Abc gov2 presentation melb


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Abc gov2 presentation melb

  1. 1. Engage: Getting on with Government 2.0 or Getting to ABC 2.0 Nicholas Gruen 2 nd Sept 2010, Southbank
  2. 3. Outline <ul><li>Web 2.0/Government 2.0– it’s not the technology </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 platforms as public goods </li></ul><ul><li>Responses to Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Why Web 2.0 matters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisation without organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbocharging the ecology of ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from the periphery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Government 2.0 Taskforce report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What we did </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What we said </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ABC 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is web 2.0 <ul><ul><li>Web 1.0 was </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Point to point – e-mail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcast – firm to customer (and back) - websites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 is collaborative web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google 1998 – a collaborative site </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia 2001 – the community writes an encyclopaedia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs early 2000s – self-publishing and discussion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook 2004 – social networking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter 2006 – new communications platform </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. What characterises Web 2.0? <ul><li>Web 2.0 isn’t fancy technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The technology is simple and ubiquitous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 is a culture change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate don’t control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvise, share, play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users build value, the technology can let them in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be modular: use others’ stuff, let them use yours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build for user value - monetise later </li></ul></ul>The winner of the Taskforce’s best local council at Government 2.0 was Mosman Council It’s Government 2.0 activities are not run by their IT department. But by their public library
  5. 6. What characterises Government 2.0? <ul><li>Government finds Web 2.0 even harder than firms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate don’t control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvise, share, play – perpetual beta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users build value, the technology can let them in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be modular: use others’ stuff, let them use yours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build for user value </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ABC isn’t government, but is a large organisation, and subject to some of constraints of governments. </li></ul>
  6. 7. What is a public good? Public goods – goods that no-one will supply if the government doesn’t
  7. 8. <ul><li>The Wealth of Nations 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>Private Goods </li></ul><ul><li>The Theory of Moral Sentiments 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>The social preconditions of markets (Public Goods) </li></ul>Language Some crucial public goods are not government built – they’re emergent
  8. 9. Public goods Private Goods
  9. 10. Web 2.0 and emergent public goods <ul><li>Web 2.0 platforms are emergent public goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs early 2000s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government didn’t build any of them </li></ul>
  10. 11. Building Public Goods <ul><li>Emergent Distributed on a platform Coercively, centrally funded </li></ul>Public goods . . . present serious problems in human organisation. Vincent and Elenor Ostrom - 1977 Total social benefit
  11. 12. <ul><li>Emergent Distributed on a platform Coercively, centrally funded </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opens existing platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(PSI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HECs, Child Support Agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses existing platforms and technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs, Wikis, Twitter, Facebook, Kaggle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconfigures it’s boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opens unique facilities to private platforms </li></ul></ul>Public/Private Partnerships
  12. 13. <ul><li>Emergent Distributed on a platform Coercively, centrally funded </li></ul>Builds platforms: opens existing platforms to public
  13. 14. What is Web 2.0 good for? <ul><li>Organisation without organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Slashes cost of new social formations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes connections of all kinds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informational, social, organisational </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborations of all kinds for purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic - Social - Cultural – Political </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>By massively lowering the cost of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimentation – Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigation - Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finds needles in haystacks – just the right person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Tanta’ </li></ul></ul>Organising a picnic Writing an encyclopaedia Enforcing the law, Waging a war
  14. 15. Identity Contribution Reputation Authority Why does web 2.0 matter?
  15. 16.
  16. 17. What is Web 2.0 good for? <ul><li>It can give us participatory democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As could Web 1.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But do we want it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Top two items on Obama’s brainstorming site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legalise marijuana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release Barack Obama’s birth certificate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 can be ‘ghettoised’ as special projects </li></ul><ul><li>But lots of Web 2.0 is most useful as an adjunct to existing projects </li></ul>
  17. 18. How can large organisations respond? <ul><li>You don’t need to be revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t need to take big risks to great things </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt within (expanding) core of competence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You learn to speak by speaking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adapt the new tools – like many large firms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg Dell Computer and Ideas Storm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explore the potential for openness to optimise mission </li></ul><ul><li>You’re sitting on platforms of huge social value – PSI </li></ul><ul><li>Help build new platforms/public goods </li></ul>
  18. 19. Building a platform: inviting in volunteers <ul><li>The National Library Newspaper digitisation project </li></ul><ul><li>Site has run 24/7 since launch in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>~ 20% of correctors are overseas </li></ul><ul><li>20 mil lines of text corrected in Oct </li></ul><ul><li>Julie Hempenstall from Bendigo has corrected > 500,000 lines! </li></ul>
  19. 20. Outside the walls: Inside the machine Justin McMurry, Keller, Texas
  20. 21. Volunteers <ul><li>If Justin McMurray will work 25 hours a week for Verizon </li></ul><ul><li>Who might be prepared to volunteer for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The GLAM and broader cultural sectors? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The research sector? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the aged, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the sick, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the disadvantaged? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the environment? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Could volunteers come from those helped? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Volunteers
  22. 23. Find, Play, Share <ul><li>1. If it can’t be spidered or indexed, it doesn’t exist; </li></ul><ul><li>2. If it isn’t available in open and machine readable format, it can’t engage; </li></ul><ul><li>3. If a legal framework doesn’t allow it to be repurposed, it doesn’t empower. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Play, show, tell
  24. 25.
