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CaBA GI & Urban Water Management Workshop


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Collaborative delivery of green infrastructure and water management solutions (e.g. SuDS) in the urban environment can realise multiple benefits including reduced flood risk, improved water quality and biodiversity, greater amenity and enhanced community health and well-being. In March 2016, the CaBA Urban Working Group, in collaboration with the Defra Urban Ecosystem Services Project ( and Ciria (, hosted a series of workshops designed to build capacity and expertise within CaBA partnerships to help drive greater collaborative delivery within the urban environment.

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CaBA GI & Urban Water Management Workshop

  1. 1. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop Welcome..!
  2. 2. Cllr Edwina Hannaford The approach to planning in Cornwall
  3. 3. Dr Becca Lovell Research Fellow Biodiversity and Health, University of Exeter Medical School and Defra Fellow. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop. Exeter 2016 Natural value in urban landscapes: health and wellbeing
  4. 4. Today • Health and wellbeing • Environments and the determinants of health • Evidence for health and wellbeing values in urban landscapes • Research and collaboration in the South West
  5. 5. Health and wellbeing? “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” World Health Organisation, 1948
  6. 6. Health and wellbeing in the UK • UK premature death rates, (causes such as respiratory and circulatory disease) have significantly reduced over the past 50 years • HOWEVER! Non-communicable diseases are on the rise: – 5.4 million receive treatment for asthma – coronary heart disease and stroke biggest causes of death in the UK – rates of diabetes rose from 1.4 million in 1996 to 3.1 million in 2010, and by 2025 it is estimated that it will rise to more than 4 million – diabetes alone currently costs the NHS approximately £1.5million an hour and takes up about 10% of the total budget – physical inactivity contributes to almost one in ten premature deaths, costs of low levels of physical activity to the NHS estimated to be over £900 million There is a need for solutions!
  7. 7. Whether people are healthy or not, is determined by their circumstances and environment… factors such as where we live, the state of our environment… have considerable impacts on health… the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of an impact World Health Organisation. The determinants of health.
  8. 8. Environments and the determinants of health In 2006, the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that 24% of healthy life years lost and 23% of premature mortality were related to environmental factors Threats… Climate change, extreme events, urbanisation, resource demand, poor quality environments, pollution, etc. …and opportunities! Identifying obesogenic, equigenic, salutogenic environments
  9. 9. …the quality of the environment around us also affects any community. Pollution, air quality, noise, the availability of green and open spaces …guidance will make clear that the wider determinants of health, including the natural environment, will be a crucial consideration in developing joint strategic needs assessments and joint health and wellbeing strategies
  10. 10. Focus on the beneficial aspects (salutogenic and equigenic) and opportunities of higher quality greener urban landscapes
  11. 11. Natural value in urban settings • Gardens of Egyptian nobility • Walled gardens of Mesopotamia • ‘Solvitur Ambulando’ • Urban parks in the 19thC developed for the health and happiness of urbanites • Federick Law Olmstead in the 19thC said the benefits of nature ‘operate by unconscious processes to relax and relieve tensions created by the artificial surroundings of urban life’ • Sanatoriums
  12. 12. Urban natural capital and health • Population level associations between greenspace and health
  13. 13. Mitchell R , and Popham F J Epidemiol Community Health 2007;61:681-683 Amount of greenspace in an area and rate of perceived poor health Model controlling for per cent of greenspace, employment deprivation, education, skills and training deprivation, barriers to housing and services, crime and income deprivation.
  14. 14. Greenspace and mortality Mitchell, R. and F. Popham "Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population study." The Lancet 372(965 0): 1655-1660.
  15. 15. Mental well-being (Inverse GHQ: 1-12) (N = 12,818; Obs = 87,573) Controlling for: Individual Level: age, income, education, health, employment status, marital status, children, commute, house type, house size. Area Level: Income, Employment, Education, Crime, Moving to greener environments 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 Green space Aged 16-25 (v. 46-55) Married No health issue Employed 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 Green space Aged 16-25 (v. 46-55) Married No health issue Employed Life Satisfaction (Scale 1-7) (N = 10,168; Obs = 56,574) White, Alcock, Wheeler & Depledge (2013). Would you be happier living in a greener urban area? Psychological Science.24, 920-928.
