Gabriele Guidi is responsible for the “Computer Vision and Reverse Engineering Laboratory” at Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Since the late 1990s, it has focused on 3D acquisition and modeling techniques of cultural heritage artifacts on very small to very large scales. An interesting quality of a polytechnic institution like the one in Milan is to have in its DNA both a technical mind, coming from the Engineering departments, and a humanistic soul, linked to its departments of Architecture and Design. This dual point of view is critical when applying advanced technologies such as 3D data capture, opto-electronics, image processing, metrology and computer graphics to 3D documentation of a cultural artifact in a way that is useful for archaeologists, architects and officers of institutions responsible for the conservation of cultural heritage.
This presentation introduces the research group at Politecnico di Milano and presents an overview of the technological evolution of 3D capturing techniques since 2000. Several major examples of the researches done are shown, as well as how such discoveries have been applied to concrete problems of cultural heritage documentation and visualization. In the conclusion some of the major challenges we intend to confront in the near future are mentioned.