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California and the Civil War


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California and the Civil War

  1. 1. California and the Civil War Brandon Engberg
  2. 2. Annexation of Texas <ul><li>In 1845 the Annexation of Texas occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania Congressmen David Wilmot introduced his Proviso. </li></ul><ul><li>This basically said that any territory acquired from Mexico shall not allow slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>However this did not pass because the number of Free State and Slave State senators was equal at 15. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo <ul><li>This treaty officially transferred California from Mexico to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Around this same time sawmill workers discovered pieces of gold in a nearby riverbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people in the Eastern U.S. did not believe this therefore a tea caddy with two hundred ounces of gold was sent to President Polk. </li></ul><ul><li>Once it arrived Polk confirmed what he saw thus starting the California Gold Rush. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1849 Tens of thousands of people had traveled to California in hopes of finding gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite its large population size, California did not yet have a stable government and was not a state. </li></ul>
  4. 4. California Early Government <ul><li>Northern States tried to pass California as a free state but Southern Senators blocked it. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore the gold miners of California proposed their own constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>This constitution was molded off of Iowa’s and outlawed slavery because the miners to not want more competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Through a long series of compromises in the House and Senate California was finally admitted. </li></ul><ul><li>However the two elected Senators of California were of a new political party known as the Chivalry. </li></ul><ul><li>They had very southern ideologies and voted for every pro slavery issue. </li></ul><ul><li>A northern man by the name of David Broderick would eventually win a seat but soon after be killed in a duel. </li></ul><ul><li>This would hurt the Chiv party because many Californians thought of it as a political assassination. </li></ul>David Broderick
  5. 5. The Civil War <ul><li>With more free states joining the U.S. the south needed to find more slave states. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried through a campaign called filibustering, where they would go to a territory and try to take it over in hopes of creating a new slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>This never worked, places such as Cuba and Baja California saw large amounts of filibusters killed. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1858 and 1859 Oregon and Minnesota joined as free states intensifying the tensions between the north and south. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1860 Abraham Lincoln, a Republican would win California's electoral votes. </li></ul><ul><li>This would prove costly to the South because California gave shipments of Gold to the North in order to Finance the North’s effort in the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually in 1888 David Terry the man who many consider to have fired the “first” shot of the civil war was killed by what many call the “last” shot of the civil war. </li></ul>