  16. 16. Greener urban environments and socioeconomic inequalities in mental wellbeing The mental health gap between those with the greatest and least financial strain was 40% less in the areas with the greatest access in comparison to the areas with the least access. Mitchell, R.J., et al., Neighborhood Environments and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Mental Well-Being. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2015. 49(1): p. 80-84.
  17. 17. Type and quality of environment and health Systematic review found some evidence to suggest that exposure to biodiverse environments may relate to better health and wellbeing in humans Secondary analysis of large scale datasets showed rates of good population heath were higher in areas with a greater diversity of land cover types, with greater bird species richness and in areas with higher density of protected/designated areas
  18. 18. Urban natural capital and health • Population level associations between greenspace and health • However we don’t find the same effects across different populations, outcomes and places
  19. 19. Gender differences in relationships between urban green space and health in the United Kingdom Richardson, E A., and Mitchell, R. Social science & medicine 71.3 (2010): 568-575.
  20. 20. Not all green is beneficial • Synergistic effect between pollutant concentrations and the health response to pollen. People who live in urban areas have been shown to be more affected by pollen allergies (asthma and allergic rhinitis) than those who live in rural areas Salmond, J. A., et al. (2016). "Health and climate related ecosystem services provided by street trees in the urban environment." Environmental Health 15(1): 95-111. • Urban green space strategies may be paradoxical: while the creation of new green space to address environmental justice problems can make neighbourhoods healthier and more aesthetically attractive, it also can increase housing costs and property values Wolch, J. R., et al. (2014). "Urban green space, public health, and environmental justice: The challenge of making cities ‘just green enough’." Landscape and Urban Planning 125: 234-244
  21. 21. “I put my trousers on, have a cup of tea and I think about leaving the house, parklife I feed the pigeons I sometimes feed the sparrows too it gives me a sense of enormous well being, parklife And then I'm happy for the rest of the day safe in the knowledge there will always be a bit of my heart devoted to it, parklife” Parklife. Blur “Pigeons in the Park" by Mark Hearld ‘Natural’ elements of urban environments are highly valued
  22. 22. Natural capital (health) values • Natural England: £2.1 billion annual savings through averted health costs if everyone in England had equal ‘good perceived and/or actual access to green space’ • Benefit-cost ratio of 3.8:1 for urban trees in the city of Davis, California, and urban street trees in Lisbon have a benefit-cost ratio of 4.48:1. • Health benefits associated with having a view of green space from home to have a value of £135-452 per person per year (Mourato 2010)
  23. 23. Natural capital (health) values • The economic contribution of The Mersey Forest (one of England’s 12 original Community Forests) Objective 1 funded programme (total funding £7million) resulted in an estimated total monetised benefit of £5.5million per year:
  24. 24. Health gain comparisons • 10 more trees in a city block, on average, improves health perception in ways comparable to an increase in annual personal income of $10,000 and moving to a neighbourhood with $10,000 higher median income or being 7 years younger. • 11 more trees in a city block, on average, decreases cardio-metabolic conditions in ways comparable to an increase in annual personal income of $20,000 and moving to a neighbourhood with $20,000 higher median income or being 1.4 years younger. Kardan, O., et al. (2015). "Neighborhood greenspace and health in a large urban center." Scientific Reports 5: 11610.
  25. 25. Cost effective? Environmental factors are highly modifiable, and environmental interventions at the community level, such as urban and transport planning, have been shown to be promising and more cost effective than interventions at the individual level. Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2016). "Urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health-new concepts, methods and tools to improve health in cities." Environmental Health 15(1): 161-171.
