Hisotry141 Urbinization


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Hisotry141 Urbinization

  1. 1. Brandon “Nick” Engberg History 141 Urbanization
  2. 2. “ A Merger that Puts U.S. On Top” <ul><li>In the article Michael Clough talks about the AOL and Time Warner merger. </li></ul><ul><li>Clough refers to how in the 19th century New York City had a favorable la ndsca pe/lo catio n, making it a great econo mica l center. </li></ul><ul><li>Also the discovery of electricity and invention of the light bulb help spawn dozens of big name companies in NYC. </li></ul><ul><li>However now that the internet-economy is booming favorable location is not a necessity . </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Era, New Cities <ul><li>In both articles Joel Kotkin discusses how many of the prominent cities are losing ground to prospering newcomers. </li></ul><ul><li>For example Shanghai has gone from practically nothing to booming city in 25 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Houston and Dallas are starting to become big players in the industrial field of American cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Kotkin also talks about how Washington D.C. has been very successful despite the rest of the country being very bad off. </li></ul><ul><li>This has been made possible by the nearly recession proof jobs located in the Washington D.C. area. </li></ul><ul><li>These jobs are usually for working in one of the departments, in example the Department of Energy. </li></ul><ul><li>The city of Dubai (above) has become a big name when it comes to skyscrapers the past 15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The tall building in the center is the Burj Dubai, the tallest building on the planet. </li></ul><ul><li>However architects in Dubai already have plans to build and even larger skyscraper. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gridded Lives <ul><li>In her article Kate Brown compares the cities of Karaganda, Kazakhstan and Billings Montana. </li></ul><ul><li>These cities have very different pasts with Karaganda being a Soviet Prison City and Billings being a city used by the U.S. for westward expansion. However these cities have grown to be very similar. Why? Well because both were designed usually a very similar grid system. </li></ul><ul><li>Another factor that adds to their similarity is the role of the railroad in both cities growth. Both are now railroad cities and greatly benefited from the railroad in terms of development. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore even though they are on opposite sides of the world both Karaganda and Billings are more similar than someone would expect them to be. </li></ul>Karaganda Karaganda Billings
  5. 5. The Great Transatlantic Migrations <ul><li>The late 1800’s into the early 1900’s was a time of large American Expansion population wise. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 23 million people immigrated into the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the largest U.S. immigration of all time. </li></ul><ul><li>A majority of these immigrants traveled from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The most common being from Italy, Germany, Ireland, Sweden and Norway. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The City in the Land of the Dollar <ul><li>There is a saying that goes everybody has their price. Basically the same thing goes for cities too. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern day developers are constructing buildings much taller than in the past in order to make more money by allowing more tenants. </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 1800’s many people of the City of Chicago tried to fight that movement by creating the White City. This was a very nice city with no building allowed over 4 stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually though money bought out the city and turned it into the skyscraper paradise that it is today. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How’s New World Order Working Out by Parag Khanna <ul><li>In this article Parag Khanna brings up a recent agreement between Brazil and Turkey to have a nuclear-fuel swap with Iran. </li></ul><ul><li>He notes that both of these countries are not superpowers or permanent U.N. security council members </li></ul>
  8. 8. New World Order <ul><li>After the fall of the Berlin Wall president George H.W. Bush declared that there was New World Order with the U.S. running things. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the USA is the most powerful country military wise, it does not have the power to run the world as most Americans had hoped. </li></ul>
  9. 9. New World Order <ul><li>Khanna discusses how globalization has changed alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Today countries never have to choose they can have a multiple alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Many middle eastern countries will negotiate oil deals with the U.S. and then turn around and also negotiate oil deals with China. </li></ul>