14. CaBA • Terms of Reference: work collaboratively to support Catchment Partnerships and to champion the Catchment Based Approach • Working Groups • Catchment Partnership Fund Projects • Communications
  15. 15. CaBA Working Groups © Connect Right © Environment Agency CDUG Urban Agriculture Forestry Funding Fisheries Biodiversity TraC Waters
  16. 16. CaBA Engagement – Urban Workshops • 5 cities; 300+ delegates drawn from Catchment Partnerships, Local Authorities, Water Companies etc. • Championing benefits of collaborative working • Growing number of LA’s working in partnership • ‘Getting more for less’ • Catchment Partnerships can influence local policies and plans • ‘Speak the right language’ • Growing understanding of the importance of green-blue spaces
  17. 17. Pollution Assessment - Volunteer Scheme
  18. 18. Urban Pollution • Misconnections; CaBA Partnerships, LA’s &Water Companies • Diffuse Urban Runoff • Category 3 Pollution Monitoring • Community Engagement and Awareness Raising
  19. 19. Ordnance Survey Mastermap © Crown copyright and database right 2014 ‘DOWNSTREAM DEFENDERS’ Bespoke design on 3 surface water drains R.Wandle, Carshalton, S.London Hydrodynamic Vortex Chambers
  20. 20. CaBA Support Tools Catchment Data User Group
  21. 21. CaBA Data Package
  22. 22. www.catchmentbasedapproach.org
  23. 23. CaBA Mailing List & Newsletter
  24. 24. CaBA Capacity Building Technical Support & Mentoring
  25. 25. Catchments which have had direct support or mentoring 2013-16
  26. 26. Case Study: Soar Catchment Developing shared objectives – LLFA, LEP Data and evidence review Community engagement (Citizen Science) Agricultural supply chain mapping & engagement Information sharing platforms
  27. 27. Case Study: Ribble Catchment Evidence Sharing Platform trial Led to bathing water project funded jointly UU/EA/LA Now co-developing tools for HLF Ribble Life Together ArcGIS Online training Ribble RT in turn now supporting NW CaBA
  28. 28. 2016-17 Freshwater Watch & CaBA Developments Customise and adapt citizen science platform for CaBA Local CaBA branding and putting FWW volunteers in touch with local CaBA partnership Targeted water quality monitoring campaigns - eg. wet weather, outfall monitoring, etc. Adapt platform to accept additional water quality monitoring parameters and different types of monitoring kit Collecting additional data and evidence - e.g. litter, sewage overflows Guidance and training to map and interpret results and combine with government monitoring data National and regional events to inspire and motivate volunteers and coordinators
  29. 29. 2016-17 Online Mapping Developments Templates to enable CaBA partnerships to publish their catchment plans as interactive maps Training, webinars and tech support to help CaBA partnerships make the most of online and mobile data sharing technology Using Story Maps to engage different audiences and stakeholders around catchment management Combining government Open Data with local data to create a weight of evidence for collaborative action Using mobile data capture technology to fill evidence gaps and report issues GIS-based education resources linked to the national curriculum to link schools with local CaBA partnerships
  30. 30. CaBA Partnerships provide an ideal vehicle to mobilise debate between flood threatened communities and those organisations (& individuals) able to enact mitigation action Managing Flood Risk at the Catchment Scale
  31. 31. Catchment scale ~400km² NFM targeting maps , milking understanding from existing data and models. Co-design model output with Catchment Management / CaBA Groups (Cumbria) to sense check opportunities for NFM. Re-run the modelling to get strategic maps, showing the potential contribution of NFM across whole catchment. Sub-catchment scale ~ 100km² ‘management model for catchments where NFM can make a significant contribution. Part of an adaptive management approach Concrete actions, delivering trial interventions and building up momentum for a catchment based component of flood risk management Natural Flood Management
  32. 32. Re-purposing EA flood models to design interventions that deliver multiple benefits & re- assure communities at risk of flooding. Natural Flood Management
  33. 33. Re-purposing EA flood models to design interventions that deliver multiple benefits & re-assure communities at risk of flooding. Deliver improvements in the catchment which reduce flood risk and improve fish passage. Then work with the community to adaptively manage the change to their local river. Using a mixture of hard numbers (modelling) and soft skills (engagement and community ‘muddy boots’ days) Natural Flood Management