  26. 26. Southwest hotspot for finding solutions? Cities are complex systems. Research to elucidate pathways to better health and wellbeing demands systems-based, interdisciplinary methods involving epidemiologists, toxicologists, urban planners, environmental scientists, mathematical modellers, engineers, IT experts, social scientists, public health researchers and health care professionals. (Vardoulakis 2016) Exeter University • European Centre for Environment and Human Health (ECEHH) • Environment and Sustainability Institute (ESI) • Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE)
  27. 27. Dr Becca Lovell @becca_lovell www.beyondgreenspace.wordpres All pictures © Karen Matthews
  28. 28. More Information on the Beyond Greenspace blog Thanks to colleagues • Mat White • Ben Wheeler • Mike Depledge • Sahran Higgins • Ian Alcock • Sarah Bell and many more…
  29. 29. Catchment Partnerships – the benefits of collaborative working Rob Collins The Rivers Trust
  30. 30.
  31. 31. CaBA Evaluation • Leveraged funding 4:1 relative to initial Defra investment • Increased scale, depth and integration of engagement across water management issues • More cost effective delivery • Captures local knowledge and expertise; greater community engagement • Driving a more holistic and integrated approach • Multiple benefits realised through collaborative working
  32. 32. Multiple Benefits • Flood Risk Management • Improved Water Quality and Quantity • Climate Resilience • Biodiversity • Green (& Blue) Spaces • Community Health and Well-being • Business Growth • Urban re-generation
  33. 33. Urban Pollution • Misconnections; CaBA Partnerships, LA’s &Water Companies • Diffuse Urban Runoff • Category 3 Pollution Monitoring • Community Engagement and Awareness Raising
  34. 34.
  35. 35. CaBA Partnerships provide an ideal vehicle to mobilise debate between flood threatened communities and those organisations (& individuals) able to enact mitigation action Influence of the wider catchment upon towns and cities
  36. 36. CaBA Data Package
  37. 37. A partnership approach; Soar Catchment Partnership, City Council, EA, LEP Flood Risk Management in the Soar underpinned by data and evidence
  38. 38. Catchment Partnerships – the benefits of collaborative working Rob Collins The Rivers Trust
  39. 39. Engaging with Local Authorities CaBA Workshop 11th March 2016
  40. 40. a planners perspective of balance Climate change Environmental issues Localism Today’s pressures Viability of town centres Public interest Economic recession Meeting housing needs Long term strategies Brownfield development Retail ‘market forces’ Individual interest
  41. 41. Issues
  42. 42. Water Quality Indicators
  43. 43. Processes ENGAGE AGREE FORMALISE
  47. 47. Example – Lewisham Gateway
  48. 48. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop Discussion
  49. 49. Downstream Thinking Wastewater Catchment Management Richard Behan – Flood Risk Manager 11/03/16
  50. 50. Presentation Outline • SWW Regional Setting • Drivers for change • Customer outcomes • Our changing role • Partnership and collaboration • Promoting innovation • Future vision
  51. 51. South West Water Region • Population of 1.7m • 70,000 businesses • Dispersed population • Many tourists • A unique environment: 35% of England’s designated bathing waters 19% of England’s designated shellfish waters • One of the highest lengths of pipework per customer
  52. 52. Drivers for Change Our 25-year WaterFuture vision is to; “prevent sewer flooding of homes, businesses, public spaces and roads” However, there are significant challenges to overcome; “The strategic approach to flood management needs to be reinforced, combining flood defence with holistic management of fluvial and surface water risk, and upstream catchment measures to improve resilience”. ICE The State of the Nation Infrastructure Report -2014
