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Ecosystem Service Benefits in the Urban Environment

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The 2015 Catchment Based Approach Conference was held on June 8th at Fishmonger's Hall in London. The focus of the day was the sharing of best practice between partnerships. Nick Paling from the Westcountry Rivers Trust gave a presentation entitled, 'Ecosystem Service benefits in the Urban Environment: Developing a common framework for delivery & communication' as part of the 'Delivery in the Urban Environment' session.

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Ecosystem Service Benefits in the Urban Environment

  1. 1. Ecosystem Service benefits in the Urban Environment Developing a common framework for delivery & communication
  2. 2. A catchment provides us with many things….
  3. 3. A catchment provides us with many things…. But – the provision of some is reduced and needs work to improve..? Evidence & Knowledge
  4. 4. Catchment planning is also about talking to people with different needs from the environment… Our aim should be to understand these needs, build consensus and then do something intelligent that benefits as many people as possible… ? ? ?Evidence & Knowledge Communication skills +
  5. 5. Ecosystem Evidence & Knowledge Communication skills +
  6. 6. Urban ESS Project Outputs • A framework for assessing opportunities to enhance or create new ecosystem services in urban areas (ESS opportunity/need mapping) • A toolbox of interventions to enhance/increase ecosystem services provision in urban areas (toolbox definition) • A cost-benefit tool to assess the benefits & impacts of those interventions (AST plus look-up values) • A series of case studies piloting the mapping & cost-benefit tools, plus lessons learnt report
  7. 7. Practitioner/researcher engagement A variety of approaches will be adopted to engage with and review the work of the urban catchment management ‘community of practice’.
  8. 8. A new ‘spatially partitioned’ concept… Ecosystem services provision needs to be budgeted between rural and urban landscapes before measures can be targeted and cost-benefits assessed.
  9. 9. Healthy habitats for wildlife Ecosystem Services Recreational & cultural use Provision of clean water Regulation of water quantity Benefits Biodiversity Productivity Low cost Ecological health Aesthetic quality Safety & Health Flood prevention High base flows Ecosystem WATER LAND BIOTA ‘Wellbeing’ + benefits..? ‘Wellbeing’ ++ benefits..? Greenspace for wildlife & people Ecosystem Services Recreational & cultural use Regulation of air quality+temp Regulation of water quantity Benefits Biodiversity Health + wellbeing Health Ecological health Aesthetic quality Safety & Health Flood prevention High base flows Ecosystem WATER LAND BIOTA RURAL LANDSCAPE URBAN LANDSCAPE
  10. 10. Ecosystem WATER LAND BIOTA Risks/threats Pressure 1 Pressure 2 Pressure 3 Pressure 4 PRACTICE INNATE PHYSICAL CHARACTER  Biodiversity  Productivity  Treatment cost  Eco. health  Aesthetics  Safety & Health  Flood risk  Base flow Impacts Healthy habitats for wildlife Ecosystem Services Recreational & cultural use Provision of clean water Regulation of water quantity RURAL LANDSCAPE URBAN LANDSCAPE  ‘Wellbeing’ - benefit..? - benefit..?  ‘Wellbeing’ Where do these occur…and what is their impact How can we reduce these risks…? Where can we get the most benefits..?
  11. 11. Ecosystem WATER LAND BIOTA RURAL LANDSCAPE Risks/threats Pressure 1 Pressure 2 Pressure 3 Pressure 4 PRACTICE INNATE PHYSICAL CHARACTER Healthy habitats for wildlife Ecosystem Services Recreational & cultural use Provision of clean water Regulation of water quantity URBAN LANDSCAPE - - benefit..?  ‘Wellbeing’  ‘Wellbeing’  Biodiversity  Productivity  Treatment cost  Eco. health  Aesthetics  Safety & Health  Flood risk  Base flow Impacts - benefit..?  Biodiversity  Health/wellbeing  Temperature  Health  Aesthetics  Safety & Health  Flood risk  Base flow Impacts Ecosystem WATER LAND BIOTA Risks/threats Pressure 1 Pressure 2 Pressure 3 Pressure 4 PRACTICE INNATE PHYSICAL CHARACTER Greenspace for wildlife & people Ecosystem Services Recreational & cultural use Regulation of air quality+temp Regulation of water quantity Where do these occur…and what is their impact How can we reduce these risks…? Where can we get the most benefits..?
  12. 12. How do we decide what to do…?
  13. 13. INTERVENTIONS TOOLBOX Health + wellbeing Prosperity / deprivation Air quality Flood risk Recreation / leisure Health + wellbeing Prosperity / deprivation Air quality Flood risk Recreation / leisure Health + wellbeing Prosperity / deprivation Air quality Flood risk Recreation / leisure CURRENT PROVISION / NEED / PRIORITY OPPORTUNITY / SUITABILITY “Optioneering…?”
  14. 14. Priority/Opportunity/ Suitability areas Toolbox of interventions Greenspace/GI SuDS River Restoration Waste water management Integrated toolbox for urban catchment management WIN-WIN “Provider saves” Delivery Framework REGULATION “Polluter pays” INCENTIVES “Provider is paid” WHERE? WHAT? WHO? …& who pays? Decision- support tool
  15. 15. “Our aim should be to understand people’s needs, build consensus and then do something intelligent that benefits as many people as possible…” We should therefore strive to… • Deliver the most multi-functional (multi-benefit-realising) interventions, • tailored and targeted into specific & appropriate locations • where there is both a quantifiable need/requirement for the provision of these benefits to be increased • and where they are best able to deliver their benefits optimally (maximising the cost-to-benefit ratio achieved) The aim of this project is to improve the understanding of these elements and develop resources that enable and empower catchment partnerships and policy-makers to build consensus and achieve the very best possible outcomes from their work
  16. 16. Piloting the ESS framework…where...?
  17. 17. Knowledge transfer & dissemination
  18. 18. Aqualinc NZ – Wheel of Water
  19. 19. SWW & AECOM – TBL
  20. 20. SWW & AECOM – TBL
  21. 21. SWW & AECOM – TBL
  22. 22. SWW & AECOM – TBL
  23. 23. WaND – Davis Butler, UoE
  24. 24. ESS Health Cards – RELU

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