  34. 34. Your Fisheries & CaBA An Initiative for Planning and Delivering Fisheries Management in Partnership, at a Catchment Scale
  35. 35. Your Fisheries - will contribute to EA: Salmon 5 Point Approach
  36. 36. Paid Ecosystem Services – key elements: • CatchmentApproach with 1st, 2nd, 3rd sector consensus • Catchment Plan with coordinated delivery • Key central role of ‘ethical broker’ • Funding mechanism(s) to allow a market to develop for trade to take place…
  37. 37. CaBA & Natural Capital Committee • Began like CaBA with Natural EnvironmentWhite Paper • Chairman – Prof Dieter Helm • The Government has reappointed the Natural Capital Committee for a second term, for the duration of the current Parliament (to 2020). A new set of members have been appointed under the chairmanship of Dieter Helm • The new members are: Paul Leinster, Colin Mayer, Diane Coyle, Georgina Mace and Prof Ian Bateman
  38. 38. CaBA & Defra 25Year Environment Plan • 4 Pillars Modern Integrated Local  Open • 14 Workshops – one per EA area • To be Informed by “Pioneer Projects”
  39. 39. The RiversTrust ‘the umbrella body of the rivers trust movement’ www.theriverstrust.org www.catchmentbasedapproach. org http://waterlife.org.uk ThankYou!
  40. 40. #RTConf16 Manager, Strategic Catchment Partnerships Environment Agency
  41. 41. Damian Crilly Manager, Strategic Catchment Partnerships Collaborative Working Strategic Catchment Partnerships
  42. 42. Source: Global Integration Land Water Ecology Growth Development Regeneration Quantity Quality Flood Risk Flora , Fauna, Invasive species Silos - Tyrannies of Expertise
  43. 43. Silos - Splendid Isolation Available resources Aspiration Adapted from: Bide & Cranston (2014)
  44. 44. Synergy - The Power of Partnership Available resources Aspiration Adapted from: Bide & Cranston (2014)
  45. 45. Source: InterAct Networks (2012)
  46. 46. Source: ARUP (2014) Multiple Benefits - Collective Impact Partner 1 Partner 2 Partner 3 Direct benefit returned Indirect benefit or no benefit to investor Individual case for action (not all benefits deliverable) Wider case for action
  47. 47. Collaborative Advantage Direct benefit returned Indirect benefit or no benefit to investor Individual case for action (not all benefits deliverable) Wider case for action Source: ARUP (2014)
  48. 48. Source: DEFRA (2015) Collective Impact
  49. 49. Catchment Partnerships - Success Indicators Adapted from: IUCN (2015) Foster (2016)
  50. 50. Young Catchment Partnership Mature Catchment Partnership Catchment Partnerships - Maturity Model
  51. 51. Catchment Partnerships - Resilience • Knowing what we have and what we need • Embedding how we do things • Team size • Workload • Performance • Effectiveness and efficiency • Skills • Knowledge and experience • Funding • Investment
  52. 52. Our 25 year ambition for the water environment from source to sea Catchments function more naturally and wildlife can thrive and migrate along them freely Water quality and quantity is improved, managed and conserved as a valuable resource for business, people and wildlife, and is resilient to climate change and weather extremes People recognise the high social and economic value of the water environment, now and for future generations Water is an economic asset considered in all decisions which impact on it The number of people involved in using and making the water environment better is increased Better land management and industry practises will improve the water environment Better urban design increases the health of the water environment A shared vision for each catchment drives decisions and investments Leadership of the water environment is nationally strategic, and locally owned People can readily find, share and easily use the data and evidence they need to deliver or achieve Statements 1-9 i £ 1 3 5 7 9 2 4 6 8 10 Together
  53. 53. Growing population 10 million increase on current UK population (>64 million) by 2039 Need more space 210,000 new households expected per year Currently use 3.5 UK's worth of resources Growing demands Changing climate Drier summers, wetter winters more extreme events Environmental Pressures - 'Wicked' Problems
  54. 54. Complexity Uncertainty 'Wicked' Problems - Systems Perspective Characterised by complexity and uncertainty (Rittel and Webber, 1973) Rittel, H. and Webber, M. (1973) Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences. Vol.4: 155-169 Wicked Problem Structured Problem Increasing need for collective action Increasing uncertainty about problem solution