  53. 53. Drivers for Change Flooding • Too much water drains from developed sites too quickly • Water ends up in sewers, highway drains and rivers too quickly Water Quality • Surface runoff is polluted Environmental Problems • Loss of habitat, biodiversity and green space + 40% flow to 2080
  54. 54. Urban Drainage Challenges – Moving Target
  55. 55. Drivers for Change Business Risk Legislation Competition PittClimate Change 25 Year Plan Customers Holistic View Urban Creep Growth Sustainability Defra FWMA Ofwat Downstream Thinking
  56. 56. Downstream Thinking Overview New programme of work focusing on holistic wastewater catchment management and collaborative working. A critical element of SWW’s strategy and key principles of good practice. • Long-term planning partnerships • Greater information-sharing and communication • Fresh approach to flood risk improvements and resilience • Ensures best value from expenditure • Supports our long term vision
  57. 57. WaterFuture – SWW AMP6 Business Plan • Taking on board the views of our Customers about what matters most, SWW published 8 priority areas or ‘Outcomes’ for investment:
  58. 58. Active Network Control RTC EDM Hawkeye Flow & Load Management Separation Infiltration Misconnection Paid Ecosystem Services Sustainable Drainage Wetlands Partnership Working SuDS retrofit Source Control TE control Stakeholder Engagement Downstream Thinking Options Toolkit • Existing and innovative technology • Novel applications of technology • New ways of delivery working • Greater information and communication • Optimum use of network capacity New ideas
  59. 59. Our Changing Role Upstream and Downstream Thinking offer a unique opportunity to act as a catalyst for collaboration. Drivers • Integrated drainage • Shared costs and benefits • Problem complexity • New approaches • Deliver more for less Aligning Programmes • Opportunities to collaborate sought • Developing flood risk management strategies with Lead Local Flood Authorities (LLFAs)
  60. 60. Partnership Funding to do More for Less Source: Natural Capital Leaders Platform Water Planning Advice Note, June 2014
  61. 61. Colebrook - A Truly Tripartite Flood Alleviation Scheme • Flooding dating back to 1960s, multiple properties and causes • In Dec 2012, village flooded for 6th time in a year affecting more than 30 properties • Significant public attention, regional and national news • Complex flood mechanisms include surface water, foul sewer, culverted watercourse and Main River • Local MP was actively involved in seeking flood risk improvements • SWW promoted jointly funded scheme with financial contributions from PCC and the EA • Customers protected from flooding and good outcomes achieved for all parties
  62. 62. Exploring Innovation Alternative to a downpipe disconnection or soakaway SWW Customer Rainwater harvesting with source control trial Benefits shared NPV to be determined • Reduced Flooding • Reduced Tariff from water reuse so lower Bills • Increase system Resilience
  63. 63. DST Implications – Tested in 9 Pilots in AMP6 • Pilot Schemes will be carried out in collaboration with a range of partner organisations and agencies to deliver multiple benefits North Cornwall Catchments
  64. 64. Regional SuDS Control Legend: Combined sewer Surface water sewer Foul sewer Roofs to be disconnected from the combined system to soakaway Roofs to be disconnected which could be discharged into the highway Highway area to be treated by regional SuDS control in playing fields New surface water sewer Existing gulley reconnected to surface water sewer Traffic control structure to manage exceedence and reroute flows WaterShed Truro – Stormwater Separation Pilot
  65. 65. WaterShed Aveton Gifford - tackling sewer flooding • Working with parish council, the school and householders to reduce amount of surface water entering combined sewer. • The project has three strands: • Building new surface water sewer and swale to take rainwater from the school, car park and Memorial Hall to the stream • Building WSUD features at the school • Installing free SuDS features at individual properties by running a ‘Reverse Auction’ with residents.