  25. 26. Public sector information
  26. 27.
  27. 28. Designing a website <ul><li>The old way </li></ul><ul><li>=>Management => employees => clients => specs => tender </li></ul><ul><li>The new way </li></ul><ul><li>=>Management => employees => clients => specs => tender </li></ul><ul><li>With hacking events throughout </li></ul><ul><li>Unleashing the power of play, of association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between ideas and perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Getting people and resources in </li></ul>
  28. 29.
  29. 30. Central finding <ul><li>Australia has some of the world’s best examples of Government 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sydney’s Powerhouse Museum first to use Flikr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Melbourne Wiki was a world leader </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But other countries are taking whole of government action to transform their policies and their institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. A Declaration on Open Government <ul><li>Online engagement by public servants should be enabled and encouraged. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robust professional discussion benefits their agencies, their professional development, and the Australian public; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public sector information is a national resource </li></ul><ul><ul><li>releasing as much of it on as permissive terms as possible maximises its value and reinforces democracy; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open engagement at all levels of government is integral to promoting an informed, connected and democratic community, to public sector reform, innovation and best use of the national investment in broadband. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Other recommendations <ul><li>Establish a lead agency to coach, enable, advocate and co-ordinate effort </li></ul><ul><li>Use Information Commissioner to deliver accountability to the open government policy </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Agencies to engage and innovate online </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage public servants to engage online </li></ul>
  32. 33. Government response <ul><li>Our recommendations essentially accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of open Government now made </li></ul><ul><li>So now over to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The lead agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Information Commissioner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>The community </li></ul>
  33. 34. Reaction to our report <ul><li>The Australian Government 2.0 Taskforce Teaches Us A Lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Their report is the best piece of work I have seen by a government-driven initiative around government 2.0. But I would also like to praise the way members of the taskforce worked over the last few months. </li></ul><ul><li>Their blog was a constant source of thoughtful considerations, and their debate went on in the open, being as informative as the report itself. They participated in external debates, by reading other people’s blogs, reaching out and commenting. For what I have seen, as I had a few chances to interact with them, the level of engagement and openness they have achieved was truly exemplary, with a level of humility that made their excellent skills even stronger. </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd of top ten things </li></ul><ul><li>A truly excellent report in a remarkably short period of time, reaching out to experts inside and outside government worldwide, and showing a rare attitude to listening to other people’s opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>Australia is the place where the government 2.0 taskforce has recognized the centricity of employees and the federal government has bought into that idea. </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Citizen collaboration in policy and service delivery design will enhance the processes of government and improve the outcomes sought. Collaboration with citizens is to be enabled and encouraged. Agencies are to reduce barriers to online engagement , undertake social networking, crowd sourcing and online collaboration projects and support online engagement by employees , in accordance with the Australian Public Service Commission Guidelines. </li></ul><ul><li>The possibilities for open government depend on the innovative use of new internet-based technologies. Agencies are to develop policies that support employee-initiated, innovative Government 2.0-based proposals . </li></ul><ul><li>Lindsay Tanner </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Finance and Deregulation </li></ul><ul><li>16 th July 2010 </li></ul>Declaration of Open Government
  35. 36. Web 2.0 and IT Often improvised Elaborately planned Communicative Technological Governance - Difficult Governance – Impossible $ $$$$$ Social Mechanical Web 2.0 IT
  36. 37. Cultural institutions <ul><li>Have huge opportunities because </li></ul><ul><ul><li>their risks are lower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they’re instinctively communicative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they have huge ‘fan base’ who are keen to help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>their content is PSI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They may wish to sell content – which may close it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often underfunded and seek alternative sources of funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often this raises little revenue when all costs are considered </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often more open access actually increases sales </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So . . . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>They should experiment with new business models </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing and copyrighting should balance the benefits of closure against costs </li></ul><ul><li>Issues with externally contracted material </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright (including industry practices) remain a huge problem </li></ul>
  37. 38. ABC 2.0 <ul><li>Make all podcasts available </li></ul><ul><li>Keep archives available on the net </li></ul><ul><li>One needn’t even host them oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Release as creative commons allowing remix </li></ul><ul><li>ABC programs have a great relationship with their audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 enables it to be much better still </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. ABC 2.0: The program as platform <ul><li>For a wider conversation </li></ul><ul><li>For a community </li></ul><ul><li>The ABC does this, but its an adjunct to the program </li></ul><ul><li>You could plan programs on the net </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Guestbooks’ could become real blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Each program could have a ‘friends of’ group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderating the blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping discuss future programs and talent for them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping host crowd-sourcing of transcript correction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggesting pre-reading for programs a la RN’s book club </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping make the programs </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. ABC 2.0 <ul><li>Get community content in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ie ABC Open should be Australia wide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best of community programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater international exchange of ‘best of’ programs </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. ABC 1.0 ABC Audience Guest book, letters, meet the listener
  41. 42. ABC 2.0 ABC Audience
  42. 43. Some takeouts Enthusiasm counts – empower your doers Complacency isn’t an option – don’t bother being complacent Experience matters – get as much as you can You don’t need to take big risks – and you shouldn’t
  43. 46. Any questions or comments?