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Sca power point august, 2013 editorial boards


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Sca power point august, 2013 editorial boards

  1. 1. A United Voice for Saskatchewan Beef Producers Mission: To promote the well being of all production sectors of the Saskatchewan beef cattle industry through effective representation from all regions of the province.
  2. 2. SCA Priorities • Industry Profitability • Advocacy • Research and Innovation • Education and Consumer Outreach • Animal Health and Welfare • Environmental Stewardship
  3. 3. Cow-Calf Production • Calving is timed to coincide with the emerging spring grass for the cows to eat in order to produce milk for their calves. • Calving is almost all done out of doors. • Preference is for a short calving season in order to keep a close eye on cows about to give birth and allowing calves to reach market weight at approximately the same time.
  4. 4. The Bull Factor • Bulls and cows are not pastured together year- round. • Bulls are turned out with the cows in early summer and removed from the cow herd when cows are bred. • Approximately nine and a half months later the calves are born.
  5. 5. Calf Care • Most of the calf-care is left up to the mother cow. • However, certain interventions ensure the health and safety of the herd. • These include vaccinating against disease, castrating male calves, branding to identify ownership and dehorning. • All cattle must be ear tagged before they leave their herd of origin.
  6. 6. Weaning • Fall roundup is a tradition on many ranches and farms and still often done on horseback. • Cows and calves are brought in from their summer pasture and separated. • The calves are now ready to eat hay and grass on their own. • At this point many operators sell their year’s calf crop to someone specializing in backgrounding or background their calves themselves. • Some female calves may be kept to replace older cows for breeding.
  7. 7. Backgrounding • After weaning, calves are placed on a forage- based diet over winter until their weight increases to about 900 pounds (400 kgs). • This process is known as backgrounding. • The amount of grain fed is limited so the cattle don’t gain weight too quickly.
  8. 8. Finishing • At nine to eleven months of age young cattle are typically placed in a feedlot where they are brought to a finished weight of approximately 1,250 pounds (560 kgs). • A diet of forages is gradually changed until it is comprised of about 90% grain. • Grain finishing produces a tender, marbled beef. • Cattle have plenty of room to move around and have free access to feed and water. • Cattle typically spend 60 to 200 days in a feedlot.
  9. 9. Research • The SCA, through the Saskatchewan Beef Industry Development Fund (SBIDF), helps fund practical research and endeavors to manage the research evaluation process as new priorities and opportunities present themselves. • SCA believes a provincial research strategy, which complements the national beef research strategy, is required to ensure the industry’s ongoing success.
  10. 10. Environmental Stewardship • Raising cattle is a lifestyle as well as a business. • The economic survival of a beef cattle operation depends on conservation practices. • Cattle grazing benefits land, water, the atmosphere and wildlife. • The industry has invested millions of dollars in environmental research and awareness programming.
  11. 11. Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Beef Cattle • The code has been updated and was released in early September, 2013. • It is a guideline for the care and handling of beef cattle. • It reflects current beef management practices and identifies welfare hazards, opportunities and methods to assure well-being.
  12. 12. Did you know?* • There were 4.23 million beef cows in Canada as of January 1, 2012. • Saskatchewan has 30.6% of these - the second largest beef herd in Canada. • Saskatchewan cattle producers manage over 17 million acres of native pasture and tame hay. • Canada produced 3.02 billion pounds of beef in 2011 – down 14% from 2010. • Canadians eat 44.2 pounds of beef annually. • Beef production contributed $25.96 billion to Canada’s economy in 2011 – up 5.5% from 2010. *Canfax, Statistics Canada 2011
  13. 13. Current Issues in the Cattle Industry 1. mCOOL 2. Relocation of the Beef Cattle Research Teaching Unit (BCRTU)at the University of Saskatchewan 3. E-coli 4. Hormone and anti-microbial use 5. BSE and International trade 6. PFRA pastures
  14. 14. QUESTIONS ? For further information contact : Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association 310-820 51st St. East Saskatoon SK S7K 0X8 p 306.665.2333 f 306.665.2336 toll free 1.877.908.2333 e Follow SCA on Twitter @SaskBeefAssc