Nation Report 3 History 141


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Nation Report 3 History 141

  1. 1. Canada Today Brandon Engberg
  2. 2. Political Parties <ul><li>Canada is a monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II being their queen. However they also elect officials to public offices to run the government for the queen. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two major political parties in Canada, the Liberals and the Conservatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently David Lloyd Johnston is the Governor General of Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>As of the 40th Canadian Election which occurred on October 14, 2008 a Conservative holds the office of Prime Minister. That man is Stephen Harper. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Issues - Quebec Sovereignty Movement <ul><li>One issue facing Canada is Quebec’s constant attempts at becoming a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec is different from most parts of Canada as in the fact that it is 80% French-speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight of Canada’s other provinces are at least 90% English speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Many supporters of Quebec’s independence believe that Quebec’s relationship with the rest of Canada does not accurately reflect Quebec as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of their conflicting interests Canada has a tough time passing certain federal laws because of the French opposition that comes from the Providence of Quebec. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason why Canada is reluctant to grant Quebec independence is because it might create a slippery slope. </li></ul><ul><li>If Quebec is granted independence then other provinces such as the Inuit province of Nunavut might fight for independence. </li></ul><ul><li>This would create a less culturally diverse Canada and lead to problems down the road. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Canadian Issues <ul><li>Canada is not similar to the U.S. just by the fact that they are on the same continent. Canada has many issues at hand that the U.S. is currently debating. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, Marijuana legalization, same-sex marriage and gun control. </li></ul><ul><li>The legalization of Marijuana has failed in Canada however the use of medical marijuana is legal. </li></ul><ul><li>Also in 2005 Canada became the 4th country in the world to allow same-sex marriage with the passage of the Civil Marriage Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada has had debates about whether firearms should be legal. </li></ul><ul><li>Although people are allowed to use them for hunting, the Firearms Act of 1995 states that self-defense is not a valid reason for owning a fire-arm. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Canada - Foreign Relations <ul><li>Canada is one of the world’s top oil producers and the number one oil exporter to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is a member of NATO and the UN. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is also a member of the Organization of American States. </li></ul><ul><li>This is an association created in 1948 in which countries of the western hemisphere promote military and social cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a Canadian embassy in most of the countries around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada also has very good relations and trade with the European Union. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>