  66. 66. Lessons Learnt from Pilots • Medium or long term alignment of plans • Financial risk greater for public bodies • Engage the public at an early stage • Identify key decision makers within organisations • Secure visible top down support • Consider collaboration training • Better proactive communication with elected representatives
  67. 67. Benefits of Downstream Thinking • Tackles the root cause • Recreating headroom • Reducing sewer flooding • Reducing CSO operation • Improving energy efficiency • Reducing risk from other sources of flooding • Earning the trust of our customers • Providing Resilience for climate change, urban creep and growth
  68. 68. Approach to future ways of working – the opportunity to innovate Innovative & sustainable UncertaintyPartnership Whole life costs & benefits Risk Based Live Process Initialise/prepare Establish partnership and consultation process Define uncertainties Prepare risk data Risk assessment Consultation on risk issues Quantify uncertainties Quantify risks Options appraisal Consult on options Plan for uncertainties Demonstrate whole life cost and benefit Intervention Aligned delivery & collaborative solutions Innovative and sustainable Live and visible Embrace institutional complexity Embrace the uncertain future with an adaptive response to change Consider all benefits when appraising solutions –consider Ecosystem Services Do it differently: active intelligent control, stormwater source control, green infrastructure Source: DSF, Good Practice Guide, May 2013
  69. 69. Our Future Vision A Water Sensitive South West • Unique water sensitive partnership • Key regional stakeholders • Integrated water cycle management • At the heart of future planning & development
  70. 70. Downstream Thinking South West Water’s Collaborative Approach
  71. 71. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop Discussion
  72. 72. Policy, Legislation and Governance Peter Bide
  73. 73. The bigger picture in water management  Why planning for water matters  How policy and plans join up  Who is involved  Opportunities to get multiple benefits through partnerships and innovative approaches
  74. 74. Planning for water: why does it matter? Too much, or too little water is bad for business, the economy and society:  lost production and sales  disrupted transport  waste of resources  poor quality environment and social problems Good planning and urban design  reduces flooding  increases water resilience  improves water quality  creates more liveable places
  75. 75. How integrated water management works in practice Source: WWT and RSPB - Sustainable Drainage Systems, Maximising the Potential for People and Wildlife, A guide for Local Authorities and Developers
  76. 76. How policy and plans join up Local Plans Surface Water Management Plans Water Resource Management Plans River Basin Management Plans NPPF WFD FWMA Water Acts
  77. 77. How it works in practice
  78. 78. Who’s involved? Environment Agency Lead Local Flood Authorities Local Planning Authorities Water and Sewerage Companies Highway Authorities Local wildlife and conservation groups Local Communities Catchment partnerships Natural England Farmers and land managers Local Enterprise Partnerships Local businesses and developers
  79. 79. Understand issues Develop collaboration Build capacity Catchment partnership L P A N E Better Water quality Sustainable drainage Local environment How the Catchment –based approach works: Partnerships, process and outcomes Sustainable development
  80. 80.  Reduce flood risk  Improve and regenerate urban areas  Enhance biodiversity  Improve water availability and quality  Enable new housing  Facilitate business growth Opportunities from integrating water management Multiple benefits!
  81. 81. Multiple benefits Partnership working Flood risk managed & reduced Better access and green space urban areas regenerated Housing and business growth More effective use of resources With good partnerships you can have it all! Biodiversity enhanced Improved water quality
  82. 82. Funding: getting more for less
  83. 83. The risks from inaction:  Poorly planned development reducing water and environmental quality and increasing flood risk  Water supply and waste water disposal constraints on development  Missed opportunities for cost-saving  Poorer quality urban environments Urban water management is important The benefits of getting it right:  Regenerated towns and cities  Enhanced biodiversity  Improved water availability and quality  More green space  Improved public realm and people’s access to it  Enabling new housing  Facilitating business growth
  84. 84. New South Quarter and Wandle Park Croydon
  85. 85.