  55. 55. Systems Perspective - Bridging the Silos Source: Flowers (2015)
  56. 56. Source: Flowers (2015) Systems Perspective - Boundary Framing
  57. 57. Source: Conservation Ontario Catchment - System Boundary
  58. 58. ICM Adapted from Grigg (2008) Cooling Catchment - System Interconnections
  59. 59. CatchmentContext Catchment Understanding Data Information Knowledge Catchment - System Interactions
  60. 60. CatchmentContext Catchment Understanding Stakeholder Engagement Co-Inquiry Co-Design Knowledge through action Catchment - System Integration Social Learning Source: Ison (2016)
  61. 61. Data Information Knowledge Understanding Insight Grasp Principles Grasp Reasons Grasp Patterns Grasp Relations Learning the Lessons
  62. 62. Data Information Knowledge Understanding Insight Grasp Principles Grasp Reasons Grasp Patterns Grasp Relations Project Objectives Monitoring Objectives Effective Monitoring Demonstrable Project Success Case Studies Secure Future Funding Funding Secured Capacity Built Learning the Lessons
  63. 63. Data Information Knowledge Understanding Insight Grasp Principles Grasp Reasons Grasp Patterns Grasp Relations Project Objectives Monitoring Objectives Effective Monitoring Demonstrable Project Success Case Studies Secure Future Funding Funding Secured Capacity Built Do things right Management Learning the Lessons
  64. 64. Data Information Knowledge Understanding Insight Grasp Principles Grasp Reasons Grasp Patterns Grasp Relations Project Objectives Monitoring Objectives Effective Monitoring Demonstrable Project Success Case Studies Secure Future Funding Funding Secured Capacity Built Do things right Management Do the right things Governance & Leadership Learning the Lessons
  65. 65. Governance - Principles Source: OECD (2015)
  66. 66. National River Basin Districts Catchments Governance - Co-Design Water Leaders Group Catchment Partnerships
  67. 67. National River Basins Catchments Water Leaders Group Catchment Partnerships Collaborate Communicate Coordinate Governance - Co-Inquiry
  68. 68. National River Basins Catchments Water Leaders Group Catchment Partnerships Collaborate Communicate Coordinate Governance - Co-Learning Source: USGS (2016)
  69. 69. National River Basins Catchments Water Leaders Group Catchment Partnerships Collaborate Communicate Coordinate Governance - Co-Delivery: Capacity, Capability National Support Group
  70. 70. "apart from aqueducts, sanitation, roads and irrigation…?" Source: Monty Python (Life of Brian) What have the Romans ever done for us?
  71. 71. "has the Water Framework Directive What have the Romans ever done for us? "a systematic framework for adaptive management of our water environment"
  72. 72. Water Framework Directive River Basin Planning
  73. 73. Adaptive Management - Plan Together
  74. 74. Adaptive Management - Deliver in Partnership
  75. 75. Collaborative Action Social Learning Systems Approach Shared Understanding Source: Foster (2016)
  76. 76. Collaborative Action Social Learning Systems Approach Shared Understanding Top Down Bottom Up Shared Understanding
  77. 77. We deliver through partnerships – with other organisations, businesses, farmers, local authorities, non-government organisations and communities Sir James Bevan Chief Executive Environment Agency 6 September 2016
  78. 78. #RTConf16 Freshwater Programme & Policy Specialist WWF UK
  79. 79. www.waterlife.org.ukwww.waterlife.org.uk WWF registered charity no.1081247, a company limited by guarantee no. 4016725 WATERLIFE is funded by EC LIFE+. Project number: LIFE13 ENV/UK/000497 A Framework for Civil Society Engagement and Partnership Working Kathy Hughes Freshwater Programme and Policy Specialist WWF-UK Rivers Trust Autumn Conference 12th September 2016
  80. 80. www.waterlife.org.uk Focus • WaterLIFE aims and objectives • Our partners • What we’ve done • What we’ve learnt • Toolkit • WaterLIFE Declaration
  81. 81. www.waterlife.org.uk What is WaterLIFE? WaterLIFE Objective: Healthier rivers brought about through increased Water Framework Directive implementation through civil society and private sector partnerships Timescale: Three years from July 2015 to June 2017 Where: From catchment scale to national scale to European scale. Who with: Associated partners - Rivers Trust & Westcountry Rivers Trust. Delivery partners - Severn Rivers Trust, Trent Rivers Trust, Norfolk Rivers Trust and Coca-Cola.
