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Using mobile phones to teach 21st century skills

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Towards innovative ways of teaching 21st century skills using mobile phones

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Using mobile phones to teach 21st century skills

  1. 1. Emerging Educational Approaches: teaching 21 st century skills using mobile phones Dick Ng’ambi Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town Lecture on mobile learning & educational implications in Africa, Cape Town, 10 th June 2010
  2. 2. r Cape Town
  3. 4. Outline <ul><li>Employers and “HEI” consultation? </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Century Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Potential of Mobile Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile ‘Vortals’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Nuts and Bolts” of a mobile tool used at UCT </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 5. Who employers talk to “ In many countries, both access to and the content of training are outcome of social dialogue between trade unions and employers’ organisations, with or without the presence of government.” (Blenk 2005). HEI?
  5. 6. HEI reaction cycle “ The traditional higher education system is constrained by its inability to change direction quickly. When there is a strong demand for new courses and combinations of courses, the development and accreditation of these courses can take up to three years.” (Blenk 2005). 21st century?
  6. 7. 21 st century graduates Will have 21 st century skills and proficiencies to fill innovative jobs for which skills acquired at varsity may not have prepared them for.
  7. 8. New economy skills? “ We are living in a new economy – powered by technology, fueled by information, and driven by knowledge. The influence of technology will go beyond new equipment and faster communications, as work and skills will be redefined and reorganised.” U.S. Department of Labour How much redefining and reorganising of teaching and learning is happening at HEIs?
  8. 9. 21st Century Skills Digital-Age Literacy Inventive Thinking Effective Communication High Productivity Technological Literacy Teaming and Collaboration Adaptability and Managing Complexity Effective Use of Real-World Tools (Burkhardt et al. 2003)
  9. 10. Technological Literacy <ul><li>Is knowledge about what technology is, how it works, what purposes it serve, and how it can be used efficiently and effectively to achieve specific goals . </li></ul>Digital-Age Literacy Inventive Thinking
  10. 11. Adaptability and Managing Complexity <ul><li>Ability to modify one’s thinking, attitude, or behaviour to be better suited to current or future environments; and the ability to handle multiple goals, tasks, and inputs, while understanding and adhering to constraints of time, resources, and systems . </li></ul>Inventive Thinking Digital-Age Literacy
  11. 12. Teaming and Collaboration <ul><li>Cooperative interaction between two or more individuals working together to solve problems , create novel products, or learn and master content. </li></ul>Effective Communication High Productivity
  12. 13. Effective Use of Real-World Tools <ul><li>The ability to use real-world tools – the hardware, software, networking, and peripheral devices used by workers to accomplish 21 st century work – to communicate, collaborate, solve problems, and accomplish tasks. </li></ul>High Productivity Effective Communication
  13. 14. Potential of Mobile Learning <ul><li>Exploiting existing technological literacy (Digital-Age Literacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Using existing tools to manage complexity and constraints of time, space and distance (Inventive thinking) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating knowledge sharing and consultation (collaboration) using vortals (Effective Communication) </li></ul><ul><li>Effectively using real-world tools, the mobile phones (High-Productivity) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Mobile Vortals
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  16. 17. Anonymous Consultation A shy student anonymously posts a question to a course vortal
  17. 18. “ Nuts and Bolts” of a mobile tool (DFAQ) Edn5023-news University Leader’s Forum 19-21 Nov 2006, Cape Town. NB: News can only be posted from authorized cell numbers. To post a course announcement SMS +27 31642
  18. 19. SMS news Edn5023-news To read latest course news, SMS DFAQ responds with message: University Leaders Forum 19-21 Nov 2006, Cape Town.
  19. 20. Asking questions <ul><li>To use SMS to post a question, prefix question with course code followed by a question </li></ul>Edn5023 term marks r givn 2 us on da fam websit, how much den does ow xam mark influence/changE ow term mrk? To ask a question, SMS Every question is assigned a reference number. E.g. 25
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  21. 22. Collaborative Questioning <ul><li>Prefix message with course code and question refno, put a + (sign) and type new question. </li></ul>Edn5023-25 + suppose I fail do I write a sup exam? To add to question 25, SMS New Question 25: term marks r givn 2 us on da fam websit, how much den does ow xam mark influence/changE ow term mrk? + suppose I fail do I write a sup exam?
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  24. 25. Using SMS to read responses Edn5023-25 DFAQ responds with an SMS: Official response: The exam counts 25% of your final mark - thus you calculate your term mark as counting 75%. To get official response to question 25, SMS
  25. 26. Conclusion <ul><li>Not providing students with opportunities to develop 21st century skills and proficiencies will create a disjuncture between the innovative jobs being created and the skills of the workforce (Burkhardt et al. 2003) </li></ul>
  26. 27. Thank you

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