  86. 86. Richard Rainbow (Flood and Coastal Risk Engineer) Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS)
  87. 87. • Devon County Council’s Role; • Legislation Changes and Implications; • Partnership Working; • National SuDS Standards; • Our Sustainable Drainage Design Guidance; • Conclusions; • Questions and Answers. Outline
  88. 88. Devon County Council’s Role
  89. 89. • Under Schedule 3 of the Act, SuDS (Sustainable Drainage Systems) Approval Bodies would require the County Council to approve and adopt SuDS for new developments. • It was announced in December 2014 that this would not be enacted and SuDS would be dealt with by strengthening existing planning policy instead. – Re-enactment remains a possibility. Legislation Changes and Implications
  90. 90. As part of the Local Planning Authorities’ role in determining planning applications, the LPA must make the final decision about the suitability of the SuDS provision and whether it is proportionate to the level of flood risk affecting the development. Source: Devon County Council (2012) Legislation Changes and Implications
  91. 91. • Statutory consultee for ‘major developments’ which have surface water implications. Devon County Council’s Role Commenting on ‘Major Developments’
  92. 92. ‘Major development’ is defined by the Town and Country Planning Order 2015 as development involving any one or more of the following: (a) the winning and working of minerals or the use of land for mineral-working deposits; (b) waste development; (c) the provision of dwellinghouses where – (i) the number of dwellinghouses to be provided is 10 or more; or (ii) the development is to be carried out on a site having an area of 0.5 hectares or more and it is not known whether the development falls within subparagraph (c)(i); (d) the provision of a building or buildings where the floor space to be created by the development is 1,000 square metres or more; or (e) development carried out on a site having an area of 1 hectare or more. Devon County Council’s Role Commenting on ‘Major Developments’ Minor Development SuDS?
  93. 93. Partnership Working
  94. 94. National SuDS Standards Source: CIRIA C753 (2015) p.1-1
  95. 95. • In ‘live draft’ format – For use by the public, partners and developers; – No wish to be prescriptive; – New guidance April 2016. • Signpost to relevant published documents – No wish to replicate information already freely available; – Develop District-specific guidance. Devon’s Sustainable Drainage Design Guidance
  96. 96. Conclusions • Importance of a good relationship between the LLFA and LPAs – need for the LLFA and LPAs to share knowledge; • Partnership Working – local advice and strategic advice; • Communication – provide appropriate guidance, pre- application advice, advice during and post application; • Limitations.
  97. 97. Questions and Answers Martin Hutchings (Flood and Coastal Risk Manager) Richard Rainbow (Flood and Coastal Risk Engineer) Christopher Perrott (Graduate SuDS Officer) Telephone 01392 383000 (and ask for one of us by name)
  98. 98. Improving our urban waters Presented by: Richard Martin
  99. 99. Ecological status 108 Manchester Kendall
  100. 100. MAIN SOURCES
  101. 101. The catchment Urban Physical modification in a catchment Urbanisation Coastal Defence Flood defence works Ports and harbours Flood Risk maintenance
  102. 102. Some challenges around urban diffuse • Variable and widespread with no one major cause. • Embedding behavioural change in the public in difficult • Capital works, such as large scale retrofit SuDS, are expensive. • There is no one party responsible to deliver, there is multiple ownership. Multiple reasons for failure. • Those best placed to act may not be the most responsible or be resourced to act • ‘Beyond reasonable doubt’ • Current regulatory powers were not designed to tackle the problem • Who should pay?
  103. 103. Legislation Is not strong in this area Water Framework Directive Prosecution for pollution Permits to discharge SuDS are now within the NPPF 112
  104. 104. Value of an urban river? Why should I invest no one goes there I don’t go there because it is horrid Value MorphologyWQ
  105. 105. It is all about 114 And getting the best value for it
  106. 106. Cost and Benefits & affordibility 115
  107. 107. 116 Cost beneficial
  108. 108. Multiple Benefits
  109. 109. Conclusion It is a complex policy area Strong focus on multiple benefit beyond water quality to maximise the return on investment This isn’t cheap and it isn’t quick Tackling pollution and physical modification together is a good approach The opportunity lies with the community and its local authority...
  110. 110. Planning and opportunity We need your help, but the benefits of doing so are great.