  82. 82. www.waterlife.org.uk What have we done? • Five catchments • Camlad: Severn Rivers Trust • Soar: Trent Rivers Trust • Tamar: Westcountry Rivers Trust • Cam & Ely Ouse: Rivers Trust • Broadland Rivers: Norfolk Rivers Trust • Research • Workshops across England & other Member States • Save Our Waters campaign • Policy influencing • Engagement from catchment to the Commission
  83. 83. www.waterlife.org.uk What have we learnt? Enabling conditions for partnerships with civil society and private sector: • Scale of granularity • Clear objective and narrative • Evidence of issue and rational for engagement • Fair level playing field where legislation is known and enforced • Ability to influence current governance structures • Engagement with all sectors • Framework for achieving this – the Catchment Based Approach.
  84. 84. www.waterlife.org.uk What have we created?
  85. 85. www.waterlife.org.uk WaterLIFE Declaration We, the undersigned, share a vision for healthy rivers, fair water use and sustainable supply chains. We are committed to working together to achieve this vision and recognise the importance of the following to do so: • Partnership: Support and investment in the Catchment Based Approach, recognising catchment partnerships are an essential basis for collaborative action and impact at all scales. • Equity: Through its new abstraction and agricultural policies, the government must ensure environmental protection across England and Wales and create a level playing field. • Collaboration: All sectors working together openly, honestly and without blame, to develop shared, evidence-based and deliverable solutions. www.waterlife/declaration
  86. 86. www.waterlife.org.uk Images: © Jonathan Lewis/WWF-UK www.waterlife.org
  87. 87. #RTConf16 Professor of Environmental Policy and Development SOAS, University of London
  88. 88. What needs to get done and how we and other countries do it Laurence Smith, SOAS, University of London Edmilson Teixeira, UFES Rivers Trust Autumn Conference: The partnership approach & assessing the benefits of catchment management 12th & 13th September 2016. Exeter
  89. 89. Why catchments? • ‘everything’ needs land and water – getting it right is central • ‘source to the sea’ inter-dependencies • people can understand their inter-dependence on a common resource • a basis for managing trade-offs and synergies • a ‘forum’ for deliberation and partnership But: • many other scales and boundaries exist • public administration • other sectors (e.g. energy, food-supply, cities) • other determinants of landscape, ecosystems and biodiversity • all are needs for coordination at a meso-scale
  90. 90. Bottom Up Top Down
  91. 91. Meso Meshing
  92. 92. Adaptive Integrated Catchment Management Damian Crilly
  93. 93. Top-down – we need • legitimacy provided by elected legislatures and their statutes • national (and regional) priorities and environmental standards • transposition into duties for local bodies (obligations and empowerment that are feasible, mutually accepted and fundable) • funding mechanisms
  94. 94. For example For England, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) as transposed into national legislation defines goals, principles and procedures rather than practice. • How to assess, interpret and achieve ‘good ecological status for all waterbodies’ is, within limits, the purview of member states. • Article 14 requires member states to ensure participation by stakeholders in implementation. In Brazil, the National Water Resources Policy requires that water resources management be decentralised and open to the participation of water users, local communities and organized civil society. • River basin committees have autonomy for water allocation, water charges and choice of water quality standard for each water body • In practice autonomy is constrained by obligations to those downstream and by approval of plans by higher bodies. USA: the Clean Water Act (1972) Australia: National Water Quality Management and Natural Heritage Trust Strategies China: the Water Law (1988, revised 2002) Brazil: 27 states EU: 28 member states L. Couldrick
  95. 95. Bottom up – we need • effective stakeholder participation • local political, managerial and scientific leadership • inclusive deliberation at the right scale to generate plans and actions well adapted to local conditions • implementation that benefits from local knowledge and support • coordinated delivery by relevant agencies, land and water users, and civil society organisations • broad acceptance and legitimacy The benefits of SIN! (Fiorino, 1990) • sustained core and other leveraged funding • technical providers capable of: o raising public awareness and support o communication with all groups and sectors o user advice provision o catchment condition and threat assessment o strategic and action planning o monitoring and evaluation.
