The victorian age & critical realism


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The victorian age & critical realism

  1. 1. Please turn in yourgroup’s ‘Is it Romantic?’ worksheetPlan for today:1. Quiz #32. Groups 7 & 83. notes4. Literary devices5. review for midterm
  2. 2. The Victorian Age & Critical realism p.106
  3. 3. Contentbeing critical of the real worldYears: 1832-1900conflict between those in power and the common masses of laborers and the poorshocking life of sweatshops and urban poor is highlighted in literature to insist on reformcountry versus city life
  4. 4. Genre/stylesnovelbecomes popular for first time; mass produced for the first time ◦ political novels ◦ detective novels (Sherlock Holmes) ◦ serialized novels (Charles Dickens)- published in sections in papers, magazinespoetry: easier to understand ◦ dramatic monologuesdrama:comedies of mannersmagazines offer stories to the massesEffectsliterature begins to reach the masses
  5. 5. Historical Contextpaper becomes cheap; magazines and novels cheap to mass produce unprecedented growth of industry and business in Britainunparalleleddominance of nations, economies and trade abroadThe Reign of Queen VictoriaChartism-The Working Class want a say!
  6. 6. Key literature and authors Charles Dickens, “Oliver Twist”, “Great Expectations” Thomas Hardy Rudyard Kipling Robert Louis Stevenson George Eliot Oscar Wilde Alfred Lord Tennyson Charles Darwin Charlotte Bronte Robert Browning William Makepeace Thackeray “Vanity Fair”
  7. 7. Pg.87- 88 Literary/sound devices right-hive Margaret got aSymbol velvet hatImagery The poem made me feel confident andMood braveAssonance The wood crackled and popped with theConsonance heat of the fire Dove=peace
  8. 8. IronyOpposite of what is meant; a general term for the contrast between appearance and reality; a contrast between what appears to be true and what is true. -Verbal irony (p. 68)-e.g. someone says ‘nice day, isn’t it?’ during a rainstorm -Situational irony (p. 113)-e.g. a king is sad after killing his enemy
  9. 9. Example of Irony
  10. 10. PunA figure of speech/joke involving a ‘play on’ words (express two meanings at the same time) ◦ The gorilla went ape when he saw the bananas. ◦ On the side of the diaper delivery truck was written "Rock a Dry Baby."
  11. 11. OxymoronSelf-contradictory terms used together Examples: ◦ plastic glasses ◦ honest lawyer ◦ jumbo shrimp ◦ soft rock ◦ clearly misunderstood ◦ pretty ugly ◦ Small crowd
  12. 12. OnomatopoeiaThe use of a word that suggests the sound it makes;creates clear sound images and helps a writerdraw attention to certain words; examples includebuzz, pop, hiss, moo, hum, murmur, crackle, crunch,and gurgle
  13. 13. LitotesFigure of speech that uses understatement foreffect, often by using double negatives“Not unattractive” (as a means of “attractive” saying)"He "He was well was not unfamiliar with the acquainted with the works of Dickens.“ works of Dickens.“"She is not so "She is kind.” unkind.“"You are not wrong." "You are correct."
  14. 14. Euphemism an expression or "phrase" used in place of words considered unpleasant, painful, or offensive; when courtesy and tact are required Unpleasant term Euphemism to die to pass away
  15. 15. Literary & sound devices:we’ve learned a lot!
  16. 16. Review! Team timelineLiterary devices jeopardyAuthor & works jeopardy
  17. 17. Which author…spent time fighting in revolutions in Italy and Greece? ◦ Lord Byronstruggled with unemployment and hypochondria? ◦ Charlotte Brontecame from a poor family that struggled with debt? ◦ Charles Dickens• started out as a merchant? • Daniel Defoe
  18. 18. Which author…• was a Puritan? • John Bunyan• was an actor as well as a writer and poet? • William Shakespeare• wrote under a pen-name? • Charlotte Brontewas known to have a scandalous private life? ◦ Lord Byron
  19. 19. Name the character who said…“To be or not to be, that is the question.” ◦ Hamlet“He kissed the ground by my feet, and then picked up my foot and put it on his head. He was trying to show me that I was his master and he was my slave.” ◦ Robinson Crusoe
  20. 20. Identify the novel, play orpoem these lines are from:“Then people long to go on pilgrimagesAnd palmers long to seek the stranger strandsOf far-off saints, hallowed in sundry lands,And specially, from every shire’s endIn England, down to Canterbury they wendTo seek the holy blissful martyr, quick…” Canterbury Tales
  21. 21. Identify the novel, play or poemthese lines are from: Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou are more lovely and more temperate Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm’d; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d; Shakespeare’s sonnet 18
  22. 22. This author commonly wroteabout which issues or themes:Daniel Defoe a. Rights of women b. Colonialism and capitalism c. Nature Charlotte Bronte a. Individualism b. Industrialism c. Importance of education
  23. 23. Let’s do some more review!For each hint, write down:1) the author2) period they wrote in3)their major work(s)4) general form of writing
  24. 24.  Period: Pre-Renaissance(Middle Ages)  Major Works: The Canterbury Tales  General Form of Writing: PoetryHint for Author 1
  25. 25.  Period: The Renaissance  Major Works: Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet  GeneralForm of Writing: Sonnets and PlaysHint for Author 2
  26. 26.  Period: The Classical Period  Major Works: Pilgrim’s Progress  General Form of Writing: allegorical proseHint for author 3
  27. 27.  Period: The Age of Enlightenment  Major Works: Robinson Crusoe  General Form of Writing: NovelHint for author 4
  28. 28.  Period: The Romantic Period  MajorWorks: “I Wandered Lonely As a Cloud”  General Form of Writing: PoetryHint for author 5
  29. 29.  Period: The Romantic Period  Major Works: “She Walks in Beauty”  General Form of Writing: PoetryHint for author 6
  30. 30.  Period:The Victorian Period/English Critical Realism  MajorWorks: Oliver Twist, Great Expectations  General Form of Writing: NovelHint for author 7
  31. 31. Homework: review for your midtermBe familiar with Middle Ages-19th century ◦ Well-known writers of each era  -their lives(briefly), works, themes/style in writing • historical contexts that effect writers • literary devices • how to analyze a poem for form, meter, rhyme • Vocabulary covered in class *To prepare review your notes, homework and classmate’s handouts