  111. 111. Hannah Freeman Government Affairs Officer, Wildfowl & WetlandsTrust
  112. 112. Legislation and policy on green infrastructure and sustainable drainage The National Planning Policy Framework supports sustainable drainage, sustainable development and development resilient to climate change. Schedule 3 of the Flood and Water Management Act 2010, which has not yet been brought into force, includes: • End the automatic right to connect to public sewers. • A SuDS Approving Body (SAB) is created in unitary or county councils to approve drainage systems in new (re)development before construction begins • National Standards published for design, construction, operation and maintenance of SuDS – to form the basis of SAB decisions. • Apply to all new developments of over one dwelling
  113. 113. Consideration of sustainable drainage systems in new development was considerably weakened by Government action in April 2015 (England only). Legislation and policy on green infrastructure and sustainable drainage • Non-statutory SuDS standards published – only 2 pages • Automatic right to connect surface water run-off to remain. • SuDS to be brought under local planning authorities not SABs • SuDS to be included in large developments where appropriate; no requirement on small developments (<10 dwellings) Wales has been much more progressive providing detailed interim standards on SuDS – take a look, they’re good
  114. 114. The Housing and Planning Bill The Housing and Planning Bill is currently at committee stage in the House of Lords. It aims to address the need for more, affordable homes – but they should also be resilient, high quality homes. Instead, the Bill pursues rapid building at the expense of long-term planning. DEFRA acknowledges SuDS are cheaper to build and maintain (or need be no more expensive) than is required to maintain conventional drainage. WWT and others are seeking an amendment (no 119) in the Bill to bring section 32 of the 2010 Act into force, which would bring Schedule 3 on Sustainable Drainage into effect as described in the second slide.
  115. 115. Opportunities • Support amendment 119 in the Housing and Planning Bill - write to the minister, tweet, or contact us • Drive SuDS through parliament – get them discussed in the Flood Resilience Review, the National Infrastructure Commission, the Environment Audit Committee, CLA and DCLG • Use the RSPB/WWT guidance on SuDS for multiple benefits to assist with decision making • Develop planning authority SuDS guidance document. These are usually in the form of Supplementary Planning Documents (good examples from Essex County Council, Cambridge City Council, Southwark Borough Council, Central Bedfordshire Counciland Ashford District Council) • Use local plan references to green space, biodiversity, health and well being, climate change and sustainable development; if you have yet to develop a local plan make sure that green infrastructure and biodiversity is a key feature
  116. 116. Any questions please do get in touch – Hannah Freeman, Government Affairs Officer, Wildfowl & WetlandsTrust
  117. 117. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop Discussion
  118. 118. The challenges of delivering high quality, multi-functional SuDS in Teignbridge Mark Fox – Coastal and Drainage Manager
  119. 119. Context Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit • District covers 260 square miles • Population of 127,360 • Currently approximately 60,000 homes • Adopted Local Plan to 2033 – Deliver 12,400 new homes – 620 pa
  120. 120. Context Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit • Local Plan reflects NPPF – ‘Presumption in favour of Sustainable Development’ • High Quality Design... supporting the creation of attractive, vibrant places – Taking account of ... • Integration of GI including clear public space and layouts which promote health • ‘location and scale of SuDS’ • Flood Risk
  121. 121. Our Approach Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit • CIRIA SuDS Manual – Local Guidance (DCC &TDC) • Multi-disciplinary team – rarity? – Drainage – Green Infrastructure – Biodiversity – Play – Urban Design
  122. 122. Challenges to Delivery Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit • Loss of vision during the planning process • Appropriate expertise – wrong emphasis • Resources – LLFA, LPA, Consultant • ‘Cost/Benefit’ – Economic Viability? • Communication • Health and Safety • What are SuDS? • Good Quality Examples of SuDS...? • Legislative Backing
  123. 123. Solutions Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit • Developing clear, robust local guidance • Maintaining a multi-disciplinary team • Working closely with developers and consultants • Engaging early on in the process – Linking back to ‘four pillars of SuDS design’ • Strategic SuDS – Greater detail at outline?
  124. 124. Final Thought Making a healthy and desirable place where people want to live, work and visit SuDS Maintenance • Reluctance by Water Companies or Local Authorities to take on the ‘risk’ • Often left to maintenance companies – Ongoing monitoring of this? – Maintenance costs – ‘Economically Proportionate’ – No clear fee structure – Unregulated • Could this add to socio-economic deprivation?
