Assignments this term Author presentations-every week, one group will present with handouts from each member Details on pg. 4 Book report (and possibly drama)-more details to come Details on pg. 7 Weekly homework-assigned each class
Author presentation Rubric: Typed grammar/spelling These Notes required requirements are Source given on pg. 4 Quality/ preparation Presentation skills *Group 1-see me after class to see examples of handouts
Book Report Over the course of the semester, each student will read one English book from the list on pg. 8-10. *note: there is an added book (13. „Sense and Sensibility‟ by Jane Austen) Each student will be required to answer questions about their book (listed on pg. 11-13) These questions will be completed as homework and will be checked three times throughout the semester (so you will have the whole semester to read the book)*you will choose your book at the end of class
What‟s important or helpful to know when reading a story or poem? Who? What? When? Where? Why?/How? This is what we‟ll talk about for each period
Major Periods Start taking•The Middle Ages (Chaucer) notes on pg.19•The Renaissance (Shakespeare)•The Classical Literature + Age of Enlightenment (Bunyan/ Defoe)•The 19th Century•The Twentieth Century•Focus of Poetry
Literature of the Middle Ages Anglo- Saxon period (5th - 10th centuries)Content:• admiration of heroic warriors who prevail in battle• express religious faith and give moral instruction through literature
Style/Genres:1. oral tradition of literature2. poetry dominant genre3. unique verse form a. alliteration (repetition of same consonant in words or syllables.) Then the baleful fiend its fire belched out, And bring home burned. The blaze stood high And land folk fighting b. repetition (the repetition of these consonants gives the words rhyme) c. double metaphor (sail-road =sea)
Effect:•Christianity helps literacy to spread•introduces Roman alphabet to Britain•oral tradition helps unite diverse peoples and theirmyths•Historical Context:•life centered around ancestral tribes or clans thatruled themselves•at first the people were warriors from invadingoutlying areas: Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Danes•later they were agricultural
A sampling of key literature: Beowulf First known masterpiece of English literature An epic poem (a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.) Describes the historical past of the land from which the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes came Talks about the defeat of Grendel, the monster who was killed by Beowulf, a strong young Viking, who later becomes king of Norway
Plot Travels to help his kinsman Hrothgar, king of the Danes Kills the monster Grendel by tearing off his arm Kills Grendel‟s mother by following her into a deep lake Becomes king of the Geats, rules for 50 years Dies killing a dragon to save his people and make them rich Qualities of an Anglo-Saxon hero: Bravery, strength, seeking glory, boasting
Brainstorm with a partnerTalk about these Questions:1. Who are heroes/heroines in Vietnam? What qualities do they possess?2. Look at the characteristics of an epic listed on pg. 23. Which of those characteristics are shared by the stories of Vietnamese heroes?3. Are courage, strength, and boldness qualities you look for in a modern hero? If not, what different qualities do you look for?
The Anglo-Norman Period (11th-13th centuries) Content: chivalric code of honor/romances Style/Genres: oral tradition continues folk ballads popular poetry, funny stories about townspeople (fabliaux) bestiaries-stories in which characters were animals Effect: Expressed the values of knighthoodWhat is a knight?(in the Middle Ages) a man who served his sovereign or lord as a mounted soldier in armor.
Historical Context: 1066-Battle of Hastings-Anglo-Saxon army defeated by William, Duke of Normandy Normans from north-west France 3 languages used, French (nobility), Latin (clergy) , Anglo- Saxon (common people) Feudal system
A Sampling of Key Literature & Authors: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
The Pre-Renaissance (14-15th centuries)Content: plays that instruct the illiterate masses in morals and religion religious devotionStyle/Genres: mystery and miracle plays morality playsEffect: church instructs its people through the morality and miracle plays an illiterate population is able to hear and see the literature
Mystery, Miracle and Morality plays The origin of formal drama in England was the Christian Church Morality: Characters were qualities such as Sin, Grace, and Repentance to help Christians in England who could not read understand ideas from the Bible Mystery: acted out Biblical events Miracle: acted out specific miraculous events in Biblical record
Historical Context: Fight between English, Latin, and French comes to an end. 1362-English is decided for court 1399, Henry IV, mother tongue was English comes to throne War of Roses (1455-1485)A Sampling of Key Literature & Authors: L’Morte de Arthur (The Death of King Arthur) Geoffrey Chaucer –Canterbury Tales
Time Period 1066 – Norman Invasion Northern France Last Successful invasion of England Absentee kings French – Language of Nobility Less writing in English 1300‟s – return to English literature
Facts on Chaucer… Birth in London, ?/?/1343 Author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat (courtier), diplomat Sometimes called the “Father of English Literature” Author of Many works “The Book of the Dutch”, “House of Fame”, etc Best known for “The Canterbury Tales”
Facts on the tales… Collection of stories written by Chaucer Popularized writing/reading in English One frame tale; many short tales within Stories within a story Talks about a pilgrimage: • a journey to a place associated with someone or something well known or respected, often religious
Social Order during Chaucer’s time Three Estates Those who fight/rule (knights, nobles) Those who pray (church leaders) Those who labor (commoners; everyone else)
Brainstorm with a Partner In Vietnam, what places do people make pilgrimages to? Why do people travel to these places?
From The Canterbury Tales: General PrologueHere bygynneth the Book of the Tales of The Canterbury Tales: The Prologue Pg. 28 Caunterbury Modern English Version Whan that Aprill, with his shoures soote The droghte of March hath perced to the 1 When in April the sweet showers fall roote And pierce the drought of March to the root, and all And bathed every veyne in swich licour, The veins are bathed in liquor of such power Of which vertu engendred is the flour; As brings about the engendering of the flower,5 Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth 5 When also Zephyrus with his sweet breath Inspired hath in every holt and heeth Exhales an air in every grove and heath The tendre croppes, and the yonge sonne Upon the tender shoots, and the young sun His half-course in the sign of the Ram has run, Hath in the Ram his halfe cours yronne, And the small fowl are making melody And smale foweles maken melodye, 10 That sleep away the night with open eye10 That slepen al the nyght with open eye- (So nature pricks them and their heart engages) (So priketh hem Nature in hir corages); Then people long to go on pilgrimages Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages And palmers long to seek the stranger strands Of far-off saints, hallowed in sundry lands, And palmeres for to seken straunge strondes To ferne halwes, kowthe in sondry londes; At nyght was come into that hostelrye Wel nyne and twenty in a compaignye
Questions: What month is it? April “Then people long to go on ______________” pilgrimages Where are they traveling? Canterbury How many are in the group? 29 Who does he describe first? A knight
In a little more detail… In Canterbury, they are going to visit the cathedral Specifically, the shrine of Archbishop Thomas A Becket Why? It is said to be a place of miracles Spring is the time to go seek a blessing major conflict · The struggles between characters, manifested in the links between tales, mostly involve clashes between social classes, differing tastes, and competing professions. There are also clashes between the sexes, and there is resistance to the Hosts somewhat tyrannical leadership.
Homework for next class Read pgs. 14-17 & answer questions A-C, pg. 17-18(this is review of what we’ve covered in class today so it will be easy ) Read pgs. 32-33 & answer questions on pg.34Group 1: prepare to tell us about William Shakespeare next class
Great job!You made it through day 1 ofclass and several centuries of English literature!