  96. 96. For example • In England, catchment partnerships coordinated by host organisations and supported by the Environment Agency • In Brazil, River Basin Committees (RBC) supported by River Basin Agencies (RBA) o RBCs - “water parliaments” - representatives from civil society, water users and public agencies o RBCs are mandated to promote inclusive debate, arbitrate disputes, approve a water resources master plan, monitor its implementation, set water charges and employ a RBA as their executive secretariat. o RBA roles include: monitoring the basin water balance, inventory of water users, master plan preparation and implementation, levy of water charges, holding funds, and supervision of projects. • USA, diverse watershed partnerships and collaborations (Sabatier et al, 2005.) • Australia: o Queensland: not-for-profit, community governed regional organisations o NSW, Victoria: catchment management authorities o WA, SA: regional natural resource management boards • China ?
  97. 97. In the middle - we need • coordinated management of natural resources across: • catchments, counties/districts, national parks, AONBs, power, water, road and rail grids and NGOs • water, wastewater, agriculture, forestry, energy, industry, transport, urban and voluntary • planning alignment: strategic and action plans (and their implementation) that are complementary and reinforcing (rather than mismatched or conflicting).
  98. 98. For example In Brazil: • hierarchical and shared responsibilities • national, state, river basin and sub-catchment water resource management plans should ‘speak to each other’ and cascade up and down from strategic to local priorities and actions • plans at lower level are approved by the relevant higher RBC • RBCs for trans-state rivers serve as integrating RBCs that receive representatives from their constituent RBCs. In England: • many planning cycles across sectors that rarely communicate or coordinate effectively • a challenge for catchment management and CaBA • CABA National Support Group (NSG) made up of stakeholder representatives has an evolving mandate but to date a primarily technical role in seeking to support catchment partnership development • River Basin Liaison Panels are regional stakeholder forums established to help guide planning at the scale of 11 river basin districts in England and Wales. How functional? How effective? How accepted? In USA: Inter-municipal agreements River basin scale partnerships e.g. Hudson River Estuary Program In Queensland, Australia: regional partnerships e.g. Heathy Waterways
  99. 99. Common challenges to be met • Financial sustainability • Representation & engagement • Balancing water-focused and wider agendas • Recognition by wider society The best catchment partnerships will: o win resources (and core funding) o maintain autonomy by demonstrating cost- effective delivery of top-down priorities o whilst working with others and integrating achievement of other local and other sector goals o achieving broad-based recognition, acceptance and support (local legitimacy). • Nations must find their own balance of formal and informal arrangements, but a starting point is to make explicit the functions/needs to be achieved ‘top-down’, ‘bottom-up’ and ‘meso-meshed’.
  100. 100. Acknowledging the contributions to this work by: Edmilson Teixeira, Laurence Couldrick, Arlin Rickard, Damian Crilly, Hazel Kendall, Lucy Morris Westcountry Rivers Trust Thank you for your attention: Contact: Laurence Smith - l.smith@soas.ac.uk Laboratório de Gestão de Recursos Hídricos e Desenvolvimento Regional – LabGest, Federal University of Espírito Santo The Rivers Trust
  101. 101. #RTConf16 12th & 13th September 2016 Rougemont Hotel, Exeter

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