  125. 125. -SuDS- urban spaces for water, wildlife and people Andy Graham – Head of Community Working Wetlands
  126. 126. They work... ATTENUATION
  127. 127. SuDS for Schools 10 schools – one catchment 2000+ students engaged Knowledge, skills and confidence Cleaner stream, new habitats Healthy, connected people Inspirational places Transformed learning – not just the students
  128. 128. “Love the garden. The children sit at the benches by the garden every break and lunchtime” Susi Earnshaw
  129. 129. Partnership, participation and legacy
  130. 130. What a wonderful day we had! It exceeded all our expectations. Thank you so much for everything. Please pass on our thanks to all your colleagues who made it such a successful event. Mr Westmore, Acting Head Teacher SuDS are now well and truly in the Hollickwood consciousness, and also of all our community guests, (I see that all the parents' Facebook pages are going crazy tonight with admiring comments about our SuDS!). Linden Groves, Parent & Gardening Committee
  131. 131. -Transforming the Salthill catchment in Slough- multiple benefits – broader support Health and well-being strategies Reduced (fear of) crime Engagement - community cohesion Skills, knowledge – jobs Cleaner streams (WFD) Reduced flood risk (SWMP) CC adaptation Wetlands and wildlife (GI)
  132. 132. Prince of Wales community wetland Urban regeneration – blue/green infrastructure 2ha of new urban wetlands SuDS to clean road-run-off Community co-design and management Skills, training, empowerment, civic pride
  133. 133. • Engage early • Build broad support - who benefits? • Collaborative design • Be prepared to adapt • Community management • Planners and permissions Sustainabledrainagesystemsguide.pdf
  134. 134. JlCF4
  135. 135. Support for SuDS Paul Shaffer, CIRIA Elvetham Heath, Hampshire
  136. 136.  Founded 1960  Not for profit  Independent / collaborative approach  Member-based, around 500 corporate members  Focus on performance improvement  Cross sector / inter disciplinary CIRIA?
  137. 137. | Where do we start  The context  The team  Engagement  Funding
  138. 138. | The context  New build or retrofit  Drivers  Opportunities and constraints  The delivery process
  139. 139. | The team  The role of champions  Disciplines • Engineers • Landscape architects • Urban designers • Communication  Partners  The community
  140. 140. | Who’s doing what?  Local authorities • Planning • Flood risk managers  Developers  Sewerage undertakers  River/Wildlife trusts  Third Sector
  141. 141. Where to go for information Lamb Drove, Cambridgeshire
  142. 142. | Awareness – susdrain  Website & events  Signposts guidance  50+ case studies  100+ videos  50+ presentations  Summarised guidance  Blog  Animation & infographic
  143. 143. |  Comprehensive update/re-write  36 chapters • Philosophy & approach • Applying the approach • Technical detail • Supporting guidance  Key themes covering • Delivery of four design objectives • Overcoming site challenges • Delivering SuDS in urban areas • Integration  Free download The SuDS Manual
  144. 144. | Retrofitting  Two approaches • Strategic • Nibbling  Underpinned by a framework  Dependencies • Urban design • Engagement • Business models  Free download
  145. 145. | Engagement  Overview of engagement  Principles  Framework • Opportunities • Identifying stakeholders • Preparing a plan • Deliver and monitor  Skills  Techniques  Free downloads
  146. 146. |  Approach to assessing benefits  Support practitioners to value the quantity and monetary benefit  Looking at monetising 14 benefits  Compare drainage options  Support discussions and funding partnerships  Free download Benefits of SuDS Tool
  147. 147. | Confidence  Good to talk  Capacity building  Training • Intro to SuDS • SuDS design • SuDS and planning  Organisations • CIRIA • CABA • Consultancies
  148. 148. | Thank you… Susdrain: CABA: Livingroofs: SUDSNET: LinkedIn Group – Sustainable Drainage Systems Twitter - @sudsulike
  149. 149. CaBA Green Infrastructure & Urban Water Management Workshop Close