ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Recent improvements in Marvin v6:
Reaction Atom Mapping and its Applicati...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
What is Atom-Mapping?
Mapping
algorithm
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Why Perform Atom-Mapping?
• Assigning roles to reagents
• Normalization o...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Why Perform Atom-Mapping?
• More precise database searches
– Solvents/cat...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Example
• I want to find reactions converting an alkene
to a cyclopropane...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Why Perform Atom-Mapping?
• Identifying suspect reactions:
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Chemaxon atom mapping
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Chemaxon atom mapping
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Atom mapping modes
• Complete
• Changing
• Matching
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Methodology
Test set Reactions
Pharmaceutical ELN subset 18,244
ChemReact...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
MetricS used
• Were all product atoms mapped
– Measures recall
• How many...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Ability to map all product atoms
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
PharmaELN Chem...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
c-c bonds broken
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
PharmaELN ChemReact68 SPRESI...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Marvin 5.10
ChemDraw 12
Marvin 6.0
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Speed Comparison
*Comparison performed on the PharmaELN dataset on an i7-...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Difficult cases
ΔT
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Areas for improvements:
Implicit stoichiometry
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Areas for improvements:
many choices for reactant atom mapping
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
PharmaELN
Percentofreactionswithallprodu...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Beyond atom mapping
• Missing reactants (often for routine reactions)
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Beyond atom mapping
• Change of stereoisomer or chiral resolution
(E)-3-{...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
Atom mapping + classification
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Atom mappi...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
conclusions
• Marvin v6’s atom mapping algorithm provides
large improveme...
ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013
acknowledgements
• Zsolt Mohacsi and Istvan Rabel, ChemAxon
• Ed Griffen ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Recent improvements in marvin v6 reaction atom mapping and its application to reaction validation in pharmaceutical el ns

672 views

Published on

Automatic atom mapping attempts to determine the correspondence between the atoms of the reactants and products of a chemical reaction. Such mappings are useful for allowing greater specificity in queries of reaction databases. Recently there has been increased interest in their use to assist in the validation and standardisation of reactions in pharmaceutical ELNs (electronic lab notebooks). Atom mappings can, for example, detect if a reactant is missing or if a reactant does not contribute atoms to the product and hence may be better stored as an agent.
We have evaluated the performance of the new atom mapping algorithm introduced with Marvin v6 compared to the prior version on a publically available dataset extracted from the patent literature and on reactions from multiple pharmaceutical ELNs. Dramatic improvements are observed in all cases both in the percentage of reactions that can be successfully atom-mapped and the quality of mappings produced.
Finally we examine the difficulties that remain in validating reactions for which a complete atom mapping is not possible, such as for “routine” reactions where the reactant that was added is missing.

Published in: Technology, Business, Sports
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
672
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Recent improvements in marvin v6 reaction atom mapping and its application to reaction validation in pharmaceutical el ns

  1. 1. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Recent improvements in Marvin v6: Reaction Atom Mapping and its Application to Reaction Validation in Pharmaceutical ELNs Daniel Lowe and Roger Sayle NextMove Software Cambridge, UK
  2. 2. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 What is Atom-Mapping? Mapping algorithm
  3. 3. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Why Perform Atom-Mapping? • Assigning roles to reagents • Normalization of reactions for registration
  4. 4. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Why Perform Atom-Mapping? • More precise database searches – Solvents/catalysts can be distinguished from reactants – Allows the relationship between the reactant atoms and product atoms to be made explicit
  5. 5. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Example • I want to find reactions converting an alkene to a cyclopropane so I search for C=C>>C1CC1
  6. 6. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Why Perform Atom-Mapping? • Identifying suspect reactions:
  7. 7. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Chemaxon atom mapping
  8. 8. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Chemaxon atom mapping
  9. 9. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Atom mapping modes • Complete • Changing • Matching
  10. 10. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Methodology Test set Reactions Pharmaceutical ELN subset 18,244 ChemReact68 database 67,926 SPRESI database subset 5,230 Reactions extracted from 2008- 2011 USPTO patent applications* 562,872 * Lowe, D. M. Automated Extraction of Reactions from the Patent Literature. 243rd ACS National Meeting & Exposition, San Diego, CA, March 27, 2012.
  11. 11. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 MetricS used • Were all product atoms mapped – Measures recall • How many C-C bonds were broken – Measures precision
  12. 12. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Ability to map all product atoms 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 PharmaELN ChemReact68 SPRESI USPTO Percentofreactionswithallproductatoms mapped Marvin 5.10 Marvin 6.0 ChemDraw 12
  13. 13. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 c-c bonds broken 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 PharmaELN ChemReact68 SPRESI USPTO AveragenumberofC-Cbondsbrokenpermapping (lowerisbetter) Marvin 5.10 Marvin 6.0 ChemDraw 12
  14. 14. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Marvin 5.10 ChemDraw 12 Marvin 6.0
  15. 15. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Speed Comparison *Comparison performed on the PharmaELN dataset on an i7-2600 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Marvin 5.12 Marvin 6.0 Marvin 6.0 (multithreaded) Reactionsmappedpersecond
  16. 16. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Difficult cases ΔT
  17. 17. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Areas for improvements: Implicit stoichiometry
  18. 18. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Areas for improvements: many choices for reactant atom mapping
  19. 19. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 PharmaELN Percentofreactionswithallproductatomsmapped Marvin 6.0 ChemDraw 12 Marvin6 + ChemDraw12 Consensus Result* Consensus Methods * Marvin 6.0 + ChemDraw12 + 2 variants of GGA’s Indigo toolkit + InfoChem ICMap + Pipeline Pilot + MDL Cheshire
  20. 20. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Beyond atom mapping • Missing reactants (often for routine reactions)
  21. 21. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Beyond atom mapping • Change of stereoisomer or chiral resolution (E)-3-{8-[2-(4-Isopropyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)ethyl]-2-methoxy-4-oxo-4H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-3-yl}-2-propenoic acid (1 mg) was dissolved in CDCl3 (0.5 ml) and irradiated with light from a fluorescent lamp for 19 hours . The solvent was evaporated to obtain the title compound (1 mg).
  22. 22. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 Atom mapping + classification 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Atom mapping algorithms alone Combined with NameRXN Percentofreactionswithallproduct atomsmapped Marvin 6.0 ChemDraw 12 Consensus Result Verified / Recognised by NameRXN (71%)
  23. 23. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 conclusions • Marvin v6’s atom mapping algorithm provides large improvements in recall, precision and speed over v5 • Atom mapping in some cases isn’t as simple as finding a maximum common subgraph mapping • Classification algorithms can be useful for the validation of some reactions
  24. 24. ChemAxon UGM, San Diego, USA 25th September 2013 acknowledgements • Zsolt Mohacsi and Istvan Rabel, ChemAxon • Ed Griffen and Nick Tomkinson, AstraZeneca • Andrew Wooster, GSK • Hans Kraut, InfoChem • Thank you for your time.

×