Patent

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Patent

  1. 1. Patent Information Sources By Kan Sok Cheng
  2. 2. Collect by Narges Hossini Science Library Assistant Librarian Assist by Saeid Nezareh Science Library
  3. 3. This session will cover <ul><li>History of patent </li></ul><ul><li>Brief introduction to Patent </li></ul><ul><li>Why patent is important </li></ul><ul><li>What information is on a patent document. </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Patent sources on the internet </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  4. 4. History of patent <ul><li>The history of patents is generally considered to have started in ancient Greek </li></ul><ul><li>The first Italian patent was actually awarded by the Republic of Florence in 1421 </li></ul><ul><li>In England first such letter was granted 1449 to a Flemish man for a 20 year monopoly for his invention </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  5. 5. Brief Introduction to Patent
  6. 6. Patent : legal document <ul><li>A patent is a contract between the government and the inventor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The government gives the inventor the right to exclude others from making, using or selling the invention for a term of years. The exclusive right does not give the inventor the right to make, use or sell his invention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The inventor gives the public a full and complete disclosure of the invention with a teaching of how it works. </li></ul></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  7. 7. When does a patent accept? <ul><li>Create Process, device, product, mixture a materials </li></ul><ul><li>New uses existing technology </li></ul><ul><li>Has beneficial point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not theoretic! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be novel </li></ul><ul><li>For professional specialist not be obvious </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  8. 8. Why Search for Patents? <ul><li>Patentability Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out whether an invention is patentable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infringement Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine if the claims of a patent infringe any other patent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assignment Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the present owner of a patent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify competitors/contacts for new technology </li></ul></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  9. 9. Why does a patent important? <ul><li>Patent information are uniqueness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information in patent dont dissemination in book, article, report ,etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most importance for developing countries industry </li></ul><ul><li>stoppage repeat in research and improve Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in human resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in financial resource </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patents as an Information Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review patents in a particular technical area (synthesis of a patented compound) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point out new directions in research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find new uses for existing technologies </li></ul></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  10. 10. Intellectual property protection <ul><li>Trademarks </li></ul><ul><li>Copyrights </li></ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  11. 11. Trademark <ul><li>Distinctive word or phrase, name symbol or device used to identify the source of goods in commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly used to identify a brand of merchandise </li></ul><ul><li>Description at http://www.ipos.gov.sg/main/aboutip/trademarks/intro.html </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Apple® , </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  12. 12. Copyright <ul><li>Protection of creative works of authors, artists and others from unauthorized copying. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes works like novels, computer programs, plays, sheet music, motion pictures, paintings, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipos.gov.sg/main/aboutip/copyright/intro.html </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  13. 13. This session will cover <ul><li>History of patent </li></ul><ul><li>Brief introduction to Patent </li></ul><ul><li>Why patent is important </li></ul><ul><li>What information is on a patent document. </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Classification </li></ul><ul><li>Patent sources on the internet </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is on a Patent Document? <ul><li>Bibliographic Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains key patent data, such as patent number, title, list of prior art, patent class, name of inventor, assignee, filing and issue dates, </li></ul></ul>Unique patent number and date Title of invention Abstracts gives the main feature of the invention Representative drawing or figures to clarify information described in the text Inventors Date that the patent formally filed with USPTO IPC code is subject related – up to subclass level US classification
  15. 15. What is on a Patent Document? <ul><li>Abstracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A general description of the technical disclosure provided in the specification. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. What is on a Patent Document? <ul><li>Description/Specification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes background, detailed summary and description of the invention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaches what the invention is, what problems it solves and how it works </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Claims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define the boundaries of the invention, exclusively owned by the patentee for the term of the patent. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drawing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrates every feature of the invention </li></ul></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  17. 17. What is on a Patent Document? Claims Description/ Specification
  18. 18. How are patent organized? <ul><li>Using Patent Classification Systems which is a hierarchical system </li></ul><ul><li>This is similar to a subject classification system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iranian Patent Classification (IPC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.wipo.int/classifications/en/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States Patent Classification (UPC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.uspto.gov/go/classification/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(to find what is IPC equivalent of a UPC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Patent Classification (ECLA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://l2.espacenet.com/eclasrch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(same structure but is an extension of IPC with more subdivisions) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. IPC – Sections   Jun 7, 2009 Section A: Human Necessities E.g. Agriculture, Foodstuff; Personal or domestic articles Section B: Performing Operations; transporting E.g. Physical or chemical processes or apparatus in general; Hand cutting tools; Vehicles in general Section C: Chemistry; Metallurgy E.g. Inorganic & Organic Chemistry; treatment of water, wastes etc Section D: Textiles; Paper E.g. Yarns; treatment of textiles; Paper making Section E: Fixed Constructions Construction of roads, railways or bridges; Hydraulic engineering Section F: Mechanical Engineering; Lighting; Heating; Weapons; Blasting E.g. Machines or engines in general Section G: Physics E.g. Optics; Photography; Horology; Nuclear Physics; Nuclear engineering Section H: Electricity E.g. Basic Electric elements; Electric Communication Techniques
  20. 20. IPC8 – Jan 2006 http://www.wipo.int/classifications/ipc/ipc8/?lang=en Section Class Subclass Further divided into Group and Subgroup Subsection Jun 7, 2009 MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION
  21. 21. Patent Sources on the internet
  22. 22. esp@cenet by European Patent Office <ul><li>http://ep.espacenet.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Free search of patents and patent related documents: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EP Documents - Most recent 24 months of publications from the European Patent Office added on a weekly basis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WO Documents - Most recent 24 months of PCT-publications from World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) added after two-weeks of publication. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldwide Data – Covers EP documents more than 24-months old, other patents and Japanese patents since 1998 which do not have a Japanese priority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keyword search in Title or Abstracts up to 4 terms allow. </li></ul><ul><li>Able to search by IPC codes </li></ul><ul><li>Free full document image in PDF for printing and saving allowed after maximizing the document window. </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  23. 23. United States Patent & Trademark Office <ul><li>http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Free search of patents and patent related documents </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly update usually on Tuesday </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword search on the full-text patent page. </li></ul><ul><li>Search by US classification codes only. </li></ul><ul><li>Unable search by IPC code </li></ul><ul><li>Free full document (images), but only page-by-page download/printing allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a viewer for the images. </li></ul>Jun 7, 2009
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention! [email_address]

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